Daltons in the News - 1198 to 2002

Dedicated to all the Dalton's who have passed away.

Researched, complied, indexed and copied from the Internet and from personal records;

by Rodney G. Dalton.

The Dalton names below is a work in process and there are hundreds of more Dalton names to be added to this record. This record starts with the earliest Dalton name I could find. There are many stories of our ancestors that have pasted away, some famous and some infamous.

(There may be some of these Dalton names that have also been listed in the many issues of the DGS journals. I have not copied any of their material here in this record, or if by mistake I have, it was not intentional. Of note is that some of the below Dalton names are both listed in the DGS Journals and are also on the Internet with no copyright listed. RGD, Jan. 2008.)


Order of names:

0- The Abbots of Furness Abbey named Dalton:
A few miles from the town of Dalton in North Lancashire, England.

1- Lawrence Dalton:
Norroy King of Arms.

2- James Dalton:
Ship Captain and Trader.

3- Peter Roe Dalton: 1743-1811.
Banker in Boston.

4- Michael Dalton:
Great grandson of Philemon Dalton.

5- Tristram Dalton:
Senator from Mass.

6- Rev. Timothy Dalton:
Minister in New Hampshire.

7- Philemon Dalton:
First Dalton to settle in America.

8- Samuel Dalton:
Land developer, lived to be 103.

9- James Dalton:
Slave owner of Boston, c. 1747.

10- John Dalton: 1766-1844
Atomic Scientist.

11- Reverend William Dalton:
Theologian.

12- Thomas Valentine Dalton:
Rev. War hero.

13- Captain John Dalton:
Virginia Indian fighter.

14- James Dalton: 1834-1919.
Australian store keeper and Mayor.

15- James Langley Dalton: 1832-1887.
Surviver of the Zulu wars in Africa.

16- James Dalton:
Prize fighter.

17- James Dalton:
Australian Bushranger.

18- John Thomas Dalton:
Building contractor.

19- Thomas Dalton: 1792-1840
Newspaper owner.

20- James Lewis Dalton:
Father of the Dalton gang.

21- Thomas H. Dalton:
Drug and variety store owner.

22- The Hon. Thomas Dalton:
J.P. And businessman.

23- John Dalton:
Poet and divine.

24- William Dalton:
Revolutionary War solider.

25- Rev. John Dalton Sr.:
Served in the war of 1812.

26- Captain Dalton:
Superintendent of Indian affairs.

27- William Thomas Dalton:
Framer of the Constitution for the state of Oklahoma

28- Bishop John Dalton:
Of Harbor Grace, Newfoundland.

29- John M. Dalton:
Governor of Missouri.

30- John Luther Dalton: 1843-1908
Genealogist and businessman.

31- Mathew William Dalton:
Built first house in Ogden, Utah.

32- Edward Barry Dalton:
Civil war physician.

33- John Call Dalton:
Professor of physiology.

34- Samuel Dalton:
Adjutant-general of Mass.

35- John D'Alton: 1792-1867
Irish historian, genealogist, and biographer.

36- John Dalton: 1814-1874.
Churchman who published translations.

37- Michael Dalton:
Author.

38- Henry Dalton: 1829-1911:
Naturalist.

39- Henry C. Dalton:
Professor of Surgery.

40- Sir Henry Dalton CBE:
Police Commissioner.

41- Henry Dalton:
California pioneer.

42- William (Bill) Marion Dalton:
Outlaw in Texas.

43- Thomas Dalton:
African-American educator.

44- Hubert K. Dalton:
Owner of Dalton Manufacturing Corp.

45- Brigadier General James L. Dalton II:
Killed in World War II.

46- The Honourable Charles Dalton:
Lieutenant Governor and Fox farmer

47- James L. Dalton:
Owner of Dalton Adding Machine Co.

48- Rev. Canon John Neale Dalton:
Tutor and governor to HRH Prince Albert Victor.

49- Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton:
Chancellor of the Exchequer.

50- John Dalton: 1726-1811
Captain H.E.I.C. service, defender of Trichinopoly 1752-3.

51- Lionel Sydney Dalton:
Australian Naval officer.

52- Joseph Dalton:
Jesuit priest.

53- George Clifford James Dalton:
Engineer.

54- Katharina Dorothea Dalton:
Physician.

55- Elisabeth Dalton:
Theater designer,

56- Max Dale Dalton:
Murdered in Costa Rica..

57- Smallwood Jefferson Dalton:
Dalton family of South Carolina.

58- Marcus L. Dalton:
Killed by Indian's in Texas.

59- Harry Dalton:
Textile executive and philanthropist.

60-Tolbert “Percy” Dalton:
Major leaguer who disappeared 59 years ago.

61- Philip Dalton:
Developed a flight computer for the Navy.

62- Colonel Charles Osborne Dalton:
World War II Commander.

63- Jack Dalton nee Miller:
The Dalton Trail thou Alaska in named after Jack Dalton.

64- Percy Dalton:
Painter.

65- Patsy Dalton:
Journalist.

66- James Dalton:
Notorious Criminal.

67- Roque Dalton:1935-1975.
Salvadoran poet.

68- Annie Charlotte Dalton:
Poetess.

69- Emmett Dalton:
Outlaw with the Dalton Gang.

70- Millican Dalton:
The life and times of a English Caveman.

71- Booker White Dalton:
Union Army solider.

72- Joseph Grayson Dalton:
Confederate Army solider.

73-Samuel H. Dalton:
Slave who joined the Union Navy.

74- Rev. Herbert Andrew Dalton:
Head-Master of Oxford School.

75-William Marion "Bill" Dalton:
A brother of the Dalton gang and member of the Doolin/Dalton gang.

76- Bill Dalton, S. J.:
Australian scholar and teacher.

77- Daniel Webster "Kit" Dalton:
Outlaw and Author.

78- George D. Dalton:
Business man.

79- Captain John Dalton:
Of the Fairfax volunteers. Friend of George Washington.

80- Captain James Dalton: 1817 - 1882 & Son Captain Peter Dalton 1847-1911
Seaman.

81- Robert S. Dalton:
Hero of three wars.

82- Dr. Edward B. Dalton:
Bellevue staff surgeon.

83- Harry I. Dalton:
Major League Baseball.

84- Edward Dalton:
Member of the Mormon Battalion and Utah pioneer.

85- Brigadier General A. C. Dalton:
Staff Officer of the Army Transport Service.

86- Edward Meeks Dalton:
Utah Polygamist.

87- David Dalton:
Life Saver and Swimmer.

88- Professor Sir Howard Dalton:
Microbiologist.

89- Reverend Pleasant Hunter Dalton:
First Presbyterian Church of High Point, Rockingham County, N.C.

90- Rev. James Grigsby Dalton:
Pastor of Missouri church.

91- Rev. Michael Joseph Dalton:
Windsor Ontario Canada.

92- Brigadier-General Harry J. Dalton Jr.:
U. S. Army.

93- Patrick Dalton:
Franciscan Brother.

94- Walter M. Dalton:
Businessman.

95- General James E. Dalton:
U. S. Air Force.

96- James William Dalton:
Engineer.

97- Dorthy Dalton:
Actress.

98- John C. Dalton:
Hack and stable proprietor.

99- Dr. William Henry Dalton:
Medical Doctor in Upper Canada.

100- William de Dalton:
Keeper of the Great Wardrobe.

101- Jared Dalton:
Alleged Murderer.

102- Lawrence Dalton:
Juvenile delinquent.

103- Eunice Dalton:
A strange suicide.

104- Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton: 1815 – 1880
Soldier – Anthropologist.

105- Edward Dalton:
A Utah Pioneer.

106- Sophia Simms Dalton:
Publisher.

107- James Dalton:
New York City robber.

108- Joseph Dalton & Jane Weightman:
Cotton spinner in England.

109- Joseph Dalton Jr.
Son of Joseph & Jane Dalton.

110- Eric Dalton:
South African cricket player.

111- Alan James Patrick Dalton:
Safety and environmental campaigner.

112- Karen Dalton:
Folk Song Singer.

113- Sir Alan Dalton:
British corporate leader.

114- James Dalton:
NSW land owner in Australia.

115- James H. Dalton:
Manager to movie star, Marie Dressler.

116- Anthony Dalton:
Convicted felon.

117- Alexander Dalton:
Victim of a cannibal.

118- Sir Howard Dalton:
Professor.

119- Sir Alan Nugent Goring Dalton:
Chairman, 1984-89, of English China Clays.

120- Richard Dalton:
Librarian to the Prince of Wales.

121- Henry G. Dalton:
Industrialist, business and civic leader and philanthropist.

122- Edward M. Dalton:
Gold miner in Piute Co. Utah.

123- Mayzie Dalton:
A contest winner.

124- Captain David Dalton:
Revolutionary War Soldier & magistrate.

125- Captain Forrest A. Dalton:
Killed in Bomber crash.

126- Captain Patrick Dalton:
Irish soldier in Mexico during the American/Mexico war, 1849.

127- Col. Elvin Jack Dalton:
WWW II & Koren Vet.

128- James Forbes Dalton:
Publisher.

129- Christopher Dalton:
A leading postwar photographer of historic buildings.

130- Brigadier General Harry J. Dalton Jr.:
Director of public affairs, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force.

131- Pfc. Dalton F. Williams:
The Replacement Soldier.

132- Theodore Roosevelt Dalton:
American lawyer, judge and politician.

133- Thomas Dalton:
Businessman, author, politician, and newspaperman.

134- Charles Dalton:
Roman Catholic priest, Franciscan, and vicar general.

135- Rev. Michael J. Dalton:
Roman Catholic priest in Ontario.

136- Frank Dalton:
The ‘good brother of the Gang”

137- Richard D'Alton:
COUNT D'ALTON

138- John D’Alton:
Irish Author.

139- Margaret Dalton:
Indian Casino Owner.

*******************************************************

0- The Abbots of Furness Abbey named de Dalton:

A few miles from the town of Dalton in North Lancashire, England.

Even before Furness Abbey was constructed near the village Dalton, the site was important. It's close to the sea on the narrowed Furness peninsula, but, at the same time, far enough away to provide a somewhat safe haven for early villagers to escape the sea pirates who roamed the area. A supply of fresh water was nearby and the small hillside plateau provided a measure of defense. Dalton, named Daltune in the Domesday Book, was inhabited in prehistoric times, and man left his mark here in the form of prehistoric tools, such as stones axes and hammers.

Count Stephen of Normandy founded Furness Abbey at nearby Dalton (ancient capital of Furness) in 1127 and gave control of the area to the monks.

After the erection of Furness Abbey the name of Dalton became a town of considerable importance and the capital of Furness. A royal grant was obtained by the abbot to hold a fair of three days' duration, on the eve, the day, and the morrow of the Feast of St. Edward the Confessor. A market was also established by the same royal grant of Henry III. in 1289.

There have been three abbots with the name of Dalton as far as we can tell.

Michael de Dalton is mention as abbot in 1198.

William de Dalton, then the abbot of Furness, in 1412, employed one of his monks, John Stell by name, a good calligrapher, to enter the charters (Couchers)

In 1516 the auditor of the apostolic chamber issued a decree on behalf of John de Dalton, abbot of Furness.

1- Lawrence Dalton:

Norroy King of Arms.

Lawrence Dalton (died 13 December 1561) was an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. Dalton was one of thirteen children of Roger Dalton of Bispham, Lancashire, and his fourth wife. Lawrence Dalton also had two half-brothers and one half-sister from his father's first marriage. Little is known about Dalton's early life, and he is not known to have attended a university.

On 15 November 1546, Dalton was appointed Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary at the College of Arms. This appointment came while Sir Christopher Barker was Garter Principal King of Arms. Barker was an important connection, being the husband of Dalton's aunt. Dalton was promoted to Richmond Herald of Arms in Ordinary on 12 April 1547. In 1549, Dalton was involved in a scheme to embezzle from the Great Wardrobe of the Royal Household. In August 1553 Dalton accompanied Norroy King of Arms in attending upon the army in Scotland. He later received a royal pardon for all of his embezzlement offenses and all consequent actions and bills against him in any court.

Dalton was created Norroy King of Arms on 6 September 1557, and in February of 1558 Dalton and Rouge Dragon Pursuivant went north to attend the Earl of Westmorland on an expedition against the Scottish army. They remained at Newcastle and Berwick recording pedigrees and arms of prominent men in the north, though these pedigrees have never been counted at the College of Arms as an official visitation.

In November of 1560 the other heralds accused Dalton of having syphilis and suggested that as a sick man he should only receive half of the fees to which he was entitled. He would not answer their charges and they refused to eat or drink with him and deprived him of any pay. He was reinstated by the Earl Marshal in early 1561 on the advice of two physicians. In 1560 and 1561 he made over forty grants of arms, more than half of them to established families in Lancashire, his county of origin.

Dalton's death was sudden. He granted a crest to Adam Hulton on 10 December 1561 and drew up his will on the 12th. He died early the next day. He was buried on 15 December at St Dunstan-in-the-West, London. Though his memorial brass does not survive, sketches of it do that show him wearing a tabard and crown. His wife, Dorothy, was the executor and sole beneficiary of his will, which was proved on 26 January 1562. Neither his will nor hers mentions any children.

2- James Dalton:

Ship Captain and Trader.

The earliest record of Captain James Dalton is found in a manuscript diary kept by himself and begun in the year 1736. Captain Dalton has written various entries and memorandum of the arrivals, departures, and discharges of cargo at Savannah in 1736, Charleston in 1737, and later at East Cowes and other ports. At this early day, therefore, we know definitely that he was already engaged in seafaring pursuits. A few years later he was commander of the brigantine “Joshua,” trading between Boston and London, as appears by a letter of instructions from the owners, Henderson & Hughes, dated 1740 and directed to him. Captain Dalton at this time was a resident of Boston, but it is not known how long he had lived here, or where he had previously resided. In 1740 he married Abigail, daughter of Peter Roe, who was also a resident of Boston, as shown by the Registry of Marriages of King’s Chapel of that date. She had previously married Judah Alden, but her husband died very soon alter their marriage. Captain Dalton continued to go to sea as ship-master, sometimes acting also as consignee of the cargoes. He later became the owner of various vessels, and finally abandoned his seafaring life, taking up his residence permanently in Boston. He then carried on a mercantile and shipping business, trading with Philadelphia, North and South Carolina, the West Indies, and the Northern British-American Prayinces. From the years 1760 to 1770 he frequently sent his sons, Peter Roe and Richard, as supercargoes on these voyages.

In 1756 he purchased an estate in Boston, lying on Water Street, between Water and Milk Streets, which was then occupied by a tan yard, garden, a dwelling-house and other buildings. These buildings he pulled down, and in 1758 built upon the property a Mansion House, as shown in the picture on the opposite page, which was occupied by himself and family during the remainder of his life, and afterward by his son, Peter Roe. The house stood with its northern end toward Water Street, and its front to the eastward. Soon after its completion a new street, now Congress Street, was ordered by a committee of the General Court to be laid out through the estate, running from Water to Milk Street. This was made necessary owing to the rebuilding of that part of the town, after the “Great Fire” of 1760. The projected street was partly a re-establishment of the old “Leverett’s Lane,” which ran from King Street (now State Street) to about the middle of Water Street, and which was then ordered to be continued through the intervening land, from Water Street in a southerly direction to Milk Street. The new portion of the street was to pass through Captain Dalton’s land, east of his dwelling-house, in such a manner as to divide it very unequally, leaving on its eastern side so narrow a strip as to destroy its value for building purposes. In December, 1761, Captain Dalton addressed a Memorial to the General Court, setting forth these facts, and asking that the location of the new Street, between Water and Milk Streets, might be altered and moved farther to the westward, so as to leave a good width of land on each side of it, and at the same time to make it join Milk Street at a point opposite the head of Atkinson Street. In order to accomplish this, Captain Dalton entered into an obligation with the Town Treasurer, not to require any compensation for his land occupied by the new street, provided it were run as he desired, and he also made an agreement with Francis Borland, one of the abutters, to make good any loss he might suffer by the proposed alteration. The change was accordingly made, and James Dalton’s estate then consisted of land lying on both sides of the new street. That portion lying to the westward contained his Mansion House, with an enclosed space in front, while that on the eastern side was soon built over with houses and shops, which were rented to various persons. The street thus laid out, at first known as the “New Street,” was afterward called “Dalton’s Lane” and “Dalton Street,” until the year 1800, when its name was changed to “Congress Street.”

Captain Dalton also owned real estate in Oliver Street, “Board Alley,” now Hawley Street, Joliffe’s Lane, now Devonshire Street, and Marlborough Street, now Washington Street.

He was prudent but energetic and successful in business, persevering, liberal, and public-spirited, courteous to his associates, and of a kindly disposition. He had ten children, dying on April 21, 1783, at the age of sixty-five. The Mansion House and its enclosure became the property of Peter Roe Dalton, while the remainder of the estate on Congress and Water Streets passed into the hands of his four sisters and their heirs.

3- Peter Roe Dalton: 1743-1811.

Banker in Boston.

Peter Roe Dalton was a sea captain, later a merchant who supplied Continental troops in Boston during Revolutionary War, later a banker and first cashier in the local branch of the Bank of the United States.

In Massachusetts, subscriptions were initially accepted at the Massachusetts Bank. The Boston branch of the Bank of the United States took over this role when it was established in 1792. Four Boston branch board members—Peter Roe Dalton, Christopher Gore, Jonathan Mason, Jr., and Thomas Russell—had previously served on the Massachusetts Bank board. Dalton, who served as cashier of the Boston branch for nearly twenty years, formerly held the same position at the Massachusetts Bank. These relationships helped the Boston branch to avoid the adversarial relationship with the Massachusetts Bank that other branches had with their state banks.

In the Massachusetts Register and United States Calendar for the Year of our Lord 1811, there contains a handwritten page relating to the death of Peter Roe Dalton. And in the Boston, Almanac for August and September there is one-page record of grandson of Peter Roe Dalton, reporting attack of cramps and cholera on the old man, and death on Sunday, Sept. 8th, 1811.

4- Michael Dalton:

Great grandson of Philemon Dalton.

Michael Dalton, was born Feb. 22, 1709. He came to Newbury when quite a young man, and entered upon a sea-faring life. He soon attained command of a ship, and made several successful voyages. He

married Feb. 5, 1733-4, Mary Little, daughter of Tristram Little. A few years later he established himself in business as a merchant, and purchased a house on the northerly side of Market Square for the sum of .£1,000. At this date Tristram Little lived on the southeasterly side of the square, near the present corner of Liberty Street. Michael Dalton was an active and influential member of St. Paul's Church, and contributed largely to its support. He was elected one of the vestrymen of that church in 1743, and was annually re-elected to that office until 1770, with the exception of two years, 1756 and 1757, when he served as warden.

On May 15, 1746, he bought of "Gideon Bartlett, of Almsbury, tanner, with consent of his wife Abigail, for £1,600, old tenor," about three acres of land in Newbury, bounded " Westerly on Greenleaf's lane or Fish Street, southerly on ye land of Nathan Hale, Esq., in part and partly on ye land of John Newman, easterly on said Newman's land and ye land of Mr Anthony Sumersby, northeast or northerly on land of

yo' heirs of ye late James Peirson, deceased, with y house & houslins thereon" (Essex Deeds, book 88, page 109).

On this land Michael Dalton erected a fine house, known as “DALTON HOUSE.” He build a spacious barn and court-yard adjoining. Fifteen or twenty years ago the barn was removed to make room for Garden Street and for the contemplated improvements in that vicinity; but the house is still standing, and is now the property of Mr. Timothy Remick, of Boston.

Michael Dalton was evidently a man of large means, and interested in agricultural pursuits. He bought a large farm of nearly two hundred acres on Pipe Stave Hill, in West New- bury, which after his death was occupied by his son Tristram as a country seat. In 1765, he purchased some wharf property

at the foot of Market Street, then called Queen Street, and established a distillery there. He was also extensively engaged in the importation of foreign goods and the exportation of domestic products. He died March 1, 1770, and was buried in St. Paul's churchyard. His widow married Captain Patrick Tracy March 25, 1773, and died Dec. 10, 1791, aged seventy-eight. She also was buried in the churchyard

by the side of her first husband. Previous to the organization of the parish of St. Paul's and the erection of a church building on the corner of Queen and High Streets, Captain Michael Dalton and his wife, Mary Little Dalton, were members of the Third Church in Newbury, now the First Religious Society in Newburyport.

5- Tristram Dalton:

Senator from Mass.

Tristram Dalton, son of Michael Dalton was born in the part of the town of Newbury that afterward became Newburyport, Massachusetts, 28 May 1738 ; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 30 May 1817. He was prepared for College in Dummer academy, Byfield, under Samuel Moody, and graduated at Harvard in 1755. He then studied law, but engaged in mercantile pursuits with his father-in-law, Robert Hooper, and attend- ed to his large estate, called Spring Hill, in West Newbury. He was an ardent patriot, and a leader of the Whigs of Essex County, among whom were many notable men. He was distinguished for his elegance of manners and scholarly accomplishments, and entertained Washington, Adams, Talleyrand, and other famous persons at Spring Hill. He was a delegate from Massachusetts to the convention of committees of the New England provinces that met in Providence, R. I., 25 December 1776, speaker of the House of Representatives, and a member of the senate of Massachusetts, and was chosen a senator in the 1st congress, and drew the lot for the short term, serving from 14 April 1789, till 3 March 1791. Following the advice of his friend, President Washington, he sold his property in Massachusetts to invest in real estate in Washington; but through the mismanagement of his agent he lost a great part of the sum thus invested, and commercial losses that occurred at the same time reduced him to poverty. In 1815 he obtained the post of surveyor of the port of Boston, which he held until his death.

6- Rev. Timothy Dalton:

Minister in New Hampshire.

The second minister of Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, was Rev. Timothy Dalton, born in England about the year 1577, graduated at Cambridge in 1613, and subsequently, - but at what time is uncertain - engaged in the work of the ministry in that country. He came to New England about the year 1637, being led hither, it is believed, by religious motives. On his arrival, he went first to Dedham, Mass., where he was made freeman Sept. 7, 1637, and probably removed to Hampton about a year and a half afterward, for we find that on the 7th of June, 1639, when the plantation was allowed to be a town, he was here as a freeman and also teacher of the church. His house lot was on the southerly side of the meeting-house green, only a few rods from the meeting-house, and this lot, having been afterward sold to the town, was ever after held and occupied as a parsonage till 1871.

Mr. Dalton must have been in good repute with the magistrates, for when about this time, there were disturbances at Dover, which, it was thought, required the interference of the civil power, he was commissioned, together with Mr. Simon Bradstreet, afterward Governor of Massachusetts, and Rev. Hugh Peters, then a minister of Salem, and subsequently a martyr to the cause of civil liberty, to go there and settle those difficulties; and, as Governor Winthrop remarks, "they brought matters to a peaceful end."

At the time of his settlement at Hampton, Mr. Dalton was more than sixty years old. The aged pastor who preceded him, was dismissed, after having shared with him the labors of the ministry for two or three years, and Mr. Dalton was then left alone for the space of about six years, during which time he labored faithfully among his people, "even beyond his ability or strength of nature." At length, through the infirmities of age, or by the failure of his health, he became unable longer to sustain all the cares and perform all the labors incident to the ministerial office in a new settlement, and the town undertook to provide an assistant. Two ministers were associated with him, in succession, the united period of whose labors covers nearly the whole time from the spring of 1647 till his death.

In the early part of his ministry, Mr. Dalton was not paid for his services by a stipulated salary, but he received from the town several grants of land, which were ultimately of considerable value. In 1639, as has been stated, he received 300 acres of land for a farm. This tract was in that part of the town, which is now Hampton Falls, at a place called Sagamore Hill, and embraced a considerable portion of the farms now owned and occupied by the sons of Reuben and Moses Batchelder. A farm, lying in the south part of the town, near Salisbury, was granted to Mr. Dalton's son, Timothy Dalton, Jr., who died soon after, when the farm came into his father's possession, and, on the 21st of January, 1652, was confirmed to him by a vote of the town. This act of the town, however, was based on the following condition: "that Mr. Dalton should free and discharge the town of Hampton from all debts and dues for his ministry till he had a set pay given him by the town." To this Mr. Dalton agreed, and a release was executed accordingly, five days after the confirmation of the last grant. In June, of the same year, this farm was sold to Isaac Perkins.

The records do not show how early Mr. Dalton began to receive a salary, though it appears to have been within a very few years after his settlement. Sometime previous to the first of May, 1645, John Moulton and Abraham Perkins had been appointed to gather up the teacher's rate. The time of their appointment is not recorded, by at the date just named, it appears that this rate was--some of it at least--still unpaid, and these persons were ordered to collect it by way of distress, within one month, or else forfeit 10s. apiece, to forthwith taken by the constable.

In 1647 the town agreed upon a method of raising money for the support of the ministry. Of every £40 to be raised, each master of a family and each single man, working for himself, or taking wages, should pay 5s., the remainder to be raised on all estates equally, according to their value, of whatever they might consist, except corn, which was to be rate-free.

From about this time--whatever might have been his salary before--Mr. Dalton was to receive £40 a year; but another minister having been soon after associated with him, who probably performed nearly all the ministerial labor, he, four years afterward, released the town from the payment of his salary from midsummer, 1647, to midsummer, 1651.

Mr. Dalton's ministry continued till the close of his life, and during the whole time of its continuance he retained the appellation of teacher, which was given him at the time of his settlement, while the three ministers, with whom he was at different times associated, were all styled pastors. He died December 28, 1661, aged eighty-four years. In recording his death, the town clerk styles him "a faithful and painful laborer in God's vineyard."

Mr. Dalton left no children. His wife, Ruth, outlived him several years. She died May 12, 1666, aged eighty-eight years.

The will of Rev. Timothy Dalton;

The Laste will and Tistament of mr. Timothie Dalton Teacher to the Church att Hampton.

Being in Reasonable Helth of body and of Sound and perfect memorie lauded bee God : ffirst I Give and Bequeth unto Ruth Dalton my Beloved wife, the House and land latly purched of Thomas Moulton with all the priveledges therunto belonging to Her and Her Heires for Ever Item I give and Bequeth unto Her my loving wife a certaine Parscell of medow or march Called or knowne by the name of Burchin Iland to Her and Her Heires for Ever : Item I Doe Give unto the sd Ruth Dalton my loving wife all my moveable Goods and Houseold stuf and Cattle : to Her and Her Heirs for Ever

Item I Give and Bequeth unto my loving Brother Philemon Dalton and to my loving Cossen Samuell Dalton His Sonn the Some of two Hundred pounds wch is to bee payd to my Assignes from the Church & Towne of Hampton paying to Ruth my wife During Her naturall life ten pounds Per annum : & I Doe by these pre make my wife ruth Dalton my sole Excequetor to this my last will and Testament wittness my Hand and seale the Eight of March one thousand Six Hundred and fifty Seaven or fifty Eight

Timothie Dalton

[Seal]

Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presents of us

Henrye dow

John Cleford

I Timothie Dalton being sicke & weake of body but sound in understanding praised be God Have & doe by these prsents Give & bequeath unto my love[in]g Cossen Barth Dalton fiftie acres of land which I purchased of william Estow which lieth att the Head of my farme above saggamour Hill witness my Hand & Seale the one & twentieth of December one thousand Six Hundred & Sixty one

Timothie Dalton

[Seal]

Signed & sealed in the prsence of us

Henery Moulton

Joseph X Huchins

7- Philemon Dalton:

First Dalton to settle in America.

In April 1635, Philemon Dalton sailed on the ship Increase from England to Boston and arrived in Hampton, five years after the first settlers. He was accompanied by his wife, Anne Cole Dalton and son Samuel, who was 5 ½ years of age. Philemon received land grants and according to early map reconstruction, he occupied land facing the cow common. He was followed by his brother, the Rev. Timothy Dalton who was accompanied by his wife Ruth and son Timothy.

The will of Philemon Dalton of Hampton, 1656;

The last will & testiment . . . . The County of northfolke, being sick & . . . .bequeath my soule unto God who gave itt & Jesus . . . .

It I do give unto Dorety Dalton my loving wife my . . . .a two yeerling heffer Called Chery : It one Swine & two she . . . .beed in the beed Chamber wth the furniture thear of as itt stands . . Chests & the trunke wth the apparrill thearin with the bras & . . & yron potes ; wth the morter pessell with the speete & bastin . . Peuter viz Six platters & a Salt seller & Skillet & for bookes : viz one of mr Burrows Called Gospell worship During terme of her life & the third of all my lands and one of the Dwelling housen as my sonn & shee shall agree During the tearme of her life & the apples of the fouer trees next the Common in the orchard

Itt I doe give unto my Sonn Samuell Dalton all the rest of . . and housenrom ; with my fouer oxen with the Cart & furniture . . . With all my books wch are not otherwise Dispose of : . . . Give unto my Daughter mehetabell Dalton one . . . -owes Concerning Earthly mindedness . . . .

Ittum I give unto Hannah Dalton . . . . . Heffer Called hart : & I Doe give unto my wife . . . . Of the last Crop both Indian & English : and barne . . .& hay and rome to sett her Cattell in the leantow During term . Her life and the Hake : and for the Confermation of this my last will & testiment I have hereunto sett my hand & seale having apointed my sonn Sameuell & my wife as my lawfull Excequetors to this my last will, whearunt I have sett my hand the leaventh of November one thousand Six hundred & fifty Six

his

Philemon Dalton X mark

[Seal] & Seele

Signed and Sealed in the Presents of us

Abraham Perkins

Timothie Dalton

[Proved Oct. 14, 1662.]

[Essex County, Mass., Probate Files.]

[Inventory of the estate of Philemon Dalton of Hampton, taken by Robert Page, William Godfrey, and Thomas Marston July 1, 1662; amount, £261.16.4.]

8- Samuel Dalton:

Land developer, lived to be 103.

Samuel Dalton died of old age when he was 103 years old. He was good friends with James Madison. James Madison's father was Ambrose Madison, and when Ambrose died, James inherited land from his father and then he bought land here and there, which is now known as "Montpelier." James Madison and Samuel Dalton were members of the Loyal Land Company and they invested in lands in the western Virginia area and North Carolina area. The Loyal Land Company had two tracts of land: 120,000 acres and 800,000 acres.

In 1765, Samuel Dalton Sr., gave power of attorney to his son, William Dalton to convey to Thomas Walker 893 acres of land on Buck Mountain Creek in Albemarle County. This was part of the original land purchased by William Dalton, the elder, and willed to his son William Dalton, the younger, who left it to his wife Sarah. In 1768 Sarah Wynne Dalton Haynes Thurston bought suit to recover the land which was either being sold or had been sold by Samuel Dalton Sr., via his son William Dalton to Thomas Walker. Sometime after November 1765, Samuel Dalton Sr, his wife Anna, and six of their children moved to Georgia around St. George's Parish up the Savannah River not far from Atlanta. About 1770 or 1771, Samuel and his family relocated to the Mayo River in what is now Rockingham County, North Carolina.

Other notes about Samuel Dalton;

The origin of Samuel Dalton is unknown in spite of numerous and long standing efforts to discover his parents and place of birth. His earliest known appearance in Virginia occurs in 1734 when he purchased a tract of 400 acres in Hanover County from John Dowell. Prior to that date, his name is not found in any source, including the parish records of Gloucester, New Kent, or Hanover Counties. The tract of land he purchased from John Dowell lay between Priddy's Creek and Wolf Trap Creek in the northeastern corner of present Albemarle County, Virginia. It was not technically in Albemarle until this corner of the county was separated from Louisa County in 1761. Before that, records for Samuel Dalton are found in Hanover County, Goochland County, and Louisa County - the progression of county formation on this early frontier of Virginia.

It was probably soon after his 1734 acquisition of 400 acres of land that he married Anne Redd. It is believed, but cannot be definitively shown due to record losses, that Anne Redd was the daughter of Thomas Redd of King and Queen County, Virginia. It is appears that her brothers were Thomas Redd, died as a young adult in Spotsylvania County, and John Redd, of Albemarle and Henry County, Virginia. As far as is now known, Anne Redd married Samuel Dalton at the home of her father in King and Queen County, across the narrow Pamunkey River from Hanover County. Anne Redd's brother, John, lived on a tract adjacent to land purchased by the Dalton's on Buck Mountain Creek in Albemarle. The Dalton's did not move to this tract of land; but it is believed that their son, David, may have lived there. He married Susannah (Susan) Davis, the daughter of the sturdy old soldier, Isaac Davis, another Buck Mountain resident. Samuel Dalton led an active civic life in Albemarle, serving on the Vestry of Fredricksville Parish and carrying out other community obligations. He was a stock holder in the Loyal Land Company, created in 1747, which received a very large grant of land in southwestern Virginia and eastern Tennessee.

About 1765, "Samuel Dalton, his wife, Anne, six of their children, and 21 Negroes," moved to Briery Creek near a place called Walker's Cowpen, in Georgia. He received a patent for this land in 1766 as recorded in the Colonial Records of Georgia, 1763-1766, Vol. 9. His land was adjacent to a large tract granted to Thomas Redd. The tradition is that while the Dalton's lived in Georgia, the family experienced a number of illnesses, and one child is reported to have died.

Before 1769, after a stay of only a few years in Georgia, the Dalton's moved back north. Perhaps they sought out the home of John Redd, the brother of Anne Dalton, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. They appear to have remained in this area while the old Patriot located the site where he would build a new home for his family. One son (Samuel, Jr.) and four daughters (Polly, Nancy, Sally, and Jinny) married in Pittsylvania County. The fact that three of the daughters married within a single six-month period in 1769 probably signals that the Daltons were about to move to their new home which was about thirty-five miles south, maybe less if you followed the Mayo River from Pittsylvania to northwestern Rockingham County. Their new home, on the Mayo, was in northern Guilford County (later Rockingham County) only a short distance from the present boundary with Stokes County.

Before the family left Albemarle, one Dalton child, Letitia, married a neighbor, Matthew Moore, son of John Moore of Albemarle Co. They moved to Stokes County and built their home about half way between the John Redd home and the land her father selected in Rockingham County. Here, the Moore name is perpetuated in features of the Stokes landscape. In addition to his very busy civic schedule, Matthew Moore established Providence Iron Works. Matthew and Letitia Dalton Moore built their brick home around 1784, and it is still occupied. I was born about ten miles from away and spent many a pleasant summer day at Moore's Spring under the fatherly gaze of Moore's Knob, the highest peak in the area.

1738: Samuel was a member of the Loyal Land Company, a group of 49 men who had the right to survey and sell 800,000 acres in Augusta Co., Virginia. By 1738 the venture failed and Samuel moved to the Savannah River area of Georgia.

25 Nov 1761: Robert Harris made a deed gift: 2 negro slaves to his son-in-law, William Dalton. On the same day, Samuel Dalton, Sr. and wife Anne made a deed gift: of 404 acres of land to their son, William Dalton.

26 Jun 1782: Patriotic service is based on his having 'furnished supplies and loaned money for the Army.', in Guilford Co., N.C. (later called Rockingham Co.).

1790: census of Rockingham shows Samuel with 17 slave. By mid 1780 he had 718 acres on the waters of the Mayo River, including 330 acres he sold to his son David in 1785. The acquisition of that 330 acre tract was never recorded.

1803: Nov Deed Gift: Book I,p.56, probated 1807, Rockingham Co., North Carolina, names children Samuel Jr. (dec'd), William, David, Sally Hanby, grandson Wm. (son of William), grandson Jonathan (son of David), grandson John Hanby (son of Sally Hanby), grandson Nicholas Dalton (son of Samuel deceased)daughter Nancy Harbour" deceased". Appoints James Martin, James Dillard and Nathan Scales to divide proceeds of property sales in nine equal parts(nine children).

1803: Samuel moved to Stokes Co., North Carolina, after dividing his property among his heirs, where he resided with his daughter Letitia Moore until his death in 1804. Samuel died at the home of Matthew Moore, located north of Moore's Spring and is buried in the Moore Family Cemetery, 3 miles north of Hanging Rock Park.

9- James Dalton:

Slave owner of Boston, c. 1747.

Many families of means in colonial Boston owned slaves, and even ordinary tradesmen kept slaves as well as indentured servants to help with their businesses. Slave transactions were completed with regular bills of sale, and were witnessed, signed, and recorded like the sale of other property, such as real estate. The average price for a slave in the seventeenth century was between 20 and 30 sterling; in the eighteenth century it was higher, and varied, but averaged about 40 to 50 sterling. Typical bills of sale for slaves are; Malachy Salter, Jr. to Capt. James Dalton for a slave; William Waitt to James Dalton for the slave Peter (1747).

In some cases, sales agreements of African Americans contained special clauses or variations. Patience Hatch sold her "half-ownership" of a slave boy named Salathiel to Silvanus Hatch in 1760. James Dalton paid Ezekiel Lewis Jr. $40 plus a slave named Prince in 1750, for Lewis's slave named Pompey.

Disputes and problems occasionally arose regarding the sale and ownership of slaves.

10- John Dalton: 1766-1844

Atomic Scientist.

John Dalton was a English scientist who revived the atomic theory, which he formulated in the first volume of his New System of Chemical Philosophy. He had already applied the concept to a table of atomic weights (1803), in a paper (1805) on the absorption of gases, and in developing his famous law of partial pressures, known also as Dalton's law. His interest in weather conditions led him to keep daily records from 1787 and to write Meteorological Observations and Essays (1793). Dalton, himself afflicted with color blindness, investigated (c.1794) the condition, known also as Dalton ism. From 1793 he taught mathematics and physical sciences at New College, Manchester. He was a member of the Royal Society (from 1822) and in 1825 received its medal for his work on the atomic theory.

John Dalton was born in a small thatched cottage in the village of Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England. That much is certain. What is less certain is the day and date of his birth as his family never recorded it properly in the family bible (the way it was done in those days). However, much later in life, he was told that it was September 5th, 1766, and that is the way history records it.

His family were Quakers, and had been for a long time. His Grandfather had converted to this religion in about 1695, about the time he got married. Dalton's father inherited an estate of about 60 acres and married a local Quaker girl, Deborah Greenup. John Dalton grew up working in the fields and in the family shop where cloth was made. His sister sold paper, ink and pens, but despite all these sources of income they were relatively poor and the boys did not get much formal education.

However, they did get a basic grounding in reading, writing and arithmetic at the nearest Quaker school, which meant that that they were doing better than most. In Dalton's time only about 1 in 200 people could read!

John Dalton went to the Quaker school at Pardshow Hall. Dalton was quick when it came to studies and in mathematical problems he was good and seem to be tireless of them. John Fletcher was Dalton's teacher, he was a smart man who didn't use a rod to hammer in learning to Dalton, he was to provide Dalton with a excellent back-round and lifelong quest for knowledge. Then came Elihu Robinson a rich Quaker gentlemen. who become Dalton's mentor, and was another person to lead Dalton to mathematics , science, and specially meteorology. John Dalton had an intense fascination for meteorology he even in fact kept careful daily weather records for forty six straight years. When Dalton was twelve he opened his school in Eaglesfield. He was smaller than some boys so he was threatened by the older boys who wanted to fight with the young teacher. He managed to control the kids for two years, but eventually due to poor salary Dalton return to work the land for his rich uncle.

After a failed attempt to start a school in his home town of Eaglesfield, John Dalton eventually went into partnership with his brother and in 1785 took over a different school in Kendal where the brothers offered a range of subjects. The school offered English, Latin, Greek, French, along with twenty one mathematics and science subjects. Although they were sixty students attending, Dalton and Charles had to borrow money and take outside jobs to support themselves.

John Dalton was very smart, but he was poor, unorganized and he was colorblind. In France this condition was known as Daltonism. Being colorblind was terrible for a chemist, but in spite of this disadvantages he helped contribute to science. Once in his mom's birthday, he bought his mom some very special stockings. He taught they were blue and asked his brother to verify if it were really blue, that's when Dalton found out him and his brother were both colorblind. Dalton studied the condition from which himself suffer colorblindness. And he did a paper in it which, brought more attention than then his first book published when presented to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. His paper was the earliest description of the phenomenon of vision.

John Dalton later met another man named Gough who was his new mentor. He was the son of a wealthy tradesman, and was blind. He taught Dalton languages, mathematics, and optics. Dalton dedicated to Gough two of his earliest published books to Gough who had encourage his lifelong interest in meteorology, Gough was the one that told Dalton to keep a daily journal, and he would for forty six straight years. Through his observations Dalton was the first to prove the validity of the concept that rain is precipitated by a decrease in temperature, not by a change in atmospheric pressure.

In 1787 Dalton began to try to get more money by selling his eleven volume classified botanical collections and giving public lectures. His studying were to prepare him for medical school, but because of lacked of money, his family discourage him and did not feel he was suited for a physician.

In 1793 Dalton moved to Manchester to tutor at New College. Manchester was probably the second largest town in England at that time, and was rapidly becoming the industrial center of the world. This is where the famous "industrial revolution" started and the town boasted colleges, libraries and lots of other intellectual stimulants.

Dalton joined the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. It was there at New College in Manchester were Dalton published his first book in 1793, entitled Meteorological Observation and Essays. In his first book he said that each gas exists and its independently and purely physically, rather than chemically. However his first published attracted little attention. Dalton's most important contribution to science, was his atomic theory that matter is composed of atoms differing weights and combine in simple ratios by weight. In 1808 Dalton published a third book entitled A New System of Chemical Philosophy. In this book he listed the atomic weights of a number of known elements related to the weight of hydrogen, although his weight were not precisely accurate they did in fact form the basis for the modern periodic table of the elements. Dalton came to this atomic theory by studying the physical properties of atmospheric air and other gases. While in the quest he discovered the law of partial pressures of mixed gases which became known as Dalton's Law. Dalton's Law stated that the total pressure put out by a mixture of gases would pout out if it alone occupied the whole volume. Dalton's law applies only to ideal gases. But it might hold closely enough for real gases. For example, if water was put into a closed container of dry air, some water will evaporate, and the pressure inside the container will increase by an amount approximately equal to the partial pressure of the water vapor. In 1804 and 1809 Dalton was invited to teach courses in The Royal Institution in London. In 1822 he was made a fellow of the Royal Society and was awarded the society's gold medal in 1826.

He also postulated that all chemical compounds are made up of elements in well defined proportions. Dalton once separated water into two gases, hydrogen and oxygen. He notice that the oxygen gas created was eight times heavier than the hydrogen gas . Hydrogen was known to be the lightest gas of all. The Law of Multiple Proportion was apparently developed by Dalton himself around 1804.

Dalton never married and had only a few close friends. He lived for more than a quarter of a century with his friend the Rev. W. Johns in George Street, Manchester, where his daily round of laboratory work and tuition was broken only by annual excursions to the Lake District and occasional visits to London. In 1822 he paid a short visit to Paris, where he met many distinguished resident scientists. He attended several of the earlier meetings of the British Association at York, Oxford, Dublin and Bristol.

Dalton suffered a minor stroke in 1837, and a second one in 1838 left him with a speech impediment, though he remained able to do experiments. In May 1844 he had yet another stroke; on July 26 he recorded with trembling hand his last meteorological observation. And then on July 27th, in Manchester, Dalton fell from his bed and was found lifeless by his attendant. Dalton was buried in Manchester in Ardwick cemetery.

In conclusion John Dalton was one of the greatest thinkers. He was an English, and foreign language teacher, chemist physicist. Dalton is best known for developing the ancient concept of atoms into a scientific theory that has become a foundation of modern chemistry. All his life he learn and never quit and wanted others to learn too as well so he considered himself a teacher and earned his living by teaching and lecturing others until 1833, when he was given an annual civil pension. Today units of atomic mass are often referred to as Dalton's on honor of John Dalton. His analytical apparatus could be called the worlds first mass spectrometer. Dalton would always be remember for his contributions to science.

11- Reverend William Dalton:

Theologian.

William Dalton was born in the country district of Kilcoo, County Down in the North of Ireland in 1801. After ordination he held a curacy in Kilcoo and also became Chaplain to Lord Roden at Tollymore Park. Dalton was fired with zeal and helped to found the Protestant Reformation Society in 1827 and, during a mission from that body, he visited several places in England, including Liverpool, preaching the Gospel.

He met with such a favourable response that the people of Liverpool offered to build him a church, to be called St Jude’s. This appointment he was pleased to accept but continued his mission journey, visiting Wolverhampton, where he was invited to speak on behalf of the British Reformation Society in a new church, which was not as yet consecrated. He was permitted to preach a controversial sermon in the fullest sense of the word. The subject was "The supremacy of the Pope". To the invitation of the Reformers the priests of the local Roman Catholic churches responded and came forward to defend their own doctrines and to impugn those of Dalton and his friends. As may be imagined the 2,300 seats in the place, St George's, was packed to overflowing.

Among the audience was a young widow, Sarah Marsh, daughter of Sam Fereday of Ettingshall. She was the heiress of the wealthy estates of The Lloyd, with lands in the parishes of Penn, Wombourne and Edgmond, which had been the property of her late husband, Richard Marsh. She was fascinated by the young ardent clergyman and invited him and his friends to dinner. In conversation Dalton was moved by her remark that in the preaching of the Gospel controversy should never be resorted to, except from absolute necessity. She also gave a large donation to their cause, which must have also impressed. At that time Dalton returned to Ireland and resigned his duties in that place, fully intending to take up the promised post in Liverpool.

Visiting Wolverhampton a short time later, to see Sarah Marsh, he was taken aback to learn that she had offered to endow St George’s church and had asked Bishop Rider to appoint Dalton as the first incumbent. Unfortunately for this plan Wolverhampton was then a Royal Peculiar and it was the Dean (of Windsor and Wolverhampton), not the Bishop, who decided these things in the very large Wolverhampton parish. Furthermore Dalton had already agreed to accept the Liverpool position. But love was blossoming in his heart. During his many visits to see Sarah Marsh he became more and more certain that she just might find life with him attractive. Putting this to the question, he found, to his delight, a full and true response to his suggestion that she should become his wife. She made it a condition that she should return to The Lloyd for a few months stay each year until he found a permanent position near Wolverhampton.

The Trustees of St Jude’s were not enamored with the idea that they should release him from his contract and insisted that he serve them in Liverpool. Sarah agreed to this appointment, provided that they divide their time between Wolverhampton and Liverpool, spending several months each year at the Lloyd. They married in June 1831 at St James', Piccadilly and bought a home in Toxteth Park in Liverpool. In 1832 Sarah returned home, leaving Dalton to care for his flock amongst whom cholera had broken out.

Meanwhile Mrs Marsh had agreed to endow a new church in the chapelry district of St John, at that time a chapel–of–ease to St Peter’s, and to place a faithful minister in charge. The work had scarcely begun on this church when the Trustees of St Paul’s, as it was to be named, were distraught to learn that their intended minister had embraced Irvingism and would just not do for them! At the same time by fortunate coincidence, a great friend of the Dalton's, Dr McNeil, Rector of Albury, was in conflict with his patron.

Dalton, who seems a man who never lost an opportunity when it presented itself, at once asked Dr McNeil if he would like to take over his Liverpool church. Mrs. Dalton then solved St Paul’s problem by 'suggesting' that her husband be appointed. This was an arrangement to the satisfaction of all - St Jude’s would now have a man whose heart was not away in Wolverhampton. So William Dalton became the first Vicar of St Paul’s, a living that he held from 1835 to 1859. He was appointed Rural Dean of Wolverhampton in 1857 and a Prebend of Lichfield Cathedral in 1856.

Prebendary Dalton achieved a goal in 1848 when the Deanery was suppressed and St Peter’s was established as a rectory. Henceforth it would be the Bishop, and not the absentee Dean, who would make the decisions in the town.

The Rev William Dalton, until then Vicar of St Paul’s, now made the decision to take the church himself and was licensed as Perpetual Curate of St Philip’s on 21st October 1859. Interestingly he was not 'instituted', being already the Patron, but he is recorded as having ‘read himself in’ on 23rd October.

Dalton was not a narrow, blinkered clergyman, intent purely with his own parish. He formed a local Clerical Society, which consisted of all the neighbouring clergy, who met regularly at The Lloyd.

Dalton was also Chaplain of the Orphan Asylum, which he helped to found in 1850. This was at first intended for boys under the age of 14 and was sited in the Old Dispensary in Queen Street.

On 19th February 1862 Mrs Dalton died after a long and painful illness.

A gifted theologian, the Reverend William Dalton BD published many books and his influence is still felt in west Wolverhampton.

12- Thomas Valentine Dalton:

Rev. War hero.

He was born in Ireland about 1754 and little is known of his childhood. His family settled in Baton Rouge, Louisiana probably in the late 1760's. He was an adventurer and the remainder of Dalton's life is well documented since it ran almost parallel to that of General George Roger's Clark.

He accompanied General Clark on an expedition that historians argue was the most extraordinary feat of the Revolutionary War. Unfortunately Dalton family research also suggests that Dalton participated in Clark's two private and little known military actions that were thought to be treasonable missions against America. There are more than 150 references to Dalton in General Clark's papers alone.

A musketeer beneath the surface, Thomas V. Dalton, was a soldier and a Catholic. Although his ties were first in Virginia, his military prowess in the French and Indian War and then again in the Revolutionary War sent him far and wide.

In 1789, Capt. Dalton moved to Natchez where he taught school, and served as interpreter of the English language to the Spanish Government under the reign of Governor Don Carlos de Grand-Pre. He practiced law in Natchez, Baton Rouge, and New Orleans. Capt. Dalton died on February 6, 1807 in Baton Rouge. His descendants tended to stay on the west side of the Mississippi River thereafter.

13- Captain John Dalton:

Virginia Indian fighter.

Historians recognize that the French and Indian War (1754-1763) was a necessary prerequisite to the coming of the American Revolution. The war led Great Britain to tighten her control over her American colonies, most dramatically exemplified in a new unprecedented taxation such as the Stamp Act. American resistance began a chain of events which eventually led to an open break a decade later.

It is not as clearly recognized that Virginia, and especially northern Virginians, played the decisive role in the events which led to the French and Indian War.

In 1753 Governor Robert Dinwiddie gave young Col. George Washington, the delicate mission of warning the French to stay out of the Ohio Valley and simultaneously discovering their intentions and strength. To augment his forces, Washington periodically called on the militia of nearby counties. He ordered that the regular troops on the frontier be reinforced by half of the militia in ten western counties. The first to answer the call was Captain John Dalton of Alexandria with 54 of the county militia who reached Winchester on April 29.

Dalton and the remaining Fairfax militiamen were then ordered to strengthen the area of Conococheague on the Potomac. On the evening of May 8, 1756, Captain Dalton returned to Winchester with his Fairfax County volunteers and such militiamen as had not deserted. Asked why they had returned, Washington was told the men were fatigued and needed to return home. In a memorandum regarding the militia, Washington wrote sarcastically, "The Officer's and Soldiers of the Militia begin to discover great uneasiness at their stay and want much to return thinking they have performed a ...... of duty by marching to Winchester. Dalton and his men were ordered back to Alexandria.

Dalton was one of the founders and trustees of the town of Alexandria as well as John Carlyle's merchant partner. He was to figure prominently in the later affairs of Fairfax County as a signatory to the 1770 Association to boycott articles from England.

14- James Dalton: 1834-1919.

Australian store keeper and Mayor.

James Dalton, merchant and pastoralist, was born in Duntryleague, Limerick, Ireland, son of James Dalton, innkeeper, and his first wife Eleanor, née Ryan. Because of the famine he went to New South Wales with his father in the late 1840s. In 1849 James senior opened a bark and slab store in Orange. In 1853 James junior set up as a store-keeper in Orange, where he married Margaret Mary Collins in 1858. In that year his brother Thomas joined him and the firm became known as Dalton Bros. James helped displaced miners and in 1857 promised to build a mill if they grew wheat; his flour-mill was built in 1861. The firm's business expanded until it became the largest wholesale distributor west of the Blue Mountains. They had great success producing roasted and ground coffee on a large scale and later built large wool stores in Orange, where in 1865 they built an impressive retail store in Summer Street. By 1871 they had acquired three stations in the Lachlan district.

Dalton Bros. continued to flourish in the 1870s and in 1876 James built Duntryleague, a mansion set in magnificent grounds, reputedly for £50,000. Aware that the coming of the railway, for which James had turned the first sod in 1874, would mean the end of wholesale distributors in the west Dalton Bros. established an importing agency in Sydney, managed by Thomas, and in 1878 built Dalton House, Pitt Street. They built stores in lower Fort Street and had a wharf and bond and free warehouses at Millers Point. In 1878 James bought Ammerdown, near Orange, and later, Kangaroobie.

James Dalton provided funds and leadership for the Irish nationalist movement in New South Wales. In 1882 his presiding over an Irish Land League meeting was questioned in the Legislative Assembly. He was closely associated with the visit of the Irish nationalists, John and William Redmond, to the colony in 1883. As president of the local branch of the Irish National League, Dalton with two other magistrates signed an address of welcome to Redmond, which praised their 'resolute resistance to the oppressive proceedings of a foreign senate'. The address provoked a public outcry and a demand for the removal of the 'seditious' justices. The premier, Alexander Stuart, requested explanations from the three magistrates, but found them unacceptable. Dalton claimed that he had done nothing incompatible with his 'oath of fealty as a magistrate'. Asked to resign, he refused and was dismissed on 28 April. The bond between the Dalton's and Redmond's was cemented when on 4 September John Redmond married Dalton's half-sister Johanna; later William Redmond married Dalton's daughter Eleanor. In 1883-84 Dalton was in Britain and America.

Dalton was an active townsman, a member of such local bodies as the local council and mayor of Orange in 1869. In 1885 he built the Australian Hall because the Redmond's had been obliged to lecture in a shop. In the early 1890s he dissolved the partnership with Thomas, sold his Sydney interests and formed two family companies, Dalton Bros in Orange and Dalton Estates Ltd covering his pastoral holdings, to which he had added Belowra in the 1880s, Gobala, Nevertire, in 1898 and the Lookout at Mullion.

The Dalton family was one of the colony's richest and most influential Catholic families. Thomas, a papal knight, became mayor of Orange in 1877, represented Orange in the assembly in 1882-91 and was a member of the Legislative Council in 1892-1901. He died in Sydney on 26 June 1901. His daughter Blanche married Sir Mark Sheldon. James' second son, James Joseph, became the first native-born Australian member of the House of Commons when he was elected for West Donegal in 1890 in the Parnell interest. Despite exceptional enterprise and business ability James was kindly, unassuming and ever ready to help an Irishman in distress. He was a friend of Cardinal Patrick Moran and Bishop Dunne and a benefactor of St Mary's Cathedral. He received a papal knighthood in 1877. He died aged 85 on 17 March 1919 at Duntryleague, Orange. Predeceased by his wife, he was survived by four sons and four daughters. His estate was worth £73,000.

15- James Langley Dalton: 1832-1887.

Survivor of the Zulu wars in Africa.

James L. Dalton, Zulu Wars Victoria Cross Recipient, was born in London, he enlisted in the infantry in 1849, transferred to the Commissariat (Quartermaster) Corps in 1862, and served until 1871, earning a Long Service & Good Conduct medal. After six years out of the army he volunteered to serve with British forces in South Africa as Acting Assistant Commissary with the Commissariat and Transport Department (Royal Army Service Corps). He was one of 11 soldiers to be awarded the VC for the Battle of Rorke's Drift, the most for any single action. From his citation: "On 22nd January, 1879 at Rorke's Drift, Natal, South Africa, Acting Assistant Commissary Dalton actively superintended the work of defense and was amongst the foremost of those who received the first attack at the corner of the hospital, where the deadliness of his fire checked the mad rush of the enemy. He saved the life of a man in the Army Hospital Corps by shooting the Zulu who was attacking him. Although wounded himself this officer continued to give the same example of cool courage throughout the action." In addition to the VC he was awarded a permanent commission. He passed away suddenly at the Grosvenor Hotel, Port Elizabeth, at the age of 54. His VC medal is on display at the Royal Logistics Corps Officers' Mess, Camberley, Surrey.

16- James Dalton:

Prize fighter.

“Captain” James Dalton, was born April 26, 1854 in Cleveland. Ohio. Dalton was a tugboat captain and a "Waterfront Bruiser" according to some sources; He had fast hands, fast feet and outstanding overall movement; John J. Dwyer, the fighter, said Dalton was one of the most dangerous young men with his hands in America; He fought mostly as a light heavyweight but often tangled with bigger men.

During his career, Dalton defeated such men as John Donaldson, Jem Goode, Paddy Ryan and Jack King.

17- James Dalton:

Australian Bushranger.

James Dalton was born about 1819, at Browness, near Carlisle. He was already a hard case when he was transported for Larceny at Cumberland in 1834. He arrived to Van Diemen's Land on 6 March 1835 on a sentence of seven years, and only two weeks later received a further eighteen months for stealing a bible. It seems there was nothing the gaol could do to break his rebellious spirit as he was flogged repeatedly, loaded with irons, and also put into solitary confinement. Having committed everything from being repeatedly disobedient and insolent, stealing anything that wasn't bolted down, threatening to cut the overseer's throat, and making several attempts to escape, he was finally sent to Norfolk Island in 1846. But almost immediately he seized a boat and attempted to make a getaway. Three years later on 14 August 1849, he raped a young girl named Mary Willis and spent another two years in chains. When Norfolk Island started to close down and return its prisoners to Tasmania, he showed another side to his nature when he was involved in rescuing people during the 1852 floods at Ross. For this he received a four month reduction from his sentence of hard labour.

On 28 December 1852, he and five other convicts escaped from Port Arthur. Four of them drowned when trying to swim past Eaglehawk Neck, but Dalton and Andrew Kelly survived. After stealing some weapons the two began their bushranging career. They first robbed a Halfway House near Campbelltown and next day stuck up Simeon Lord's house, Bona Vista. There were some thirty people bailed up at Lord's, including two constables and a watch house keeper. During the robbery they shot and killed the watch house keeper and escaped on two fine horses from the stables. Over the following weeks Dalton and Kelly made a number of raids, one of them holding up a hut full of men. One of them, Constable Buckmaster, made a rush at Dalton who shot and killed him. The area around Esk was getting too hot for them so they determined to make a break for the mainland.

After first trying to commandeer the schooner 'Jane & Elizabeth' and failed, they seized a whaleboat belonging to a publican, and forced four miners to take them across Bass Strait. After landing at Westernport they made their separate ways to Melbourne, hoping to board a ship bound for England. But their notoriety had proceeded them and a £500 reward had been posted for their capture.

The capture of Dalton was almost too easy. He located a boatman who agreed to take him over to the "Northumberland" lying at anchor. It was late in the evening and they popped into a coffee shop to exchange some Tasmanian banknotes into gold, most likely to pay the passage. The owners did not have enough gold to cash the notes, but a fast thinking customer, said he was a gold broker and could make the exchange. Dalton who agreed, had just walked into a trap. The gold broker named Brice, happened to be an ex-cadet of the Melbourne police and was suspicious of Dalton. Brice asked him to accompany him to his office, and in the dark led Dalton through the yard at the back of the Police Court and into the clerk's room of the Swanston Street watch house. Fortunately, know one was in uniform and while Brice showed two of the plainclothes detectives the banknotes he challenged Dalton of having come about them wrongfully. Dalton coolly replied that the accusation was rubbish. As there was insufficient evidence, Dalton was about to leave when he was suddenly pounced on by Detective Williams, Murray and Eason, who had recognized his description. Dalton was carrying three pistols under his coat, but was unable to use them. He said: "You have got the reward of £500, my name is Dalton!"

Andrew Kelly was arrested the following day and they were both returned to Tasmania to face the court. On 26 April 1853, they were hanged for the murder of Constable Buckmaster.

18- John Thomas Dalton:

Building contractor.

To have accomplished so notable a work as has Mr. Dalton, in connection with the building of military posts for the National government, would prove sufficient to give precedence and reputation to any man, were this to represent the sum total of his efforts. He has, however, for some thirty years, been actively identified with the growth and development of Junction City, and has given substantial assistance to several of its enterprises and industries.

John T. Dalton is a native of England and was born in Preston, Yorkshire, April 21, 1854, son of Rev. Henry and Maria (Graves) Dalton. His father was a Methodist Episcopal clergyman who came with his family to America in 1857, locating in Dayton, Ohio. He removed to Missouri in 1870, and, in 1879 to Kansas, where he served as pastor of various churches in the Northwest Kansas Conference. His long and useful career was ended in Joplin, Mo., in 1910, when he passed away and was laid to rest in Highland cemetery beside his beloved wife, whose demise occurred in 1906.

John T. Dalton was educated in the public schools of Dayton, Ohio; subsequently became a farmer, and for a short time worked in the mines at Joplin, Mo. In 1878 he came to Junction City, Kan., where he formed, with his brother, William H., the firm of Dalton Brothers, building contractors. Their first operations were at Skiddy, a small town in Geary county. During this partnership, which lasted until 1885, the firm was successful and a reputation for uprightness and reliability was established. In 1885 the firm of Zeigler & Dalton was formed, its interested principals being, J. T. Dalton, W. H. Dalton, H. H. Ziegler, and J. C. Ziegler. Their most notable work was in the building of government army posts, their contracts having exceeded in their total any other firm. They have built, at Fort Riley, fifty buildings; at Fort Sam Houston, twenty-two; at Fort Ethan Allen, sixteen; at Fort Leavenworth, fourteen; and one each at Fort Thomas and Fort Madison; an exceedingly creditable showing. The Geary county court-house, the Junction City opera house and the high school building were also erected by them, as well as several business buildings and residences. W. H. Dalton retired from the firm in 1892, H. H. Ziegler in 1906, and J. C. Zeigler in 1909. With the retirement of J. C. Ziegler the firm of J. T. Dalton & Sons was formed, Arthur H. and Roy T. Dalton, sons of John T., being admitted to partnership. This firm completed, in 1910, the handsome home of the Central National Bank, one of the most complete and modern banking offices in the state. Their first contract was for nine buildings at Fort D. A. Russell. Mr. Dalton was one of the most active promoters of the Junction City Electric Railway, Light & Ice Company, and became vice-president and later president. On its reorganization as the Union Light & Power Company he was elected president, and has been continued in that capacity. The interurban railway, operated by this company, connects Fort Riley with Junction City, and has been an aid of great value to the latter in a commercial way, and a profitable enterprise to its owners. He is also a stockholder in the Dewey Portland Cement Company, and a large owner of improved business property in Junction City. Mr. Dalton is a Republican and was a candidate for the lower house in the legislature in the primary election of 1910. He was unable to make a campaign, being compelled to undergo a surgical operation at that time, and failed to secure the nomination. He is a member of the Junction City Commercial Club and the Country Club, and his fraternal associations are as a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

Mr. Dalton married, April 6, 1881, Miss Elizabeth Rust, daughter of John E. Rust, of Joplin, Mo. To them have been born six children, two of whom—William R. and Mary Elizabeth—died in childhood.

19- Thomas Dalton: (1792-1840)

Newspaper owner.

Thomas Dalton was a journalist, and was born in Birmingham, England on April 29, 1792 He emigrated to Canada about 1812, and settled in Kingston. There he began in 1828 the publication of a weekly newspaper, the Patriot. In 1832 he transferred the Patriot to York (Toronto); and became one of the apologists for the "Family Compact". He died in Toronto on October 26, 1840. He was the author of a pamphlet on banking, Money is power.

20- James Lewis Dalton:

Father of the Dalton gang.

James Lewis Dalton served an even 365 days under General Zachary Taylor as a fifer for Company I, Second Regiment of Kentucky Foot Volunteers during the Mexican War. Lewis DALTON came west from Kentucky to Missouri during the late 1840s. By 1850 Lewis DALTON was trading horses and running a small saloon at Westport (now Kansas City). Lewis and Adeline Younger Dalton had 15 children, including Emmett, Robert, Frank Dalton, William Dand Grattan Dalton. Adeline Dalton's brother was the father of Bob Younger, Cole Younger, and James Younger. The Dalton's moved to Coffeyville, Kansas in 1886 and lived there for a short time. Coffeyville, Kansas became the hometown of "the Dalton boys. They went on train robberies and gun battles throughout the West.

Bob's brother, Frank Dalton, became a deputy marshal. He worked with Heck Thomas but was killed while attempting to arrest a horse thief in November, 1887. Bob and his brothers Emmett and Grattan also served briefly as lawman. It was later claimed that the men were forced to leave the service after becoming involved in rustling.

In 1891 Emmett Dalton, Bob Dalton, Bill Dalton and Grattan Dalton robbed a train just outside of Los Angeles. George Radcliffe was killed during the raid and Grattan was captured. He received a 20 year sentence but later escaped. Over the next 18 months the Dalton gang robbed banks and trains throughout Oklahoma. Bob Dalton was considered the leader and other members included Bill Doolin, George Newcomb, Charlie Bryant, Bill Powers, Charlie Pierce, Dick Broadwell, William McElhanie.

After the gang stole $17,000 robbed a train at Pryor Creek on 14th July, 1892, a prize of $5,000 a head on the Dalton's. Emmett later wrote: "Posting a 'Dead or Alive' reward for a man performs some dark alchemy in his spirit... He becomes fair game for every pot-shooting hunter... In quite a real sense he belongs thereafter to the living dead."

On 5th October, 1892, the gang decided to rob two banks in their home town of Coffeyville. Emmett and Bob went into the First National Bank while Grattan Dalton, Bill Powers and Dick Bradwell dealt with the Condon Bank. The men were spotted by a passerby, Aleck McKenna, who quickly alerted other members of the town. The men of Coffeyville armed themselves with rifles and waited for the Dalton gang to leave the banks. In the shoot-out that followed, four members of the gang, Bob Dalton, Grattan Dalton, Bill Powers and Dick Broadwell were killed. Four local men, Lucius Baldwin, George Cubine, Charles Connelly and Charles Brown, also died.

21- Thomas H. Dalton:

Drug and variety store owner.

Numbered among the representative business men of eastern and central Nevada is Thomas H. Dalton, a citizen since 1863, and as a member of the firm of Dalton & Clifford, proprietors of the Red House drug; store, the only drug and variety store in the county, and as the treasurer of Lander county, he is both widely and favorably known. He is a native of Pennsylvania, born in Sharpsburg on the 3ist

of October, 1862. and is a son of W. T. Dalton, who crossed the plains to the Silver state in 1863. The latter is a native of England, was married in his native land, and in 1860 emigrated to the United States, bringing with him his young bride. Throughout the period of his residence here Mr. W. T. Dalton-has been engaged in farming and stock-raising, and is the owner of a ranch at East Gate. Churchill county, Nevada, where he and his wife reside. He has been a life-long Republican. In the family of Mr. and

Mrs. W. T. Dalton were three sons and a daughter, of whom Thomas is the eldest in order of birth, the others being: W. E., who is engaged in the boot and shoe business in Wadsworth; F. A., residing on the old homestead; and Mrs. Luella Butler, a widow.

Thomas H. Dalton is indebted to the public school system of Austin for the educational privileges he received in his youth, and at the age of fifteen years began perfecting himself in the mercantile business, at which he worked for others until the I st of February. 1888. At that date he formed a partnership with O. J. Clifford and opened a drug and variety store in Austin, which they have ever since successfully conducted, and both are business men of the highest integrity and ability. They are also the owners of the Reese River Reveille, one of the leading newspapers of the state. In political matters Mr. Dalton was for many years identified with Republican principles, and on its ticket was elected treasurer of Lander county in 1890, being retained in the office at each succeeding election until

he is now serving his seventh term. During the silver movement he took the bi-metal side of the question and did all in his power for the remonetization of silver. He is now independent in his political views. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, having passed the chairs in the orders, and is a member of the grand lodges of the state.

In 1884 Mr. Dalton was united in marriage to Miss Clara O'Donnell, a native daughter of California, her birth occurring in Nevada City, that state, and their home has been brightened and blessed by the birth of a son, William D., who was born in Austin. The family reside in one of Austin's pleasant homes.

22- The Hon. Thomas Dalton:

J.P. And businessman.

Thomas Dalton of Wheatleigh, North Sydney, New South Wales, J.P. and member of the Legislative Council of that colony, formerly a member of the Legislative Assembly for nine years, b. 17th April, 1829.

The Hon. Thomas Dalton left Ireland in early life for the United States and arrived in Australia from America in 1856, ever since which time he has been engaged in commercial pursuits, and is the sole partner in the firm of Dalton Brothers, one of the leading mercantile houses in the city of Sydney;

he is a wharf owner and largely connected with the shipping interests. In 1892, he was appointed by His Holiness Pope Luo XIII a Knight Commendatore of the Order of St. Gregory the Great.

23- John Dalton:

Poet and divine.

John Dalton, son of the Rev. John Dalton, rector of Dean in Cumberland 1705-12, was born there in 1709. He received his school education at Lowther in Westmoreland, and when sixteen years old was sent to Queen's College, Oxford, entering the college as batler 12 Oct. 1725, being elected taberdar 2 Nov. 1730, and taking the degree of B.A. on 20 Nov. 1730. Shortly afterwards he was selected as tutor to Lord Beauchamp, the only son of the Earl of Hertford, the seventh duke of Somerset, and during the leisure which this employment afforded he amused himself with adapting Milton's masque of ' Comus ' for the stage. Through the 'judicious insertion of several songs and passages ' taken from other poems of Milton, and by the addition of several songs of his own, which have been pronounced by H. J. Todd to have been ' written with much elegance and taste,' he produced in 1738 a work which, when set to the delicious melodies of Dr. Arne, kept its place on the stage for many years. In 1750 Dalton ascertained that Mrs. Elizabeth Foster, a granddaughter of Milton, was in want of pecuniary assistance, and he procured for her a benefit at Drury Lane Theatre on 5 April 1750. The performance was recommended by a letter from Dr. Johnson which appeared in the ' General Advertiser" of the previous day, and aided by a new prologue written by Johnson and spoken by Garrick. By this help, strengthened by large contributions from Tonson the bookseller and Bishop Newton, the sum of 130 was raised for Mrs. Foster and her husband, who were thus enabled to establish themselves in a bettor class of business at Islington. Ill health prevented Dalton from accompanying Lord Beauchamp on his travels through Europe, and the master was consequently spared from any complaints which might have been brought against him on account of his pupil's death at Bologna in 1744. Dalton proceeded to his degree of M.A. on 9 May 1734, and on 21 April in the next year was allowed to accept a living now offered him to be held for a minor ten years without prejudicing hie pretensions to the further benefits of the foundation. These pretensions were justified by his election to a fellowship on 28 June 1741. For some time he was an assistant preacher under Seeker, at St. James's, Westminster, and his services in the pulpit seem to have been much appreciated. The favour of the Duke of Somerset was continued to him after the death of his pupil. Through the duke's influence he was appointed canon of the fifth stall in Worcester Cathedral in 1748, and about the same time obtained the rectory of St. Mary-at-Hill in the city of London. Dalton took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. on 4 July 1750. He died at Worcester on 22 July 1763, and was buried at the west end of the south aisle of Worcester Cathedral, where a monumental inscription was placed to his memory.

24- William Dalton:

Revolutionary War solider.

William Dalton was born about 1754 in Albemarle County, Virginia, and died about 1852 in Henderson County, North Carolina.

William Dalton served in the Revolutionary War and received a pension. He enlisted in Albemarle County, Virginia in 1775 and was discharged in 1778. He became a volunteer in Burke County, North Carolina under Capt. Joseph McDowell and fought at the battle of Ninety Six.

On 2 January 1786, William purchased from Thomas Morris for 50 pounds 70 acres on both sides of the North Fork of Broad River, part of the Michael Muckleworth grant; Thomas Dortin, a witness.

On 8 March, 1789 he purchased from George Wood for 25 pounds 50 acres on Green Creek South side of White Oak Creek adjoining John Woods, the John Aphley patent.

On 20 December, 1790 he sold with James Young to John Kingen 150 acres on Green Creek South side of White Oak Creek. In 1796 he purchased from John Miller for 150 pounds 100 acres on both sides of Maple Creek of Mountain Creek, Hugh Kilpatrick patent, David George's corner.

William received 800 acres of bounty land on the back branch of Buck Creek, waters of Pacolet River in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, but in an instrument dated 15 June 1793 and recorded 27 March 1794 William Dalton of Rutherford County, North Carolina sold 640 acres of the tract to Presley Garrett. In February 1848, when he was 94," a jury of good and lawful men" were ordered "to examine into the soundness of mind of William Dalton whether he is capable of transacting his own affairs" and they found that he was non compos mentis. The court appointed E.G. Foster guardian to handle "the funds he received from the government, "Bond in the amount of $200 was posted by Braxton Lankford, his son-in-law, and Thomas Jefferson, one of the Justices of the Court. On 1 July, 1852, Braxton Lankford filed an administrator's bond in the amount of $50 for William in Henderson County, North Carolina.

25- Rev. John Dalton Sr.:

Served in the war of 1812.

John Dalton Sr. joined the Company of Capt. William Sims, his future father-in-law, in the spring of 1778 in Albemarle County, Virginia and fought in the revolution. He reenlisted in 1781. his pension application, shows that his uncle was William Grant, two members of whose family were killed by Indians in North Carolina in 1781.

On January 4, 1786 he received a grant of 150 acres on Nixes Creek and on Dec. 16, 1799 100 acres on the South side of Broad River.

In 1794 he sold for 100 pounds to James Care 100 acres at the head of Nix Creek , at Miller's corner.

On Sept. 2, 1808 he sold 100 acres to William Searcy. On Feb. 15, 1809 he sold 50 acres on the South side of Broad River to William Kelly. On January 11, 1799 he purchased for 100 pounds 50 acres on the South side of Main Broad River, "Part of land Heslip now lives on", adjoining his own line. On Oct. 7, 1810 he sold, for $1325, 300 acres lying on the Main Broad River.

He was co-executor with Thomas Dalton of his father's will in 1804.

He was a messenger from Bill's Creek Baptist Church to the Bethel Association in 1797 and 1800, and to the Broad River Association in 1811. He was preaching in the mountain Creek Baptist Church at Gilkey, NC as early as 1808, and was the preacher at Bill's Creek Baptist Church in 1811. He signed the pension application of a friend as John Dalton, D.D. but it is not known where he received his degree.

At the end of 1811 he moved to Buncombe County, NC where his son William Sims Dalton acquired 65 acres of land on the Swannanoa River in 1816 (sold in 1820). In 1817 the family moved westward into Tennessee, where John preached and farmed for the rest of his life.

John Dalton Sr. was in court for his pension hearing; (below)

“On this eleventh day of February 1833 personally appeared in open court before the... Justices & the County Court of Bledsoe County, now setting John Dalton a resident of Bledsoe County and State of Tennessee, aged seventy four years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.

That he entered the service of this United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated -- That he entered the service of the United States in the spring of the year 1778 as a drafted militia man in Albemarle County State of Virginia in the Company commanded by Captain William Simms, Lieutenant William Flint & William Dowell ensign -- He was stationed at the Albemarle Barracks to guard Burgoyne's prisoners. He remained there a tour of two months under the above officers & was then discharged. In the latter part of the year 1778 or 1779, he again entered the service in Albemarle County commanded by the same officers as above; The Captain (Simms) being this declarator's father in law under whom he served another tour.

After this second tour declarant can not recollect the year, a call was made upon the militia to go to Norfolk where the British had just landed. Declarant again entered the service in Albemarle under the same officers to wit; Captain Simms, Lieutenant Flint and Ensign Dowell. He marched from Albemarle to Richmond, and from Richmond to Mooneys Fort on James River. From Mooneys Fort to Cabin Point & was there stationed, Col. Juarles having the command until the British left Norfolk as he understood. From Cabin Point he was marched back to Richmond, where he was discharged having this tour served three months.

In June 1781 he again entered the service in Albemarle County under the same officers as before, to wit Capt. Simms, Lieutenant Flint and ensign Dowell & marched through Louisa, Goochland, Richmond & Hanover Counties. In the latter county he was in a slight skirmish with Larlaton at Wash's long........ entering the Rapid Dan River into Culpepper County where he was stationed about two & a half weeks. Cornwallis having then turned his course south, declarant with those with him marched after him, to wit Cornwallis, through Orange, Albemarle, Louisa, Goochland & Richmond Counties from thence through the different counties to old James Town on the south side of James River, there declarant was in another skirmish with the British in which three of declarants male mates were taken prisoner, not much damage was done on either side The skirmish being with a scouting party of the British. Declarant then was marched towards Little York, but in a few days the relief came and he was discharged having served three months this tour as a Sargent in Captain Simm's company. During this latter tour declarant was attached to a company of four hundred privates besides the officers who formed a company or detachment of light infantry under the command of Col. Duvale. Major Bass & Major Allen who was placed as a rear guard marching between the American and British Armies. This was the rear guard to Lafayette's Army and in which declarant acted as a Sargent as above stated. The last above tour, but one mentioned before, which was a three months tour, he was a sergeant in Captain Simm's company. He served four months as a private & six months as a Sargent, making his service in all ten months. He mentions the fact of his having been a sergeant not knowing whether it will vary the amount of his pension should he be found entitled to one. He has no documentary evidence of his service nor does he know of any person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to it.

He states that he was born in Albemarle County State of Virginia on the 3rd day of October 1758. That he has no record of his age, but has the account given by his parents & believe it true. He has seen a record of his age kept by his Uncle William Grant, but which he understands was destroyed or carried off by the Indians who killed two of Grant's family & plundered his home in North Carolina about the year 1782.

He lived in Albemarle County, Virginia when called into service & continued to reside there during the whole war, in the same company of men and under the same officers, and from there he moved to Rutherford County North Carolina sometime after the war, how long he does not recollect where he resided about twenty years. From Rutherford County North Carolina he moved to the State of Tennessee where he has resided over sixteen years and still resides. He supposed he was drafted. The men of his company were droped & numbered and called out in turn. He was the first man in the first division which the list will show if it can be found. He has given the names of his officers & the guard circumstances of his services. He never received a written discharge from the service. When his tours were out he was told he was dismissed & went home.

He states that he is known in his present neighbour hood to George Real, a clergyman Eli Thurman, Esquire Shank of Bledsoe County, John Brigman a merchant of Pikeville and James A. Whiteside, who can testify as to his character for veracity and their belief of his services as a soldier of the Revolution.

He hereby relinquishes any claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state”.

After his wife Lucy died, John Dalton was married again in 1830. When John Dalton died his widow drew the final payment of his Revolutionary War pension. Many of John and Lucy's children migrated on over to Middle Tennessee prior to 1820 where land had been opened for settlement and they settled in Lawrence Co., TN.

26- Captain Dalton:

Superintendent of Indian affairs.

Headlines; Indian Tribes Hostile to the Americans during the Revolution War - Philadelphia August 12, 1783.

Captain Dalton, superintendent of Indian affairs for the United States, arrived here last week from Canada, which he left about a month since, in company with 200 Americans, who are at length happily liberated from a cruel captivity with the savages. But he is sorry to inform us that there are a number of unfortunate fellow sufferers who are still retained as prisoners by the Indians. The sufferings of Captain Dalton and his lady have been very great, both having been many years prisoners with the enemy, and forced to endure the most cruel treatment from their captors. For the satisfaction of their friends, Captain Dalton has given a list of the unhappy people who are confined chiefly among the six nations, ie. the Shawnese, Delawares, Munseys, Oniactenaws, Putawawtaw- maws, &c &c. [Here follows a list of the names of 137 prisoners.] Captain Dalton says, that on their way home, through Canada, they experienced the most polite treatment from the English officers, but were more than once abused by different parties of those wretches who had fled to Canada from the back parts of the United States to avoid the vengeance of their countrymen, for the many horrid murders and burnings committed by them in conjunction with the English and Indians. As Captain Dalton has been among the savages for many years, he has now given his friends and the public an estimation of the different savage nations they had to encounter, with the number of warriors annexed to each nation that were employed by the British, and have stained their tomahawks with the blood of Americans, vis. Chactaws 600, Chick- isaws 400, Cherokees 500, Creeks 700, Plankishaws 400, Oniactmaws 300, Kickapoes 500, Munseys 150, Delawares 500, Shawanaws 300, Mohickons 60, Uchipweys 3,000, Ottawas 300, Mohawks 300,

Oneidas 150, Tuskeroras 200, Onondagas 300, Cayugas 230, Jeneckaws 400, Suez and Sothuze 1,300, Putawawtawmaws 400, Fulawain 150, Muskultheor Nation of Fire 250, Reinars or Foxes 300, Piiyon

350, Sokkie 450, Abbinokkie, on the St. Lawrence 200, making a total of 12,690 Warriors.

27- William Thomas Dalton:

Framer of the Constitution for the state of Oklahoma.

William Thomas Dalton was born near Girard, in Macoupin County, Illinois, on November 7, 1857, and died at Broken Arrow, Oklahoma on September 15, 1933, where he was buried in Park Grove Cemetery.

He was the son of Jesse Dalton and his wife, Christiana Dalton, nee Williams.

With his parents he migrated to Clay County, Nebraska in 1872, receiving his education in the public schools of said county. After becoming of age, he engaged in farming near Edgar, Nebraska, until 1892, when he came to Oklahoma Territory, locating at Stillwater, where he engaged in the mercantile business. In 1903, with others, he organized the Coweta State Bank of Coweta. Having located at Broken Arrow where he had been a resident at the time of his death for over 30 years, except two years spent in New Mexico, for 15 years he operated the Gin, Coal & Mill Company. He gave freely of his time, efforts and resources in the interest of the community.

On January 10, 1884, he was married to Miss Minnie Belle Rohrer of Scottsville, Illinois. To this union seven children came: Clarence G., Oklahoma City; Mrs. Lela Bailey, Salina, Kansas; Carl W. and Ralph R., of Broken Arrow; Charles J., of Los Angeles, California; Mrs. Bertha Ladd, who died in May, 1929; and James J., who died in October, 1890.

The conduct of his life was based upon the principles embodied in the Golden Rule.

In addition to the foregoing children, he is survived by his widow and a brother, Charles Dalton, both of Broken Arrow.

As a Democrat, he was nominated and elected from District 69, as a member of the convention to frame a Constitution for the state of Oklahoma, and served on the following committees: (1) Suffrage, (2) Private Corporations, (3) General Provisions, (4) Public Printing, and presented to the convention a petition relating to religious liberty. The following propositions were introduced by him: No. 112, Relating to Rights of State, No. 113, to rights of farmers, No. 173, relating to Pardons, No. 174, relating to Requisitions, No. 210, relating to Local or Special Laws, No. 248, relating to shipping dead bodies, and No. 277, relating to freedom of Speech.

He was affiliated with the Odd Fellows organization.

28- Bishop John Dalton:

Of Harbor Grace, Newfoundland.

Father John Dalton, of the Illustrious Order of St. Francis, was ordained in the Irish College at Rome and coming to Newfoundland ,was for a decade his Uncle's curate at Carbonear prior to his elevation as First Bishop of the Diocese of Harbor Grace in 1856. Father Dalton was consecrated in St. John's on May 25, 1856, by His Lordship, Bishop Mullock. The new Bishop was installed at Harbor Grace by Bishop Mullock on the following Sunday, June 1. His venerable Uncle, the Very Reverend Charles Dalton, also a Franciscan, was Parish Priest at Harbor Grace; was in poor health at the time, and died on June 17 1859 .

For the first few years the new Bishop continued to reside at Carbonear. After the death of his Uncle, Bishop Dalton decided on moving to Harbor Grace. He considered the Priest's house at Harbor Grace better suited for a convent the building occupied by the Sisters so in 1860, after certain changes were made in the building the Sisters moved into the Priests' house after their August retreat. Then the Convent was repaired and enlarge to serve as an Episcopal resident. This done, the Bishop moved from Carbonear to Harbor Grace. This was in 1860.

On March 29, 1869, Bishop Mullock died suddenly at St. John's and Bishop Dalton went immediately to St. John's where he was detained till May 4. On his return to Harbor Grace he visited the Convent, and whilst in conversation with Rev. Mother de Sales Lovelock and Rev Mother M Xaverius Lynch, the Bishop received an apoplectic stroke. He was carried out speechless, and though he remained conscious, he died the following day between one and two o'clock in the afternoon. This was May 5. His death was altogether unexpected, and it was particularly sad, coming as it did so very soon after Bishop Mullock's passing. Bishop Dalton was only 49. He died intestate, but he had mentioned to the Sisters his intention of making his will that year, as he spent a little time in Ireland on his way to Rome to attend the Vatican Council. His body was interred on May 8, exactly seven months before the opening of the Council.

It may be noted here that the Sisters returned on October 4, 1874, to their previous resident, bequeathed to them by their Founder, the Very Reverend Charles Dalton, after and absence of little more than four years

29- John M. Dalton:

Governor of Missouri.

John M. Dalton the forty-fifth governor of Missouri, was born in Vernon City, Missouri on November 9, 1900. His education was attained at Columbia High School, and at the University of Missouri, where he earned a law degree in 1923. He established his legal career, serving as the Kennett city attorney, a position he held from 1944 to 1953. He also served as the attorney to the Missouri Rural Electrification Cooperative Act. Dalton first entered politics in 1952, serving as the attorney general of Missouri, an office he held eight years. He next secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by a popular vote on November 8, 1960. He was inaugurated into office on January 9, 1961. During his tenure, the Ozark national river way was created; seat belt legislation was enacted; a new national park was lobbied for; funding was secured for a new state highway patrol headquarters; stricter driving laws were enforced; and school desegregation issues were dealt with. After completing his term, Dalton left office on January 11, 1965 and retired from political life. Governor John M. Dalton passed away on July 7, 1972, and was buried in the Oak Ridge Cemetery in Kennett, Missouri.

30- John Luther Dalton: 1843-1908

Genealogist and businessman.

John L. Dalton, the only son of Charles Dalton and Mary Elizabeth Warner was born 18 October 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. In the spring of 1846 when Luther was two years old, his parents, being loyal and true to the gospel they had embraced, left their home once more to follow their Church leaders across the Mississippi River into the wilderness of Iowa. They remained with the main group of people until the summer of 1848 when the family started across the plains, leaving the Elkhorn River on July 10th. They traveled with the Third Company under command of Willard Richards, arriving in Salt Lake Valley, 19 October 1848.

John L. was an only child, two younger sisters having passed away in infancy, one at the age of three months in Nauvoo, the other being born between the Pawnee Station and the Missouri River in the wilderness and then passing this mortal life seven months later.

They lived on the Church farm upon their arrival in Salt Lake City and later moved into the fort for the winter as a safety measure necessitated by troublesome Indians. They later lived in Farmington, Centerville, and Peterson, Weber Valley, Utah.

At the age of 19 John Luther was called on a mission to England by President Brigham Young, departing the 28th of April, 1865. While in England he did an extensive amount of research work in the fields of genealogy. He also met the girl that was to become his wife, Elizabeth Mary Studer. She with her family emigrated to America and Utah in early September 1866, and they were married on the 21st of September 1866.

Eleven children were born to this union. John Luther Dalton was a businessman in Ogden Utah. He owned and operated a music and bookstore, dealing in organs, musical instruments and books, later expanding to furniture, stoves and ranges. It was while in this business that he ruined his health through lifting these heavy articles of furniture.

John Luther, in 1888 made another trip to England, this time for himself. The Dalton families are indebted to him and the efforts he put forth, leaving no stone unturned to gather data as far back as could be found on the Dalton progenitors. He found that Le Sieur de Dalton and two sons, John and Simon de Dalton, came from Normandy about 1153 A.D. at the time of King Henry II. The name Dalton is derived from the place where they lived, thus the name Dalton. Le Sieur de Dalton had three sons, two of them remained in England, the other went to Ireland with his father, hence came the names D'Alton, Daulton, etc., consequently the Dalton’s from Ireland and the Dalton’s from England are all from the same family even though their names are spelled differently.

John Luther Dalton died Dec. 29, 1908.and is buried in the Pocatello, Idaho cemetery.

31- Mathew William Dalton:

Built first house in Ogden, Utah.

Mathew W. Dalton was born in the town of Madrid, St. Lawrence Co., state of New York, in the year of our lord 1830. In the year of 1850 he was baptized in the waters of the Weber River, near to point where the present great railroad station in Ogden City, Utah in now located. He had the honor to build one of the two first houses that were erected on the lots first surveyed on that present historic spot.

Mathew W. Dalton was a busy man in the fall of 1850. A newcomer to Ogden, he hurried to find work and get a house and shop built before winter set in. The settlers had been kind, loaning him tools and a team and wagon. They had even helped him "raise" the house. Young and single, he was excited when the other young people asked permission to have a dance and party in his new cabin to celebrate. On the evening of the dance, lively youths filled his cabin. But Dalton's anticipation soon turned to disappointment when he was told he could not participate. He was informed at the dance "that the Mormons or Church members did not dance with any person not a member of their faith. Although I furnished the 'hall' I could only be a 'looker on', at the happy function of 'dancing in' my new house!" But Dalton was a good sport and accepted the fact that people had a right to do what they thought best. In his words, he "acquiesced with their 'peculiar' custom." He enjoyed watching the people dance on his bare dirt floor and marveled at their ability to be happy and full of zest regardless of their humble conditions. He continued: "So on that night, and a bitter cold night it was, I kept up the fires in the house, did the 'good offices', and acted as janitor."

Dalton's experience was typical of how many of the gold seekers who passed through Utah in 1849 and the early 1850s were treated. Quite a large number of men going to the gold fields had to spend a winter in Utah, because it was too late to continue on to California. Twenty-two-year-old Dalton had left Wisconsin in the spring of 1850. In Racine he had been a carpenter who built homes and furniture, but he had caught the contagious gold fever. Not having an outfit, he traded his labor for food and transportation west. One duty was to do the hunting for the wagon train with which he traveled. When the company reached Fort Hall, they were told by Captain Grant that the Indians were bad on the California Trail that year and that they should detour to Oregon. Dalton, however, decided to travel with a Major Singer to Salt Lake City. As they moved south, the land was completely empty of any settlements. By the time they reached the area that would someday hold Brigham City, Singer's oxen needed to rest. The impatient Dalton left Singer and set out on his own. About two miles south of where Willard is now located, Dalton ran into a lone gold seeker pushing a wheelbarrow to California. The loner shared his food, and they camped together that night.

The next day, September 5, 1850, Mathew arrived at the little village of Ogden. By then he had decided he would have to spend the winter among the Mormon settlers and began searching for work. David Moore paid him $2 a day plus board to cut and haul wood from the Weber River bottoms because lumber was much in demand for homes. Using his carpentry skills, Dalton made a bedstead for Moore and launched his furniture-making career in Ogden. With winter quickly approaching, his outdoor labor was not needed; he then decided to build a shop and make household furniture which was desperately needed. During the time he was building his shop, Philip Garner allowed him to use his team, wagon, cabins, and axe to get lumber. He lived with the John Garners who treated him as a family member. He was beginning to fit into the community.

But as he soon found out at the dance, there was still the barrier of religion. Though he had not been able to dance at the party, he had had a very good time watching the young ladies and discovered a reason for wanting to stay in Ogden. Rozilla Whitaker, one of those present had especially attracted his notice. She, likewise, was impressed by the young outsider.

The day after the dance, Dalton commenced his work in earnest. He purchased tools and a lathe in Salt Lake City, cut wood in the river bottoms, and gathered rushes for caning chair bottoms. He did very well in the furniture business and even had to hire people, including Rozilla's father and brother, to keep up with the demand for furniture. He took a load of furniture to Salt Lake City, selling some to Brigham Young and other prominent people. Dalton was becoming prosperous.

As Dalton lived in the Ogden community, he grew more impressed with the people and their religion. He was fitting in. By early December 1850 he had accepted their religious faith; he was no longer an outsider. His attraction to Rozilla had developed into a friendship and then blossomed into marriage by mid-December. It was now time for another party in Dalton's log house-shop. A merry crowd of over 100 guests gathered for a wedding dinner, including all the best things available to eat, even imported apple cider that had crossed the plains. In the evening it was time for the second dance in the Dalton cabin. To be sure, Mathew was not a "looker on" this time around but a full and lively participant. He was now "one of the people," according to his biographer Fred J. Holton.

Some gold seekers who "wintered-over" found a place in the early communities of Utah, as did Dalton. But many more left Utah and continued to California as soon as the weather permitted in the spring. Among those who stayed, many aided the early development of Utah by the contributions they made economically and socially. Dalton went on to become a prominent citizen of Ogden and later Willard. He and some of the other gold rushers found all the gold they really wanted right here in Utah.

32- Edward Barry Dalton:

Civil war physician.

Edward Barry Dalton, physician, was born in Lowell, Mass., Sept. 21. 1834; son of Dr. John Call and (Spaulding) Dalton. He was graduated from Harvard in 1855 and received the degree of M.D. from the College of physicians .and surgeons, New York city, in 1858. He was house physician at Bellevue hospital, 1858-59; resident physician at St. Luke's hospital, 1859-61 ; served for four months in 1861 as surgeon on the U.S.S. Quaker City, and in November, 1861, was commissioned regimental surgeon to the 36th N.Y. volunteers. He was medical inspector for the 6th corps with the rank of surgeon. Early in 1863 he was married to Sarah Horton, daughter of Warren Colburn, the mathematician. In March, 1863, he was made acting medical director on the staff of General Dix. In May, 1864, he established at Fredericksburg the first hospital depot, collecting and placing under shelter over seven thousand wounded in two days. These were augmented by the wounded from the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, and Dr. Dalton was made chief medical officer. He remained in charge of the field hospital, army of the Potomac, until March 2, 1865, when he was appointed medical director of the 9th corps. In April he was made chief medical officer at the depot hospital in Alexandria, Va. On April 24, 1865, he tendered his resignation and on Aug. 15, 1865, lie was brevetted lieutenant-colonel and colonel of volunteers for faithful and meritorious services. He resumed the practice of medicine in New York city. He was sanitary superintendent of the board of health, New York city, 1866-69.

After his resignation in 1869 he returned to general practice and was clinical assistant to

the professor of practical medicine and lecturer on diseases of the nervous system in the College of physicians and surgeons. Early in 1870 he established himself in Boston, Mass., and was appointed visiting physician to the Massachusetts general hospital, and instructor in theory and practice in the Massachusetts medical college. His published writings include: The Disorder Known as Bronzed Skin (1860) ; and The Metropolitan Board of Health (1868). He died in Santa Barbara, Cal., May 13, 1872.

33- John Call Dalton:

Professor of physiology.

John Call Dalton, physician, was born in Boston, Mass., May 31, 1795. He was prepared for college by Dr. Luther Stearns at Medford academy and was graduated at Harvard in arts in 1841 and in medicine in 1818, having also attended a regular course of medical lectures at the University of Pennsylvania. He succeeded to the practice of Dr. Rufns Wyman of Chelmsford, Mass.. who had been elected superintendent of the McLean asylum in 1818. He was married in 1822 to a daughter of Deacon Noah Spaulding of Chelmsford, who died in 1846. In 1831 he removed to Lowell, where he practiced medicine until 1859. In 1851 he was married to the daughter of the Hon. John Phillips of Andover, and in 1859 they removed to Boston. He was a member of the state medical commission for the examination of surgeons, was senior physician of the new city hospital, and an active laborer in the Sanitary commission during the civil war. His four sons were at one time in the United States military, civil and medical service. He died in Boston, Mass., Jan. 9, 1864. DALTON, John Call, physiologist, was born in Chelmsford, Mass., Feb. 2, 1825; son of Dr. John Call and (Spaulding) Dalton. He was graduated from Harvard in arts in 1844 and in medicine in 1847. He was professor of physiology in the medical department of the University of Buffalo, N.Y., 1851-54, and there first illustrated physiology by experiments on animals. He removed to Vermont and occupied a similar chair in the medical college at Woodstock, 1854- 56. His next professorships were at the Long Island college hospital, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1859-61, and at the College of physicians and surgeons, New York city, 1855-83. He was president of the college, 1884-89. His military service included thirty days at the front as surgeon of the 7th regiment N.Y. S.M., after which he served as surgeon in the medical corps of the volunteer army with the rank of brigadier-general, until March, 1864, when he resigned. He was elected a member of the National academy of science in 1864, and he served as member, fellow or correspondent in various medical societies of America and Europe. He received from Columbia the honorary degree of LL.D. in 1887 and a like honor from the College of New York. He died in New York city, Feb. 12. 1889.

34- Samuel Dalton:

Adjutant-general of Mass.

Samuel Dalton, a merchant, was born in Salem, Mass., June 25, 1840; son of Col. Joseph A. and Mary (Fairfield) Dalton; and grandson of Joseph H. Dalton. He was graduated from Salem high school in 1856 and entered his father's leather store. He was afterward employed by other firms until 1861, when he enlisted in the 14th Massachusetts volunteers. After three years of service he was mustered out as 1st lieutenant and entered business under the firm name of Nichols & Dalton. He again joined the Salem cadets of which he had been a member. before the war, and was elected major. May, 1874, and lieutenant-colonel, March, 1077. In 1881 he was appointed by Governor Long inspector of ordnance with the rank of colonel, and in 1883 Governor Butler appointed him adjutant- general with rank of brigadier-general. He was promoted major-general by Governor Robinson. He continued to serve as adjutant-general through the administrations of Governors Ames, Brackett, Russell, Greenhalge and Wolcott, serving as inspector-general, quartermaster-general and paymaster-general. He was married in 1863 to Hannah F., daughter of William F. Nichols of Salem, Mass.

35- John D'Alton: (1792-1867)

Irish historian, genealogist, and biographer.

John Dalton was born at his father's ancestral mansion, Bessville, ??. Westmeath, on 20 June 1792. His mother, Elizabeth Leyne, was also descended from an ancient Irish family. D'Alton was sent to the school of the Rev. Joseph Hutton, Summer Hill, Dublin, and passed me entrance examination of Trinity College, Dublin, in his fourteenth year, 1806. He became a student in 1808, joined the College Historical Society, and gained the prize for poetry. Having graduated at Dublin, he was in 1811 admitted a law student of the Middle Temple, London, and the King's Inns. He was called to the Irish bar in 1813. He confined himself chiefly to chamber practice. He published a very able treatise on the ' Law of Tithes,' and attended the Connaught circuit, having married a lady of that province, Miss Phillips. His reputation for genealogical lore procured him lucrative employment, and he received many fees in the important Irish causes of Malone O'Connor. "With the exception of an appointment as commissioner of the Loan Fund Board, he held no official position, but a pension of 60/. a year on the civil list, granted while Lord John Russell was prime minister, was some recognition of his literary claims. His first publication was a metrical poem called ' Dermid, or the Days of Brian Born.' It was brought out in a substantial quarto in twelve cantos. In 1827 the Royal Irish Academy offered a prize of 80/. and the Cunningham gold medal for the best essay on the social and political state of the Irish people from the commencement of the Christian era to the twelfth century, and their scientific, literary, and artistic development ; the researches were to be confined to writings previous to the sixteenth century, and exclusive of those in Irish or other Celtic languages. Full extracts were to be given and all original authorities consulted. D'Alton obtained the highest prize, with the medal, and 40/. was awarded to Dr. Carroll. D'Alton's essay, which was read 24 Nov. 1828, occupied the first part of vol. xvi. of the ' Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy.' In 1831 he also gained the prize offered by the Royal Irish Academy for an j account of the reign of Henry II in Ireland. He then employed himself in collecting information regarding druidism stones, the fortresses of the early colonists, especially of the Anglo-Normans, the castles of the Plantagenet's, the Elizabethan mansions, the Cromwellian keeps, and the ruins of abbeys.

In 1838 D'Alton published his valuable and impartial 'Memoirs of the Archbishops of Dun......' He published in the same year a very exhaustive ' History of the County of Dublin.' His next work was a beautifully illustrated book, ' The History of Drogheda and its Environs,' containing a memoir of the Dublin and Drogheda railway, with the history of the progress of locomotion in Ireland. Shortly followed the ' Annals of Boyle.' Lord Lorton, the proprietor, contributed 300/. towards the publication.

Hepublishedin 1855 'King James II's Irish Army List, 1689," which contained the names of most of the Irish families of distinction with historical and genealogical illustrations, and subsequently enlarged in separate volumes, for cavalry and infantry. They bring the history of most families to the date of publication. In 1864 D'Alton was requested to write the ' History of Dundalk.' He had prepared the earlier part of this work, but as his strength was failing, it was entrusted to Mr. J. R. O'Flanagan, who completed it from the reign of Queen Elizabeth to that of Queen Victoria. D'Alton had great business qualities, and his rigid adherence to the naked facts of history doubtless impaired the literary

success of his books. Latterly his infirm health confined him to his house, but he was very hospitable,

loved society, and had great talent as a vocalist. He occupied himself towards the close of his life in preparing an autobiography, but it has not been published. He died 20 Jan. 1867.

36- Canon John Dalton:

Churchman who published translations.

John Dalton translator of Spanish and German, born in 1814; died at Maddermarket, Norwich, 15 February, 1874.

John Dalton was a catholic divine, was of Irish parentage, and passed the early years of his life at Coventry. He received his education at Sedgley Park School, and was transferred in 1830 to St. Mary's College, Oscott, where he was ordained priest. He was engaged in the missions at Northampton, Norwich, and Lynn, and became a member of the chapter of the diocese of Northampton. After serving some time on the mission at Northampton (where he established large schools), he laboured at Norwich for three years, and subsequently built a handsome church at Lynn. During his residence in Lynn he published his best-known book, an English translation of "The Life of St. Teresa, written by herself", showing a perfect mastery of the Spanish language. Father Dalton made an exhaustive study of the life and works of St. Teresa, and caused her writings to become generally known to English readers. On the erection of the Diocese of Northampton, in 1854, he was made a member of the chapter, and lived many years at Bishop's House in that city. In order to acquire a first-hand acquaintance with the Spanish literature pertaining to the life of the foundress of the Discalced Carmelites, he spent nine months during the years 1858-59 at the English College, Valladolid. On his return to England he settled at St. John's, Maddermarket, Norwich, where he ended his days. Canon Dalton is described by contemporary writers as most amiable, zealous, and charitable, and a favourite with all creeds and classes. Among his numerous works translated from the Spanish are the following: "Life of St. Teresa" "The Interior Castle, or the Mansions"; "The Letters of St. Teresa"; "The Book of the Foundations", etc. He also published translations from Latin and German, including "The Life of Cardinal Ximenes" from the German of Bishop Von Hefele.

37- Michael Dalton:

Author.

Michael Dalton was the author of two legal works of high repute in the seventeenth century, was the son of Thomas Dalton of Hildersham, Cambridgeshire. In dedicating his first work, ' The Country Justice' 1618, to the masters of Lincoln's Inn, he describes himself as ' a long yet an unprofitable member ' of this society. He also dates the epistle to the reader ' from my chamber at Lincoln's Inn.' His name, however, is not to be found in the Lincoln's Inn register, and as he never calls himself barrister-at-law, it is probable that though he had a room in the Inn he was never admitted to the society. He resided at West Wratting, Cambridgeshire, and was in the commission of the peace for that county. In 1631 he was fined 2,000/. for having permitted his daughter Dorothy to marry her maternal uncle, Sir Giles Allington of Horseheath, Cambridgeshire. The fine, however, was remitted. He married first, Frances, daughter of William Thornton, and secondly, Mary, daughter of Edward Allington. Dalton was living in 1648, and was then commissioner of sequestrations for the county of Cambridge. He probably died between that date and 1636, when an edition of ' The Country Justice ' was published with a commendatory note by the printer. On the title page of this edition he is for the first time described as ' one of the masters of the chancery.' His name does not occur in the list of masters in chancery edited by Sir Duffus Hardy. The Dalton mentioned by Strype as a member of parliament and a staunch episcopalian is another person. Michael Dalton never had a seat in the house.

38- Henry Dalton: 1829-1911.

Naturalist.

Henry Dalton was born in 1829 in Bury St. Edmunds, England, where his father was a prominent physician. Growing up with a passion for science, young Henry was drawn especially to microscopy which was enjoying modest popularity among the lay public at the time. By his mid-thirties, Dalton was well-skilled as a micrographer and had gained renown among European naturalists for his intricate preparations constructed entirely from diatoms and the scales of butterfly wings. Contracting tuberculosis in 1863, Dalton began a period of extensive Continental travels in an effort to improve his flagging health - travels which served to increased his reputation as a master craftsman.

In addition to creating his micromosaics, Dalton took great joy in instructing young micrographers in the ways of preparing mounted slides, and was known for his generosity with time and enthusiasm. Eventually, Dalton settled in France where he inexplicably changed his name to "Harold" while maintaining his ardor for microscopy until his death at age 82.

The microscopic creations of Henry Dalton were the fruit of extraordinary skill, remarkable patience and a keen aesthetic eye. After devising a design, Dalton would collect numerous butterfly wings of multiple species from all over the world. Carefully striping off individual scales with a needle, each scale was then sorted by color, size, and shape creating a extensive palette. Boar bristle in hand, Dalton would then transfer each scale to the slide. Positioning a scale was a laborious task, one that required the use of a microscope and a small tube through which he would breathe to gently move each scale over the glass to its appointed position. Once in place, Dalton would crush a small tiny spot of the scale against the slide, allowing internal oils to act as a natural adhesive. Many of Dalton's remarkable micromosaic preparations would require as many as one thousand individual scales.

39- Henry C. Dalton:

Professor of Surgery.

Henry C. Dalton was born May 7, 1847 and was superintendent of the St. Louis City Hospital from 1886 to 1892, and later a professor of abdominal and clinical surgery at Marion Sims College of Medicine (now part of the St. Louis University School of Medicine). He is noted for performing the first suturing of the pericardium on record. The operation occurred on September 6, 1891 at the City Hospital, on a twenty-two-year-old man who had been stabbed in the chest. Upon arrival of the patient, Dalton cleaned the wound and applied a dressing of antiseptic gauze. After several hours, the patient's condition worsened: the left side of his chest became dull to percussion; his temperature and pulse rate rose; his breathing became shallow; and he complained of considerable pain. He was taken to the surgical amphitheater, where Dalton made an incision over the fourth rib and removed about six inches of it. After tying the severed intercostal artery to control bleeding and removing the blood from the pleural cavity, Dalton observed a transverse wound of the pericardium about two inches in length. With a sharply curved needle and catgut, he closed the wound by continuous suture, overcoming great difficulty caused by the heart pulsations. The pleural cavity was then irrigated and the chest incision closed without drainage. The patient made "an uninterrupted, rapid recovery." The published report of the operation appeared in the state medical association's journal and another local periodical in 1894, and in the Annals of Surgery the following year.

40- Sir Henry Dalton CBE:

Police Commissioner.

Sir Henry Dalton (c.1891–10 November 1966) was a senior officer in the London Metropolitan Police. He served as Assistant Commissioner "B", in charge of traffic policing, from 1947 to 1956.

Dalton was born in Watton, East Riding of Yorkshire. He joined the Metropolitan Police as a Constable in 1911 and in the late 1920s became Chief Inspector in command of Thames Division. In December 1933 he was promoted to Superintendent in command of "M" Division (Southwark) and in August 1936 he was transferred to "C" Division (Vine Street). On 13 February 1938 he became Chief Constable (deputy commander) of No.2 District (North London), but later that year he was seconded to the Home Office as police adviser on Air Raid Precautions. He was in charge of ARP at the Metropolitan Police until the outbreak of war. In February 1940 he was promoted to Acting Deputy Assistant Commissioner and put in charge of a district.

He later became Deputy Assistant Commissioner in charge of No.3 District (East London), but in March 1946 was regraded as a Commander on the creation of that rank. Later that year he led a police recruiting mission to the British Armed Forces stationed in the Middle East. On 6 October 1946 he was promoted to Assistant Commissioner and held the rank until he retired to Eastbourne, Sussex in 1956. He was in charge of the huge traffic arrangements for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.

Interested in road safety, he was involved in implementing cat's eyes and was vice-chairman of the London Council of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents.

Dalton was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in January 1937, and was raised to Commander (CBE) at some time between then and March 1942, and was knighted in the 1956 New Year Honours, shortly before his retirement. He died in Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex in 1966.

Dalton married Susan in 1915. They had a son, Donald, and a daughter, Dorothy.

41- Henry Dalton:

California pioneer.

Henry Dalton was born in London on October 8, 1804. On July 7, 1819, at age 14, he was apprenticed to Winnall Thomas Dalton as merchant tailor for a period of seven years. In 1827 he was in Peru, where he purchased for $3000.00 certain articles in corner Public House in Callao, apparently for commercial purposes. He engaged in coastal trade and commerce in Peru and Mexico, extending his interests in Mexico when he contracted for the purchase of the estate of the Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo. Through 1842 Dalton's business correspondence, although including Peruvian interests, was written from cities on the Pacific coast of Mexico, while his coastal trade was extended northward to San Diego, San Pedro and Los Angeles. He acquired property in both San Pedro and Los Angeles as early as 1843, from which time he appears to have been definitely established in California. In 1844 he purchased Rancho Azusa from its original grantee Luis Arenas; thereafter interested himself more in ranching than in shipping, although he maintained his commercial establishment in Los Angeles as an outlet for the surplus production of his various ranches. After 1846, when he charted a cargo vessel between Callao, Peru and California, he seems to have diminished his trading relations with Peru, but he never abandoned his Mexican contacts.

Acquisition of land in California progressed rapidly after the Azusa purchase. In 1845 Pio Pico granted two extensions to Rancho Azusa, one of which had been part of the San Gabriel Mission lands. Henry Dalton gradually accumulated properties until he became the owner of five ranches: Azusa, San Francisquito, San Jose and Addition, and Santa Anita. Other miscellaneous properties were acquired in and near Los Angeles. Santa Anita was sold in 1854; Francisquito was disposed of in small tracts between 1867 and 1875. Azusa was lost to the squatters through a series of highly questionable court decisions. San Jose and Addition became entangled in land litigation and were lost, while the miscellaneous property was gradually sold or lost as well.

Henry Dalton was married in 1847 to María Guadalupe Zamorano, daughter of María Luisa Arguello de Zamorano and Agustín Vicente Zamorano. Dalton was 43 years of age, his bride 15. The couple had eleven children, seven of which outlived their father: Winnall Augustin, Luisa, Soyla, Henry Francisco, Elena, Valentine, and Joseph Russell.

Dalton had three major dedications during his lifetime after establishing himself in California: the welfare of his family, his fight to keep his lands, and his efforts to obtain an equitable settlement in his claims before the Mexican government. These Mexican claims arose out of two events: damages to property sustained during the Mexican-American war of 1845-1848, during which he not only was in sympathy with the Mexican cause, but placed a considerable sum of money and supplies at the disposal of the Mexican governor of California. He also suffered material damages, as well as the loss of livestock stolen from ranchos Azusa and Santa Anita, when the troops of Fremont and Stockton entered Los Angeles. The second event occasioning claims in Mexico stemmed from the purchase he had made in 1840 of the lands forming part of the estate of the Marques de Aguayo, but to which he had never been given either clear title or possession. The Mexican government readily accepted the validity of both claims, and made payment in bonds which proved to be unredeemable during Dalton's lifetime because of the precarious condition of the Mexican economy. Thus the Mexican claims, like the California land litigation lasted many years: the former from 1846 until after Henry Dalton's death, being continued by his heirs; the latter from the early 1850s, culminating in the loss of Azusa in 1881.

Dalton never abandoned the hope of recovering at least part of the lost lands, and attempted on several occasions to repurchase sections of his ranches. This was an ambitious project, since he was deeply mortgaged during the entire period of litigation, largely because of the expenses caused by squatter claims on Azusa after 1858, the date of the erroneous and detrimental Hancock Survey. The mortgages were held by F. L. A. Pioche, later by the Pioche estate heirs. Henry Dalton died in 1884.

Notes on Azusa, California;

The first recorded reference to Azusa was found in the diary of Fr. Juan Crespi, diarist and engineer with Portola Expedition in 1769, then on its way northward from San Diego in search of Monterey Bay.

Having come northward through Brea Canyon, Crespi, while camping in the vicinity of Bassett remarked of the river and the valley to the north, "The valley is three leagues wide and paralleled by a tall mountain range running east and west." This stream and valley he named the San Miguel Archangel after the Patron Saint of the day, as was their custom. However, he also referred to this area as the The Azusa" in his diary.

Here roamed the Shoshonean Indian, locally known as the Gabriena when the area of Azusa was first inhabited by white emigrants and homesteaders. Their community was known as Asuksa-gna. Supposedly Azusa was derived from the Indian name.

An area of land some three miles square was given to Luis Arenas by the Mexican Government as a Mexican land grant in 1841. Arenas built an adobe home on the hill in the eastern part of the City, did farming and stock raising and called his newly acquired possession E1 Susa Rancho. In 1944 Arenas sold his holdings to Henry Dalton, an Englishman who acquired his wealth in buying and shipping goods from Peru to Wilmington Harbor, now Los Angeles Harbor, and San Francisco. Mr. Dalton, after paying $7,000.00 to Arenas for E1 Susa Rancho, changed the name to Azusa Rancho de Dalton.

On the Azusa Rancho, Mr. Dalton planted a vineyard extending northward from the Dalton Hill to the Sierra Madre Mountains. He built a winery, a distillery, a vinegar house, a meat smokehouse and a flour mill, importing the mill stones from France in 1854 and erecting his mill on a ranch ditch which delivered water to the south portion of his property.

During the great flood years of 1861 and 1862, the flour mills along the various canyons from San Bernardino were washed out and most of the people brought their grain to the Asusa Dalton for grinding.

During 1854, gold was discovered in the San Gabriel Canyon and a town named E1 Doradoville was built at the fork of the San Gabriel to take care of some 2,000 miners who had filed on gold claims along the east fork of the canyon. During the next twenty years, it is estimated that $12,000,000.00 in gold was mined and shipped to various mints throughout the United States. The town of E1 Daradoville was destroyed by flood waters in 1861 and 1862.

In 1860 the United States land Office sent an engineer from Washington, D.C. who surveyed the Dalton's Azusa Rancho, taking a mile and one-half from his southern boundary and a mile and one- half from his eastern boundary, making the property taken by the Federal Government subject to homesteading. An influx of people began streaming into the area, filing usually on forty, eighty or one hundred and twenty acre lands for their homesteads. This, Mr. Dalton considered unfair. He had not the money to fight the case through the courts and borrowed money from Jonathon S. Slauson, one of the early Los Angeles bankers. Mr. Dalton had to make several trips to Washington, D.C. The courts decided against him after 24 years of litigation. Consequently, Mr. Dalton turned the Azusa Rancho over to Mr. Slauson who deeded a 55 acre homestead to Mr. Dalton at the head of Azusa Avenue and Sierra Madre Avenue.

In 1874, Henry Dalton and Captain J. R. Gordon imported from Italy fifteen stands of Italian honey bees, considered the first honey bees imported into the United States. This developed into a large industry in the production of honey throughout the United States.

Another story about Henry Dalton;

Henry Dalton left at England at 17, sailed to Callao, a small seaport of Lima Peru and became a merchant eventually commanding a small fleet of merchant vessels. In 1841, after business troubles and prolonged illness, he took his best ship, the Rose, and decided to smuggle goods into Mexico, as Santa Ana, now in power, had decreed that all prohibited goods be burnt, thus catapulting their value. Finding smuggling less lucrative than expected he decided to settle in California. By 1846 he had become a prominent figure in California coastal trade and occupied a store on Calle Principal, what is now the corner of Main and Spring, in the Los Angeles pueblo.

Dalton arrived with a cargo of European and American goods that he hoped to sell and exchange for hides and tallow. He opened a store in Los Angeles and bought extensive real estate including a rancho. For $7,000, he bought one-third interest in the Rancho San Jose, the San Jose addition and the entire Rancho Azusa with 700 head of cattle and farming implements. Later, he acquired Rancho Santa Anita and Francisquito and the land that is now the cities of Duarte and Monrovia. By 1851, this totaled 45,280 acres. Dalton was fascinated by new ideas and equipment. He bought an early mechanical thresher for his grain that he rented to other ranchers. He mounted artillery wheels on sturdy wagons to replace the clumsy carretas. He raised cotton, had a cotton gin, and raised tobacco making his own cigars. Besides fruits and vegetables, he raised grapes and had a very successful winery. In 1847, he was baptized at the San Gabriel Mission for his approaching marriage to Maria Guadalupe Zamorano, who was known as the “Belle of Los Angeles” for her great beauty. Her father had served as Governor of California. For many years, the Mexican government owed Dalton for supplies they bought from his Los Angeles store during the Mexican/American War. His brother-in-law was in the Mexican Army, but Dalton was not involved. When California passed from Mexico to the United States, the Mexican and Spanish land grants were confirmed by treaty, but Dalton’s title was always clouded. Maria and Henry anticipated a life of peace and prosperity as their family grew. They had eleven children. However, instead of peace and prosperity, they faced years of litigation. Finally, they lost everything. The last blow was from a United States Government Surveyor, named John Hancock, who moved to the southern boundaries of the rancho, one and a half miles north from old San Bernardino Road. Settlers had moved into what was claimed by Hancock to be unclaimed government land. Dalton tried to evict the squatters, but lost the battle.

42- William (Bill) Marion Dalton:

Outlaw in Texas.

Bill Dalton was born in 1863. He supposedly was the smartest of the second batch, a con artist. He was the worst of the five. William also tried out for a role, after the deaths of two of the original trio, and was shot for his trouble in 1894. Killed while resisting arrest. May have served a term in the California State Legislature from Tulare County. Later, after the death of his brothers, ran with Bill Doolan Gang

Dalton, Bill - Notorious outlaw and leader of the Longview, TX. bank robbers was shot and killed near Elk, Indian Territory, Friday by Deputy Marshall Closs Hart. Considerable stolen money recovered. (Maury Democrat News, 14 Jun 1894)

Bill Dalton was killed at Ardmore, Indian Territory. On his person were nearly 200 letters and several big rolls of bank bills. His wife was a highly educated and refined daughter of respectable people of San Francisco California. (Maury Democrat News, 21 Jun 1894).

43- Thomas Dalton:

African-American educator.

Thomas Dalton was born October 17, 1794, in Gloucester, Massachusetts. His father, Thomas Dalton, Sr. had probably been a servant or slave to Tristram Dalton of Newburyport, Massachusetts, a wealthy merchant who was elected United States Senator from Massachusetts to the First Congress. It appears, Dalton’s mother Polly Freeman was the daughter of former slave Cato Freeman from Beverly, Massachusetts.

His Uncle Gloucester Dalton in 1785 was one of the eighty-five charter members of the Charter of Compact of the Gloucester Universalist Society, the first Universalist Church organized in America. Another Uncle Scipio Dalton and his wife Sylvia were founding members of the African Society, instituted in Boston in 1796 for the "mutual improvement, protection, and support of the colored inhabitants of this city." Scipio and Sylvia Dalton also helped organize and raise money to build the First African Baptist Church now African Meeting House, dedicated in December 1806 as the first black church in America.

As a young man, Thomas Dalton moved from Gloucester to Boston and married a woman named Patience. He worked at various times as a bootblack, tailor, clothing storeowner, waiter, and caterer. Together, serving the black and white communities of Boston, they were successful and by 1820 owned a home on Butolphe Street on the north side of Beacon Hill. Over the next 63, years, the Dalton’s purchased several buildings in Boston and Charlestown, Massachusetts.

Thomas Dalton began his life-long commitment working to improve the condition of his race by joining the Prince Hall Freemasonry Lodge in 1825. He was selected Grand Master of the lodge from 1831-1832 and again at the age of 69, he served from 1863-1872. Several members of the Prince Hall Lodge met together in 1826 and established the Massachusetts General Colored Association "to promote the welfare of the race by working for the destruction of slavery." The elected officers were Thomas Dalton, President; William G. Nell, Vice President; and James G. Barbadoes, Secretary. Other association members included Walker Lewis and David Walker (abolitionist), who became the organization's spokesman and shocked the nation in 1829 by writing the Appeal. "Remember Americans we must be as free as you are. Will you wait until we shall under God obtain our liberty by the crushing arm of power?"

Although, separate black anti-slavery societies existed in Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Connecticut, and New Jersey, there was a strong feeling against the organization of separate anti-slavery societies. In January 1833, Dalton as president led a successful petition for the Massachusetts General Colored Association to join the New England Anti-Slavery Society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, editor of The Liberator. Together they organized Anti-Slavery conventions and speaking programs throughout Massachusetts and New England. In 1844, the Massachusetts General Colored Association published Light and Truth by Robert Benjamin Lewis, the first history of the colored race written by an African American.

In June 1832, Thomas Dalton's first wife, Patience, died. In the spring of 1833, Thomas Dalton and Lucy Lew Francis were among a small group of women and men who formed the Boston Mutual Lyceum on West Central Street to sponsor educational lectures for the colored citizens living in the Boston area. One of the first lectures was "What Are the Best Means to Adopt, to Remove the Prejudice which Exists Against the People of Color?" Lucy Lew Francis and Thomas Dalton were married on June 5, 1834 by Rev. Baron Stow at the Rowe Street Baptist Church in Boston.

Thomas Dalton was elected president in 1834 of the Infant School Association. Dalton along with others in the African American and abolition community of Boston organize the colored citizens of Boston to elect supportive School Committee members. "Resolved, That to secure the blessings of knowledge, every possible effort should be made by us…to secure such persons as we know to be favorable to the elevation of the people of color to their natural, civil, political, and religious rights, and are interested in the education of our children." They forced the reopening of two African American primary schools, secured the opportunity for children of color to compete for prizes formally reserved for white children, and required the selection of competent instructors. And the established of an African grammar school Abiel Smith School for colored children built on Belknap Street (now Joy Street) headed by a college graduate appointed to teach the same curriculum as the white grammar schools. The conditions of schools and the quality of the teachers was not maintained by the Boston School Committee, children of color were excluded from Boston's high school and Latin school. The efforts to create a separate but equal school system in Boston failed.

From the establishment of Lowell, Massachusetts in 1826, its primary and grammar schools and with the opening of its high school in 1831, the Lowell School Committee supported integrated schools. In the mid-1840s, through successful lawsuits, the towns of Nantucket and Salem were forced to integrate its schools. In response to the failed segregated school system in Boston and the success of integrated schools in other Massachusetts communities, Thomas Dalton lead seventy other fellow citizens in an effort to allow their children into the white district schools of Boston. They sent petitions imploring the Boston School Committee: "People are apt to become what they see is expected of them...avoided as a degraded race...Do not say to our children that however well they behave, their presence in our schools is a contamination to your children."Repeated petitions and demands to integrate Boston's schools were ignored by the Boston School Committee for eleven years. Finally, the long fight to integrate the schools of Boston ended when in 1855 the Massachusetts legislature reversed the Boston School Committee's policy by outlawing race as a criteria for admission to a public school in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

In the late 1830s, Thomas and Lucy Dalton bought a home in Charlestown at the foot of Bunker Hill Monument. Here they continued to campaign for equal rights and justice along with their black neighbors.

Lucy Lew Dalton died in Charlestown on April 12, 1865. By 1870, Thomas Dalton had moved back to the north side of Beacon Hill and was living on South Russell Street. He died on August 30, 1883, leaving a sizable estate to his three nieces.

Lucy and Thomas Dalton strongly believed that integrating schools and improving education for the colored children of Boston was the best avenue "to remove the prejudice which exists against the people of color." They dedicated their lives to this mission.

44- Hubert K. Dalton:

Owner of Dalton Manufacturing Corp.

The maker of Dalton lathes was one Hubert K. Dalton (1866-1952); the first born of eleven children, and English by birth, he moved to the United States when he was 16 and found work in New York as a toolmaker and machinery salesman. His subsequent and very successful career as a businessman involved several companies including the Dalton Motor Car Company, the Dalton Manufacturing Corporation of New York (making lathes), the Dalton-Thibault Corporation of New York , the Armstrong Products Corporation (late 1920's), the Willowbrook Corporation (a nursery business - Dalton had a love of hybridizing orchids) and the well-known Dalton Tool & Machine Corporation based in South Beach CT. The Dalton Tool Company failed in the stock market crash of 1929.

Notes about Hubert K. Dalton;

Hubert K. Dalton effect ivied closed the Colonial Revival in Rumson, Monmouth Co. NJ. By his 1931 construction of Willowbrook at 114 Rumson Road, the last great houses built in the first half of the twentieth century. He bought 30 acres of the Maitland/Fisk/Hess property in 1930, demolished the old house, and hired Alfred Busselle to design a substantial brick slate roofed 2.5 story Georgian Revival house.

The retired engineer may not have been concerned with spending lavishly despite the emerging Depression, as he recently sold his tool tool and die company to General Motors. Dalton's house was finished with seven fireplaces, ornamental iron, rich wood paneling and special colored bath tiles, and also reflected Dalton's penchant for amusement for amusement and talk.

The basement contains a regulation bowling lane with an automatic pin-setter, and a now antique switchboard that connected his 22 telephones. The phone company took such pride in the new house's 750-A Bell intercommunicating system that it advertised it in the architectural Press, including the January 1933 Architectural Forum.

Dalton also reshaped the grounds to suit his horticulturist interests, bringing in a reported 15,000 truck loads of fill and top soil to prepare swampy ground. Although an article by Cecile Hulse Matachat reprinted in the May 30, 1934 Register, claimed an average of 58 truckloads a day entered the place for six months, thats still left the project 4,000 loads short.

Dalton had emigrated from England as a youth and moved to Connecticut. His passion was orchids. He built a number of greenhouses and a laboratory for cultivating rare varieties. Dalton regarded his orchid growing a hobby, but was nonetheless highly respected in the exacting field. Some of its challenges are tiny seeds, pods that produce many-few of which germinate-flowers that require constant temperature control, and seedlings that took years to bloom. He was esteemed or the number of rare varieties he possessed and which he traveled extensively to obtain.

Dalton retained Hess's carriage house-barn, built in 1900 to replace one destroyed by fire the previous September, still little changed. It combined storage for carriages and automobiles with housing for horses and cows. The latter practice was soon discouraged by sanitary dairy standards that emerged early in the twentieth century. Dalton's local philanthropy work included positions with the forerunner of the Monmouth Medical Center and the Visiting Nurse Association.

Dalton moved to Hawaii in 1940 and died in 1952. Henry D. Mercer bought the Dalton property in 1946. he donated the Willowbrook acreage south of Rumson Road to the borough, it now preserved as open space the name, Mercer Fields.

45- Brigadier General James L. Dalton II:

Killed in World War II.

Born in New Britain and moved to Naugatuck at a very young age with his family. Attended St. Francis of Assisi School. Graduated from Naugatuck High School in 1927. James L. Dalton entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1929, graduating as a second lieutenant in 1933. Began in the cavalry but later transferred to the infantry.

He was at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese struck in 1941. Months later his outfit fought at Guadalcanal and was one of 2 units that wrested that island from the Japanese. For this he won the coveted Silver Star and was promoted to lieutenant-colonel. He also saw action at New Georgia and also on New Britain Island. He later was promoted to brigadier general in 1945.

Sadly shortly after he was promoted, he was killed by a Japanese sniper's bullet at far-off Balete Pass, Luzon, in the Philippine Islands. The day was May 16th, 1945. He was 35 years old.

He left behind his wife Kate and two young daughters. As a 1945 newspaper article states "He was a fiery, fearless leader with a terrific will to win", "General Dalton is a brilliant strategist and tactician. He and his men were personally commended by Gen. Douglas MacArthur at San Maunel on Luzon for the outstanding feat of capturing the town despite fierce Japanese armored counterattacks."

General Douglas MacArthur, supreme commander in the Pacific said that General James 'Dusty' Dalton II was one of the best combat officers he had ever encountered in his lenghty career in the military.

46- The Honourable Charles Dalton:

Lieutenant Governor and Fox farmer.

Charles Dalton was the twenty-sixth Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island since the creation of the Colony in 1763. Charles Dalton was born on 9th June 1850 in Tignish, Prince Edward Island. He was the son of Patrick Dalton and Margaret McCarthy, both of Irish descent. He was educated in public schools. Farming was his first occupation, later he became a druggist. In 1874 he married Anne Gavin. They had seven children.

Charles Dalton was one of the pioneers of the silver fox ranching industry, having commenced ranching as far back as 1887 and formed a partnership with Robert Oulton in 1894. This was the first joint venture leading to the founding of the silver fox industry. Dalton sold his fox holdings in 1914 and was able to retire a millionaire. He made substantial gifts for charitable and education purposes. After losing a daughter to tuberculosis, Dalton became interested in the fight against TB on P.E.I. Dalton gave a generous donation to help make possible the construction of a sanatorium on the Island. He also contributed heavily to the reconstruction of St. Dunstan's Cathedral in Charlottetown and built and equipped Dalton Hall now part of the University of Prince Edward Island.

During the First World War he donated a fully equipped motor ambulance to the Dominion Government, and for his native Tignish, which had at that time a population of just 431, he built a $20,000 school. The Dalton Sanatorium was opened in Emyvale in March 1915. The federal government took over this sanatorium during the First World War to treat soldiers suffering from tuberculosis, but returned it to the province in 1920 after expanding the building significantly. The province decided the now larger sanatorium was too much to maintain, it was returned to Dalton who closed the building in 1922 and donated all equipment and furnishings to the Charlottetown hospital.

In recognition of his "generous benefaction towards education and his charity for suffering humanity" that His Holiness Pope Benedict XV had made Charles Dalton a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great in June 1916, the first time a citizen of eastern Canada was so knighted. He was a keen sportsman and controlled some of the finest trout streams and wild fowl areas in the province. Dalton was a member of the Roman Catholic church. Dalton became a minister without portfolio in the government of H. A. Matheson.

Mr. Dalton was elected to represent the 1st Prince District for the Conservatives in the Provincial Legislature in the 3rd December 1912 Provincial General Election and was reelected in the general elections on 16th September 1915 and was defeated in the general election held on 24th July 1919. He was appointed as Lieutenant Governor for the Province of Prince Edward Island on 29th November 1930 and served until 28th December 1933.

47- James L. Dalton:

Owner of Dalton Adding Machine Co.

One of Poplar Bluff's most successful business men was the late James L. Dalton who progressed from $12 a month clerk in a hardware store to the presidency of the Dalton Adding Machine Company, a $10,000,000 concern manufacturing upwards of 60,000 machines a year, during his lifetime. J. L. Dalton was born on a Ripley county farm on December 29, 1866, the son of William Marion and Mary Carolina Dalton. He left home at 14 to attend high school at Warm Springs Randolph Co., Arkansas and at the age of 16 taught a small school near his home for one year before obtaining employment as a clerk in the hardware store of J. R. Wright at Doniphan.

Although Mr. Dalton had many interesting experiences while working at Doniphan and learned much about the store, his business career did not really begin until three years later when he became manager of the hardware store owned by E. W. And J. R. Wright in Poplar Bluff in 1885. After a few months as manager of the business he bought a half interest in the concern which then became know as the Wright and Dalton store. In October of 1887 he married Miss Clara Wright, a sister of J. R. Wright. In his only effort to seek public office, Mr. Dalton was elected to the Missouri legislature by a large majority of votes in 1900. The Wright-Dalton store flourished under Mr. Dalton's dynamic personality and commercial genius, especially during the depression of 1893, one of the worst in history. A year before that depression, Dalton erected a four story building at Main and Poplar streets and organized the Wright-Dalton-Bell- Anchor department store, a merchandising business that ran up to $750,000 a year with a sales force of 125 persons and 20 delivery wagons. At that time, Poplar Bluff had a population of 7000 persons.

Folks thought that Jim Dalton had struck his life work when he assumed management of the W-D-B-A store. Mr. Dalton thought so himself and no part of his future plans included dropping his own splendid merchandising business in order to incubate a new-born adding machine venture, into which he put some money purely as a secondary investment. Yet that is exactly what he did and he did it through loyalty to friends who had invested not in the machine but, as one of them put it, in Dalton himself.

A friend named Hopkins in St. Louis invented the machine and persuaded Mr. Dalton to help finance its manufacture. Mr. Dalton invested some money in the venture and manufacture started in a building at the northeast corner of Main and Pine street.

In 1904 Mr. Dalton became president of the Dalton Adding Machine company, although he did not relinquish his managership of the W-D-B-A store company until 1908 when affairs of the manufacturing concern required his full time. He appointed John Berryman as manager of the department store, although he retained controlling interest in the concern.

Mr. Dalton tackled the problems of the adding machine company with the same vigor he had put in his merchandising ventures, always working at least 14, and sometimes more, hours daily. He traveled extensively during his early years with the new concern and became one of the greatest salesmen the nation has ever known. The adding machine company started out with a few die makers as its charter employees but under the guidance of Mr. Dalton grew into a concern with agencies throughout the civilized world employing 2500 persons.

Many a man might consider it humiliating to start out selling adding machines with a heavy sample bag packed under his arm and interviewing the same people whose merchandise purchases had helped swell his former business to the $750,000 mark. Perhaps it was hard but Dalton did it just the same. And his sense of loyalty to friends had furnished the kick that forced him through the difficulty to comparative success.

Finally in 1914 it became necessary to move the factory away from Poplar Bluff to Cincinnati, Ohio, not because Mr. Dalton wanted to take it away from Poplar Bluff but because it was a matter of existence to the concern. Dalton could see that to remain in the small city, the factory would never grow beyond the status it maintained when it was located in the building which later became the Hamilton-Brown shoe factory and that he could not interest financiers in investing money in the plant while it was in Poplar Bluff in that early day. Mr. Dalton's dreams were realized and the concern flourished in Cincinnati becoming one of the biggest successes the manufacturing world has ever seen. His machine out-classed all others and his line served all business from the smallest retailer to the billion dollar corporation.

In later years he organized an international distribution system and his machines were sold throughout the world until foreign exports consumed 20 per cent of the output of the immense factory.

Mr. Dalton's dream was a reality at the close of 1925 but the dream was not entirely complete. He had never in life thought of stopping short of supremacy in his career as a leader of men and an organizer of business. While still a young man in appearance and vitality, Mr. Dalton was stricken

with acute appendicitis at the age of 59. With his passing on January 11, 1926 not only Poplar Bluff and Cincinnati, but the entire nation lost a great business builder and a benefactor of mankind. From every corner of the nation and from foreign lands messages of regret and condolence came to the family. Mr. Dalton was returned to Poplar Bluff for burial.

Mr. and Mrs. Dalton were the parents of four children, Grover W. Dalton who resides at 433 North Main street and Miss Phoebe Dalton and Miss Mary Dalton who reside with Mrs. Dalton at the family home at 421 North Main street and Charles Dalton who died in 1926. Although Mr. Dalton in his early days in Poplar Bluff spent most of his time in his mercantile business he erected a number of business buildings in the city. He erected the buildings on Broadway from the present location

of the Gibbons hotel to the Bramur oil firm headquarters and the large four story building which stood where the Dalton building is now located and the buildings next door continuing south to the Saracini building in addition to the building housing the Stovall store and the present Dalton home on

North Main street which was purchased in 1896. All of the Dalton children were born in Poplar Bluff.

As long as time shall last the name of James L. Dalton will be among those illustrious Poplar Bluffians who achieved. During his residence here he was Deputy Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge and Master of the Blue lodge. He was zealous in every worthy civic undertaking and an active member of the presbyterian church where he was an elder and superintendent of the Bible school for several years.

48- Rev. Canon John Neale Dalton:

Tutor and governor to HRH Prince Albert Victor.

Rev. John Neale Dalton was born on 24 September 1839. He was the son of Reverend John Neale Dalton and Elisa Maria Allies. He married Catherine Alicia Evan-Thomas, daughter of Charles Evan-Thomas, in 1886.1 He died on 28 July 1931 at age 91. Rev. Canon John Neale Dalton graduated from Clare College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, with a Master of Arts (M.A.). He was invested as a Companion, Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.) in 1881. He held the office of Canon and Steward of St. George's Chapel, Windsor between 1885 and 1931. He was tutor and governor to HRH Prince Albert Victor (later the Duke of Clarence) and HRH Prince George (later HM King George V). He held the office of Chaplain-in-Ordinary to HM Queen Victoria between 1891 and 1897. He wrote the book The Cruise of H.M.S. Bacchante.

He was invested as a Commander, Royal Victorian Order (C.V.O.) in 1901. He was invested as a Knight Commander, Royal Victorian Order (K.C.V.O.) in 1911.

49- Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton:

Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Baron Dalton PC , generally known as Hugh Dalton (26 August 1887 – 13 February 1962) was a British Labour Party politician, and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1945 to 1947. He was implicated in a political scandal involving budget leaks.

He was born in Neath in Wales: his father, Canon John Neale Dalton was chaplain to Queen Victoria and tutor to the future King George V of the United Kingdom. Hugh was educated at Eton College, where he was head of his house but was disappointed not to be elected to "Pop". After leaving school he went up to King's College, Cambridge, where his socialist views earned him three defeats for the Secretaryship of the Cambridge Union (the only office generally then contested) and then the London School of Economics and the Middle Temple. During World War I, he was called up into the Army Service Corps, later transferring to the Royal Artillery. He served as a Lieutenant on the French and Italian Fronts and later wrote a memoir of the war called With British Guns in Italy. He then returned to the LSE and the University of London as a lecturer.

Dalton stood unsuccessfully for Parliament four times: at the Cambridge by-election, 1922, in Maidstone at the 1922 general election, in Cardiff East at the 1923 general election, and the Holland with Boston by-election, 1924, before entering Parliament for Peckham at the 1924 general election.

At the 1929 general election, he was finally elected to the British House of Commons as Labour MP for Bishop Auckland in 1929 and became a junior Foreign Office minister in the second Labour Government. As with most other Labour MPs, he lost his seat in 1931, though he was re-elected in 1935. During the World War II coalition, Winston Churchill appointed him Minister of Economic Warfare from 1940 and he established the Special Operations Executive, and was later a member of the executive committee of the Political Warfare Executive. He became President of the Board of Trade in 1942; the future Labour leader Hugh Gaitskell, drafted into the Civil Service during the war, was his Principal Private Secretary.

Although a Labour politician Dalton was a strong supporter of Churchill during the crisis of May, 1940, when Lord Halifax and other Conservative supporters of appeasement in the war cabinet urged a compromise peace.

After the Labour victory in the 1945 general election, Dalton had been expected to become Foreign Secretary, but instead the job was given to Ernest Bevin. Dalton became Chancellor of the Exchequer and nationalised the Bank of England in 1946. Alongside Clement Attlee, Ernest Bevin, Herbert Morrison and Stafford Cripps Dalton was initially seen as one of the "Big Five" of the Labour Government.

During this time Britain, whose overseas investments had been sold to pay for the war (thus losing Britain their income), was suffering severe balance of payments problems to pay for the effort of maintaining a global military presence. The American loan negotiated by John Maynard Keynes in 1946 was soon exhausted, and by 1947 rationing had to be tightened and the convertibility of the pound suspended. In the atmosphere of crisis Herbert Morrison and Stafford Cripps intrigued to replace Clement Attlee with Ernest Bevin as Prime Minister; Bevin refused to play along and Attlee bought off Cripps by giving him Morrison's responsibilities for economic planning. Ironically, of the "Big Five" it was to be Dalton who ultimately fell victim to the events of that year.

Dalton was under great strain, suffering psychosomatic boils. Walking into the House of Commons to give the autumn 1947 Budget speech, he made an off-the-cuff remark to a journalist, telling him of some of the tax changes in the budget, which was printed in the early edition of the evening papers before he had completed his speech, and whilst the stock market was still open. This led to his resignation for leaking a Budget secret; he was succeeded by Stafford Cripps. Dalton was further implicated in the allegations that led to the Lynskey tribunal in 1948 but was exonerated.

In 1948 he returned to the Cabinet as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, then became Minister of Town and Country Planning in 1950, renamed as Minister of Local Government and Planning in 1951. He still had the ear of the Prime Minister, and enjoyed promoting the careers of younger men, but was no longer a major political player as he had been until 1947. He left government after the 1951 General Election.

He was also president of the Ramblers' Association from 1948 to 1950 and Master of the Drapers' Company in 1958-59. He was made a life peer as Baron Dalton, of Forest and Friton in the County Palatine of Durham in 1960.

Dalton had a daughter who died in infancy in the early 1920s, but his biographer Ben Pimlott leaves little doubt that Dalton was a repressed homosexual. As a young man he was close to the poet Rupert Brooke, who died of disease during the Gallipoli campaign. In later years he acted as a mentor to various handsome young men (most of them heterosexual) in the Labour Party, including Anthony Crosland, whom he talent-spotted at the Oxford Union in 1946 and whose selection for a winnable seat for the 1950 General Election he helped to arrange, and James Callaghan.

His papers, including his diaries, are held at the London School of Economics.

50- John Dalton: 1726-1811

Captain H.E.I.C. service, defender of Trichinopoly 1752-3.

John Dalton was the only child of Captain James Dalton, 6th foot (now Warwickshire regiment),

by a Limerick lady named Smith. He was great-great-grandson of Colonel John Dalton, of Caley Hall, near Otley, a royalist officer of an old Yorkshire family, desperately wounded in the civil wars. Captain James Dalton fell in the West Indies in 1742, probably in one of the minor descents on Cuba after the British failure before Carthagena. He had previously obtained for his son, then a. boy of fifteen, a second lieutenancy in the 8th marines, lately raised by Colonel Sir Thomas Hanmer. Young Dalton embarked with a small detachment of that corps in the Preston, 50 guns, commanded by the sixth Earl of Northesk, which sailed from Spithead in May 1744 ; and after serving off Madagascar and Batavia, arrived in Balasore roads m September 1746, and was afterwards employed on the Coromandel coast.

When the marine regiments were disbanded in 1748, Dalton was appointed first lieutenant of one of the independent marine companies formed on shore at Madras by order of Admiral Boscawen. The year after he transferred his services to the East India Company, and became captain of a company of European grenadiers, and made the campaigns of the next three years against the French and their native allies.

In June 1752 he was appointed by Major Stringer Lawrence commandant of Trichinopoly, which place he defended with great skill and bravery against treachery within and overwhelming numbers of assailants without for several months, until the little garrison, the European portion of which had been reduced to a mere handful by repeated sorties, was finally relieved in the autumn of 1753.

Dalton resigned his appointment on the ground of ill-health 1 March 1754, and received the thanks of the governor in council for his services. He returned to England in 1754, at the age of twenty-eight, having ' amassed a fortune of 10,000p. and a fair share of military fame.' His name appears in the ' Army List ' for 1765 as a first lieutenant on half-pay of the reduced twelve marine companies formed by order of Admiral Boscawen, but he seems to have commuted his half-pay.

He married at Ripon, on 7 March 1756, the second daughter of Sir John Wray, bart., of Glentworth, Lincolnshire, and Sleningford, Yorkshire. After his wife's death in 1787 Dalton resided at Sleningford, which he had purchased from her brother. He died 11 July 1811. Of his three sons, (1) Thomas, captain in the llth dragoons, succeeded to Norclifte estates in 1807, and took the name Norcliffe; (2) John, colonel of the 4th light dragoons, inherited Wray estates; (3) James, rector of Croft, Yorkshire, was an eminent botanist (collections now in York Museum). He also had three daughters.

A Life of Captain John Dalton, H.E.I.C.S. (London, 1886), has been compiled from that officer's journal and other private and public sources by Charles Dalton, F.R.G.S., who disputes the account given by Orme, the author of History of the Military Transactions in Indoostan, originally published in 1763. See also later editions of Orme's work, and also, under corresponding chites, the manuscript Marine Order Books among the Admiralty papers in the Public Record Office, and Colonel Raikes's Hist. 102nd Royal Madras Fusiliers, formerly the H.E.I.C. 1st Madras Europeans, and now 1st Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

51- Lionel Sydney Dalton:

Australian Naval officer.

Lionel Dalton was born on 26 October 1902 in South Melbourne, second son of Edward Lisle Dalton, a clerk from Adelaide, and his Victorian-born wife Annie Myra, née Oliver. Educated at Middle Park State School, in 1916 Syd entered the Royal Australian Naval College, Jervis Bay, Federal Capital Territory. He did reasonably well academically, won colours for cricket and Rugby Union football, and gained a reputation as a good 'all rounder' who was prepared to 'have a go'. In January 1920 he was promoted midshipman and sent to sea in H.M.A.S. Australia.

Based in England for further training from 1921, Dalton served in several Royal Navy ships. He was promoted lieutenant in December 1924, graduated from the R.N. Engineering College at Keyham, Devonport, in 1925, and returned to Australia that year. After postings to H.M.A.S. Anzac and Adelaide, he went back to England in 1927 to commission the new vessel, Australia. On 24 March 1928 he married Margaret Mary Anderson at St Andrew's parish church, Plymouth. Home again, in 1931 he was posted to the seaplane-carrier, Albatross. While an instructor (1932-34) at the engineering school, H.M.A.S. Cerberus, Westernport, Victoria, he was promoted engineer lieutenant commander. In 1934 he found himself once more in England, standing by the six-inch-gun cruiser, Sydney, then under construction at Wallsend, Northumberland. He sailed in her to Australia and in 1937 transferred to H.M.A.S. Adelaide.

Promoted engineer commander on 31 December 1937, Dalton rejoined Sydney in June 1939 as engineer officer. In May 1940 the ship was deployed for service in the Mediterranean. On 19 July, while patrolling off Cape Spada, Crete, a flotilla of British destroyers sighted two Italian cruisers, the Bande Nere and Bartolomeo Colleoni. Some forty nautical miles (74 km) to the north, Sydney changed course to lend assistance: she pursued the Italian vessels at high speed down the west coast of Crete, destroyed the Bartolomeo Colleoni and damaged the Bande Nere. Dalton's steadfastness and professionalism ensured that Sydney's machinery performed faultlessly throughout the engagement. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.

Sydney's action against a superior force was widely regarded as Australia's most significant naval victory. Dalton recorded the ship's arrival in Alexandria harbour, Egypt, next day: '[We] . . . steamed down the line of battleships and cruisers, receiving a welcome that was wonderful. All ships cleared lower deck and gave us three cheers as we proceeded, and anyone would have imagined that we had won the war'. In 1940 the demands made on Dalton and his staff were enormous, with the ship steaming a total of 66,000 nautical miles (122,232 km). Sydney returned to Australian waters in February 1941.

On 19 November 1941, about 150 nautical miles (278 km) south-west of Carnarvon, Western Australia, Sydney challenged a disguised merchant vessel, later known to have been the German raider, Kormoran, which lured the cruiser closer then opened fire. Both ships were lost in the action, Sydney with her entire complement of 645 men. Dalton was survived by his wife and son David who became an engineer officer in the R.A.N. and rose to captain.

52- Joseph Dalton:

Jesuit priest.

Joseph Dalton was born on 2 December 1817 at Waterford, Ireland. He was educated at the Jesuit colleges of Clongowes and Tullabeg and entered the Society of Jesus in December 1836. For the next thirty years he studied and worked in Jesuit Houses in Ireland, and became rector of St Stanislaus College, Tullabeg.

Austrian Jesuits had begun a mission to the German settlers near Clare, South Australia, in 1848 but were diffident to extend their work to Victoria where Dr Goold was eager to found an Irish Jesuit Mission. The Jesuit priests, William Kelly and Joseph Lentaigne, reached Melbourne in September 1865. Dalton was appointed superior of the mission and arrived in April 1866. The first of his many tasks was to revive St Patrick's College, which had opened at East Melbourne in 1854 with a government grant but closed after eight years through maladministration. Dalton appointed Kelly to its staff and by 1880 'Old Patricians' could boast many graduates at the University of Melbourne, and two of its three doctorates in law. At St Patrick's Dalton was also persuaded by Goold to train candidates for the diocesan priesthood, but he resisted Goold's pressure for a more ambitious college until he had sufficient resources. On land bought at Kew in 1871 he built Xavier College which opened in 1878 and cost £40,000.

Dalton was also entrusted by Goold with the parochial care of a very large area centred on Richmond where some of the colony's most eminent laymen lived. With W. W. Wardell and a magnificent site, Dalton worked towards the grandiose St Ignatius Church, capable of seating almost his entire 4000 parishioners. In his district he built other chapels, schools and churches, including the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Hawthorn. He gave many retreats, lectured often on secular education, and engaged in controversy which led once to litigation. He went with Goold to reorganize the diocese of Auckland in 1869 and after Archbishop Polding died, the Irish Jesuit Mission was invited to Sydney in 1878. As superior there Dalton took charge within eight months of the North Sydney district, founded St Kilda House, the forerunner of St Aloysius College, Milson's Point, and was its first rector. He also bought 118 acres (48 ha) at Riverview where, as rector, he opened St Ignatius College. There he lived after his retirement in 1883 and died on 5 January 1905.

Dalton founded two great public schools and made more than a dozen foundations, of which only one at Dunedin proved abortive; they involved debts of at least £120,000 which were mostly paid by 1883. He published nothing and his inner life is not revealed in his diary (1866-88). Those who knew him well attested that he was first and foremost a holy priest, and he was widely revered in Richmond and Riverview. His energy and vision were striking, and his work established the Irish Jesuits in the eastern colonies.

53- George Clifford James Dalton:

Engineer.

George Dalton engineer, was born on 20 May 1916 at Te Awamutu, Waikato district, New Zealand, second of three sons of New Zealand-born parents George Dalton, carpenter, and his wife Jessie, née Robson, a schoolteacher. George became a successful builder; Jessie died while their boys were still at school. Having completed his schooling at Auckland Grammar School, Clifford read engineering at Auckland and Canterbury colleges, University of New Zealand. He was awarded a Rhodes scholarship for 1937. Stricken by poliomyelitis which ended his career as a Rugby Union footballer, he eventually entered Oriel College, Oxford, in 1939.

On 17 October 1941 Dalton was commissioned in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Allocated to the Technical Branch, he was to carry out radar research until the end of the war. Late in 1941 he met a radar-operator in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force, Catherine Robina, daughter of the writer Robert Graves, then known by her mother's maiden name of Nicholson. To the chagrin of a Danish girl who had thought Dalton's Rhodes scholarship an insuperable impediment to matrimony, Clifford and Catherine were married on 31 January 1942 at the register office, Aldershot.

Dalton was demobilized with the rank of squadron leader. He returned to Oxford and obtained his doctorate of philosophy in engineering in 1947. Allowed a 'semi-bachelor life' by his wife, he found time to coach Rugby, swim, and row despite a lame right leg. He eschewed industrial employment and joined the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell. A paper he produced examining options for the development of the elusive fast-fission reactor impressed his new friend Klaus Fuchs and led to Dalton's appointment by Sir John Cockcroft as head of a fast-reactor group in the engineering division. The major design problems were quickly solved, but Britain faced a long delay before it would have enough plutonium to justify constructing the reactor.

In 1949 Dalton moved with his family to New Zealand where a chair in mechanical engineering at Auckland University College offered more challenge, 'more sunshine and better food'. Shortly after his appointment he took over as dean of engineering. He inherited an unhappy faculty situated at a desolate airfield site. His financial acumen, crisp administrative style, commitment to staff interests, rapport with students and considerable research reputation did much to restore morale. Continuing international consultancies, membership of the New Zealand Defense Scientific Advisory Council, and friendship with the vice-chancellor, brought growing influence. Impressed by his commanding personality and warmed by his 'equable temperament and a sense of humor that rarely deserted him', Dalton's colleagues were evidently oblivious to the regime of parsimony and neglect to which his wife alleged that she and their five children were subjected.

In 1955 Dalton was appointed chief engineer and deputy chief scientist of the Australian Atomic Energy Commission. He brought his family to Sydney. Soon after he took them to England where he joined the chief scientist, fellow New Zealander Charles Watson-Munro, and sixty other A.A.E.C. staff who were seconded to Harwell for training. Always open minded about reactor systems, Dalton was now converted from fast reactors to high-temperature, gas-cooled systems. He advised Dutch authorities and industry on their research-reactor programme before returning with his family to Sydney. At the newly-built Research Establishment at Lucas Heights he worked closely with Watson-Munro from September 1957 on developing the high-flux, heavy-water-moderated reactor (HIFAR).

By late 1957 symptoms of the cancer from which Dalton was to die were apparent. As early as 1955 his wife had also been distressed by what she later claimed to have diagnosed as his schizophrenic behaviour. According to her, Dalton's 'indomitable nature', forthright utterance and 'obvious integrity' to which his colleagues attested were accompanied by caprice and violence in his private life. Although convinced of Clifford's infidelity and concerned for her children's safety, Catherine would not divorce or abandon a husband whose sickness she attributed to poisoning by malevolent elements of the intelligence community.

When he succeeded Watson-Munro as director of the Research Establishment in March 1960, Dalton brought to the task what the A.A.E.C. deputy executive commissioner M. C. Timbs was to call 'the full powers of a singularly lucid, penetrating and scientifically sophisticated mind'. Survived by his wife, two sons and three daughters, Dalton died on 17 July 1961 at Sutherland District Hospital, Caringbah, and was cremated. Sir Mark Oliphant noted that few men trained in traditional applied science had 'so readily adapted themselves to the new engineering of electronics and nuclear power'.

Dalton's contribution to radar and atomic-power research cannot be assessed until official archives are open. His widow's conviction that he was murdered for refusing to stop helping the Dutch to break the American monopoly on nuclear-enriched fuel is rejected by informed contemporaries. But it would not be surprising if the Western nuclear establishment and its associated intelligence community had been apprehensive about so powerful a mind allied to the 'abnormal political innocence' to which Catherine Dalton testified.

54- Katharina Dorothea Dalton:

Physician.

Katharina Dalton, who has died aged 87, put the treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) - the connection between the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle with emotional mood swings - on the medical map.

Katharina Dalton was a doctor and was born November 11, 1916 and died September 17, 2004.

Her first husband, Wilfred Thompson, with whom she had a son, was killed in action in 1942; her second husband, Tom Dalton, whom she married in 1944, and with whom she had another son and two daughters, died in 1994. Her children survive her.

She had first studied the syndrome while a GP in north London, and later ran the world's first PMS clinic. She also had her own consulting rooms adjacent to Harley Street. She wrote extensively on the subject, and acted as an expert witness in many high-profile criminal cases.

Katharina Kuipers, known as Kittie, was born in London to a Dutch businessman and his wife who had come to England to launch a branch of his stockbroking company. He died while his daughter was still young and, as he had been a freemason, she was educated at the Royal Masonic school. She then trained in chiropody, winning a scholarship to the London foot hospital. She practiced for 12 years, and wrote Essential Chiropody For Students (1959).

Dalton had always wanted to be a doctor, and went to the Royal Free hospital medical school, qualifying on July 7 1948, the day the national health service started. She went into general practice in Wood Green, north London, and later in Edmonton. Within months, she noticed that her women patients had symptoms that coincided with their menstrual cycles; indeed, the idea that there was such a thing as premenstrual syndrome had only recently been aired.

Dalton contacted Sir Raymond Greene, one of her former teachers, and, in 1952, they published the first paper on it. This led to pioneering work on the effects of PMS on schoolwork, accidents, crime, psychiatric illness and behaviour. Dalton even showed that men suffered from their wives' PMT - salesmen, for example, achieved fewer sales while their wives were premenstrual.

She produced more than a hundred articles and research papers on PMS, postnatal depression, the importance of steady blood sugar levels and the dangers of vitamin B6 overdose (B6 is a treatment for PMS). In addition, she wrote nine popular and semi-scholarly books, in cluding one on her medicolegal work; they were translated into 17 languages and several are still in print.

In 1957, Dalton started the world's first PMS clinic, at University College hospital, London, which she ran for 40 years, unpaid. From 1964, she took rooms in Wimpole Street, where she saw private patients. She gradually spent more time there, and eventually gave up her GP work.

Her treatment for PMS consisted of recommending a good diet: sugar or starch every three hours - so that patients did not suffer from low blood sugar - and lots of fruit and vegetables. If that did not work, patients were treated with natural (not synthetic) progesterone. At one time there was a long waiting list, and patients were sent dietary advice; half of them subsequently cancelled their appointments, saying the diet had worked.

Dalton was often approached by lawyers defending women accused of crimes. She always insisted that she could not act as an expert witness on their behalf unless their symptoms were repetitive, cyclical and responded to treatment. She turned down many cases that failed to meet these criteria, including that of a murderer who claimed that he was tipped over the brink by his wife's PMS.

There were two famous cases in which her evidence was part of a successful defense: that of Anna Reynolds, who killed her mother while suffering from postnatal illness, and Nicola Owen, an arsonist who set fire to homes in Richmond and Twickenham, in south-west London, at intervals that were multiples of 28 days.

Professional opinion was always divided about Dalton, who was outspoken and worked largely on her own. There were those who recognized that she had developed the use of menstrual charts for PMS, the use of progesterone to treat it, and had done more trials and written more on it than anyone else.

On the other hand, there were those who felt that PMS is a condition with a huge psychosomatic element, and rejected Dalton as a fringe celebrity. On a scientific level, many believed that her diagnosis was sound, while her views on treatment were not. Fasting does not cause low blood sugar, and natural progesterone is immediately inactivated by the liver. Dalton retired in 2000, aged 84, and moved to Hereford, and then Dorset.

55- Elisabeth Dalton:

Theater designer,

Elizabeth Dalton was born on September 3, 1940 and she died on March 27, 2004, aged 63.

She was a prolific designer for ballet and opera, far too little of whose work was seen in her home country. She studied theater design at the Wimbledon School of Art, and then at the Slade under Nicholas Georgiadis, a significant influence on her work. She worked as assistant on his Royal Opera House productions of The Nutcracker and Aida (both in 1968), and on Les Troyens the following year. It was also in 1969 that she designed her first major sets and costumes for dance, for John Cranko’s The Taming of the Shrew, mounted by the Stuttgart Ballet and one of the company’s longest-lasting successes.

It was first seen at Covent Garden in a guest season by the Stuttgart company in 1974, and joined the Royal Ballet’s repertory in 1977, one of the rare sightings in Britain of Dalton’s work for dance. Shrew, always with Dalton’s décor, has been seen all round the world in 17 manifestations, notably at La Scala, Milan, in 1980 and at the Bolshoi in Moscow in 1996. She was meticulous in overseeing every design detail at each revival: adapting sets, supervising costume fabrics and lighting, always insisting on the highest standards and achieving them with the mixture of charm and great good humour that was so much part of her character. She wrote a fascinating account of mounting Shrew in Moscow in four issues of the Dancing Times between September and December 1996.

Her association with the Stuttgart Ballet continued after Cranko’s sudden death in 1973, which affected her deeply. She designed a controversial Giselle for his successor, Marcia Haydée, and new productions of many of Cranko’s earlier works, including The Lady and the Fool and Pineapple Poll. Most notable were her designs for his Romeo and Juliet in Frankfurt, and (in 1991) for his Onegin, her designs now seen around the world (but not, alas, at Covent Garden) as an alternative to the originals by Jürgen Rose. When her Onegin was staged in Helsinki, a reviewer wrote that she had brought the very soul of Pushkin’s Russia to the stage, which pleased her greatly.

Her last work for Stuttgart was exuberantly witty décor for Rodgers and Hart’s On Your Toes (1990), with Haydée and an all-singing, all-dancing Richard Cragun. She also worked twice with Kenneth Macmillan, on The Sphinx (Stuttgart, 1968) and Checkpoint (Royal Ballet, 1970). For the latter, inspired by Orwell’s 1984, she devised a solid- looking but in fact rubberised black wall into which dancers could gradually be absorbed and then vanish.

Her first opera designs were for Mozart’s Il re pastore in Wexford, 1971. This led to a lasting association with the director John Cox, and they adapted their Wexford production for Salzburg in 1989. Their collaboration on The Merry Widow for ENO at the Coliseum in 1972 was compromised by a sudden and substantial cut in the budget late in the design process, which affected Dalton’s sets — that there was no staircase for the Widow’s entry was much remarked upon in the press — but not her lavish costumes.

Dalton and Cox then staged Der Rosenkavalier (Houston 1975, Holland Festival 1976) and Arabella (Houston 1977, San Francisco 1979). A later revival of Rosenkavalier by the Netherlands Opera was the occasion for John Tomlinson’s first Baron Ochs, for whom Dalton radically slimmed down the traditional Ochs costume concept.

To be in Elisabeth Dalton’s company was to be in an almost continuous state of laughter. Her sense of humour was wonderfully anarchic, earthy, sometimes even scabrous, and the pretentious or high-falutin’ among her acquaintance soon learnt to tread with care. Her humour helped her to achieve the standards upon which she insisted in theatres around the world, and the fact that she herself was a superb dress-maker was no hindrance to gaining the respect — and collaboration — of workers in costume departments, be they in Moscow, Sydney, Mexico City, Chicago or Santiago.

Her humour helped to make her a notable part-time teacher at art schools on the South Coast, where she lived in later life, and at the Central School in London. Yet she was intensely serious about her work, researching in depth the social and art-historical background to every project she undertook. Her designs tended to be bright and colourful, which perhaps made her something of an outsider in the 1980s and 19 90s: but they would be more than welcome today.

56- Max Dale Dalton:

Murdered in Costa Rica.

Richard Dalton, of Woodside, California, tells the chilling tale of his father's murder by squatters on his legally owned land on 13th November 1997 in the Pavones district of Costa Rica. Max Dale Dalton was 78 years of age and had led a most interesting life. Born in Aberdeen, Idaho on 21st March 1919, he was the youngest of three boys born to Charles LeRoy and Bertha Elvira (Andersen) Dalton. Growing up during the Great Depression, the family lived in Idaho, Oregon and southern California, often doing migrant farm work to make ends meet. After graduating from high school in 1937, Max began his career as Secretary and part owner of Warwick Knitting Mills in Los Angeles, California and later operated his own commercial fishing boat. In 1941, he took a position as Production Control Manager with American Screw Products, a manufacturer of fasteners used in aircraft production. When the United States entered World War 1l, Max joined the U.S. Navy as a Seaman Ist Class and later an Aviation Cadet, but was released from active duty to resume his position in the company which was essential to the defense industry. In 1947, Max and a friend bought a small fishing boat and sailed from San Diego to Golfito, Costa Rica in order to fish for shark. Max fell in love with the place and remained there for the next eleven years. During his first stay, Max was involved in a variety of entrepreneurial endeavors, including fishing and the production of copra, which he used to manufacture soap and other products. At one point, Dalton Ltd. owned the beach concession on approximately 50 miles of beach property where he was later to be killed. Max also worked for two years for the United Fruit Company in Golfito as Chief Stevedore and Chief Clerk of the Marine Dept.

On 19th January 1953, Max married Laura Ellen Brown in a ceremony performed by a Methodist missionary in Goifito. Miss Brown was a Canadian school-teacher, who had answered an advertisement seeking teachers for the United Fruit Company's English-speaking school provided for children of their employees in Golfito. Maxine Elizabeth Dalton and Charles John Dalton were born in Canada during the time the family lived in Costa Rica. In 1958 the family moved to California, where Robert William Dalton and D.G.S. member, Richard Thomas Dalton, twins, were born in 1960. Max went back to work as a plant manager but Max and Laura grew dissatisfied with life in southern California and decided to move their family to the state of his birth, Idaho.

Max had a very inquisitive and analytical mind and had become interested in the field of cryogenics. This evolved into the artificial insemination of cattle and horses. At the time, 1968 and 1969, he decided that he could support his family, as well as pursue his scientific interest, by starting Treasure Valley Breeding Service in the Treasure Valley area surrounding Boise, Idaho. The business grew to be very successful.

While breeding cattle was the bread and butter of the business, Max experimented and researched in the more difficult area of artificial insemination and ova transplants in horses. He developed his own instruments for extracting fertilized ova and worked closely with a local veterinarian who was also interested in that field. He became fascinated with Peruvian Paso horses at about this time, later owning and showing several. After a while his interest turned to milk testing. Many of his customers for artificial insemination had large dairies that needed regular testing to maintain Grade A approval for milk. Treasure Valley Milk Testing developed, as Max used his scientific and mechanical aptitude to operate a certified milk testing laboratory.

In about 1980, Laura who had been teaching in elementary school, decided to work full time with Max in the laboratory. In 1985, they were divorced. The farm in Idaho and the milk testing lab were eventually sold and for about a year Max lived in the Sedona area of Arizona. In 1991, Max moved back to Costa Rica, purchasing property in the Pavones district. His intent was to apply his knowledge of artificial insemination and ova transplantation in order to develop a variety of cattle that would thrive and produce milk in Costa Rica's tropical climate. Unfortunately, during the last seven years of his life, Max suffered constant harassment from a group of organized squatters or "precaristas," who were intent on stealing the land which he legally owned. Despite constant threats on his life, destruction of his property, theft of his livestock and physical attacks on himself and his employees, Max stayed on the land that legally belonged to him. He took his fight to the Costa Rican courts, where he consistently won his cases, despite strong anti-American sentiment in the Municipality of Goifito. In 1994, his case was noted in an investigation by the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee and later in 1996 by the Wall Street Journal.

On Thursday, 13th November 1997, Max Dalton, then 78 years old, was surrounded by a group of approximately 15 squatters who were illegally on his property. He was attacked with a machete and then shot in the chest. One of the squatters was also killed in the altercation. The family believes, based on forensic evidence and eyewitness accounts, that the other man was killed by his fellow squatters in yet another act of premeditated murder in order to have a "victim". Some reports indicate that Max Dalton lay bleeding to death for nearly 30 minutes while his killers taunted him and prohibited others from coming to his aid. While the identity of his killers is well known none of them are yet in custody.

Throughout their lives, wherever they lived, Max and Laura both were very aware of the political influences which shape our society. They held strong opinions and believed in doing everything possible within our political system to promote and preserve traditional values. They were active, not passive and innovators rather than followers. Max followed the direction of his own moral compass, which in the end cost him his life.

57- Smallwood Jefferson Dalton:

Dalton family of South Carolina.

Smallwood Dalton was born in 16 Jun 1815 at Anderson Co., SC Married: 19 Aug 1832 Died: 1 Mar 1894 at Greenville, SC. One of his sons was Amos H. Dalton who joined the Confederate Army in South Carolina.

There are nine manuscripts written from 18 February 1861-20 to October 1864, that reveal something of the Civil War experiences of the Dalton family of upstate South Carolina, chiefly through letters from Pvt. Amos Harrison Dalton (d. 1864) to his father, Smallwood Dalton (1815-1894), who lived near Grove Station in Greenville District.

A letter of 31 September 1861 written from Manassas Junction, Va., discloses that the younger Dalton, who was attached to the Davis Guards, Hampton Legion, was convalescing from measles, while another dated 27 February 1862, Prince William County, Va., speculates whether he would be sent to Tennessee and reports that he had stood picket guard the preceding night-"hit was So darke that i coodent see not one thang to Save my life." On 12 June 1862 he wrote giving details of a fight in which "the balls fell all around me just like granes of wheat" and Hampton Legion had sustained severe losses. A kind citizen of Winchester, Va., he related on 18 September 1862, had washed his clothes, given him food, writing paper, and envelopes, and made him a haversack while he was in town.

The summer of 1863 found A.H. Dalton sick in the hospital again. An affidavit, 8 July 1863, signed by W.A. McDaniel, Greenville Court House, attests that Smallwood Dalton "is a good and Loyal citizen of Greenville District...and wishes to visit Peters Burg Virginia to See a Sick Son." From Petersburg the elder Dalton wrote to his wife and family on 30 July 1863 advising that Amos was better than expected and should be released from the hospital soon. Smallwood Dalton hoped to secure his son's release from military service but was doubtful as to the prospects.

Three months later, 13 October 1863, A.H. Dalton wrote from a Confederate camp near Chattanooga, Tenn., where, he reported, his company was engaged in picket duty atop Lookout Mountain. He noted that his boots were worn out but that he hoped to draw a pair soon; then he responded to questions concerning allegations of food theft. "Some of the leageon did steel some meat...but hit was none of the Davis guards," the letter asserts, but "tha boys aught to steel meat for wee Donte git anuf to eat but wee have to doo."

Two items concern the death of Pvt. A.H. Dalton. Smallwood Dalton wrote on 14 August 1864 requesting that the army "make out a pay Roll on a Discriptive list" for his son who had "died on the 24 of last March in the Prison Camp in the State of Indiana" after being "taken prisoner 29 of October last near Missionary Ridge." A final letter, 20 October 1864, from W.W. Tarrant, Camp Hampton Legion, apologizes for the delay in paperwork regarding payment of money due A.H. Dalton and notes that it was due to the fact that the company's books were at their "Reserve Camp."

Amos Harrison Dalton was a Pvt., Co F and A, Hampton Legion Inf, from Greenville County, son of Smallwood Jefferson and Rebecca (Eskew) Dalton, Born 1842, died 23 Mar 1864 as a POW at Camp Morton, Ind., buried Green Lawn Cemetery, Indianapolis.

58- Marcus L. Dalton:

Killed by Indian's in Texas.

Marcus L. Dalton was a widely known early West Texas cowman, numbered among the first settlers of Palo Pinto County. During the early days, Mr. Dalton lived reasonably near, and was closely associated with Oliver Loving, Charles Goodnight, the Curetons, Ribbles, Dillingham, Henry Belding, the Bevers, Taylors, Cowdens, Cochrans, Slaughters, Jowells, Lasaters, Lovings, Lynns, Strawns, Stuarts, Carters, and many other equally noted cowmen of Palo Pinto and adjoining counties.

November 7, 1870, Hen. Belding, met Marcus L. Dalton in Weatherford. Mr. Dalton, at the time, was returning from Kansas, where he had moved a large herd of cattle. He had also made several previous trips over the trail. Uncle Henry Beldings, at the time, lived on the Belding Ranch, about thirteen miles west of Palo Pinto, and Mr. Dalton lived on the Brazos, in the Sand Valley section.

When Mr. Dalton was asked by Uncle Henry Belding to accompany him home, he replied that he had been away a long time, was exceedingly anxious to get home, and wanted to take a direct route from Weatherford to his residence up the river. Consequently, on the morning of November 8, 1870, Mr. Dalton, traveling in a wagon drawn by a span of mules, left the residence of his son-in-law, Dr. J. P. Valentine, who lived in Weatherford, and was accompanied by James Redfield, and James McAster, who were making their first trip to the frontier. Mr. Dalton had his six-shooter in the wagon seat, and supplies and provisions in the rear. A faithful little dog that had followed him to Kansas, was also along. In the upper tray of his traveling trunk, this noted frontiersman had over $11,000.00 concealed in a shoe. Since Mr. Dalton knew the road, he led the way, and was followed by a wagon driven by one of his hands. The third man, on horseback, driving some ponies, followed in the rear.

Marcus L. Dalton, James Redfield, and James McAster were traveling along the old Weatherford-Belknap road, and when they reached a point in Loving's Valley, about three-fourths of a mile east and north of the present town of Salesville, they were ambushed, and slain by the same Indians, mentioned in the preceding section. The Indians ambushed Mr. Dalton and associates about two hours after they encountered the Jowell brothers, Locke, and Foster. No doubt, Mr. Dalton was killed instantly, for his pistol had never been moved from its scabbard. His mules, however, ran with the wagon out to the right side of the road, made a circle of perhaps 150 yards, then crossed the roadway to the left. Redfield and McAster were each lying on the ground near the second wagon. All three were scalped, and their bodies badly disfigured. Since Mr. Dalton's trunk seemed to be locked, the Indians cut a hole in its side and removed such articles that were found near the bottom. Apparently, however, the savages did not know the trunk had a tray; so they did not find the eleven thousand dollars hidden in a shoe. This money, in due time, was safely placed in the hands of Mr. Dalton's family. The mules and a part of his horses, which were carried away by the Indians, were later found about three miles north.

Late in the afternoon of the next day, Mr. Dalton and associates were found by Marion, Green, and George Lasater, and Wm. Evans, who were horseback and returning to their homes in the Keechi Community. Only the sadly dejected little dog of Mr. Dalton, which lay near the bodies of Redfield and McAster, was left to relate the fate of the three worthy citizens. Two of the four that found him, remained and the others hurried with the news to Old Black Springs. Sam Ham was one of the messengers who went from Black Springs to notify Mrs. Dalton and her children who lived upon the river in the northwestern part of Palo Pinto County. John, who then lived at Palo Pinto, was the first member of Mr. Dalton's family to arrive. The three were found late in the evening.

An account of this raid in Smythe's Historical Sketches of Parker County, printed in 1877, states that Mr. Dalton was murdered December 16, and an account of the killing related by a son, places the date at November 4, but Mr. Dalton's tombstone, in the graveyard at Weatherford, bears the following inscription, "Marcus L. Dalton, born Oct. 14, 1819, Murdered by Indians November 18, 1870."

59- Harry Dalton:

Textile executive and philanthropist.

In World War II, some 60,000 soldiers, many from New England, also later textile executive and Forsyth County native Harry Dalton, would eventually train at Camp Greene.

Harry Dalton kept a dairy during World War Two. The 1942 volume survives. The entries provide a fascinating glimpse into the lifestyles and attitudes of Charlotte's New South leaders of that era. As mentioned earlier, Dalton had first come to Charlotte from his native Forsyth County as a young Army private at Camp Greene . An unpretentious but skillful negotiator, Dalton would eventually attain substantial wealth and influence. He and his wife were major benefactors of the Mint Museum of Art.

In October 1941, Dalton became the head of the rayon and nylon division of the War Production Board, which was headquartered in the nation's capital. Dalton would routinely leave Charlotte by train from the Southern Railroad Station in Charlotte for Washington, D.C. on Sunday nights and return the next Friday mornings and spend the weekends with his wife and two children at the family home in Myers Park . Sometimes the trip was arduous. "The trains are crowded these days with people going to & from Washington," he wrote on January 4, 1942. "There is hardly any standing room in the club cars." Dalton reported that the porters became so familiar with his traveling habits that they had his berth prepared for him when he boarded the train on Sunday nights at Charlotte's Spanish Mission style railroad station.

Harry Dalton belonged to the small group of white men who virtually controlled Charlotte during World War Two. Known as the "Round Table ," these privileged gentlemen gathered most weekdays at noon for lunch at the restaurant in Ivey's Department Store. "I had lunch with the 'Round Table' group today," Dalton declared on January 2nd.

"This is a rather interesting group of men," said Dalton. "Everything from world events to local and individual items are discussed."

One of the important bonding rituals for elitist males in Charlotte was playing golf. It still is. Dalton was an avid golfer and played most of his rounds at the exclusive Charlotte County Club , of which he was a member. "I had an 83 today," he wrote on November 14th. "I played with E. C. Griffith, Claude Cochrane, Jim Shannonhouse. 83 is fair for an ole man like me who has not played in two weeks." Another elitist ritual was traveling together to Chapel Hill or Durham to attend college football games. It still is. Dalton and about thirty of his friends boarded a bus at the Charlotte County Club on News Years Day 1942 for a trip to Duke Stadium, where the Rose Bowl was being held because of apprehension over a possible Japanese air attack against California.

Dalton reported that one member of the party "felt a little too good." On the way back on the bus this person "kept pushing people's hats down over their heads, etc." "We got home about midnight," said Dalton.

"Attended dinner tonite (sic.) to surprise David Ovens on his seventieth birthday," Dalton wrote on December 4th.

Ovens does not like the Roosevelts," said Dalton.

Other poems followed including one by Dalton about tires. Much of Dalton's time in Washington was spent assuring that enough rayon and nylon were available to produce tires for the military. Another gathering place for the privileged whites of Charlotte was the Mint Museum of Art in the fashionable Eastover neighborhood. "To Mint in afternoon to see the Strauss Collection of silver & paintings, wrote Dalton on April 26th.

In his 1942 diary Dalton often referred to World War Two and especially to the somber course of events in the Pacific Theater. "The Pacific news is bad," he stated on February 23rd. "The Japs are winning. Superior in numbers apparently. I hope we can eventually turn the tide." "The war news is worse from the Pacific area," he wrote on March 7th. On October 11th he said: "War all over the world. News not too encouraging." He spoke about "blackouts" and gas rationing. Dalton frequently attended farewell parties for prominent young men who were going off to fight the Germans, the Italians, and the Japanese.

Dalton and his wife Mary were there. "It reminded me of stories written about the dashing social units leaving the old plantations during beginnings of the Civil War.," wrote Dalton.

Harry Dalton , like most wealthy white males of his time, was a man of substantial accomplishment. On the last pages of his 1942 dairy he meticulously listed all the business, philanthropic, and cultural organizations in which he held leadership positions. Dalton was on the Board of Directors of nine corporations. He belonged to the Board of Directors of the Charlotte Country Club, Charlotte Memorial Hospital, Charlotte Chamber of Commerce , Goodfellows Club, and the Mint Museum of Art . He was on the Board of Trustees of Queens College and a Deacon at Second Presbyterian Church . Dalton received no pay for his work for the War Production Board in Washington, D.C., which regularly took him away from his home and family.

However impressive or magnanimous his attainments might have been, Harry Dalton demonstrated little awareness of the advantages that might accrue from sharing power with rank-and-file Charlotteans, especially African Americans.

Dalton was peeved when Cora's successor did not come to work even on Christmas Day. "Our cook . . . did not show up -- sick I guess." In true paternalistic manner, however, Dalton went out of his way to assist a substitute cook whom he respected. He wrote on June 28th:

Harry Dalton was at heart a kind and gentle person. He and his family attended church almost every Sunday. He and his wife were devoted parents. "We had a fine little Easter Egg Hunt in the back yard," wrote Dalton on April 5th. On August 22nd, when her son David celebrated his sixth birthday, Mary, said Dalton, "had a party of about 40 or more little boys and girls."

But Dalton also understood that Charlotte's principal goal was always economic development. "I missed meeting of Chamber of Commerce to get industries for Charlotte," he declared on March 7th.

60- Tolbert “Percy” Dalton:

Major leaguer who disappeared 59 years ago.

He went by the name of Jack Dalton and was born July 3, 1885 in Henderson, Tenn. He had three sisters Lura, Lena and Lola and one brother Pleasie.

Many a young boy picks up a bat, walks to the plate and dreams of slugging his way into immortality. Tolbert “Percy” Dalton was such a boy and he did manage to find his own type of immortality. Not because he is forever remembered as one of baseball’s greats, but because he is one of the few major league players whose death date is unknown.

Dalton was also a lay preacher for the Columbia Primitive Baptist Church in Burtonsville, Md.

“The church he was an elder in, to my knowledge, had other smaller worship locations in the state of Maryland. As an elder we understand that he would make occasional appearances at Sunday services at the main church He would speak to certain topics relevant to the beliefs the church had. He would also baptize new members,” said Richard Bozzone with the Society for American Baseball Research. Bozzone has been researching Dalton to try and find where and when he died.

On August 1, 1948, two deacons from the church visited Dalton’s Emmitsburg home. Dalton had failed to show up for a church meeting on July 4.

Dalton had only lived in Emmitsburg for a year, having moved here from the Baltimore area to become editor for the Emmitsburg Chronicle when it restarted publication after a five-year hiatus during World War II. He and his wife lived with his wife’s daughter and son-in-law, Lois and George Heller.

The two deacons couldn’t find Dalton. No one in his family knew what had happened to him. Since that day no one has ever been able to ascertain his whereabouts.

Dalton who went by the name of Jack during his baseball career played four seasons of professional baseball. He was an outfielder who started in the minor leagues in Des Moines where he batted .208 in 1910. He was invited mid year to join the Brooklyn Robins, predecessor to the Dodgers. He slumped and was sent to the minor league team in Newark, NJ. He returned to the Robins in 1914 and then played for the Buffalo Blues in 1915 and Detroit Tigers in 1916. His best year was 1914 when he batted .319. The following year his batting average was .293 with 28 stolen bases. He finished his career in 1916 playing most of the season for San Francisco in the minor leagues and eight games for Detroit.

However, by 1948, at 62 years old, his glory days were forgotten. Dalton was living in Emmitsburg with his second wife, Thelma Bradshaw.

Though Dalton was too old to steal bases, he possibly found one thing he could still steal. Ralph Harris, a former member and editor of the Primitive Baptist Church paper, knew two of Dalton’s sisters (now deceased). He asked them what happened to their brother.

“Their response was that he had absconded with the subscription funds for the church paper. Although Cary did not have firsthand knowledge of the theft, the story was confirmed by several of the church leadership when he became editor,” Bozzone said.

Dalton happens to be one of the very few 20th Century major league players for whom death information is not known.

“There are 15 20th Century players for whom we do no have death details but Dalton is, by far, the most well known of the players,” Bozzone said.

Bozzone has been assisted in his search for Dalton by another SABR member Al Quimby. What has made the task so difficult is that not even the family of Jack Dalton has information on what happened to him.

No missing persons report appears to have ever been filed with the Maryland State Police. No articles about his death have ever turned up. He simply vanished.

SABR member Bill Haber of Brooklyn, NY also worked on the Dalton case. Though now deceased, Haber’s research over 20 years has corrected errors in more than 200 professional baseball players’ biographies. Haber tracked some of Dalton’s relatives to Emmitsburg in 1978. He was told that Dalton had simply fallen off the face of the earth and never made contact with any of his relatives after he left Emmitsburg. He did not even show up for his brother’s funeral in 1954.

Following Dalton’s baseball career, it was determined that in 1921 and 1922 he was a salesman living in Baltimore. In 1930, he was living in Elkridge, Md. By 1940, he was living at Catonsville, Md. at 2 North Prospect St. In April 1942, his World War II registration cards lists him as a clerk in the Finance Office of the U.S. Army’s Third Corps headquarters in Baltimore. After the war, he became involved with the Primitive Baptist Church and moved to Emmitsburg.

61- Philip Dalton:

Developed a flight computer for the Navy.

The E-6B was developed by Naval Lt. Philip Dalton in the late 1930s. The name comes from its original part number for the U.S Army Air Corps in World War II.

Philip Dalton joined the Army as an artillery officer, but soon resigned and became a Naval Reserve pilot from 1931 until he died in a plane crash practicing spins. He invented, patented and marketed a series of flight computers.

Dalton's first computer was his 1933 Model B, the circular slide rule with True Airspeed (TAS) and Altitude corrections pilots know so well. In 1936 he put a double-drift diagram on its reverse to create what the US Army Air Corps (USAAC) designated as the E-1, E-1A and E-1B.

A couple of years later he invented the Mark VII. It was popular with both the military and the airlines. Even Amelia Earhart's navigator Fred Noonan used one on their last flight. Dalton felt that it was a quickie design, and wanted to create something more accurate, easier to use, and able to handle higher flight speeds. So he came up with his now famous wind arc slide, but printed on an endless cloth belt moved inside a square box by a knob. He applied for a patent in 1936 This was for the Model C, D and G computers used in World War II by the British Commonwealth, the US Navy, and even copied by the Japanese and Germans.

The US Army Air Corps decided the endless belt computer cost too much, so in 1937 Dalton changed it to a simple rigid, flat wind slide, with his old Model B circular slide rule included on the reverse. He called this prototype his Model H; the Army called it the E-6A.

In 1938 the Army wrote formal specifications, and had him make a few changes, which was called the Model J. The changes included moving the "10" mark to the top instead of the original "60". This "E-6B" was introduced to the Army in 1940, but it took Pearl Harbor for the Air Corps to put in a really large order. Over 400,000 E-6B computers were made during World War II, mostly of a plastic that glows under black light.

The name "E-6" was arbitrary, as there were no standards for stock numbering at the time. Most likely they chose "E" because Dalton's previously combined time and wind computer had been the E-1. The "B" simply meant it was the production model.

The designation "E-6B" was only officially used on the device itself for a couple of years. In 1943 the Army and Navy changed the marking to their joint standard, the AN-C-74 (Army/Navy Computer 74). A year later it was changed to AN-5835, and then to AN-5834 . The USAF called later updates the MB-4 and the CPU-26 . But navigators and most instruction manuals stuck with the original "E-6B" name. Many just called it the "Dalton Dead Reckoning Computer", one of its original markings.

After Dalton's death, the E-6B was updated and named the E-6C, E-10, and so forth, but finally fell back on the original name which was so well known by 50,000 World War II Army Air Force navigator veterans. After the patent ran out, many manufacturers made copies, sometimes using a marketing name of "E6-B". An aluminum version was made by the London Name Plate Mfg. Co. Ltd. of London and Brighton and was marked "Computer Dead Reckoning Mk. 4A Ref. No. 6B/2645" followed by the arrowhead of UK military stores.

62- Colonel Charles Osborne Dalton:

World War II Commander.

Colonel Dalton was the last surviving D-Day company commander of The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada who was recognized for his gallantry with the Distinguished Service Order by Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery, has died aged 88.

As Company Commander of B Company, then Major Dalton, along with his younger brother, Elliot who commanded A Company, led the two front line assault battalions on Juno Beach for The Queen's Own Rifles, Canada's oldest continuously serving infantry regiment.

The brothers, who had developed a strong bond, were known in the Regiment as "Mark I and Mark II" to distinguish the elder from the younger brother.

"The Dalton brothers were legends, everybody was devoted to them and had tremendous respect for them," said Barney Danson, chairman of the Canadian War Museum's advisory committee and colleague of Col. Dalton. "You always had confidence in what they were doing and they always had the human touch. But they both commanded great respect."

At his brother Elliot's funeral service in 1994, Col. Dalton said as D-Day approached and he began to realize he may never see his brother again, he tried to come up with some parting words.

But as they parted on their respective landing crafts he said quite simply: "I'll see you tonight."

As the landing craft ramp dropped in front of Bernieres-sur-Mer, Major Dalton turned to his men shouting, "Follow me!", as they plunged into two to three metres of water, trudging their way to shore.

As they made for the seawall, Maj. Dalton turned back to see his men laying on the sand.

"I thought they had gone to ground for cover, then realized they'd been hit," he remembered.

The company had landed directly in front of a concrete strong point and were immediately met with fierce machine-gun fire. Almost half of the company was lost in the initial dash across the beach. As he and his men tried to capture a German gun emplacement, Maj. Dalton was shot in the head, the bullet ripping off his helmet and peeling off his scalp.

Despite severe wounds, Maj. Dalton continued to lead his men across the beach and was personally instrumental in knocking out one of the pillboxes.

"With blood pouring down the side of his face, he still encouraged us to continue on," said Joe Oggy, a retired Corporal, who was under Maj. Dalton's command at the time.

His greatest fear, he once said, was not being wounded or killed but failing to lead his men. The citation of the DSO read, in part: "By this officer's example of leadership and bravery, and his coolness in the face of stiff opposition, the enemy fortified position was quickly overrun, and the company which followed in the landing on the beach suffered no casualties from the beach defences.

"The casualties were the heaviest suffered by any Canadian unit that day. In the end, 56 other ranks had been killed in action; seven died of wounds. Six officers and 69 other ranks had been wounded.

As Maj. Dalton was evacuated to a hospital in England, his brother Elliot was mistakenly told that Charles had been killed.

"While I was sad to hear my brother had died, I didn't really have time to grieve, as we were still fairly busy," Elliot Dalton recalled.

However, Elliot was wounded a few days later and sent to the same hospital as his brother. As the nurse wheeled Elliot to the bed marked Maj. Dalton, he noticed a patient lay there with the sheet pulled over his head.

When the nurse asked the patient why he was in the bed, Maj. Charles Dalton replied; "Because I'm Major Dalton."

During his recuperation, Maj. Dalton had the honour of meeting Queen Elizabeth, now Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.

By August, Maj. Charles Dalton had recuperated well enough to return to combat with the Queen's Own and served through the Channel Ports campaign as second-in-command of the Regiment during the fighting of the Scheldt in Belgium in the fall of 1944.

He was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, and appointed to command the Non-Commissioned Officers School at Ravenstein, Holland. He returned to Canada in March, 1945, to command the Small Arms School at Long Branch, Ont., and retired from active service in September, 1945. From 1968 - 1975 he was the Honorary Colonel of The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada.

Born in Toronto, Col. Dalton enlisted with The Queen's Own Rifles Cadet Company in 1925 and the 2nd Battalion Militia a year later at the age of 16.

He volunteered for active service and was sent to England in March, 1940, as an instructor to the Canadian Infantry Training Unit. In 1943, he rejoined the Regiment and was soon promoted to Major and made Officer Commanding B Company.

"He and his brother were very distinguished guys. Charlie was the archetypal dashing young officer," said Cpl. Oggy. "He really had a lot of style. He was elegant and acted the part of a fine officer."

"He was fantastic. He was a buddy. His brother was the same way, very down to earth. We would follow him to hell if we had to. His friendliness and rank meant nothing to him as far as we were concerned, he was a buddy and we respected him. He never talked as an officer ordering this and that, he and his brother were good leaders." Cpl. Oggy said.

His command responsibilities followed him to civilian life. After the war he joined Canadian Breweries Ltd. as Assistant to the Vice-President of Sales and was appointed Sales Manager of the Carling Breweries Ltd. in 1946. He was made President of Carling Breweries Ltd. in 1951. He was appointed Executive Vice-President Canadian Operations, Canadian Breweries Ltd. in 1964 and Executive Vice-President of Canadian Breweries Ltd. in 1965.

He also became Vice-President of Canadian Executive Overseas from 1969 to 1971. He was a popular and much sought after-dinner speaker.

"He was a reserved person. And yet he was amazingly articulate and spoke exceedingly well and he was asked to speak a great deal because he could express and talk about the war with a light touch and good humour but didn't treat it lightly," said Mr. Danson, who served as a Liberal Minister of Defence.

Colonel Charles Osborne Dalton, left, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order by Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery for "leadership and bravery, and his coolness in the face of stiff opposition."

During his recuperation from a head wound, Colonel Charles Osborne Dalton had the honour of meeting Queen Elizabeth, now Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.

63- Jack Dalton nee Miller:

The Dalton Trail thou Alaska in named after Jack Dalton.

Jack Miller was born in 1856 and died in 1944. Because of his killing a man in Washington state in changed his last name to Dalton, although this may be a fictional account. Jack Dalton's life of nearly ninety years spanned an era of almost unparalleled change. In his role as Alaska's premier freighter during the Gold Rush days in the Klondike and Alaska he observed, directly, the replacement of men and horses by machines. In his old age, Dalton saw the encroachment of aircraft on railways and steamships, the earlier prime-movers.

Accounts of Jack Dalton's early life are sketchy at best and sometimes misleading. His birth has been variously placed in Oklahoma, Kansas, or the Cherokee Strip in 1855 or 1856. Most probably, he was born in Michigan about June 25th, 1856, the place and date of his birth given on Dalton's California death certificate. Published accounts of Dalton's life indicate that Dalton had only one or two years of formal education. The same accounts often describe him as a self-educated man who enjoyed reading and writing. Moreover, Dalton had many valuable pioneer skills. It is perhaps universally agreed Jack was not a man to cross as he had a hair-triggered temper, and strength that belied his stature. He was a good shot and was usually armed.

Jack Dalton was personable, confident and of average height. He wore a black wide-brimmed hat, suspenders, holstered Colt revolver under his right arm, calf-high moose skin moccasins and sported a luxurious flowing blond mustache.

History hints at, but can't confirm, that he may have been forced to runaway from his Oklahoma home for shooting a man when he was 15 years old, perhaps in self-defense.

Another story cropped up that he had to leave Oregon Territory to escape prosecution and/or lynching for a shooting escapade. An erroneous tale was told that Dalton had worked on a ranch under the assumed name of Miller. Why he would change his name in Oregon Territory than revert to the name Dalton in Alaska makes no sense. A man could run but he couldn't hide from a U.S. Marshal.

The story goes that he had fled Oregon Territory in 1882 after fatally shooting a man. But the urban legend is riddled with an many holes as was the fictitious victim. For starters, there is no such handgun as a Colt Bulldog with which to do the deed. It was nearly four years before Dalton reached Alaska. The rest of the story has to be discounted as one told by a Burns County, Oregon, blowhard who was seeking glory for himself while discrediting Dalton, who, by then, was heralded as a folk hero.

Another story that Dalton went to San Francisco in 1883 and hired on with a sealing vessel that wintered in the miserable climes and conditions at Herschel Island, off the northern tip of the Yukon District, is also dubious.

Dalton has come down through history with a reputation for trouble. The fabled stories may have been garbled with the troubles he encountered in Haines Mission for shooting a man and a Juneau vigilante group threatening to lynch him after a court acquitted him of murder.

Dalton began his travels as a late teenager when some scrape caused him to move to Texas and change his name, temporarily, to Jack Miller. Under that name, he worked his way north and west and gained a reputation as a hard working and versatile ranch hand, but also as a formidable fighter. In about 1882, Jack moved to Burns, Oregon where he ran a small logging company. Trouble began when Dalton fired his cook. The cook returned to camp and at first opportunity pulled a concealed pistol on Jack who grabbed the cook's arm deflecting the shot. The two men struggled; Jack pulled his own pistol, and in the ensuing fight, the cook was shot fatally. The cook had numerous friends in the area, and Jack thought it prudent to leave the country for San Francisco, where he shipped northward on a sealing ship bound for Herschel Island and other points along the Siberian and Alaska coastlines. Trouble followed Jack, as the entire crew was arrested for illegally hunting fur seals and jailed in Sitka.

Dalton gained his freedom in the mid 1880s and immediately began to augment his earlier reputation as a man of great ability, but dangerous. At that time Dalton, about thirty years old, was an expert at anything related to horses, a skilled hunter, excellent rough cook, and adept with small boats of any type. He made a reputation as a negotiator with the southeast Indians. Dalton quickly learned "the Chinook Jargon," the trade language used along the north Pacific coast and he used it effectively. Although lacking in formal education Jack wrote well. His virile good looks made him attractive to the opposite sex. A Haines pioneer who first met Jack in 1906 described him, whom she had known as a frequent guest at her girlhood home, as a "dapper, well-dressed, ladies man."

In the late 1880s and early 1890s, Dalton participated in several noteworthy expeditions. In 1886, Jack signed on as roustabout and camp cook with the Schwatka-New York Times expedition to climb Mt. St. Elias. The party began their ascent at tidewater in Icy Bay on July 17, 1886. They traversed rugged terrain for twenty-five to thirty days, crossed fast coastal rivers, and reached an elevation of about 5,700-feet before Schwatka's health failed, which terminated the first recorded attempt on the difficult mountain. At the conclusion of the trip, Dalton elected to stay in the Yakutat vicinity prospecting for coal, possibly for Sitka businessman Edward DeGroff. In one later evaluation, pioneering ethnologist Fredricka DeLaguna believed that Dalton was the premier explorer of the coastal region near Disenchantment Bay. In 1888, Dalton discovered a coal deposit not far from Bancas Point.

In 1890, Dalton joined the "Frank Leslie Newspaper Expedition" which was formed to explore the largely unknown land between the Alaska Coast and the Yukon. The expedition was led by E.Hazard Wells, and included E. J. Glave, A. B. Schanz, F. B. Price, and Dalton. Jack used both negotiating and practical skills for the expedition. Access to the interior over the so-called "Grease Trails" had always been controlled by the Chilkat band. In his earlier years the Chilkat chief, Kohklux, adamantly opposed the whites and had been in the party that burned the post at Fort Selkirk in 1852. By the late 1880s, Kohklux realized that the military power and sheer numbers of invading settlers could not be opposed. At odds with some of the Chilkat leadership, Kohklux proposed that the Chilkats open the trails and act as packers. With agreement on access and payment of considerable fees, the Leslie expedition began to make the ascent of Chilkat Pass. Each Chilkat packer carried about 100 pounds, ascending the Chilkat to its headwaters, snowshoeing across a glacier at the head, and then descending downstream to Kusawa Lake. Except for one Chilkat Indian, who remained as guide, the rest of the Chilkats returned to the coast.

The remaining expedition divided near Kusawa Lake. Most of the expedition continued to the Yukon on a raft. Dalton and Glave, however, went westward on foot until they encountered Lake Klukshu, south of Dezadeash. They then followed the Tatshenshini, the main tributary of the Alsek, to the settlement at Neskataheen, the principal trading center on the Alsek. At Neskateheen the local Indians were Athabascan; usually called the Stick Indians. Glave and Dalton left the village and walked sixty miles downstream to a fish camp where they bought a dugout canoe and hired Shank, a local guide. Later Glave wrote, "Dalton and an Indian called Shank are the two best men I ever saw handle a paddle." Today the one-hundred mile stretch of the Alsek River from the fish camp to the mouth at tidewater is considered a major white water challenge. Dalton and Glave were the first white men to boat the lower Alsek. Detailed accounts of the expedition in popular articles greatly increased interest in Alaska. Israel C. Russell, who headed the National Geographic Expedition in 1890-91, recognized Dalton's local prominence, naming the large glacier into Disenchantment Bay as Dalton Glacier.

In the spring of 1891, Dalton and Glave returned to the Haines area determined to try a new way of freighting. They brought four sturdy pack horses, each of about 900 pounds. The party arrived at Pyramid Harbor near modern Haines in May 1891 and found pasture near Klukwan. The consensus of other freighters, Indians, and miners was that horses would fail. Glave and Dalton, each leading two horses with 250-pound packs, followed the traditional trail to Neskataheen, where the Stick people had never seen a horse and doubted their practicality. At first, the Sticks showed no interest in helping Dalton and Glave. But after watching Glave and Dalton handle the horses, a leading Stick elder proposed that they use the horses to haul their trade goods and equipment northward toward the Yukon. Dalton and Glave agreed to haul the goods, and the Sticks were soon converted when they saw how easily and quickly the horses moved loads.

Dalton spent most of 1892 and part of 1893 in finding and improving a trail to the Yukon that could be used by his packhorses. Starting from Pyramid Harbor, Dalton's trail crossed the coastal mountains at the head of the Klehini and continued northward near Dezedeash Lake and within a short distance of Neskataheen. Dalton Post was established some eighteen miles south of Dezadeash and Champagne near Neskataheen. A post called Dalton Cache was established near the Canadian border near where the trail divided. One branch followed the Nordenskjold drainage to the Yukon then along the Yukon past Five-Finger and Rink Rapids to Fort Selkirk. Another branch went from Champagne to Aishihik Lake to Selkirk. Dalton found that the tough little pack horses could winter over near Dalton Post and Champagne.

The Dalton Trail was completed and in operation when the Klondike was struck in 1897. It remained in constant use until the Yukon and White Pass Railway was completed in 1900 and had some use for the next decade.

In its early days, the trail, sometimes with as many as 250 pack horses in a train, was not universally popular. Storekeeper Don McGinnis tried to stop Dalton by appealing to the Chilkat Indians to deny access. Matters came to a head on March 6, 1893 when Dalton went to McGinnis' store. In a fight, probably over the possession of Dalton's pistol, McGinnis was shot and died the next day on the way to the hospital at Juneau, where Dalton was jailed. On June 18, 1893, a jury held that the shooting was accidental and acquitted Dalton. Deputy Marshall Sylvester commended the jury, but a large group of Juneau citizens were dissatisfied and denounced both Sylvester and the verdict. Dalton paid little attention to a written notice from the group to leave Alaska or face the consequences.

Jack did have a circle of friends in Juneau. Probably the most influential, and a business associate for decades, was attorney John F. Maloney. The two men, often with other partners, established several businesses, usually with Dalton as operator and Maloney as part owner supplying management, legal, and accounting services. In order to keep expanding, Dalton typically would find someone that he trusted as manager, give him necessary start up supplies, then leave the manager to operate the business.

Dalton and Maloney were notably successful in the Haines area. In 1894, Dalton, with Maloney's backing acquired land from the widow of George Dickinson, the first trader in the area. Dalton built a warehouse, a store, and later the Hotel Haines on the Dickinson tract. Dalton continued his freighting business leaving hotel management to Jack Lindsay and later Charley Hackett.

In the summer of 1894 Dalton and Joe Kinnon, on speculation, assembled mining equipment and supplies to sell in the thriving Forty-Mile placer camp in Alaska. The men found a buyer long before reaching the Forty-Mile; the entire outfit was sold at the Pelly River. Kinnon elected to return to Haines; Dalton decided to visit interior placer camps in Alaska and return via the lower Yukon. He visited Forty-Mile and Circle then continued down the Yukon to St. Michael where he expected to gain passage to Seattle on the Revenue Cutter Bear. The vessel's legendary Captain, Michael Healy, recognized Jack from his illegal fur seal operation back in the mid-1880 and refused him passage. By January 1895, however, Jack was in Seattle where he acquired fourteen more horses for his freighting business.

Operations on the Dalton Trail were formalized when Dalton and Maloney signed articles of partnership under the name of J. Dalton and Company on March 9, 1895. They also set up the Dalton Trail Company (active from 1895-1903), at Pyramid Harbor, the Dalton Trading and Transportation Company, and, in 1898, the Dalton Pony Express Company. The first recorded herd of cattle was driven over the trail in 1896, when the Willis Thorpe party drove 40 steers, each with a pack load, to Carmacks from there they were rafted to Dawson. With the discovery of the Klondike, the trail became very busy in 1897. In June 1897, Dalton delivered forty oxen, two milk cows, and sixty white-face Herefords, of which forty head belonged to the North American Trading and Transportation Company, and the rest belonged to Dalton. On the trip north, only one animal died; the rest were delivered in good shape to Fort Selkirk on the Yukon. In the same year Dalton advertised pack horse and saddle horse service from the coast to Fort Selkirk in ten days; the trip from Selkirk to Dawson by steamboat added one more day to the trip to the gold fields.

Dalton had the part of the trail in United States Territory surveyed in June 1898 from Pyramid Harbor to the approximate Canadian boundary which was marked by a post as the Dalton Trail International Boundary Line. The surveyors noted some bridges and trail improvements, but otherwise the trail followed the stream beds. Dalton received U.S. government approval for charging a toll with the stipulation that the Chilkat people need not pay. Canadian historian Robert Coutts summarized Dalton's venture: "The only man to control a major transportation route into the Yukon and Klondike, Dalton ran pack trains and delivered livestock to the miners, he allowed others to use his trail on payment of a toll and backed his authority with his reputation and a gun. One group that refused to pay was accompanied for the whole journey by Dalton who kept them well away from his route . . . They lost most of their stock. No one else tried to travel without paying." The year 1898, when thousands of head of cattle were delivered to Yukon destinations, was the peak year of the trail. The use of the trail as a major transportation route was doomed with the completion of the White Pass railway to the summit in February 1899 and to Dawson in 1900. The trail, however, continued to be used for several years, especially for livestock. The last recorded use of the trail was in 1906 when Dalton, E.B. Hanley and six cowboys drove 200 head of cattle to Ft. Selkirk.

Dalton had an inventive streak; he made improvements to the sleds used for commercial freighting, working with the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company. By 1897, the improved sleds were widely advertised along the Pacific Coast, as in the Weekly Examiner in Dawson: "The Studebaker Jack Dalton bobsled built to stand the rough hard usage over the almost impassable Alaska trails."

Perhaps because he was so tough, Jack was continually challenged. As the Klondike traffic increased, a notorious tough proposed to build a bar near a Dalton business. He told Jack that his proposed drinking establishment was legal and there was nothing that Dalton could do about it. Jack beat the man so badly with his fists that the tough decided to take his business plan elsewhere. In the winter of 1896, Jack and one 'Stick Indian' packer snowshoed to Dawson Post, caching supplies for the return trip along the way. The caches were necessary as men on foot could not carry enough food and supplies to survive. Some of Dalton's enemies among the Chilkats followed the men and removed all the caches. Dalton had anticipated this and had made a secret cache. He still had to make a fifty mile snowshoe run to find the cache, but on his return to the Haines area, Dalton casually remarked that he was a bit hungry because he could not find his caches. He accused no one and did not reveal the location of the secret cache for years. One Chilkat chief known as Cutewait or 'Indian Jim' shot Dalton but only nicked a finger.

In 1898, Jack commenced an important surveying job for Bratnober and Onderdonk related to the London Exploration Company, then active in Juneau. Bratnober's aim was a railway into the interior. Dalton found a good route that followed the present Haines Cutoff and Alaska Highway, which may have been superior to routes adopted latter. However, Bratnober could not find sufficient ore to justify the project and the venture died.

In 1898, prospectors Mix Silva, Edward Findley and Perry Wiley, grubstaked for Dalton, discovered placer gold on Porcupine Creek north of Haines near the Dalton trail. Subsequently, the Porcupine mining district was organized on October 22, 1898. On November 5, 1898, Dalton and his three prospectors located the Discovery Claim; additional claims were located by Dalton and his business partners E. B. Hanley and John Maloney. The district was stampeded in 1899 and prospectors found gold in the nearby creeks and gold or copper in areas as much as sixty miles distant, including the Rainy Hollow district in Canada. The first-years gold production was reportedly worth $50,000, of which about $40,000 came from Dalton's Discovery Claim.

The deposits in the district were rich but fairly deep and needed complex infrastructure. Miles of ditches and flumes were built to supply water to hydraulic lifts, sometimes called gravel elevators, where miners recovered the gold. Commercial support to the new district was conveniently supplied by the Porcupine Trading Company which was organized by Dalton, Hanley, and Maloney on August 1, 1899. The company brought in mining equipment and extended liberal credit to other miners. In 1900, Dalton and party shipped in 300 tons of equipment and supplies. The mines operated profitably until about 1905 when a major flood washed out a considerable amount of the mining infrastructure. Recognizing that they had probably extracted most of easily won gold, Dalton, Hanley, and Maloney sold their interests, profitably, in 1907.

The discovery of rich copper deposits in the Wrangell Mountains in 1900 led to a major move for Dalton and his operations. In 1901 Michael J. Heney, the legendary rail builder of the north, undertook a reconnaissance survey for a railway from the south Alaska coast to the interior. He found a rough but usable route up the Copper River, beginning near modern Cordova. Heney, however, knew of nothing rich enough to justify the construction of a railroad which would need three major river crossings and butts against two advancing glaciers.

In 1905, Heney was at the London office of Close Brothers, a major financial house. The financiers had quite good information about the richness of the Wrangell copper deposits and promised to finance the road if it was feasible to build. Heney thought of his earlier survey and immediately wired his New York office to engage Dalton and Sam Murchison to reexamine the Copper River route. The route was particularly controversial as engineers for rival routes starting from Valdez and Katalla had stated that the Copper River route was impossible. Furthermore, Stephen Birch of the newly constituted Alaska Syndicate had already begun construction from Katalla.

In September 1905, Dalton, Murchison, and surveyor J. R. McPherson undertook a new evaluation of the Copper River route and pronounced it feasible. The men returned to Valdez in late October of 1905 and sent their conclusions to Heney via a coded telegram. Heney met Dalton and Murchison in Juneau and filed a right-of-way application with the General Land Office. The Copper River route had no competition and was approved. Heney and Murchison went to Seattle to purchase supplies and equipment for the railroad. Dalton, McPherson, chainmen, and several of Dalton's Chilkat natives from Haines immediately began the detailed survery. Secretly they bought an abandoned cannery in Cordova for the south terminus of the railway line. Construction on the line began in the winter of 1905-06. It soon was apparent that Close Brothers could not finance the line but the Katalla-based route initially favored by Birch and the Alaska Syndicate proved impossible, and the Syndicate bought Heney's group out and proceeded to construct the line which was completed to the mines in 1911.

Dalton and Cordova prospered in the construction years of the C. R. & NW Railway. Steel, gravel and other construction material had to be delivered timely to the 3,000 men working on the roadway and bridges. In 1907, after the sale of the Porcupine gold claims, Dalton moved his operations to Cordova and set up sawmills, trading and transportation companies that largely duplicated those that he had operated out of Pyramid Harbor and Haines.

Dalton's later ties to the Copper River project are clouded by controversy. He staked three lode claims which, in part, underlay the Cordova terminus of the railway and docking facilities. In 1911, a court held that Dalton's claims were valid, but granted right-of-way to the Copper River and Northwestern Railway

Dalton's later work also extended westerly into the Cook Inlet area. The U.S. Navy had searched the west coast for steaming coal with little success. In the summer of 1913, Dr. Holmes, chief of the U.S. Bureau of Mines and George Evans, a mining engineer consultant to the Navy went to the abandoned Watson Mine near Chickaloon at the east limit of the Matanuska coal field, Cook Inlet region. Dalton provided guide service and transported Holmes, Evans, their helpers, equipment and sampling gear to the site where Holmes and Evans concluded that a sufficient amount of coal could be mined from the Watson workings for the naval testĄ900 tons. Dalton took Holmes back to the coast and signed a cost-plus contract to deliver the large sample to a site near Knik, Alaska, where the coal could be loaded in boats.

The haul distance from Chickaloon to the coast was only about seventy-five miles but there were no roads to follow. Dalton went to Seattle to hire workers, buy supplies and equipment, and charter a steamboat since there were none available in wintertime on Cook Inlet and Dalton had concluded that the sample should be sledded out in the winter. He purchased 500 tons of bob sleds, harness, forage, tents and other supplies. Dalton hired nine men in Seattle and about twenty-five more as the expedition passed through Ketchikan, Juneau, and Cordova on the voyage north. The party offloaded at Knik, where he hired every available man and horse, on November 17, 1913. Sample bags were no small part of the off-loaded freight. Each sample bag, 800 in total, would be loaded with somewhat more than a ton of coal (nominally 1.125 tons).

Dalton commenced work immediately. To expedite road construction, Dalton took a small party with supplies to Chickaloon and began to work back toward Knik. A hired teamster and most of the crew and supplies began to work easterly from Knik. By the end of December, 1913, the last batch of forage and supplies had been cached along the route. January of 1914 was devoted to sampling the coal and road construction. By February 21st, 1914, Dalton's horse-drawn No. 5 Bob Sleds delivered 100 tons of coal every three days to the coast, and all 900 tons of coal were at tidewater by March 4. The crews had constructed about forty-three miles of road and numerous bridges.

Beside physical difficulties, Dalton's task was made difficult by bureaucratic interference. An auditor appointed by the Navy, a Mr. Swift, would not approve expenditures for wages and for supplies at Knik. Swift was appalled at Dalton's expenditures and operation. Dalton dispensed with Swift, who wasn't overly quick with his fists, and paid wages and bought supplies out of his pocket. Knik businessmen interceded on Dalton's behalf with the Bureau of Mines and Navy. At the final analysis, Dalton completed the job for $63,000, a job that the Navy had estimated would cost more than $80,000.

Chickaloon coal passed all steaming tests on the battleship U.S.S. Maryland. Coaling facilities were built and a narrow gauge railroad was constructed at Chickaloon. Some 8,000 tons were mined, but the coal was badly faulted and folded and proved too expensive for the operation. Most of Dalton's trail work, however, was not wasted. The coal twenty-miles to the west at Eska and Wishbone Hill proved satisfactory in quality and existed in mineable quantities. A spur rail line from the Alaska Railroad to the mines at Eska and Jonesville on Dalton's route operated successfully until 1970 supplying coal to Anchorage, the railway, and to Anchorage military bases.

When the Chickaloon contract was completed, Jack returned to his work as chief freighter for the Alaska Engineering Commission, then beginning work on the construction of the Alaska Railroad.

Dalton also maintained his operations at Cordova until about 1915 when the Alaska Syndicate, forerunner of Kennecott Copper Corporation purchased all his Cordova interests included his fine home on Three Tree Point, which became the Kennecott manager's home. Dalton was out of Cordova by December 1916 as partner E. B. Hanley's wife Elizabeth wrote to attorney John Malony in Juneau: "Dalton sold out at Cordova and is now a Capitalist. Jack feels pretty big."

Dalton, earlier described as a ladies man, married twice. The first marriage, during the Porcupine boom at Haines, ended in divorce, after the birth of Jack Jr. and Margaret to the couple. In 1911, Jack married Anna Krippeahne in Cordova, and Anna bore two children, James in 1913 and Josephine in 1916 about the time the Daltons left Alaska for the Seattle area. At least three of the children from the two marriages were notably successful. Jack Jr., from the first marriage, was a long-time General Motors executive. Josephine married U. S. Grant, a descendant of the Civil War general and president of the United States and became a well-known citizen of San Francisco, where Anna died in 1929.

Dalton's second son, James W. Dalton, followed his father's career and earned his own Alaska fame. Jim returned to Alaska in the 1930s and earned an engineering degree from the University of Alaska in 1937. During World War II, young Dalton first worked for the Army Corps of Engineers in Fairbanks. James served with the Naval Construction Battalion (SeaBees) at Dutch Harbor and other locations in the Pacific theater of war. After the war (1946-1953), Dalton worked with the quasi-government Arctic Contractors on exploration of oil reserves held in trust for the U.S. Navy, then called Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4, on Alaska's North Slope.

James Dalton married Kathleen (Mike) Fitzpatrick in 1950 in Barrow. The Dalton's had two children, George and Elizabeth (Libby). James Dalton had a fatal heart attack on May 8 1957 in Fairbanks. The North Slope haul road from the Yukon River to Pt. Barrow was named the Dalton Highway in Jame's honor. James Dalton's widow continues to live in Fairbanks, where she is a well-known civic figure.

Jack Dalton himself lived a long life. His adventures continued after he left Alaska, as he prospected for diamonds in British Guiana in the early 1920s. In 1929, Jack's long time physician and friend Dr. F. B. Whiting wrote, paraphrased, that Jack although about 75, looked 55, and if attacked, the attackers would think that he was 25. Jack Dalton died in San Francisco on December 16, 1944 at the age of eighty-nine. In 1942, the U.S. Army reopened the Haines Cutoff part of the 'Dalton Trail' and completed it as part of Alaska-Canada (Alcan) Highway system, originally built as part of the U.S. Lend Lease Program.

64- Percy Dalton:

Painter.

Born in Plymouth, son of a builder and grandson of a ship portrait painter, Percy studied at Plymouth School of Art and was articled as a shipwright apprentice at Devonport Dockyard. Turning down an opportunity to study art in Rome, he went to sea, various jobs including a disastrous Pacific pearling expedition taking him around the world. By the early thirties he was crewing racing yachts for wealthy Americans and for the Hon.Bobby Somerset in the famous “Jolie Brise” taking part in the New York – Bermuda race.

The Second World War saw Percy commissioned as a sub-lieutenant working on torpedoes and gun sights back in Devonport Dockyard. After the war Percy and his wife Beatrice and three young girls moved to Falmouth, where he developed his interest in working boats, both designing and painting. He spent the rest of his life in Falmouth, making many good friends and designing and building many boats and of course painting many many watercolours. Percy passed away tragically in a house fire in Penryn in 19—leaving three daughters and five grand children. Part of his obituary states “…his extraordinary skills might of bought him a small fortune but he was never able to overcome his distaste for commerce” Certainly much of his work was unrecognized and unrewarded. But then, that was Percy!

The family is currently offering various limited editions of his watercolours and also have a collection of working boat designs, some of which are still winning races in the Falmouth working boat class.

65- PATSY DALTON:

Journalist.

Patricia Louise Brougham, journalist: born London 25 January 1919; chairman, Sherlock Holmes Society of London 1981-84; married 1948 Pip Dalton, she died 6 April 1994.

Patricia Dalton was for several decades a leading journalist in her field and a writer of short stories. She was possessed of a remarkably astute brain and a directness of speech which allowed her to express her views incisively yet without offense. In 1981 she became the first woman Chairman of the Sherlock Holmes Society of London, a role she filled with enthusiasm and great effectiveness.

Patsy Dalton was born Patricia Brougham in London in 1919 and educated at Croydon High School and Kensington College. Her father was an engineer and a businessman, who experienced both good and hard times, which taught Patsy much about life and gave her a respect for the world of business not always shared by members of her profession. Following a spell working as a continuity girl in a film studio, she joined the Daily Sketch. During the Second World War she served in the US Navy's London press office.

After the war she worked for various magazines before settling to woman's journalism, in which she carved out a distinguished career. She joined Woman in the early Sixties, soon becoming Associate Editor and regularly standing in for her editor, Barbi Boxall. She was published under several pseudonyms and in 1974 wrote a novel Payment for Silence, under the name Anne Rivers.

In 1948 she married Pip Dalton and they both joined the newly formed Sherlock Holmes Society of London in 1952. As for many others, it changed their lives. Both were immediately at home amidst this intelligent and witty crowd. Lasting close friendships were made as 'the game was afoot'.

The unique atmosphere of the society had much to do with the Dalton's, who successively held a number of posts in it. When the society made its pilgrimages to Switzerland, which it did on five occasions, the first being in 1968, members traditionally took a Holmesian role and spent the entire trip in costume. With her splendid Victorian dresses and wonderful hats, Patsy Dalton set high standards of style and period accuracy. She was at home either as Holmes's faithful housekeeper Mrs Hudson, or more latterly as the graceful, aristocratic Duchess of Holderness. When the Duchess donned her Victorian swimming costume to take the waters at Leukerbad, she still wore her tiara. Like most members, she never took herself too seriously.

When her husband died, she took over his role as joint editor of the society's prestigious journal. Her successor, whom Patsy tutored in the art of editing, recalls a distinguished journalist telling her that she was being taught by the best. Having served as chairman for three years from 1981, she continued to take an active role in the affairs of the society.

About four years ago she became seriously ill with rheumatoid arthritis and spent most of the next two years in hospital. Only her famous willpower, her inspirational courage and the remarkable support of her lifelong friend Jo Spencer kept her alive. Against all the odds, she left hospital and was once again free to indulge her great fondness for the Sherlock Holmes Society by joining the society's trip to Bordeaux, Cognac and Montpelier last year.

66- James Dalton:

Notorious Criminal.

James Dalton (died 11 May 1730) was "captain" of a street robbery gang in 18th century London.

His father, also James Dalton, was Irish and fought as a sergeant in the British Army in Flanders. He was convicted of street robbery on 3 March 1720 and was sentenced to transportation. On being found in London in 1721, reputedly informed upon by the self-appointed Thief-taker General, Jonathan Wild, the elder Dalton was hanged.

His mother re-married a butcher, but both were convicted and sentenced to transportation. By then, the younger Dalton had already begun his criminal career. James Dalton got into the company of thieves as a youngster, picking pockets, breaking shops, and robbing people on the street, in the Smithfield and Old Bailey area.

It is reported that he went on two trips to Bristol, to practice his calling there; and he was convicted and transported (but persuaded the crew to mutiny near Cape Finisterre), was pressed into HMS Hampshire, and was a spectator of the siege of Gibraltar in 1727, and thence returned to London, although this account may be somewhat fanciful.

He gave King's evidence in the trials of various of his underlings in May 1728, and received a Royal pardon for his part in the offenses. A "Genuine Narrative" of his exploits was published shortly afterwards.

He was arrested in December 1729 and convicted in January 1730 for assaulting Dr. Mead near Leather Lane in Holborn, for which he was fined and imprisoned for three years. While he was in prison, he was recognized by John Waller, who claimed that Dalton had robbed him at gunpoint in a field near Bloomsbury. Dalton was tried for highway robbery on 8 April 1730. The complainant was said to be an affidavit man, or "knight of the post," and made similar complaints against a number of other men; indeed, Waller was convicted of perjury, and he was beaten to death by Edward Dalton, James' brother, and accomplices on 13 June 1732 while he was in the pillory at Seven Dials. Dalton admitted having committed other offenses, but he denied this one; he also called witnesses to testify that he was not guilty. Nevertheless, he was convicted, and sentenced to death. He was hanged at Tyburn on 11 May 1730.

The Life of JAMES DALTON, a Thief;

Author unknown.

The character of this criminal is already so infamous, and his crimes so notorious that I may spare myself any introductory observation which I have made use of as to most of the rest with respect to his birth. He was so unfortunate as to have the gallows hereditary to his family, his father, who was by birth an Irishman, and in the late Wars in Flanders a sergeant, coming over here was indicted and hanged for a street robbery. After his death, Dalton's mother married a butcher, who, not long before

Dalton's death, was transported, and she herself for a like crime shared in the same punishment.

This unhappy young man himself went between his father's legs in the cart when he made his fatal exit at Tyburn. It has, indeed, remained a doubt whether Dalton the father were a downright thief or not; his own friends say that he was only a cheat, and one of the most dexterous sharpers at cards in England. It seems he fell in with some people of his own profession, who thought he got their money too much easily, and therefore made bold to fix him with a downright robbery.

As for James Dalton the younger, from his infancy he was a thief and deserved the gallows almost as soon as he wore breeches. He began his pranks with robbing the maid where he went to school. By eleven years old he got himself into the company of Fulsom and Field, who were evidences against Jonathan Wild and Blueskin, and in their company committed villainies of every denomination, such as picking pockets, snatching hats and wigs, breaking open shops, filching bundles at dusk of the evening.

All the money they got by these practices was spent among the common women of the town, whose company they frequented. Then the Old Bailey and Smithfield Cloisters became the place of their resort, from whence they carried away goods to a considerable quantity, sold them at under-rates, and squandered away the money upon strumpets.

Towards Smithfield and the narrow lanes and allies about it, are the chief houses of entertainment for such people, where they are promiscuously admitted, men or women, and have places every way fitted for both concealing and entertainment. The man and woman of the house frequently take their commodities off their hand at low prices, and the women who frequent these sort of places help them off with what trifling sums of money they receive; for though they are utterly devoid of education, yet dinning and flattery are so perfectly practised by them, that these bewitched young robbers make no scruple of venturing soul and body to acquire wherewith to purchase their favours, which are frequently attended with circumstances that would send them rotten to their graves, if the gallows did not intercept and take them before they are got half way. But it happened that Field was apprehended, and to save himself immediately made an information against his companions, named Dalton and Fulsom, whereupon they were obliged to be very cautious and durst venture out only in the night. It happened that in Broad Street, St. Giles's they met about twelve o'clock at night a captain in the Foot-Guards. Dalton commanded the gentleman to surrender, but persons of his cloth seldom parting with their money so peaceably, there happened a skirmish, in which Fulsom knocked him down, and afterwards they rifled him, taking some silver and a leaden shilling out of his pocket, together with a pocket book, which had some bank notes in it, and therefore was burnt by them for fear it should betray them. But in this fact, Dalton, who had not even honesty enough for a thief, cheatedhis companion of seven guineas and a watch.

The woman to whom they sold their stolen goods was one Hannah Britton, who, upon Lambert's being committed to New Prison, was named in his information, taken up and committed to Newgate. At the sessions after she was convicted for that offense, and thereupon whipped from Holborn Bars to St. Giles's Pound; which proceeding so affrighted Dalton that he resolved for a time to retire out of London for awhile.

Dalton then returned to London where joining himself with the remainder of the old gang, shortly after his arrival they broke open a toy-shop near Holborn Bars, and carried off eight hundred pounds worth of goods, with a pretty large sum in ready money. Of the goods they did not make above two hundred and fifty pounds, and for the ready money, which was about twenty pounds, they shared it amongst them.

Dalton about that time frequenting a house near Golden Lane, found doxies there to help him off with it, and reduced him to the necessity of making another large stride in the way to Tyburn. Not long after, therefore, he committed a robbery in the road to Islington, for which being taken up he brought three who impersonated a doctor, apothecary and surgeon at his trial, who swore that the time the robbery was said to have been committed he was sick and even at the point of death, upon which he was acquitted.

But as this was a narrow escape, so his liberty was of no long continuance, for his companion Fulsom, being apprehended for a felony, to save himself, made an information against his comrades, and amongst the rest named Dalton, and gave so exact an account of his haunts that he was quickly after apprehended, and at the ensuing sessions convicted and ordered for transportation.

At sea a great storm arising, they were glad to call up such of the criminals as they thought might be of use towards managing the ship, amongst whom was James Dalton, who no sooner was upon deck but he was contriving to make the crew mutiny and seize the ship. In a very little time he brought enough of them to be of his mind in order to execute their intent, and accordingly got the fire-arms and made themselves masters of the ship, and obliged the men to navigate her to a little port near Cape Finisterre, in Spain, where they robbed the ship of about a hundred pounds, and then went on shore and travelled by land to Vigo. They were scarce got thither before the ship arrived, and the captain charged them with the piracy they had committed; but from the levity of the Spanish Government, they quickly got released, without giving the captain any satisfaction. The Governor, when they were discharged from their confinement, gave them a pass in which, after reciting their names, he styled them all English thieves, which putting them in no small fright, they resolved to prevent its doing them a mischief, committed it to the flames, and then ran the hazard of traveling the country without one. This, accordingly, they did, until they met with a Dutch ship, the master of which readily gave them a passage to Amsterdam, from whence Dalton and two or three more, found means to get over again to England, and came up to London.

On their arrival here they fell to robbing with such fury that the streets were hardly safe when the sun was set; but Dalton apprehending that this trade would not lost long, resolved to make a country expedition, in order to get out of the way. Thereupon down he went again to his old city of refuge, Bristol. There he did not continue long before he was apprehended for breaking open a linen-draper's shop but the burglary not being clearly proved, the jury found him guilty of the felony only, whereupon he was once more transported to Virginia.

He did not continue long in that plantation before growing weary of labour, he thought fit to threaten his master, so that the man was glad to discharge him, and thought himself happy of getting rid of such a servant. Upon which Dalton soon found out one Whalebone, a fellow of a like disposition with himself; and they went about stealing boats and negroes, running away with them and selling them in other colonies. At last Dalton met with a ship which carried him for England. By the way he was pressed on board the Hampshire, man-of-war, in which he was a spectator of the last siege of Gibraltar.

On his return he received his wages and lived on it for a little time. Then he with Benjamin Branch and William Field, took to snatching of pockets. At last they took Christopher Rawlins into their society and in a few months' time they three snatched five hundred pockets. Amongst the rest Dalton cut off one from a woman's side at St. Andrew's, Holborn, for which Branch being in company was taken and executed, although Dalton and Rawlins did all they could to have made up the affair with the prosecutor but in vain. This trade therefore being at an end, he and his companion Rawlins fell next to robbing coaches in the streets, and being once more apprehended, he found himself under a necessity of

making an information against his companions, six or seven of whom were executed upon his evidence. He also received ten guineas to swear against Nichols the peruke-maker, but after he received the money, his conscience checked him, and though he did not return it, yet he absolutely refused to give any evidence against him. But Neeves, who had been taken into the same plot, went through with it, and as has been said before, hanged him for a fact which he never committed.

A multitude of wives Dalton married during his life, and many of them were alive at the time of his decease, four of them coming at once to see him in Newgate when under his last misfortune, and appearing at that time to be very friendly together. He had not been long out of Newgate before be fell to his old practices, and a few sessions after was apprehended, and tried for stopping the coach of an eminent physician with an intent to rob it. For this he was sentenced to a fine and imprisonment, which upon insulting the court was ordered to be in one of the condemned cells in Newgate. But he did not remain long there, being the very next sessions brought to his trial on an indictment for robbing John Waller in a certain field or open place near the highway, putting him in fear of his life, and taking from him twenty-five handkerchiefs, value four pounds, five ducats value forty-eight shillings, two guineas, a three guilder piece, a French pistol, and five shillings in silver, on the 22nd of November, 1729. The prosecutor deposed, that being a Holland trader, the prisoner met with him as he was drinking at the Adam and Eve at Pancras, in his return from Hampstead, where he had sold some goods, and received a little money; that Dalton perceiving it grow dark, desired to walk to town with him, and that they had a link with them, which Dalton put out in the fields, and then knocked him down, beat him and abused him, and then robbed him of the things mentioned in the indictment; and that he threatened to blow his brains out if he made any noise or called for help. He swore also to a pistol which had been produced against Dalton on a former trial.

In his defense the prisoner insisted peremptorily upon his innocence, charged the prosecutor with being a common affidavit man, and a fellow of as bad if not worse character than himself. However, in order to falsify some circumstances which he had deposed against him, Dalton called three witnesses, Charles North, Edward Brumfield, and John Mitchell, who were all prisoners in Newgate, but were permitted by the Court to come down. Some of them contradicted the prosecutor as to a gingham waistcoat which he had swore Dalton wore in Newgate. They swore also to the prosecutor's visiting Dalton there, and owing that he never damaged him a farthing in his life. But the jury on the whole found him guilty, and he received sentence of death.

As he had little reason to hope for pardon, so he never deluded himself with false expectations about it, but applied himself, as diligently as he was able, to repent of those manifold sins and offenses which he had committed. He confessed very frankly the manifold crimes and horrid enormities in which he had involved himself. He seemed to be very sensible of that dreadful state into which his own wickedness had plunged him. He behaved himself gravely when at public prayers at the chapel, and applied himself with great diligence to praying and singing of Psalms when in his cell; but as to the particular crime of which he was convicted, that he absolutely denied from first to last, with the strongest asseverations that not one word of all the prosecutor's evidence was true, and indeed there has since appeared great likelihood that he spoke nothing but the truth.

Dalton, he continued to behave uniformly and penitently all the time he lay under conviction, and as the friends and relations of Nichols applied themselves to him about clearing the innocence of their deceased friend, he said that Neeves himself actually committed the fact, which he swore upon the person they mentioned, and that he was entirely innocent of whatever was laid to his charge.

When the bellman came to repeat the verses, which he always does the night before the malefactors are to die, Dalton illuminated his cell with six candles. In his passage to the place of execution he appeared very cheerful. When he arrived there, having once more denied in the most solemn manner the fact for which he was to suffer, he yielded up his breath at Tyburn, the 13th of May, 1730, being then somewhat above thirty years of age.

67- Roque Dalton:1935-1975.

Salvadoran poet.

The Story of Roque Dalton; poet, revolutionary communist.

Roque Dalton García (San Salvador, El Salvador, 14 May 1935 – Quezaltepeque, El Salvador, 10 May 1975) was a leftist Salvadoran poet and journalist. He is considered one of Latin America's most compelling poets. He wrote emotionally strong, sometimes sarcastic, and image-loaded works dealing with life, death, love, and politics.

Dalton was the son of Winnall Dalton and María García Medrano. Winnall Dalton emigrated to Mexico, fought in the Mexican Revolution and came to El Salvador in the early 1920s. Winnall Dalton married Aida Ulloa, from the well-known and wealthy Salvadorian family, descendant of General Francisco Morazan (one of the most important leaders in the history of Central America) . He gained control of his wife's large farm and dedicated his life to agriculture. He survived a homicide attempt. The nurse who took care of Winnall Dalton in the Salvadoran hospital, María García Medrano, later gave birth to Roque Dalton. Her hard work and good luck allowed her to provide their children a high-quality education.

Roque graduated from Externado San José, an exclusive Jesuit school for boys in San Salvador. Afterwards he was sent by his father to Santiago in Chile to study law in the Universidad Nacional de Chile. There, he established close relationships to Leftist students and attended lectures with the Mexican artist Diego Rivera. Around this time, he developed a great interest in Socialism.

When he returned to El Salvador, he was accepted by the Law School of the Universidad de El Salvador (UES) and in 1955 he and the Guatemalan poet Otto René Castillo founded Círculo Literario Universitario, which published some of Central America's most recognized literary figures.

In 1961 he traveled to Havana, where he was welcomed by Casa de las Américas, a gathering place for many exiled leftist Latin American writers. Dalton returned clandestinely to El Salvador in 1965 but was soon caught and taken prisoner again. He awaited execution in Cojutepeque, but he was miraculously saved. There was an earthquake and the wall from his prison cell fell down. Dalton took advantage of this and escaped, he slipped into a passing religious procession and managed to meet his fellow revolutionaries who helped him escape to Cuba again. He was then sent to Prague as a correspondent for The International Review: Problems for Peace and Socialism. While he was in Prague, he wrote his internationally acclaimed Taberna y Otros Lugares. He also produced a landmark biography of Miguel Mármol, a prominent Salvadoran communist who participated in the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising and was living in exile in Prague.

In 1970 Roque Dalton had become a recognized figure in the Salvadoran left. He tried hard to become a revolutionary soldier, for which reason he participated in military training camps in Cuba several times. He once wrote "Politics are taken up at the risk of life, or else you don't talk about it".

Roque Dalton (1937-75) was the major literary figure and an important political architect of the revolutionary movement in El Salvador. Dalton represents a new type of Latin American writer: no longer the genial 'fellow traveler' of the revolution, like Pablo Neruda, but rather the rank and file revolutionary activist for whom the intricate cabbala of clandestine struggle-pass- words, safe houses, escape routes, forged documents, sectarian squabbles- was as familiar as Parisian surrealism. A dangerous and difficult profession, in which the event that seals a writer's reputation is often precocious martyrdom.

When he felt ready as a soldier, he sought admission in the Salvadoran Marxist-Leninist, political-military organization FPL -Fuerzas Populares de Liberación "Farabundo Marti-" (Popular Liberation Forces "Farabundo Marti" in English). However, the organization's leader, Commander "Marcial" (whose real name was Salvador Cayetano Carpio), rejected his application, arguing that Roque's role in the revolution was as a poet, and not as a foot-soldier. Because of this, he applied to join the ERP - Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo- (People's Revolutionary Army in English). Though Dalton himself was not allowed to become part of the FPL, both his sons joined the FPL in the late 70s. Roque Dalton's military career also included cooperation with Guatemalan revolutionaries in creating EGP - Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres (Guerrilla Army of the Poor in English).

Once an active member in ERP, Dalton stressed the importance of establishing bonds with the organizations from civil society. Some of the other members of ERP disagreed with him. They accused him of trying to divide the organization. This group, whose most internationally known leader was Joaquin Villalobos ("Atilio"), allegedly condemned him to death on 10 May 1975, only four days before Roque was to turn 40. Therefore, Dalton's literary production stopped when a group of commandos, whose members were Joaquin Villalobos and Jorge Melendez (nom de guerre 'Jonas') ended his life. This commando was sent by Edgar Alejandro Rivas Mira. Roque was shot to death in a house in Santa Anita neighbourhood in San Salvador city. There were possibly others involved in his execution, but these are the ones still alive today: Villalobos settled in Great Britain; Melendez is an MP for San Salvador City for FMLN and Rivas Mira hides behind plastic surgeries, which were paid with money obtained from the kidnapping and murder of the millionaire Roberto Poma. The most commonly accepted version of facts suggests that Dalton was "mistakenly accused" of operating as an agent for the CIA, reason for which he was executed.

In 1975, he was back in El Salvador working in the underground. This was a difficult time for the revolutionary movement, and Dalton's own organization, the ERP, was torn by a bitterfactional fight. Dalton criticized the organization's military adventurism and argued the need to build a mass base. Under circumstances that still remain obscure, he was accused of complicity with the CIA and assassinated by members of a rival faction of the ERP.

The reason was that many things he was privy to were subsequently known by the government, and by implication the CIA. It is commonly suggested that someone Roque knew, and confided in, was an "oreja" (ear, or CIA spy/informant) and this is how confidential information was being discovered. Both the FPL and ERP were founding organizations of a united guerrilla front known as FMLN.

Other known cases of revolutionaries being executed by FMLN forces include Commander Roberto Castellanos, who has been regarded as a proven case of treason and was gunned down by FMLN commandos while he worked alongside government forces, against his former guerrilla peers. The other important case is the one of commander Mayo Sibrian who was found guilty of a series of abuses during a summary trial, performed by the FPL leadership. The summary conviction of Sibrian accounted for ordering the deaths of eight-hundred FPL combatants in a war front under Sibrian's authority. Sibrian was also said to be mentally disturbed (somewhat resembling commander Castellanos' case) after being liberated from the government of El Salvador's torture chambers by the FMLN. Unlike Roque Dalton's case, the FMLN kept the previous heroic history of the executed commanders in a low profile. These incidents, just like Commander Salvador Cayetano Carpio's case, are not listed in the United Nations' Commission on the Truth for El Salvador reports. This Truth commission was under the mandate of ONUSAL. Carpio's case was clear of any wrong-doing after his suicide-death in Nicaragua. Carpio's not-guilty verdict was passed by a Nicaraguan government's court of justice. Carpio had been accused by the FMLN leadership of being behind the extrajudicial execution of Commander Melida Anaya Montes. FMLN hardliners regarded Anaya Montes as playing along CIA counter-insurgency plans, thus promoting the working class revolution's self-defeating strategies. The perpetrators of Anaya's death accepted boldly their responsibility during their trial by Nicaraguan prosecutors. They were all members of Anaya's own security personnel and never linked Carpio to their actions. However, this version is contested by Salvador Sánchez Ceren, former FPL leader and current vice president elect in El Salvador.

ROQUE DALTON: POET AND REVOLUTIONARY

by Claribel Alegria

A scarce twenty years after his tragic, senseless death, the complex facts of Roque Dalton's life have been overlaid — or in many cases clarified and defined — by myth. Even among his closest friends it is nearly impossible to talk about Roque without falling into verbal chiaroscuro effects: superlative and anecdotal exaggerations. His prolific artistic production, cut off at the age of forty, remains a monumental artifact: testimony to his tortuous journey through the twentieth century, revealing his contradictory, dialectical, love-hate relationship with the country of his birth — El Salvador — both in and out of exile, and illustrating his profound conviction that the poet can and must, in his life as well as in his work, serve as the finely-honed scalpel of change, both in word and deed, when he lives in a profoundly unjust, stagnant society.

First, let's take the myth surrounding the undeniable fact of his birth in San Salvador in the year 1935. His father, one of the members of the outlaw Dalton brothers, after a career of robbing banks, disappeared from Kansas and settled in El Salvador with his ill-gotten fortune. He invested it in coffee plantations and grew even richer without ever being molested by the law. He left Roque his surname and a Jesuit education. Roque's mother was a registered nurse whose salary supported the family decorously, but Roque learned about class differences at an early age — in fact, during his first day of kindergarten at Santa Teresita del NiĖo Jesús, and I quote:

… where I took

my first steps in society

smelling faintly of horse shit:

"Peasant!" Roberto called me

that first day of class

in the Infantile section,

and he gave me a hard shove …

His illegitimate birth and his status as outcast in a rich kid's school nurtured his resentment, and they were undoubtedly determining causes of the defiant posture Roque was to assume from adolescence on. He was the smartest in his class and was chosen as valedictorian on graduation day. He took advantage of the occasion to deliver a scorching anathema against the hypocrisy of his Jesuit instructors who slavishly supported the prejudices of the rich majority at the school and tolerated, if they didn't actively encourage, the students' wretched discrimination against their brothers in Christ who happened to have been born poor, or out of wedlock.

After a year at the University of Santiago, Chile, Roque returned to the University of San Salvador in 1956, where he helped found the University Literary Circle just before the Salvadoran military set fire to the building. The following year, Roque traveled to the Moscow Youth Festival and on his return joined the Communist Party. He was arrested in 1959 and again in October 1960, the charges against him on this latter occasion reading in part: "He has formed red cells among workers, students and peasants, inciting these last particularly to protest and to employ violence against the landowners …."

Once again myth intervenes. Roque was not tried or sentenced in any civil court, but-according to the legend — he was sentenced to be executed by firing squad. The day before the sentence was to be carried out — on 26 October 1960 — the dictatorship of Colonel José María Lemus was overthrown by a coup d'état and Roque's life was saved. He spent the year 1961 in Mexican exile, writing much of his early poetry: The Window in My Face and The Injured Party's Turn. He dedicated the latter book to the Salvadoran police chief who had filed the charges against him: "To General Manuel Alemán Manzanares, who by securing severe punishment for me paid me the greatest compliment of my life, although to tell the truth it was a bit exaggerated."

Roque, reflecting on this phase of his life, later wrote: "My actual works were so insignificant that they weren't even mentioned in the police charges: General Manzanares acted to rectify a real vacuum in my life. I took a solemn oath that, from then on, I myself would undertake to provide the proofs against me to the judge. For this reason I chose my actual profession."

The ambiguity of the last sentence is revealing. Did Roque consider poetry to be a profession? Naturally! It was a consuming passion that he cultivated with professional intensity. But in the previous sentence he speaks about providing "the proofs against me to the judge," and clearly, given the context, he was not referring to the judge of a poetry contest. Obviously, when he wrote that dedication, Roque considered himself a professional revolutionary. And — of course — a poet.

Roque achieved a seamless union between those two callings. His personal ethics and aesthetics, forged in the incandescent reality of El Salvador, produced a human being whose conduct in his personal life and in his poetry was of a single piece. His gift for self-mockery saved him from ever falling into the sanctimonious pose that frequently accompanies revolutionary fervor.

Roque was already a militant revolutionary when the Cuban revolution (January 1959) produced seismic aftershocks in the social conscience of all Latin Americans. It must have been an extraordinary experience for a twenty-four-year-old poet to see his revolutionary convictions vindicated, and even more so for Roque, who, because he not only voiced his convictions but acted in accord with them, had already been sentenced to death for the first time.

After putting an end to his Mexican exile in December 1961, Roque naturally gravitated to Havana, Cuba, where he received a warm welcome from the Cuban and Latin American exiled writers who gathered in the Casa de las Américas. Revolutionary Cuba offered young Latin American poets the unusual opportunity to publish their works, and Roque took full advantage of it. His first book, Mine with the Birds, was published in El Salvador in 1958, and his second, The Window in My Face appeared in Mexico in 1961. From then on, starting with The Injured Party's Turn and The Sea in 1962, almost all of his poetic work as well as much of his prose, was published in Cuba.

But Roque not only wrote poetry and literary essays during that first period in Cuba; he also received military training to prepare for his return to El Salvador. It should be remembered that this was during the tumultuous post-revolutionary period when not only Fidel Castro and Che Guevara but many other Central American and Caribbean revolutionaries were confident that the Cuban revolution was destined to trigger a series of emulative upheavals (with a little help from Fidel) throughout the area. Roque returned clandestinely to El Salvador in the summer of 1965 to continue his bittersweet love affair with his small homeland and to resume the political work that had been interrupted by his imprisonment and exile.

Clandestinity back in those days wasn't taken too seriously and a short two months after his arrival, destiny intervened to keep the Roque legend growing. One day Roque was bored and, with the poet Italo López Vallecillos, he went to NiĖa Concha's bar where the best conchas negras and the coldest beer in San Salvador was to be had. He was still licking the foam off his upper lip when two plainclothes police walked in and arrested him. He was held incommunicado, tortured, interrogated and threatened by the CIA, and once again sentenced to death.

Roque awaited execution in the prison of Cojutepeque when destiny, this time in the form of the earthquake of 1965, stepped in once more to add to his legendary dossier. The quake shattered the outer wall of his cell and Roque was able to dig his way out through the rubble of stones and mortar and escape with shaky legs and a few scratches. He slipped into the midst of a religious procession that had been passing in front of the prison when the earthquake hit — another minor miracle — and his fellow conspirators smuggled him out of El Salvador. He returned to Cuba and a few months later the Party sent him to Prague as correspondent for The International Review: Problems of Peace and Socialism.

Roque and I never coincided in time or space; nevertheless, we corresponded frequently over the years, and we had a number of friends in common. It was Roque who initiated the interchange during his epoch in Prague from 1965 to 1967. I was living in Paris at that time, and we both shared the same nostalgia for our distant — and in Roque's case, forbidden — homeland. The strange thing about his letters was that they only touched peripherally on politics and poetry. Instead, they were filled with comical accounts of daily life in Prague, and above all they dealt with Salvadoran cooking. For months we exchanged recipes for dishes that were almost impossible to prepare in Europe, and especially in Prague, for lack of the right ingredients. How could one duplicate the mysterious alchemy of gallo en chicha, for example, or recreate the subtle aroma of pupusas de loroco?

He passed through Paris once when I wasn't there and asked about me when he went to visit Julio Cortázar. Aurora, Julio's first wife, told me later:

"He has a strange, disquieting expression: I feel he's going to meet a tragic death."

"No way," I told her, "Roque has more lives than a cat."

Some years later we nearly crossed paths in Cuba. It was in 1968 and I had been invited by the Casa de las Américas to serve as a judge in its poetry contest. My plane was delayed for three days for lack of repair parts ("La Cubana llega cuando le da la gana") and mutual friends told me Roque had come to the airport three consecutive days with bunches of flowers to welcome me. When I finally got there he had been sent to a remote part of the island on a mysterious mission. During the next weeks he bombarded me with a series of little folded papers — messages he had scribbled in free moments and had sent with friends who were returning to Havana. These were almost always delivered to me at lunch time in the dining room. I remember that one of them said: "We really blew it, Claribel. Here I am, the son of a gringo, and you're married to another."

Years later in Mexico, long after Roque's death, Eraclio Zepeda, one of his great drinking buddies, swore to me that Roque had assured him that I danced the rumba and the samba incomparably well and that I had taught him to dance the samba. This marvelously Daltonian fable inspired me to write a poem.

On the international scene the 1960's were a period of reflux for Latin American revolutionaries. From Prague, Roque contemplated the failure of guerrilla movements in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Colombia and Peru and heard of the death of Che Guevara in Bolivia. The foquista theory that sprang from the success of the Cuban revolution was totally discredited by this chain of disasters, and Latin leftists composed self-criticisms and engaged in bitter, divisive debates about a new point of departure for the revolution in each country. During this period Roque never wavered in his conviction that the revolution in El Salvador could only come about through armed struggle. This view separated him from the Salvadoran Communist Party that maintained an official line of "legalism" and "accumulation of strength." Neither the "objective" nor the "subjective" conditions for a popular uprising existed in El Salvador at that time, and Roque decided to throw in his lot with a small group of Guatemalan revolutionaries that was later to become the nucleus of the Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP). His mysterious absence when I visited Cuba in 1968 was due to a second period of military training.

His book, Tavern and Other Places, reflecting his long stay in Prague, won the Casa de las Américas poetry prize in 1969 and established Roque, at age thirty-four, as one of the best young poets in Latin America. The EGP guerrilla project did not mature until 1972, so Roque joined the personnel of Casa de las Américas and spent the next five years working there, at the Prensa Latina news agency and for Radio Habana, while continuing to publish other books of poetry and an occasional monograph.

By the early 1970's the revolutionary spirit started gaining momentum in El Salvador, and Roque sought admission to the clandestine ranks of the Fuerzas Populares de Liberación (FPL). Its leader, Comandante Marcial, turned him down, saying that his place in the revolutionary ranks was as a Marxist poet and writer rather than as a foot soldier.

Anyone familiar with Roque's impassioned militancy and with his long-standing conviction that a revolutionary poet could not remain on the sidelines but had to take an active part in the struggle, could have guessed that he would not follow that advice. And he didn't. Instead, he made contact with another guerrilla organization, the Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo (ERP) which accepted his offer of enlistment.

Another prerequisite for his transition from intellectual and poet to clandestine warrior was submission to plastic surgery. His aquiline nose, flapping ears and long, thin face were too familiar to Salvadorans for him to pass unrecognized. After all, he had only survived two months of clandestinity in 1965 before being picked up. He emerged from the clinic with his ears tucked back, a thick mustache, spectacles with tortoise shell frames, another hairdo and a higher forehead: the perfect example of a serious young business executive.

Roque entered El Salvador in disguise and with false documentation at the end of 1973. He disappeared into the underworld of airtight clandestinity. During the next eighteen months he wrote Clandestine Poems.

As a person, Roque radiated an exuberant vitality that illuminated each of the manifold aspects of his life: his poetry, his pitiless sense of self-ridicule, his revolutionary will, his inextinguishable curiosity, his need to know and explain the complex, contradictory world in which he moved.

One of the consequences of this vitality was his prolific output: eighteen volumes of poetry and prose before his premature death at age forty. Another was his apparent impatience about revising and reworking his poems. Despite the fact that many of his epigrams are as polished and hard edged as a diamond, one has the impression that they were not mulled over and patiently honed, but that they simply came into his head, and he jotted them down, probably on the back of an envelope or perhaps on a bar napkin and stuffed them in his shirt pocket. Rereading his work, one cannot avoid the sensation (illuminated, no doubt, by ex-post-facto knowledge of what was to come) that he was a writer in a hurry; that he somehow knew his time was measured, his days counted, and that he had to take advantage of each moment, whatever the activity in which he was engaged.

One of the constants in his work is his continual advance in the dominion of form, his progress toward an ever more direct use of language and his tenacious dialogue with the Muse of Poetry, whom he consulted, scolded and flattered until finally, in "Tavern," he exploded:

Ah, poetry of today:

with you it is possible to say everything.

By the time he wrote Clandestine Poems he had gained the self-confidence of a triumphant lover who has wooed and won his twin muses: Poetry and Revolutionary Struggle.

Despite the great confidence with which he managed his poetic instrument and the revolutionary optimism with which he viewed the future, things were not going well within his own organization, the ERP. Roque insisted on the need to forge links with the incipient mass organizations that held promise of becoming a powerful political factor in the country. A military faction, on the other hand, with a short-range coup d'état strategy, accused him of treacherously trying to divide the organization. It was this group that condemned him to death, executing him on 10 May 1975, four days before his fortieth birthday.

Ironically enough, this monstrous act did precipitate the division of the ERP, The Resistencia Nacional (RN) split off to create still another politico-military organization. And not only that, Roque's policy of forging links between the clandestine politico-military organizations and the open mass organizations came to be the accepted line for all the principal revolutionary movements.

Roque's senseless death closed the circle of myth and legend that had surrounded him from the beginning. For Latin American revolutionaries, Roque was converted into a martyr figure, and his literary reputation grew as his posthumous work was published.

It was Roberto Armijo who telephoned me from Paris — we were then living in Mallorca — to give me the shocking news of Roque's death, stammering out confused versions of how it happened, since at first nobody knew the truth.

That same evening, as I was trying with all my might to comprehend the incomprehensible and to accept this irreparable loss, which in some measure we all felt, I told my husband that I felt like reading to him some of his poems in order to feel a bit closer to Roque. I took down The Injured Party's Turn from the shelf, opened it at random and the first verse my eyes focused on was this:

When you know that I have died, don't say my name …

As the tears sprang to my eyes and stopped my voice, I thought: Yes, Roque, you rascal, of course that's you: the immaterial materialist sending me from beyond the grave another of your little papers.

I remember a laughing Roque Dalton. Skinny, pale, his bones sticking out, big-nosed like me, and always laughing. I don't know why I always remember you laughing, Roque Dalton. A laughing revolutionary. Not that revolutionaries are particularly serious, not at all, but he was a revolutionary that laughed all the time. First of all he laughed at himself. He laughed at silly little things about El Salvador and was forever talking about it, because he really loved his "Tom Thumb" country. Naturally he laughed at the Salvadoran bourgeoisie and would make us all laugh. He would laugh at the Jesuits with whom he had studied and in whose school he had "lost his faith" (he would also laugh at this expression) to join the Communist Party, and he'd also laugh at things about the Party. (Still it was his Party.) He would tell fantastic stories about El Salvador that seemed to be made up but were actually true. A man was in jail — a real sewer — covered with cockroaches, for several years. He was crazy when they let him out and he didn't mind roaches the least bit; he would smile blissfully and, for him, being covered with roaches was like being covered with butterflies. Roque Dalton was in prison once, they were going to shoot him. What's more, they were going to make the Party believe he was a CIA informer and spy to make sure he wouldn't be considered a martyr. He didn't believe in God, but he prayed that night, he knelt down in his cell and prayed. As "mad luck" would have it, he said, there was an earthquake that night; the prison's walls collapsed and he escaped. Cintio Vitier and Fina and I laughed at him, telling him that what he called "mad luck" we called something else, and he also laughed. Roque was always in a great humor despite the horrible things he had been through, and the horrible things still waiting ahead that he had a premonition about. Roque Dalton's commitment to the Revolution was like a marriage contract. He was married to the Revolution. It was his destiny not only to sing it but also to give his life for the Revolution. Now he is reembodied in many lives, he has come back to life in El Salvador's insurrection. He's always laughing, in spite of the massacres, in spite of the weeping. He is laughing because he feels victorious. As if he were already the victor. Roque Dalton will soon be children's parks, schools, hospitals; he will be the poems he wrote and many others not written yet. Roque Dalton will be a laughing, happy population of Roque Daltons.

Memories of Roque Dalton:

I first met Roque Dalton in Havana in July of 1968. He claimed he was a descendant of an outlaw, and he turned me into a writer and a poet.

I was in Havana working on a documentary film about Fidel with my then-husband, Saul Landau, and our two children, Greg, age 13 and Valerie, age 10. It was our second trip there as a family. I researched Cuban photo and film archives and filled in as the sound person. Making a film about Fidel involved a tremendous amount of waiting and therefore free time.

Living in a hotel with maid and laundry service, as well as restaurant meals, liberated my life from domestic duties. I met remarkable people including Estella Bravo who worked at Casa de Las Americas, the hub of Cuban and international leftist life with publications, exhibits, and conferences. Estella recruited me as a volunteer to help her catalogue American folk and protest music at "Casa."

I was walking down the hall of Casa de Las Americas, when a man popped out of one of the rooms, following me and quickly catching up. He introduced himself and said his name was Roque Dalton, a Salvadoran poet. He'd been in a meeting of male poets and they noticed me go by. So, he was sent to see who I was. Until then, I thought of poets as a very serious bunch. Now, I saw that clearly they indulged in the favorite Cuban pastime of the era- girl watching.

I commented that in my country, the United States, the Dalton Gang members were legendary folk heroes, like Jesse James.

"Yes," he said." I am related to them."

We walked back to my hotel for lunch, He was very witty, and we laughed with every step under hot sun and palms trees, passing the Caribbean splashing against the malecon, dodging cars, and entering the limply air-conditioned Habana Libre Hotel.

It was the year when the entire island was gearing up for a campaign to produce a record-breaking ten million tons of sugar cane harvest. The previous year had been the year of the "Heroic Guerrilla." referring to recently killed Che Guevara, whose picture hung every where. Sacrifice abounded. Schools, work centers, and whole families dedicated themselves to volunteer sugar cane cutting. The "Diez miliones van" campaign ultimately reaped only six million tons. However, it set new norms in socialist participation and volunteerism and promoted the Guevara concept of the "New human being," one who worked enthusiastically for the common good.

Roque joined my family for lunch and immediately we were all laughing. He told us that he and his wife, and three boys had only recently moved from this hotel and were now installed in a Havana apartment, mentioning that his sons missed the use of the pool. As we moved down the cafeteria line, we continued talking about his connections to the Dalton gang. I was enthralled and suggested we write a television play of the story together using Brechtian theater ideas.

"Television?" he scoffed, "As a poet and polemicist, I worship at the altar of the novel."

"But television reaches the masses," I countered. "And Cubans with only two dull channels to watch deserve better. It will set a model for intellectuals to bring their skills and talents to the people."

He agreed and after lunch, we went across the street to ICR, the Cuban broadcasting system and arranged with Abraham Masiques, that we would come back in ten days with a completed script for "The Daltons Ride South."

If it passed muster with the political assessor, it would be videoed in their studio.

Every morning, Roque arrived with his sons, Roque, Juan Jose, and Jorge, carrying their bathing suits. The kids would go down to the pool and then come up to play Monopoly, while we worked. We sat at a big table that we periodically cleared throughout the day for room service family meals and snacks.

Roque sat at my Olivetti typewriter, since the script had to be in Spanish, while I handed him precious sheets of carbon paper. Cuba had severe shortages of everything. We often resorted to the dictionary and pantomime to work out linguistic problems between us, as we were neither totally fluent in the other's language.

On the appointed day, we arrived with a completed script at the TV station. There were a few annoying rewrites demanded by the assessor, but we were too thrilled to protest. A production team hastily formed; slides produced, music composed, shots plotted, costumes assembled, and rehearsals scheduled.

One night after a rehearsal, Roque and I were walking back to the hotel around the lively La Rampa night-life, when plain-clothes police surrounded the crowd. He grabbed my arm: "Follow me, I am expert in escaping police." He deftly led us back to safety, although several people were arrested that night. We thought the raid was part of the campaign against homosexuals.

Roque said he had escaped from Salvadoran jails five times, once through the divine intervention of an earthquake. When the prison wall collapsed, he walked out on to a waiting municipal bus and then out its side door onto another bus.

He told me he'd written a prose piece about being threatened by the CIA saying that they would kill him, and then spread the word that he was a CIA agent. He would die disgraced, as a traitor. As I listened deeply, I vowed to myself that if such a terrible event were to happen, I would help tell the world that Roque was honest and good.

We mounted our television drama in four days. The rehearsal time was so short that when the camera went into a close-up of a talking decapitated head, the actress froze. She'd forgotten her lines because of the quick turn-around time to learn them. She stared out on the screen in real terror- which was quite effective really- but Roque and I were dying because our precious words were lost.

The program was very well received, though at the reception party, we sat in a corner on the floor with tears of disappointment. We had anticipated the production like a Hollywood cowboy movie, quick moving with lively action. But, the Cuban TV acting at that time was exaggerated, and the editing style was very slow.

Immediately after, I rushed into the filming of Fidel and his entourage on a jeep caravan across the island. Roque too had pressing deadlines to meet from Cuban publishers. He was to write an answer to the Regis Debray's book on Cuba at Fidel's personal request. He was also proof reading the printer's copy for his new poetry anthology.

When I left for California, we arranged to stay in touch through letters and invented a code for collect calls. My children loved a TV animation program called "Rocky and Bullwinkle." He would phone and say his call was from "The Flying Squirrel," which was the cartoon character "Rocky's " persona.

A year later in 1969, our family returned to Cuba to screen the Fidel film and begin researching for a fiction film about the Salvador Allende election in Chile. If Allende won, it would be a non-violent democratic revolution. This fostered even more discussions between Roque and me, about armed struggle and if it was the only path to revolution.

The "Fidel" documentary was lauded. We watched the first human being land on the moon. Our Cuba stay was short, only two weeks. Roque was frequently tied up with mysterious meetings. I worried about him, because it was rumored that he was involved with a Salvadoran guerrilla grouping. When I asked him about it, he said he could not discuss it, which I respected. We began a continuous dialogue about violence and terrorism. I was afraid of them. He felt it was unfortunate, but that sometimes for the sake of a greater good, they were necessary.

Some people described his group to me as "adventurist" and "Maoist." Those were frequent charges in Havana in those days, against any non-Communist Party leftist group. The Mao influence was popular that year world-wide. Even the Black Panthers at a San Francisco rally had waved Mao's little "Red Book."

I visited Roque's apartment and was happy to finally meet his wife, Aida. On one of his visits to our hotel, he saw a copy of a San Francisco alternative newspaper, "The San Francisco Good Times" with its flamboyant graphics and high spirits. The only words in it he could readily understand were the headlines: Los Siete De La Raza."

"Who are they?" he asked. "They are a group of Salvadoran immigrant youth, who are accused of killing a San Francisco policeman. Their defense has become a rallying point for organizing the Latino barrio, in the way the Black Panthers have done in nearby Oakland and the Young Lords in New York City.

"When you go home," he said, "you work with them." I promised I would, and I did. That is how I became a poet.

Returning to San Francisco, I continued to worry about Roque. Our conversations replayed in my head. Emboldened by having written the video play, I wrote a poem about my concern for his safety and his life, The editors of the "Good Times" splashed it on the front page, and it was published as "To R. Before leaving to Fight in Unknown Terrain." Thus I became a poet.

When I contacted the Los Siete de La Raza Defense Committee in San Francisco, they dismissed me as an "artist type." They sent me to work with Roberto Vargas, a Nicaraguan born poet living in the Mission District, San Francisco's barrio.

"Roberto Vargas has a crazy idea about organizing a fundraising poetry reading."

Scribbling poems on café napkins and backs of envelopes, I was by now, obsessed with words. But, I had never participated in a poetry reading, though I had heard many Cuban poets like Pablo Armando Fernandez and Nicolas Guillen read in Havana. I'd even heard the great Welsh poet Dylan Thomas, when I was a teenager in New York City. In San Francisco, in the 60's, I'd listened to Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Michael McClure, and Alan Ginzburg read, as well as the Soviet poet, Yevtechenko.

Roberto invited me to participate in the poetry reading, and I read my poem to Roque. Writing poems and reading in community poetry readings became a vital part of my life. I met the other poets and joined Editorial Pocho Che, a Latino poetry publishing collective, that used stapled mimeographed or Xerox, or any means necessary, to publish broadsides and booklets. I reported regularly on the "Los Siete" trials for the San Francisco Good times.

When I returned to Havana in 1974 with my daughter Valerie, now 16, we met Roque Jr. by chance, the first night at the hotel. He told me that his father was in Viet Nam and was expected back in May. That May, Roque jr. came to our new house by the Havana Zoo to deliver a letter for me from Roque Sr. and perhaps in hopes of finding Valerie.

Roque's handwritten letter said that he was a war correspondent in Vietnam and told of the perils of warfare in a very humorous way. He included his funny little cartoon drawing. It reminded me of one I had received from a friend, in my teens, who had been forced into the navy during the Korean/US war. A few days after I received the letter from Korea, my friend's parents phoned to tell me he had been killed.

Roque's letter reassured me he would see me soon in Havana.

What I did not know then was that Roque was not in Viet Nam as a war correspondent, but rather was in El Salvador as a guerrilla fighter, as a murdered guerrilla fighter. I looked forward to seeing him, but he was already dead when I read the letter, written months earlier.

We left Havana in the fall of 1975. Soon after, in San Francisco, I read of his death in the international edition of the Cuban newspaper, "Gramna". Though deeply grieved, I took the article as a signal to honor Roque's name, so that the infamous CIA threat of smearing him would not happen.

I told my friends, Daniel del Solar, and Alejandro Murguia, who had been co-editing the new bi-lingual literary magazine "Tin Tan" published by Editorial Pocho Che in San Francisco. We created a flyer and poster, which included the Gramna obituary. Countless community people helped to post it on every corner of the Mission district. Of special help were the Sandinistas who by then had their newspaper, La Gaceta Sandinista, headquarters on 22nd and Valencia Streets. We dedicated community events to Roque's memory and created a small insert about him for our magazine A few years later, Alejandro Murguia and other San Francisco poets, like Jack Hirschman formed the Roque Dalton Cultural Brigade.

Today, over thirty years after his death, we still do not know the whole story of his death.. I join with his family, friends, and supporters in asking for the day lighting of the terrible and treacherous truth about horrible events leading to his murder by some of his fellow comrades in arms. I hope that day comes in my life time. Roque was a great friend, co-worker, father, and renown writer and poet. I still miss him.


Another write-up on Roque Dalton; Source unknown.

Roque Dalton was a great poet, a Salvadoran, and a revolutionary Marxist. He spent his short lifetime in a profound engagement between the theory and practice of art and revolution. The facts of his life remain the stuff of legend and myth.

Dalton was born in the capital city of El Salvador in 1935. He was the son of a member of the Dalton gang, a legendary bank-robbing gang from Kansas, who had fled the country with a suitcase full of money.

Though he carried his father’s name, he was raised by his mother, a registered nurse. Her salary earned him relative privilege, most importantly a Jesuit education. From the very beginning, he was deeply political. Chosen valedictorian of his elite high school, Dalton delivered his address in the form of a withering critique of his instructors for their prejudice and elitism.

Dalton studied at the University of Santiago, Chile, but returned to El Salvador in 1956. Shortly after he helped found the University Literary Circle, the Salvadoran military burned down the building. The following year, he traveled to the World Youth Festival in Moscow and soon joined the Communist party.

In 1960, he was arrested and charged with forming “red cells among workers, students and peasants, especially inciting these last to protest and employ violence against the landowners.” Dalton was sentenced to death by firing squad. But the night before the execution, then-dictator Colonel Jose Maria Lemus was overthrown in a coup. Dalton’s life was saved and he was forced into exile.

During a year spent in Mexico, Dalton wrote the bulk of his first two major works, “The Window in My Face” and “The Injured Party’s Turn.”

In December 1961, Dalton moved to Havana, Cuba. Cuba was the epicenter of revolutionary change in Latin America. Its rapid and awe-inspiring transformation must have been breathtaking and deeply inspiring—to the young Salvadoran. In turn, the Cubans offered material support to Dalton, in the form of work, room and board. They also published his work. Starting with “The Injured Party’s Turn,” Cuba published the whole of his literary and critical output.

During his stay in Cuba, Dalton began formal military training in anticipation of the armed struggle that surely lay in his future. By 1965, he decided to return to El Salvador clandestinely, and to resume his interrupted role in the revolutionary struggle. Less than two months after his return, he was arrested, held incommunicado, tortured and interrogated by the CIA, and again sentenced to death.

But astonishingly, an event outside his control saved him yet again. The 1965 earthquake struck, fracturing the prison in half, and Dalton simply walked out into the streets and freedom.

Dalton was smuggled out of El Salvador and returned to Cuba. A few months later, the party sent him to Prague where he lived and worked from 1965-1967 as a correspondent for The International Review. During this time, he authored major theoretical works on the relationship between poetry and militancy, and on the culture of North Korea. He also composed the bulk of one of his most important works, “Tavern and Other Places.”

He returned to Cuba for several years. All the while, he wrote and published prolifically, winning growing recognition and numerous accolades.

At this time, Dalton resumed his guerrilla training. By the early 1970s, he was itching to return to the struggle at home. He approached the leadership of the clandestine Popular Liberation Forces “Farabundo Marti” in El Salvador. But Commander Marcial, the leader of the FPL rejected Dalton’s application on the grounds that his role was as a revolutionary poet, not a guerrilla.

But Roque Dalton refused to stay on the sidelines of the armed struggle. His offer to join the People’s Revolutionary Army—another guerrilla organization known as the ERP—was accepted and he prepared to return to El Salvador. After extensive plastic surgery to alter his appearance, Dalton disappeared into the guerrilla movement forever.

On May 10, 1975, Roque Dalton was tortured and murdered by an ultra-left faction of his own organization, the ERP. This uncomfortable fact shouldn’t be denied. But more importantly, his terrible death should not obscure the enormity of his life, his political commitment, and his artistic accomplishments.

68- Annie Charlotte Dalton:

Poetess.

Annie Dalton was a leading Canadian poetess, whose work was most prominent in the 1920's and 1930's .Born Annie Charlotte Armitage at Birkby, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England on December 9, 1865, she was educated at private schools. She eventually became totally deaf as the result of a childhood illness. At an early age she developed an interest in painting and poetry, and some of her poems were published in local newspapers. In 1891 she married Willie Dalton, a businessman, and in 1904 the Dalton's moved to Vancouver, where they settled at 1672 Beach Avenue. Mr. Dalton achieved success as an executive of Mainland Transfer Co. and several other businesses, and in the early 1920's the family moved to 5012 Granville Street. Mr. Dalton was active in several civic bodies, while Mrs . Dalton was well known in literary circles. Mrs. Dalton never achieved long lasting popular recognition, possibly because of her modesty, or because of the economics of publishing poetry in Canada, or because her handicap limited her lecturing tours. She did associate with several noted Canadian poets, particularly Audrey Alexandra Brown, Bliss Carman, and Charles G.D. Roberts, whose letters and some unpublished poems are included in the collection. Mrs. Dalton's works included numerous contributions to periodicals, nine published books, at least 5 privately printed pamphlets, and a large volume of unpublished works including a book-length collection of essays.

69- Emmett Dalton:

Outlaw with the Dalton Gang.

Emmett Dalton was the youngest brother of the outlaw Dalton gang notorious for robbing trains and banks in the Midwest during the late 1800s (interestingly, the brothers started their life of crime with a failed attempt at breaking into the safe on a Southern Pacific Railroad train in 1891 near San Luis Obispo, California. After being apprehended and nearly killed in the gang's futile attempt to rob two banks simultaneously on the now-infamous date of October 5, 1892, in his hometown of Coffeyville, Kansas, Emmett served nearly 15 years of a life sentence in prison. He was pardoned in 1907, in part because while in prison he found religion and rehabilitated himself to a righteous and law-abiding man. Upon his release from prison, he married his childhood sweetheart and set out to rehabilitate the world -- at least to rehabilitate what he perceived as the world's proclivity to elevate outlaws to the status of heroes. Eventually, his message came to Hollywood where he acted in and consulted on several films about the wild west -- at least two films about his own folly as an outlaw. He also wrote the book "When the Dalton's Rode," which was the basis of the 1940 movie of that same title. His exploits in life also include adventures in selling real estate and in advocating and campaigning for prison reform. He died in 1937 in Los Angeles, not too far from where Wyatt Earp (who had also found a place for himself in Hollywood) had also lived and died.

The simultaneous bank robberies in Coffeyville, Kansas, on October 5, 1892, that resulted in the deaths of all the entire Dalton gang -- except for Emmett -- yielded a grand total of $21.98.

Emmett Dalton lived out his the twilight of his life in South Central Los Angeles, just a few miles away from another notorious figure in Western folklore, Wyatt Earp.

70- Millican Dalton:

The life and times of a English Caveman.

Essex and mountains might seem an unlikely combination, but they come together in the extraordinary figure of Millican Dalton. Widely dubbed the Caveman of Borrowdale, he was a former office worker who made a peculiar life-journey to become an enduring legend of the Lake District.

Millican's story has been told in full for the first time by M.D. Entwistle. The Blackburn author's researches into Dalton's life have taken him into some of the wildest places in England — but also to the soft commuter towns of Essex, where the transformation from Chingford suburbanite to modern-day caveman, is said to have begun.

Millican Dalton was born in 1867 in the mining village of Nenthead, Cumberland, and later attended Friends School, Wigton. After a relatively uneventful childhood he moved south with his family in search of a better future. His early working years were spent as an insurance clerk in the City of London. A thrill-packed existence it wasn’t, and after only a short period of time within the confines of his office, he realized it was dull, repetitive and boring. He felt stifled and wanted to be free. Away from the workplace Millican’s life become steadily more unconventional when he substituted his terrace house for an acre of land in Billericay, where he moved into a tent and lived off his land.

Dalton began to dream of a new career — as a mountain guide. At the age of 36 a small legacy enabled him to quit his orthodox job in the commercial world and he headed to Switzerland to train for his new role. Around this time he also conjured up the phrase that was to describe his working life and his dreams. He dubbed himself the Professor of Adventure. The name said it all. Under Dalton’s tutelage, those seeking escape from the stress and dreariness of the rat race could learn about such things as camping, rock climbing, rafting, white water canoing and ghyll scrambling, in far-flung destinations such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland and the Swiss Alps.

Mixed-sex camping parties, unheard of at that time and regarded as a social taboo, bought into Dalton’s knowledge and experience of the open air. They also gained close contact with a role model who, like all great professors, guided them through the pathways of a new philosophy. For by now Dalton had evolved a complete thought system based on a sturdy self-reliance, minimum materialism and close contact with nature. In the winter months, to augment his income, Dalton would work at his sewing machine, producing a line in lightweight tents and rucksacks — throughout his life he was an experimenter, pioneer and innovator in the field of minimalist camping equipment.

He lived the rest of his life in the open, sleeping under outcrops or in tents, caves, forest huts and bivvies, always 'comfortable' on his bracken mattress and wrapped-up in the “wonderous comfort” of an eiderdown quilt. Eventually, in search of a more permanent summer base, Dalton moved into a large split leveled cave on the eastern flank of Castle Crag in Borrowdale. This spacious cave had two 'rooms' and a constant supply of water through a fissure in the ceiling. The transition from suburbanite to caveman had well and truly been made. Unsurprisingly he received a considerable amount of publicity for his alternate choice of ‘home’, which he called “The Cave Hotel.”

He seemed as much a part of Lakeland as the rocks themselves. Dalton’s bearded, craggy face, topped by a battered Tyrolean hat, grew increasingly to look like a landslide on one of the fells. His distinctive home-made dress and gangling figure meant that he was instantly recognizable, and he became one of the “sights” of Keswick. He was a man well ahead of his time and lived a life of stoic simplicity. Millican was a socialist, pacifist, vegetarian, and teetotaller, who grew his own food and sewed his own clothes. However, he had a weakness — an addiction to very strong black coffee and Woodbine cigarettes. He was probably the best known guide in the Lake District and was by all accounts a patient and proficient guide who never took unnecessary risks. It is said that he commonly refused payments for the services he offered and was more than happy with gestures of appreciation in the form of food and cigarettes.

Meanwhile, the years and the decades flowed by, but Dalton's uncompromising lifestyle remained unaffected by the advance of old age. He continued to sleep rough in all weathers, until his final demise in the arctic conditions of 1947 when life within his Gypsy tent became too hard to bide. Millican Dalton died aged 79.

71- Booker White Dalton:

Union Army solider.

19th Regiment, KY Infantry, Booker White Daulton was born 17 December 1841 and died 31 March 1898. He was the son of William W. and Dicey West Daulton. Little is known of Booker’s childhood other than he was probably raised near Somerset as his father and mother are buried in the Somerset Cemetery. By 1861 the Civil War had broken out in America. Dividing lines were being drawn. For whatever reason Booker elected to join the Union Army. Shortly after the Battle of Mill Springs (January 1862) Booker White Daulton joined the Kentucky 19th Infantry and was placed in Company C with the rank of a private. Anderson Webb, father of my grandmother Mary Rhoda Jane Webb Daulton (wife of William J Daulton), joined the same regiment about the same time and was placed in company A. It is interesting to note that most of the young men in our area of that time joined the Union instead of the Confederacy.

In the Battle of Cumberland Gap I had three Grandfathers involved in that battle. Booker W and Anderson Webb were both with the USA KY 19th and William Clifton with the CSA VA 64th. Unfortunately my Grandfather Clifton was taken as a POW and shipped to Fort Douglas in Illinois were he later passed away in that prison. Booker White Daulton served in the Kentucky 19th from 1861 into 1865. He mustered out in 1865 and the records showed that he was generally disabled. From this account we know that he was probably wounded on one or more occasions.

72- Joseph Grayson Dalton:

Confederate Army solider.

62nd Regiment, NC Inf, b. 15 Apr 1840, Young's Creek, Rutherford Co NC, d. 7 Mar 1901, Rutherford Co NC. Buried Bill's Creek Baptist Church, Rutherford Co, NC. Note: Interesting story from family descendants. Bill's Creek Baptist Church records do indicate this incident did happen: Joseph Grayson was drafted during the civil war in the year 1861 and fought along the northern boundary of North and South Carolina and on over into Tennessee. At the battle of Bunker Hill, Tennessee, because of shortage of supplies, clothing and weather he deserted the Army and headed home. Upon arriving home, Grayson, went to Young's Mountain and hid out in a cave for approximately one year. Food and supplies were furnished to this hide-out by the family. On several occasions the Army knowing he had deserted sent Army Officer "Old Blue" looking for him. On one trip the Officer "Old Blue" became angry when Mary refused to tell of Grayson's where abouts and the Officer destroyed and broke all of her dishes and completely dismantled the kitchen.

73- Samuel H. Dalton:

Slave who joined the Union Navy.

Samuel Dalton was born a slave in November 1839. When he was freed under the Emancipation Proclamation, Dalton enlisted in the Union Navy and was assigned to the U.S.S. Juliet, a gunboat patrolling the Mississippi River. After the war, he moved to Cairo, Illinois, and then to Carbondale, Illinois, where he married his first wife, Mary Stanton, in 1870. Sometime around 1887, he moved to Murphysboro and purchased this small home for $150 from the John A. Logan estate. In October 1891 Dalton became a charter member of the Murphysboro Post #728 (colored) of the Grand Army of the Republic. Dalton married his second wife, Lumisa Hall, in this house in 1892. The small home was shared by the Daltons, Lumisa’s sister, and two small nephews. Dalton died on June 7, 1920.

74- Rev. Herbert Andrew Dalton:

Head-Master of Oxford School.

M. A . Dalton is the son of the late Rev. Charles Browne Dalton, Vicar of Highgateand Prebendary of St. Paul's, and of Mary Frances, daughter of Dr. Blomfield, Bishop of London, and was born in London on Mar 18, 1852. He was educated at Highgate School, and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, being elected Scholar of his College in 1871, and gaining a first-class both in Classical Moderations and in the Final School of Litt. Hum. in 1875. He was a Senior Student of Christ Church from 1875

to 1878, and in 1877 was appointed Head-Master of St. Edward's School, Oxford. In 1884 he became an Assistant-Master at Winchester College, and was in 1890 appointed Head-Master of Felsted School.

Mr. Dalton has edited " Select Epodes, and the Ars Poetica of Horace," 1884 ; and is the author of " Helps to Self-Examination for Boys in Public Schools,"

1892. He was married in 1879 to Mabel, daughter of Captain Charles Simeon.

75- William Marion "Bill" Dalton:

A brother of the Dalton gang and member of the Doolin/Dalton gang.

Even with the demise of the Dalton Gang at Coffeyville, there was one member of the family who still captured the attention and fears of citizens in Indian Territory. Bill Dalton's name was splashed across headlines as continuing the lawlessness that made his brothers infamous. He was called the "worst outlaw who ever stole a horse shot a man in the Southwest!"

It is unknown how much Bill was involved with his brothers' outlaw activities. He could not have participated in their first two robberies as he was in jail in California at the time. But Bill did join up with Bill Doolin after the Coffeyville affair to lead what was called the Dalton Gang or the Dalton-Doolin Gang. This band of outlaws continued in the vein of Grat, Emmett and Bob Dalton, robbing the Santa Fe railrod, fighting a gun battle with deupty marshals at ingalls and robbing the Woodward Station Agent.

What made Bill's story slightly different than his brothers was that he was killed several times during his career. Newspaper reports of the Ingalls gunfight had Bill wounded so seriously that he could not live. In April 1894 he was again reported so badly shot up that he would die, this time as a result of a shootout with Deputy William Carr at Sacred Heart mission. Later that same month, Bill Dalton was killed again, this time by a posse of seventeen U.S. deputy marshals. Two years after Bill's actual death he was captured in New York City and then committed suicide in Wyoming.

Ironically, the real cause of Bill's death was a robbery in which he was not even personally involved. In May of 1894, the gang held up a bank in Longview, Texas, stealing $2,600. They immediately had a posse on their trail, and in the weeks that followed, the robbers eventually crossed over from Texas into Oklahoma, passing by the area where Bill Dalton lived with his family. On June 8, 1894 a posse of lawmen approached Bill's home near Ardmore, Oklahoma. Bill, with a pistol in hand, jumped out of a second story window and ran toward the posse, ignoring orders to halt. He was killed immediately. This time his wife and two brothers identified the body and shipped him to California for burial.

On Friday, June 9, 1893, Bill Doolin, Bill Dalton, Bitter Creek Newcomb and Tulsa Jack Blake came into Cimarron. They had arrived at the Wilson farmstead sixteen miles south of Cimarron the day before. There they spent that Thursday night. Representing themselves as Texas Rangers hunting horse thieves, the gang ate dinner and supper Friday with farmer J. H. Lilly near Cimarron. They curried and fed their horses well, and left the farm about dusk. On their way into town, the "Rangers" appropriated a team of horses from the farm of N. A. Leonard. Bill Doolin was a planner; these extra horses were would come in handy during the pursuit that would surely follow the robbery. The gang then came on into Cimarron to prepare for the night’s business.

Train No. 3, the "California Express", due at 12:10 AM on Saturday, June 10, pulled into Cimarron "a few minutes late and stopped for orders." Conductor Bender got off the train and headed inside the depot. Engineer Robinson, the fireman, and the express messenger stayed aboard. Suddenly two men climbed onto the engine, covered Robinson and the fireman with their Winchesters, and ordered them to get the train moving. Simultaneously, two other men boarded the last car of the train. Seeing the train pulling out, conductor Bender rushed out of the depot and managed to jump on the rear of the train where he too was taken hostage.

The train was ordered stopped about one-half mile west of Cimarron. Engineer Robinson and the fireman were ordered to bring the coal pick from the locomotive and come along to the express car. There E. C. Whittlesey, who had been the heroic messenger on the Red Rock train, guarded the valuables. Now he was the unfortunate soul facing the successor to that gang. He may even have recognized some of the culprits.

When the gang reached the express car, Whittlesey was ordered to open the door. He refused and the fireman was set to work battering it open with the coal pick. All the while the gang sent Winchester bullets into the express car and near the passengers in the other cars. Doolin had learned the art of intimidation. One of the shots fired into the express car seriously wounded express messenger Whittlesey.

After several minutes, the fireman had not made much headway on the door and was told, "Come on, you’re a slow son-of-a-bitch; we’ll try the engineer." Engineer Robinson was put to the task and soon had the door open. The robbers, using Robinson as a shield, then entered the car and began the search for the loot they knew to be in there. However, the wounded Whittlesey had been busy hiding about $10,000 in cash and jewelry. The gang had to satisfy themselves with the contents of the safe, about $1000 in silver and a small cache jewelry. "The whole time they were very jovial, joking with the trainmen, telling the engineer they would meet him at the World’s fair and treat him," commented the Ingalls Union.

After gathering up the booty, the gang laid "Whittlesey on a cot, gave him a drink of water and asked if there was anything else they could do for him, expressing regret at his being wounded." This done, the gang mounted up and headed out after telling engineer Robinson not to move the train until he heard a signal shot. Upon hearing the signal shot, the train was backed to the Cimarron station. A Dr. Butcher was called to attend Whittlesey who was taken on to Dodge City, eighteen miles east.

The Doolin /Dalton Gang headed south-southeast, stopping after a short distance to divide the spoils. Gray County Sheriff "Doc" Barton and posse, along with Ford County Sheriff Chalk Beeson, on his second pursuit of the Doolin Gang, set out after daybreak. By this time however, the gang was nearing Meade and Fowler, Kansas, 36 miles from Cimarron. It was in this area northeast of Meade that the gang took a meal, at gunpoint, from the J. H. Randolph family.4 Already the Santa Fe Rail Road Co. had offered a reward of $1000 "for the arrest and conviction of each of the robbers." This reward was raised to $10,000 within a day when Wells Fargo Express Company offered $4000 and the State of Kansas weighed in with $2000.

After the Fowler sighting, the gang continued south-southeast. On the Fred Taintor ranch in northeast Beaver County, Oklahoma, they were intercepted by a posse led by Beaver County Sheriff Frank Healy. Healy and his posse men chased the gang for three miles before the officer’s horses became jaded and they abandoned the chase. Indian scouts from Fort Supply, Oklahoma, perhaps accompanying a party of soldiers, then took up the chase. A running battle of several miles resulted in one of the bandit’s horses being killed and Bill Doolin wounded in the left foot. Apparently none of the scouts were injured in the battle.

Meanwhile other posses were on the hunt for the train robbers. News of the robbery had been telegraphed all over the surrounding country and stories of capture made the rounds. Within three days it was reported that the gang had been "surrounded and captured" at Whitehead in the Cherokee Strip. Other reports had three of the gang being captured at Hennesey, Oklahoma. These tales turned out to be false.

Barton told the Jacksonian that the gang no doubt included Bill Dalton. He had learned that Oklahoma authorities were keeping an eye on Dalton until three weeks prior to the Cimarron robbery when they suddenly lost track of him.

The band of raiders returned to Ingalls, Oklahoma Territory, in August where they were joined by "Dynamite Dick" Clifton, "Arkansas Tom", and "Red Buck" Weightman. It is said that Doolin sought medical help for his foot from Dr. Duncan Selph in Ingalls. He paid that worthy forty dollars for his treatment and his silence in the matter.

On September 1, 1893, A posse of thirteen men under the command of Deputy U. S. Marshal John Hixon infiltrated Ingalls in the hope of capturing the Gang. Doolin, Clifton, Dalton, Blake, and Weightman were in Ransom’s Saloon in Ingalls. Bitter Creek Newcomb was mounted on his horse outside when he was alerted to the presence of lawmen in town. Posseman Dick Speed, after having Newcomb pointed out to him, shot Bitter Creek in the leg. The wounded Newcomb fired back, laid spurs to his horse, and headed south out of town. A wild firefight immediately began between the gang in the saloon and the officers. Arkansas Tom heard the shots from his second floor room in the O. K. Hotel where he had gone with an illness. He jumped up and began a deadly accurate sniping. Doolin and the boys in the saloon knew that they had to make a break for it and Daugherty’s firing provided the cover they needed. The five men bolted from the rear of the liquor hall to the livery stable several yards behind, spraying bullets at the lawmen as they ran. Upon reaching the stable, Doolin and Clifton saddled the horses while Dalton, Blake, and Weightman kept the lawmen at bay.

Mounting up, the five outlaws burst through the open door of Ransom’s Livery and headed southwest. However, a barb wire fence blocked the way. Marshal Hixon drilled Dalton’s horse in the jaw with a Winchester round and another bullet from posseman Lafe Shadley’s rifle broke the horse's leg, taking it down. Dalton snatched up the saddlebags containing wire cutters and went to work on a barbed-wire fence. Getting it cut, the five men galloped off to the southeast, Clifton taking a bullet in the neck in the process. Arkansas Tom now needed to be dealt with.

Posseman Jim Masterson, brother of Bat and Ed and former marshal of Dodge City, came up with two sticks of dynamite and threatened to "blow the hotel into the middle of next week" if Arkansas Tom did not surrender. Seeing the rest of the gang had abandoned him, he agreed to come out. Arkansas Tom was the only prisoner the marshals had to show for the hell they had been through. Posse members Lafe Shadley, Tom Speed, and Tom Hueston were killed in the gunfight along with citizen Del Simmons, and a man named N. A. Walker.

Arkansas Tom was subsequently sentenced to 50 years in the Kansas State Prison in Lansing, being paroled in 1910. Daugherty was eventually killed by Joplin, Missouri law officers in 1924.

Tulsa Jack Blake was killed in early 1895 near Dover, Oklahoma by a Chris Madsen led posse. Blake was standing guard for the Doolin/Dalton Gang when he spotted the posse creeping up on the sleeping outlaws. In the ensuing gunfight, one of the posse’s bullets struck Blake’s cartridge belt, causing one of the bullets to explode, fatally wounding him.

Bitter Creek Newcomb escaped Ingalls only to be ambushed and killed by the Dunn brothers as he and Charley Pierce approached the Dunn ranch house on the Cimarron River, May 2, 1895. The Dunns killed the two for the $5000 reward on their heads. They also eliminated the necessity of repaying $900 they apparently owed Newcomb.

Bill Dalton was killed at his home near Ardmore, Oklahoma on September 25, 1895. Surprised by Deputy Marshal Loss Hart, he dove through the back window of his house and began running. Dalton was ordered to halt; his answer was to turn and raise his six-shooter. Hart mortally wounded Dalton with a Winchester bullet.

Bill Doolin was captured by U. S. Deputy Marshal Bill Tilghman in January of 1896 at Eureka Springs, Arkansas. A subsequent escape from jail resulted in Bill being killed near Lawson, Oklahoma, on August 25, 1896. He had gone there to pick up his wife and boy and take them with him to New Mexico where he would try to turn over a new leaf. Deputy U. S. Marshal Heck Thomas learned of his whereabouts and with a posse set up an ambush near the Doolin in-laws’ home. On August 25, Doolin came walking down the road west from the house. Thomas shouted "Halt, Bill!" Instead of surrendering, Doolin snapped off a shot from his Winchester in the direction of the voice. Before he could fire again, Heck Thomas’ posse killed him with a blast from an eight-gauge shotgun.

Obituaries in Benton County, Arkansas. Benton County Democrat 6/14/94

"Ardmore, I. T., June 8 1894 - Through a cordon of United States Marshals a newspaper correspondent after several hours' trial, succeeded in reaching the room where Mrs. Bill Dalton, nee Jennie Blevins, lay stricken from the death of her husband. Mrs. Dalton said: 'I was born and raised in California where I first met Mr. Dalton. We were married March 14, 1884, in Merced county, in that State, where we lived together until 1891 when he left for this country. I followed in 1894 and we remained here since that time. Mr. Dalton was 29 years of age and has a mother aged 60 and four brothers, Charles, Coleman, Littleton, and Simon, who live at present in Oklahoma Territory. We have lived with the Wallace family only a month and were in no way related to them. My people live in San Francisco, my father's address being 1407 Van Ness Avenue, and I also have two brothers and one sister living in that State.' Mrs. Dalton is blond, intelligent, refined and educated and she keenly feels her present position. She is 27 years of age and has two children, the eldest, Charles, being 8 years old, while her daughter, Gracie, aged 6, is a helpless invalid. Attorneys have been engaged to defend Wallace who was arrested yesterday. There can no longer be a question of the identity of the dead man as Mrs. Dalton, replying to a direct question said: 'Yes, that is Bill Dalton, and I and my children are his lawful and sorrowing wife and orphans.' "

76- Bill Dalton, S. J.:

Australian scholar and teacher.

Bill Dalton, who died on 14 May, 2004 at the age of 87, was the leading Australian Catholic biblical scholar of his generation. He was the first Australian scholar to gain the doctorate (Summa cum Laude) at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome. His published studies on the First Letter of Peter made him for a generation the leading authority on this document. In the wake of the renewal of Catholic appreciation of the Bible associated with the Second Vatican Council, Bill’s teaching, writing and personal communication, had great impact, in Sydney (Canisius College), Melbourne (United Faculty of Theology and Catholic Theological College), as visiting professor at several colleges in the United States, and in Rome (where he was superior of the Pontifical Biblical Institute) in the 1980’s, later followed by three years as Director of the Biblical Institute in Jerusalem.

Possessed of a lively and affable nature, Bill forged warm and lasting friendships across denominational boundaries long before ecumenism took hold in the Catholic Church. He was active in the Fellowship for Biblical Studies in Sydney and Melbourne. As founding rector of Jesuit Theological College, Parkville, his friendships with scholars and academic leaders such as Davis McCaughey, Robin Sharwood and Eric Osborn, facilitated the entrance of JTC into the United Faculty of Theology, within the wider ambit of the Melbourne College of Divinity, of which he subsequently became a Fellow.

Bill had a notable gift for befriending and challenging young people, including young scholars. His influence lives on in the hundreds of biblical scholars across the world, whom he encouraged, guided and accompanied along the way in their formative years. His memory is truly—and widely—held in benediction.

Note on Bill Dalton;

In the year 1928 the Rector of Xavier College, Kew, Fr. Edmund Frost, preached the community retreat to the Faithful Companions of Jesus (FC J) sisters in Benalla. The superior and principal of the Catholic primary school which the sisters ran, Mother Euphemia, mentioned to Fr. Frost that there was a 12 year old boy from a good Catholic home at a place called the Four Mile, midway between Benalla and the small hamlet of Baddaginnie. She suggested that if Xavier had a scholarship available, this young boy, William Dalton, would be a promising candidate. The suggestion was taken up, Bill acquired the scholarship, and nearly 80 years later, the Society of Jesus, the Church in Australia and beyond, scripture scholarship and countless numbers of people, owe the wisdom of that good FCJ sister a very great debt.

77- Daniel Webster "Kit" Dalton:

Outlaw and Author.

Born in Logan County, Kentucky on January 23, 1843. Penned a book called, "Under the Black Flag" in 1914. Died on April 3, 1920 in Memphis, TN age the age of 77.

MEMPHIS, Tenn., April 3.

Captain Kit Dalton, the sole survivor of the Jesse James band of outlaws, the Quantrell raiders and Sam Bass Texas band of outlaws, died here tonight. He did not die with his boots on. He succumbed to an illness which extended over four years. Kit Dalton was born in Logan County, KS. On Jan. 23, 1849. For thirty years he had lived a quiet and respected life here in Memphis, and hid small and erect , clad in Confederate, with vest and shirt, was familiar to all Memphlians.

Into the first thirty years of Kit Dalton's life was crowded much adventure. As a youngster he ran away from home and joined Forrest's cavalry during the Civil War. It was when home on a furlough that devastation he saw caused him to organize a band of guerrillas. 'They began to operate outside of Kentucky. Unable to return home he linked his fortunes with chose of Jesse and Frank James. Five Governors had set a price upon the head of Kit Dalton, offering $5000 for the capture dead or alive, but he was never captures. He at one time was a member of Sam Bass' gang, who operated in Texas, and he saw Bass killed. Tried for a holdup in Franklyn, Ky. of which Frank James was charged and proved Innocent resulted in an agreement by he Government in which Dalton's slate was wiped clean and he returned to civil life. About eight years ago he made a profession. of religion. He was a member of the Central Church when he died. He is survived by his wife, Amanda Allison Dalton, to whom he was married forty-five years ago. He will be buried tomorrow afternoon in the United Confederate Veterans lot at Elmwood Cemetery.

Charles Frederick Dalton was born in Sheffield in 1850, one of nine children of Edwin Dalton (1818-1892) and his wife Elizabeth. He grew up in Sheffield, and became apprenticed to a table blade forger in Eccleshall Bierlow by 1871. He married Fanny Walker in 1871- they had a son Charles Edward, who was born in 1879.

Adamson (1997) shows Dalton working from premises in Corporation Street, Chesterfield in 1884. The 1881 Census shows that he was working as a photographer there at least as early as April 1881 - his home was in Corporation Street - but he may well have been an employee in one of the Chesterfield studios at this time. It is possible that he had left Chesterfield by late 1886, as the 1887 edition of Kelly's does not list him in that town. Certainly by 1889, he was back in Sheffield, as Adamson (1983) lists him with premises at London Road South in that year. Two years later, at the time of the 1891 Census, Charles Dalton appears to have ceased working in the photographic business, and is described as a "table blade smither," the trade in which he apprenticed twenty years earlier. He died there later that year, at the age of only 42.

78- George D. Dalton:

Business man.

George D. Dalton of the firm of Dalton Brothers, brick manufactures and builders in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, has been connected with these interests in this city for over twenty years, and has a reputation among his fellow citizens for thorough reliability, integrity and business enterprise. He was born in Robertson county, Tennessee, June 19, 1861. His father, S. W. Dalton, was born in Logan county, Kentucky, near the Tennessee line, and was a prominent brick manufacturer in Springfield, Tennessee. He came to Hopkinsville, Kentucky, in 1882, and engaged in the manufacture of brick, which he continued till his death in May, 1892. He was a prosperous and energetic business man, and popular among all citizens. He was a member of the Baptist church. His wife was Sarah Jane Mason, a native of Robertson county, Tennessee, and she is still living, at the age of seventy.

They were parents of nine children, six of whom are living: Minnie, the wife of G. H. Holman, of Springfield, Tennessee; George D.; Thomas M., in partnership with George D.; Nora, the wife of G. H.

Davis, a contractor of Hopkinsville; Hilliard M., a stone-crusher; and Garner E., of Hopkinsville.

George D. Dalton, the nest to the oldest in the family, was reared in Tennessee until he was twenty-one years old. He attended school at Springfield, and then learned the business of his father. He came with the latter to Hopkinsville in 1882, and they were associated together until the latter's death. He and his brother Thomas then assumed the business, and are now carrying it on successfully and on a large scale. They employ about eighty men, and do building and contracting of all kinds, manufacturing at their plant their own building material.

Mr. Dalton was married in December, 1888, to Miss Ada Meacham, a native of Christian county and a daughter of F. S. Meacham. Mr. and Mrs. Dalton have no children. He is well known throughout the

county, and he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. He owns a farm in the county and manages this in addition to his other interests. He is a Democrat in politics, and served on the city

council for eight years. Mr. Dalton has the reputation of being the most successful business man in the town, and he has deserved all hehas won. His brother attends to the outside work of the firm, while

he looks after the business end. In 1889 he built one of the finest residences in the city, which is modern in all its parts, and is a most beautiful home for himself and wife.

79- Captain John Dalton:

Of the Fairfax volunteers. Friend of George Washington.

The letters of George Washington:

To CAPTAIN JOHN DALTON 56 Winchester, May 4, 1756.

Sir: You are hereby Ordered to join with the Volunteers and Militia under your command, the Detachment sent with Captain Woodward, to scour Back-Creek, &c. He is directed to proceed down the said Creek, until he comes to Potomack River; and then to march to Conogochieg to get provisions. When you arrive there, you must consult with the Inhabitants the best place to post the Militia at, under command of Captain Russell.............................;

TO CAPTAIN JOHN DALTON.

Mount Vernon, 15 February, 1773.

Sir; I am obliged to you for the notice you have given me of an intended meeting of your vestry on Tuesday next. I do not know, however, that it will be in my power to attend, nor do I conceive it at all necessary that I should, as I am an avowed enemy to the scheme I have heard (but never till of late believed) that some members of your vestry are inclined to adopt. If the subscription to which among others I put my name was set on foot under sanction of an order of vestry, as I always understood it to be I own myself at a loss to conceive upon what principle it is, that there should be an attempt to destroy it, repugnant it is to every idea I entertain of justice to do so ; and the right of reclaiming the pews by the vestry in behalf of the parish (which have been built by private contribution granting the subscription money to be refunded with interest,) I most clearly deny. Therefore, as a parishioner who is to be saddled with the extra charge of the subscription money, I protest against the measure. As a subscriber who meant to lay the foundation of a family pew in the new church, I shall think myself injured. For give me leave to ask, can the raising of that ^150 under the present scheme be considered in any other light than that of a deception ? Is it presumable that this money would have been advanced if the subscribers could possibly have conceived that after a solemn act of vestry under faith of which the money was subscribed, the pews would be reclaimed? Surely not! The thought is absurd ! and can be stated in no better point of view than this: Here is a parish wanting a large church, but considering the circumstances of its constituents is content with a small one, till an offer is made to enlarge it by subscription (under certain privileges), which is acceded by the vestry; and when effected and the parish better able to bear a fresh tax, what does it want? Why to destroy a solemn compact and reclaim the privileges they had granted. For I look upon the refunding of money as totally beside the question. And for what purpose I beg leave to ask, is this to be done? I own to you I am at a loss to discover; for as every subscriber has an undoubted right to a seat in the church, what matters it whether he assembles his whole family into one pew, or, as the custom is, have them dispersed into two or three; and probably it is these families will increase in a proportionate degree with the rest of the parish, so that if the vestry had a right to annul the agreement, no disadvantage would probably happen on that account.

Upon the whole, Sir, as I observed to you before, considering myself as a subscriber, I enter my protest

against the measure in agitation. As a parishioner, I am equally averse to a tax which is intended to

replace the subscription money. These will be my declared sentiments if present at the vestry. If I am

not, I shall be obliged to you for communicating them.........................

80- Captain James Dalton: 1817 - 1882 & Son Captain Peter Dalton 1847-1911 Seaman.

James Dalton was born in 1817 in Cumberland, England and went to sea aged 12 on the schooner "Pious Hope" which traded around the Irish Sea. By the age of 18 he was deep-sea (he had his 18th birthday in Punta Arenas whilst on the brigantine "Hebe"). The earliest entry in his scrapbook is 1840, when he was 23 years old and 2nd Mate. He must have carried his scrapbooks with him for there are entries from many foreign newspapers. At home, his mother kept parallel scrapbooks from British sources.

In 1847 his son Peter was born, also in Cumberland. He went to sea when he was 15 on fishing boats, and was deep-sea when he was 20. He, too, kept his own scrapbook. Both of them rose in rank to Captain.

James died in 1882, aged 65, and his last command was the "Selamat", a schooner owned by a Dutch consortium in Surabaya, Indonesia. Previously, amongst other appointments, he had been 1st Mate during the Crimean War on "Transport No.21" and "Transport No.27" - whatever they were, and, it is thought, 1st Mate on the "Far East" in 1864. There is uncertainty about this for many family papers were destroyed during the war.

Peter, meanwhile, had found his way to the Orient and served on a number of vessels trading around the China Sea. Family records are sketchy or non-existent during this period, however, but it is known that, about 1878 (?), Peter was 1st Mate on what appears to have the been the yacht-cum-gunboat of the Sultan of Johore. His first command was the "Antinous" (?) (semi-legible) in 1880 and his last command the S.S. "Good Temple" (?), "Good Templar" (?) "Good Temper" (?) in 1908. Peter retired from the sea the same year and died in La Rochelle, in 1911, whilst visiting a friend.

Both James and Peter seem to have been restless spirits for they had lived in, or rented, accommodation in Singapore, Macassar, Liverpool, London, Swansea and Waterford (Ireland), In any event, both they and their families in the UK had been in the grip of scrapbook mania and their collection of over 600 were recently re-discovered in tea-chests when clearing some outbuildings. The contents were tattered, torn and mouse-nibbled but sufficient pages have survived to provide a source of thousands of cuttings.

81- Robert S. Dalton:

Hero of three wars.

Robert S. Dalton was born in Alpine, Texas in 1926. His father was a cowboy and Bob grew up on the Dalton Ranch in Palo Pinto County and in the nearby city of Graham, Texas (Young County) where he attended public schools. After 10th grade he had stayed out of school in anticipation of being called into the Merchant Marines, but; his Draft Notice came first. He reported to the Induction Station in Dallas, Texas on August 28, 1944 where he was sworn into service and immediately entered active duty in the Army.

After his basic and Infantry training in late 1944, he shipped out for Europe. He arrived in the United Kingdom on January 27, 1945, and immediately was sent across the channel and into combat during the Rhineland Campaign. His call to report in to the Merchant Marines finally arrived when he was in Germany, but that was a bit too late. He was wounded on February 19, 1945 during the fighting for the Siegfried Line. Bob says, “I was assigned to Company K, 301st Infantry, 94th Infantry Division, part of General Patton’s Third Army. I was a Light Machine Gunner on a .30 Caliber LMG crew and we were spearheading the army’s advance from around Metz, France down to the Saur and Mosel Rivers when I was wounded. We were attacking a concrete bunker when hit by a German 88mm artillery shell that killed or wounded several in my gun crew and others close by. I had a bad head wound, fractured skull, but did not realize the severity of it at the time and walked all the way back to the Aid Station unassisted. I had no more than gotten there before I passed out. I did not regain consciousness for a very long time, not waking up until I was in a Hospital back in England and I don’t know how many days later that was. By the time I was fit for duty again and got back to Company K, the war was over.”

Robert Dalton remained with the Occupation Forces after the war and reenlisted into the Regular Army on January 11, 1946 in Kitzingen, Germany. But, after that second term of service, Bob took his discharge and returned home to Graham, Texas where he worked for two years in a Lumber Yard.

After the Korean War broke out, Bob quit his employment in Graham with C.W. Bullock and went back into the Army. As a Prior-Service Enlistee he went back in with his Corporal stripes. He says, “I went to Korea and was in the 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. The 7th Infantry was Andrew Jackson’s regiment in the battle of New Orleans in 1814 and they have been known as the “Cottonbalers” ever since. They were a great outfit then and still are today, real proud.” He was a Corporal in Company B when he was wounded during the fighting for Hill 355 in the Chorwon Valley on July 20, 1952. Again, it was a severe wound, this time it was to the left side of his neck, right arm and left leg and as Bob describes it today, “That was a million dollar wound. It got me sent back home for treatment and recuperation.”

This time, Bob remained in service after he had recovered from his wounds. His next assignment was with the 1st Cavalry Division in Japan and he spent a number of years there. In 1955 Bob and Fuchiko were married.

In 1966, Robert was ordered to Vietnam where he was designated as an individual replacement in the “Big Red One,” the 1st Infantry Division. As a Sergeant First Class he was assigned as the Platoon Sergeant of 3rd Platoon in Company A, 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry. He did something different in Vietnam. His third war proved to be a charm. He served his full one-year tour as the 3rd Platoon Sergeant without wounds requiring medical evacuation and putting him out of the war. However, that is not to say he wasn’t wounded, it’s just that he didn’t receive a Purple Heart. It happened this way.

Robert says, “The men all called me “Pops” because everybody knew that I was a veteran of WWII and Korea and they wondered what I was doing there. We were deployed near the Cambodian border on Operation “Junction City” in early 1967 when I received a minor wound during one of the many actions on that operation. The company medic treated me and I returned to duty. At that time, Company A was commanded by Captain Putnam and we had 1st Sgt Wooley for First Sergeant. Shortly after I was wounded, the captain, a very brave man, I remember he was from Tennessee, was killed in action while leading a patrol. Much later when I asked about orders for a Purple Heart for my wound, it turned out that no paperwork could be located. That was understandable given the general confusion of things because of the loss of the company commander as well as the continuing press of action on Operation “Junction City,” and I never gave it another thought at the time. Reflecting back on it now though, I did earn it and it would have been nice to have been recognized with that third award of the Purple Heart in the three wars in which I have served our country.

Just before I was due to rotate home the Assistant Division Commander, General Hollingsworth, offered me a promotion to First Sergeant. It was hard to turn it down, but I was nearing retirement and accepting the promotion would have meant an additional term of three years service. I’m glad that he thought highly enough of me to ask, and that was honor enough for me.”

Robert Dalton retired from the Army in 1968 and because he had always had a desire to see the northwest, he retired to Washington State. Bob then had a second career employed with a sawmill, and retired from that also after having worked 18 years on the “green chain.” While there Bob joined the Military Order of the Purple Heart, Tacoma Chapter 324.

In 1986 Bob felt the need to return to the place of his childhood so he moved back to Palo Pinto County where he has made his home in Mineral Wells ever since. He and Fuchiko have recently celebrated their 52nd wedding anniversary. He transferred to our Purple Heart chapter as soon as he found out about us, and Chapter 1919 salutes Robert Dalton, our only Two Purple Heart – Three War Wounded Veteran.

82- Dr. Edward B. Dalton:

Bellevue staff surgeon.

This is a story about Dr. Edward Dalton during the American Civil War.

Edwin M. Knights Jr., M.D., relates the history of the Bellevue Hospital that introduced ambulances and modern nursing to the US. New York City's Bellevue Hospital makes a convincing claim to being the oldest hospital in the US, it was not the first. Master Jacob Hendrickszen Varrevanger, surgeon to the Dutch West India Company, is credited with establishing a small hospital to serve the 1,000 inhabitants of New Amsterdam in 1658. It still existed in 1680, but subsequent records of the English Common Council deal more with the need for a poorhouse and workhouse.

Nearly all of Bellevue’s younger staff physicians volunteered for service during the Civil War, and those who remained behind fought their own battle against yet another typhus epidemic handicapped by an acute shortage of professional help. Of the 21 members of the staff, 14 became ill with the fever and six died. For them there were no medals, for their families, no pensions. And the survivors were rewarded by a steadily increasing patient load. Somehow the hospital services continued. Meanwhile events were taking place in the Union Army under General Grant, which would not only affect Bellevue Hospital, but impact hospital services around the world.

These commenced when Dr. Edward B. Dalton, a Bellevue staff surgeon, was appointed “Inspector for the Army of the Potomac.”

Dalton had joined the armed services as a regimental surgeon early in 1861. He exhibited considerable talent in medical administration and rose rapidly in rank. Coinciding with the campaign of 1864, Dr. Dalton was placed in complete charge of the transportation and care of the wounded. During the month of May he organized corps hospitals which accepted and cared for thousands of wounded men. By June he had created the Depot Field Hospital of the Army of the Potomac, where he was Chief Medical Officer, with facilities for care for 10,000 wounded and disabled soldiers. By the end of October, 68,540 sick and wounded had spent at least 48 hours in this hospital.

Caring for all these individuals was a major accomplishment, but the logistics of getting them to the hospital were even more impressive. It was necessary to organize a huge horse-drawn ambulance service and coordinate it with mobile hospital stations that were in close communication with the front. The system worked well, and when the war ended, Dalton was thanked by the War Department for his meritorious services.

Dr. Dalton next accepted a job as Sanitary Superintendent for a region that included New York, Brooklyn, Richmond and Westchester Counties, plus several small towns. In 1869, while considering an outpost of Bellevue to act as a reception hospital, he submitted plans for the hospital to develop an ambulance corps based upon the highly efficient system that he had run in the Army. These plans were so beautifully detailed that the commissioners immediately adopted them.

The commissioners authorized two ambulances for Bellevue Hospital of the type recommended by Dr. Dalton. Furthermore, “Each ambulance shall have a box beneath the driver’s seat, containing a quart flask of brandy, two tourniquets, a half-dozen bandages, a half-dozen small sponges, some splint material, pieces of old blankets for padding, strips of various lengths with buckles, and a two-ounce vial of persulphate of iron.” The Abbott-Downing Company was chosen to construct the vehicles, and in June 1869, the world’s first hospital ambulance service trotted into action at New York’s Bellevue Hospital.

The venture into emergency medical services proved such a success that five more ambulances and horses were added the following year. By 1891 Bellevue had 4,392 ambulance calls, but by that time a service at Chambers Street had 3,021 calls and ambulance service was also available at New-York, Roosevelt, St. Vincent’s and Presbyterian Hospitals. Ambulance drivers had to be familiar with the geography and traffic flow of the city. An ambulance was given the right of way over all other vehicles except fire department apparatus and US mail wagons.

Ambulances were of high quality construction and weighed only 600 to 800 pounds. A movable floor could be drawn out to receive the patient, designed for easy cleaning and disinfection. A drop or “snap” harness was used and the corps took pride in rapid response to emergencies. It was claimed that an ambulance could travel a mile in five to eight minutes in the business district. The ambulance carried a stretcher, splints, cotton and oakum. Equipment also included handcuffs and a straitjacket. The surgeon’s bag included medications, antiseptics and gauze.

It is a testimonial to the soundness of Dr. Dalton’s concept and the brilliance of his organizational ability that the ambulance service continued into the era of motorization. In medical emergencies, where prompt intervention is essential, the ambulance has proved its value on countless occasions.

83- Harry I. Dalton:

Major League Baseball.

Harry I. Dalton was born August 23, and died October 23, 2005. He was an American front-office executive in Major League Baseball. He served as general manager of three American League teams, the Baltimore Orioles (1966-71), California Angels (1972-77) and Milwaukee Brewers (1978-91), and was a principal architect of the Orioles' dynasty of 1966-74 as well as the only AL championship the Brewers ever won (1982).

Born in West Springfield, Massachusetts — the same hometown of Baseball Hall of Fame manager Leo Durocher — Dalton graduated from Amherst College and served in the United States Air Force during the Korean War, earning a Bronze Star. After a brief stint as a sportswriter in Springfield, he joined the front office of the Orioles — newly reborn as the relocated St. Louis Browns — in 1954. For the next 11 years, Dalton worked his way up the organizational ladder, rising to the position of director of the Orioles' successful farm system.

In the autumn of 1965, Baltimore general manager Lee MacPhail departed to become top aide to the new Commissioner of Baseball, William Eckert. Dalton was named Director of Player Personnel — in effect, MacPhail's successor. His first order of business was to complete a trade that brought Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson to Baltimore for pitchers Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun and a minor league outfielder. Robinson, 1961 National League Most Valuable Player, was one of the greatest stars in the game, but he had developed a strained relationship with the Cincinnati front office. In Baltimore, he would team with third baseman Brooks Robinson to lead the O's to the 1966 and 1970 World Series championships, and pennants in 1969 and 1971. Dalton was the man who hired Earl Weaver as manager, brought to the majors young stars such as Bobby Grich and Don Baylor, and acquired key players such as Mike Cuellar, Pat Dobson and Don Buford. (Weaver, Frank Robinson and Brooks Robinson, along with pitching great Jim Palmer, a product of Dalton's farm system, are all in the Hall in Fame.)

After the Orioles lost the 1971 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates, Dalton was hired to turn around a stumbling Angels franchise. He acquired the great pitcher Nolan Ryan in a December 1971 trade with the New York Mets, but Dalton's six seasons in Anaheim were unsuccessful. After the 1977 season, the Angels hired veteran executive Buzzie Bavasi as Dalton's boss, then released Dalton from his contract so that he could become the general manager of the Brewers.

Milwaukee had a group of talented young players, such as Robin Yount, Cecil Cooper and rookie Paul Molitor, but the eight-year-old Brewers had never had a winning season. In 1978, Dalton hired George Bamberger, Weaver's pitching coach for many years, as the Brewers' new manager, and the team gelled into contenders in the AL East division. By 1981, they made the playoffs and in 1982, Milwaukee won its first and only American League pennant (the Brewers moved to the National League Central Division in 1998). In the 1982 World Series, the "Harvey's Wallbangers" Brewers of manager Harvey Kuenn lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games.

The Brewers contended in 1983, but then began to struggle on the field. The team rebounded in 1987-88, but when it returned to its losing ways, Dalton's position was weakened and after a poor 1991 season, he was replaced as general manager by Sal Bando. Dalton, who remained a consultant in the Milwaukee front office through his 1994 retirement, nevertheless was one of the most respected men in baseball, who had trained other successful general managers such as John Schuerholz, Lou Gorman and Dan Duquette, a fellow Amherst alumnus.

On July 24, 2003, Dalton was inducted into the Milwaukee Brewers Walk of Fame outside Miller Park.

Harry Dalton died at age 77 in Scottsdale, Arizona of complications from Parkinson's Disease.

84- Edward Dalton:

Utah pioneer and member of the Mormon Battalion.

Edward Dalton was born March 23, 1827, on a farm called Dalton Hollow in the Township of Wysox, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of John Dalton, Jr., and Rebecca Cranmer. He had gray eyes and black hair. He stood five feet ten inches tall and weighed 190 pounds. Edward traveled

with his family to Michigan, Wisconsin and then to Nauvoo, Illinois about 1843. Edward was baptized on June 4th, 1843.

While living in Nauvoo, Edward helped build the LDS Nauvoo Temple, and contributed and assisted in the erecting of every Temple up to the time of his death. When the call came from the President of the United States for 500 able bodied Latter-day Saints to march across the country to California to defend the country from Mexico, Edward and his brother Harry, and his nephew Henry Simon Dalton enlisted in the Mormon Battalion. Edward and Harry belonged to Company "C", known as the Santa Fe detachment. The Captain was John Brown, Edward and Harry were both privates. Edward was taken sick along the way so he could only make part of the trip. There being a numerous Mexican population in the Territory of Colorado, this detachment along with sick members were sent to to Pueblo, Colorado. Here they were joined by a small company of Saints from Mississippi and Illinois. They spent the winter of 1846-1847 in Pueblo.

It was this group of Mormons who first established the Anglo-Saxon civilization there. They held the first religious service in English, taught the first school, and erected the first Meeting House. The first white child born in Pueblo was a girl born to Mormon parents.

The Pueblo detachments and remaining Mississippi Saints, under Captain James Brown, left Pueblo May 24. They gradually gained on the vanguard company until they were only a day behind at the ferry on the Platte River. Finding a blacksmith, they decided to stop to get their animals shod. Next they followed the Platte River to the Sweetwater River on to Independence Rock. After they passed Devil’s Gate, they celebrated the anniversary of their enlistment, July 16. "At daylight there was a salute of small arms in honor of our enlistment and more especially the finishing of our one year’s service to Uncle Sam, and to let every one of Uncle Sam’s officers know we were our own men once more."

This detachment of the Mormon Battalion arrived in the Salt Lake Valley and were greeted by Brigham Young on July 29th, 1847.

Edward Dalton and his family then built their first home in SLC next to and near his Uncles and cousins in the 700 so. block near present day Library Park.

Edward Dalton was called on by Brigham Young to assist the surveyors in laying out Salt Lake City.

On March 6, 1848, Edward was married to Elizabeth Meeks by Brigham Young. His vocation being that of a farmer and lawyer.

In January, 1852 the Dalton family moved to Parowan, Utah where he took an active part in the improvement of that community. He was a leader in governmental, church, and military affairs. Mr. Dalton's second wife was Jane Benson. He also married Lezina Elizabeth Warren.

Here their children Edward Meeks, Joseph Priddy, John Cranmer, Franklin Stephens, Ida Mary, and Ada Elizabeth Dalton were born. His family bore all the hardships of pioneer life without murmur, always keeping an open house and never turning anyone away. The visiting authorities from the north and most of the people that come up from Dixie to sell fruit stayed at his home. He was a man of great faith and a student of history. Edward surveyed and laid out the city of Parowan and took a prominent part in helping to divide the water of Center Creek, both for city and field purposes. He also surveyed the City of Panguitch. He was one of the first Mayors of Parowan and his name is attached to many original deeds for Lots in the city.

One of the first ranches was owned by Edward Dalton and Robert Miller, north and a little east of the Cheney meadow. They milked cows, made cheese and butter all summer, spring, and fall for many years. John West owned a ranch and dairy a little south of the Dalton Ranch. William Adams ran a dairy on his land east of the Dalton Ranch, right next to the Paragoonah fields. Zach. Decker owned a pasture a little south and west of the Cheney Meadow, but did not do much ranching.

In Parowan, Edward took a leading role in all the labors for the improvement of the country, serving as alderman, mayor, probate judge, and being a representative in the legislature. He was a leader in the military operations in the Mormon War, 1857, and the Blackhawk wars with the Indians. In June 1866 Indian raiders plundered Beaver of a herd of cattle. Edward Dalton's militia Company routed the Indians and saved the cattle. Edward Dalton was Captain of the Militia for the protection of the people. He was noted for his fearlessness and was afraid of nothing, yet he would nor go blindly into a trail.

On New Year's day, 1870, the men were called out of a dance as the alarm was given that the Navajos had rounded up about 500 head of horses. Among the men who started up Parowan Canyon were the following: Capt. Edward Dalton, Sydney Burton, Horace Smith, Samuel Orton, Peter Wimmer, Johnathan Prethro, Hugh L. Adams, Charles Adams, James J. Adams, Ed Clark, Ed Ward, Nels Holingshead, Wm. C. Mitchell, Henry Harrop, Oscar Lyman, Hy Paramore, Bill Lister, John Butler, Heber Benson, Tom Butler, Allen Miller and Tom Yardley. There was so much snow in Parowan Canyon that after attempting to traverse it, they ascended Little Creek Canyon. The men did not overtake the Indians because of the deep snow. They went over to the East Fork of the Sevier River, with no success, so Captain Dalton gave the order to go home. Some of the men wanted to proceed further, but their captain was impressed to go home and all the men followed him. It was learned from scouting parties that they had avoided annihilation from hordes of ambushed Redmen.

Note: Muster roll of the Company C, 1st Battalion, 10th Regiment of the Legion of Nauvoo, Commanded by Captain Jesse N. Smith mustard in the Iron County Military District, Parowan. 10th day of Oct. 1857; Edward Dalton.

Once when Daniel Clark was sheriff, they got onto the trail of a bunch of cattle rustlers, who had driven off a large bunch of cattle from the north of the valley. William West and Edward Dalton offered to help Sheriff Clark. They rode hard to get on their trail, and the second day out spotted the cattle, just before sundown. They planned to camp for the night and surprise them early in the morning. They made camp in an old shack close by. Shortly after making camp William West became violently ill with a pain in his side. The men talked over what was best to do, and decided to send one of the men over to St. George for a doctor. With the snow completely covering all traces of the trail in the darkness, they decided to wait until daylight to go. Before morning Mr. West became so bad, that he passed away with what was most likely a ruptured appendix. When morning came they rolled him in a quilt, packing snow around him and bound him on his horse, and started home with him on his horse. He was a fine man. He left a wife and three children, one boy and two little girls to mourn his early death.

While In Parowan Edward served on the High Council. On Feb. 15th, 1865, Erastus Snow stopped in Parowan on his way to St. George and organized the 9th quoram of Seventies. He ordained seven President, one of whom was Edward Dalton.

Edward Dalton was gifted in dramatics. He was the President and Director of the Parowan Dramatic Association for many years. They tell the story that Edward and James Adams were fighting a duel in the early plays. They both were so stubborn that neither one gave up so they had to roll the curtain down.

As Mayor of Parowan City in 1874, Edward Dalton was a delegate to the Territorial Legislature, and while in this capacity, he entered a large tract of 760 acres for the first deeds to land in the valley,

farms and city lots. After Fort Cameron was established at Beaver, there was some trouble about land rights. The settlers had held their farms and homes only by squatters rights. Now all the land they held had deeds. One of the first ranches was owned by Edward Dalton and Robert Miller. It was to the North an a little east of the Chimney Meadow, where they milked cows and made cheese and butter, all summer, spring and fall for many years.

Hon. Edward Dalton, mayor of Parowan, delivered a grand historical and patriotic oration, called A Mayor's Deed From Iron County.

THAT I, Edward Dalton, Mayor of Parowan City, in Iron County, Utah Territory, by an Act of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Utah, approved February 17, 1869, entitled, "An Act prescribing Rules and Regulations for the execution of the Trust arising under an Act of Congress, entitled, 'An Act for the relief of the Inhabitants of Cities and Towns Upon the Public Lands,' approved March 2, 1867," and in consideration of the sum of Two ($2.00) Dollars paid by John Wardell, of Parowan City, County of Iron, Territory of Utah, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, the said John Wardell, on the Ninth day of May, A. D. 1872, having been adjudged by the Probate Court of Iron County, Territory aforesaid, to be the rightful owner and possessor of the following described Lots or Parcel of land, viz: The east part of Lots eleven (11) twelve (12) and thirteen (13) each part of Lot two (2) by eight and eleven-sixteenths (8 11/16) rods, and the east part of Lots fourteen (14) and fifteen (15) each part of lot two (2) by eight (8) rods.

(Signed) EDWARD DALTON,

Note: One of Edward's son Edward Meeks Dalton was murdered by U.S. Marshall William Thompson Jr. on Dec. 16 1886. ( See Edward Meeks Dalton)

Late in Edward Dalton's life, he was sent to Colorado to serve a mission. Other information about Edward Dalton from his time in Colorado; Dalton, Edward, first counselor of the San Luis Stake presidency, Colo., from 1886 to 1892, was born March 23, 1827, in Bradford, Penn., the son of John Dalton and Rebecca Cranmer.

85- Brigadier General A. C. Dalton:

Staff Officer of the Army Transport Service.

The staff of the Army Transport Service at 104 Broad Street congratulations yesterday to Colonel A. C. Dalton, head of the service, who has just been promoted to be a Brigadier General.

A. W. Dalton is 60 years old. Square-jawed and weather-beaten by many years of gallant army service (D. S. M.), his frame illy accords with an alpaca suit. He received what shipping experience he possesses during 1917-18 in the Transport Service.

General Dalton formed and perfected the local organization that successfully shipped nearly 3,000,000 tons of American freight overseas. General Dalton entered the army as a private. In the 2nd Infantry, he saw Indian service with it, and at the end of his twenty-eighth years in the army he has reached the General rank.

Brigadier General Dalton received a gold-mounted sword from those at the dinner:

Brigadier General A. C. Dalton, of the Port Utility Department, Department of Embarkation, was guest at a dinner in Trommer's Flall, Brooklyn, last night. He has been recently a brigadier, and following the dinner left for California, where he will organize a regiment.

The Shipping Board (created in 1916), intended to serve only as a regulative and semi-judicial body, was supplemented in wartime by the Emergency Fleet Corporation, which theoretically performs necessary actual business administration. For many years the Chairman of the Shipping Board was President of the Emergency Fleet Corporation.

The separation of the two organizations with different men at the helm of each, in January, 1924, was widely hailed as conducive to increased efficiency because of the detailed functions assigned to the Emergency Fleet Corporation. As a matter of fact, the Shipping Board retains absolute control by the simple, yet efficacious, method of demanding a blanket resignation from each Emergency Fleet Corporation President before he takes office. To date Lasker, Farley, Palmer, Crowley have "resigned." Brigadier General A. C. Dalton was handed the shaky sceptre last week. He has already "handed in his resignation" to the Shipping Board, although the latter graciously will not "accept" during General Dalton's good behavior in its eyes. The Shipping Board, naturally smug, last week tilted its nose still higher, neglected to seek President Coolidge's approval before making the new appointment.

General Dalton is doubtless in accord with the proposed governmental action likewise announced last week: to offer for sale $27,000,000 worth of liners, including the entire United States and American Merchant lines. Excepting the Leviathan, these ships are, for the most part, of the "President" class formerly sold to the Munson and Dollar interests for little more than $1,000,000 each, with the stipulation, however, that the buyers would continue the service for a minimum of five years.

86- Edward Meeks Dalton:

Utah Polygamist.

Edward Meeks Dalton, was the son of Edward Dalton and Mary Elizabeth Meeks. He was born 25 Aug. 1852. He was a handsome man, 6 feet tall, weight 190 pounds, brown eyes and black hair. He married Emily Stevens, 10 April, 1871 and later Helen Delila Clark. He was the father of ten children. They bought and lived in the Bishop Dame house on Main Street, Parowan, Utah. He was left-handed. During his teenage years, by accident the fingers of his right hand were partially cut off while cutting the tails off of young sheep with a knife. The Indians named him "Mat-tome" which meant man without fingers. In spite of partial loss of his fingers he learned to play the banjo quite well and was known in Parowan and Cedar City as the jolly singing caller for the old-time square dances. Edward M. Dalton hauled salt from Salina, Utah, to the Silver Reef Mine. The ore was crushed, then mixed with salt and water to extract the ore. Thousands of tons of salt were hauled from Salina to supply the three big Stamp Mills. Edward Meeks was a counselor to President Thomas J. Jones of the Parowan Stake in Utah. In October 1881 Edward Meeks Dalton and James J. Adams left Parowan on a L.D.S. mission to the Southern States Mission. There he labored in North Carolina. Edward Meeks Dalton while laboring in Tarboro, Edgecomb County, North Carolina, converted Martha Harrell Warren, a widow, and her eighteen year old daughter, Lizzina Elizabeth Warren. When he came home from his mission, they came with him. Edward Dalton father of Edward Meeks Dalton, married Lizzina Elizabeth Warren.

In 1884 Edwards Meeks Dalton and others were indicted by a Federal Grand Jury for a misdemeanor under the Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Law. About 1884 the U.S. marshals arrested Edward M. Dalton at Parowan, Utah. They left him unguarded in front of the old Co-op store, while they went into the store to buy tobacco. While the U.S. marshals were in the store, Edward M. Dalton by the use of his toes, slipped off his boots and ran barefooted and hid behind some big cottonwood trees. Waiting his chance, he made it to his father's home, got on a fast race horse and left town. He made his way to Gila Valley, Arizona. In Arizona he found work on a big cattle farm. Emily, his wife, visited him in Arozona. He remained in Arizona almost two years. Edward M. Dalton had a mail contract in the Hela Valley, Arizona, but after so long an absence he became very tired and lonesome to be with his family once again. About December 8, 1886 he returned unexpectedly to Parowan, Utah to enjoy the holidays with his family. During the night of December 15, 1886 Deputy U. S. Marshal William Thompson, Jr., and Bill Orton, rode into Parowan and hid their horses and buggy behind a big straw stack on a lot owned by William Rowley. They proceeded to spend the remainder of the night at the home of Daniel Page, an apostate Mormon. On December 16, 1886 Robert Dalton, Edward Dalton's young son, brought two bareback horses for them to drive their cattle to the winter pastures. Before leaving Edward brought out his banjo, sat on the fence and played and sang two songs for the delight of his family and friends. Then he got on the bareback of his favorite horse, Red Man. As Edward and his 15 year old son Robert talked and leisurely drove their cattle in the middle of the street they passed Daniel Page's home. Bill Orton was seen by the neighbors looking around the corner of the house. William Thompson, Jr., came out of the home with a gun and said, "halt." Not waiting for a sign of halt he instantly shot Edward Meeks Dalton in the back. Edward fell to the ground mortally wounded. Collie and Edgar Clark saw the shooting and rode through the streets calling to the neighbors that Edward Dalton had been shot. Morgan Richards who was at his mother's house heard what Collie Clark said and ran as fast as he could down the street, for he knew that he would be needed. As he came to Page's house they were just going to carry Edward M. Dalton into the house on a cot. Edward straightened out, looked up and said, "Morgan, don't let them take me into Dan Page's home." Morgan did not allow him to be taken into Page's residence, but laid him on the porch. In forty minutes Edward died. Young men, George W. Decker, Warren Tye, Harm Bayles, Jess Ward and a large group gathered at the scene of the murder intending to string Marshal Thompson up if they could find him. Morgan Richards had nearly worked his head off trying to persuade them not to do anything they would be sorry for all the rest of their lives. Morgan said, "This is the government's job. Thompson is a U.S. Marshal and while we are all so very sorry and feel so badly about it, let the officers do their work. You must not take the law in your hands. Leave the punishment to the government." The crowd quieted down. Sheriff Hugh L. Adams was soon on the job and took Thompson into custody. He could see the attitude of Edward's friends, so he swore them all in as deputies to help guard the prisoner. The prisoner and accomplice were taken to the sheriff's home for supper, but they could hardly eat anything. Again threats of lynching and retaliation were stopped by pleas from Sheriff Adams, Bishop Morgan Richans and Edward's father, who said "two wrongs won't mend one" After dark they took Thompson to Beaver to await trial. The trial of William Thompson, Jr., was held in the second district court at Beaver, Utah. The jurors all being anti-Mormon. On January 7, 1887 after a two day trial the jury accepted the plea that Edward Meeks Dalton had endeavored to escape arrest by the U.S. Marshal, and gave a verdict in favor of the murderer, with the reason being that Thompson had the right to shoot when arresting someone indicted for cohabitation! Residents in Beaver often remarked that William Thompson, Jr., acted like a hunted man all his life. He would never walk on the side-walks, but always in the middle of the street. If he had to take water on his lot at night he took his lantern, after he had opened the head gate for the water, and would run for dear life until he got back into his house.

Edward Dalton's funeral on Dec. 18 1886 was attended by two-thirds of the population of Parowan,

including a number of his Indian friends who protected him during his flights from the marshals. He remains a hero and a martyr to many in Parowan. The people of Parowan freely contributed means for the erection of a beautiful stone monument for the grave of Edward Meeks Dalton in the Parowan, Utah, cemetery.

87- David Dalton:

Life Saver and Swimmer.

A test swim from Coney Island to Sandy Hook Lightship yesterday may have resulted in the death of the swimmer and two men who accompanied him in a boat. At least they have not reached their destination, and whether they are somewhere out at sea or on board a friendly boat was not known.

The swimmer is David Dalton, a professional life-saver, and the two men who were to follow him in a boat were Fred Peters and Walter Arnold. David Dalton, since the first of May, has been the life guard at Judge Peter Ravenhall's pier. He is an Englishman. about forty-five years old. and brought with him medals for saving lives, diplomas and certificates attesting to many difficult aquatic feats. One of these feats of which he is very proud is the swimming of the English Channel. Besides this he was a feature at the World's Fair In Chicago. Fred Peters, one of the men in the boat, is thirty-two years old and lives at New. Bedford, Mass. He is a friend of Judge Ravenhall, and has been staying with him this Summer. Walter Arnold is a sporting man from Boston. Ever since Dalton came to Coney Island he has been to try the swim to the lightship. He expressed confidence in his ability to-do it for a wager at any time. The lightship is fourteen miles from the Island, but is plainly visible on clear days. The distance Is deceptive, and between the two places the tide rushes and swiftly back and forth. This was explained to Dalton, but he persisted in his statement. Arnold agreed to back the man for a wager if he could make a good showing on a test swim. Dalton agreed to this, and yesterday morning at 8 o clock was appointed as the time. A light dory was selected for the men, and in it were placed two quarts of water, six ham sandwiches, a flask of gin, and a flask of whiskey. Arnold did not appear at the appointed time, and Dalton waited for him until 8:30 o clock. Then Word being received that the tardy man would soon De there, Dalton exclaimed: "I'll start now," and plunged in. The tide v,'a at the ebb and rushing swiftly out, and the swimmer did not wish to lose its aid. Ten minutes later Arnold appeared and the two men hastily shipped oars and rowed after the swimmer, who was then many yards away. Dalton's plan as to float out to sea on the ebb tide for six hours, and then to catch the incoming tide, and by a little effort, to reach the lightship on its flood. was to be telegraphed from the ship the minute they landed safely. From the various observatories and towers on the island many followed the of the party during the morning with marine glasses. Several hours later the boat was a mere speck far to the southeast, and going with the tide. Since that time no word has been received of the party. They have not reached the light ship, and as the men are clad in bathing suits only, they are ill fitted for a night at were flashed all night from the Ferris wheel and its lights were left burning all night. The life guards on the beach patrolled all night, while messages were sbent to every port within reach. No one has seen or heard from them. But many hope for the best, as Dalton was a very powerful swimmer.

88- Professor Sir Howard Dalton:

Microbiologist.

Professor Sir Howard Dalton, who died on Saturday aged 63, rose from humble beginnings to become a hugely influential microbiologist with particular expertise in the fields of global warming, bio-fuels and animal disease, such as foot-and-mouth and avian flu.

When he was appointed as Defra's Chief Scientific Adviser to the government in 2002, soon after the catastrophic foot-and-mouth outbreak, he was deeply critical of what he termed "government policy-making led by Sun editorials", and instead instigated a string of commonsense scientific measures which ensured that any further outbreaks of the disease were contained within a small area.

He was not afraid to voice forthright views and, to the consternation of his political masters, was highly critical of government plans to conduct widespread genetically modified crop trials, claiming that the potential environmental impact of these had not been properly thought through.

Howard Dalton was born at New Malden in Surrey on February 8 1944, the son of a lorry driver. An inquisitive, highly intelligent child, he was fascinated by science from an early age and enjoyed staging his own experiments, often with unpredictable results.

He horrified the family when, aged 10, he was mixing a cocktail of chemicals in a dustbin which promptly exploded, though against the odds he and the family escaped unscathed.

In his late teens, shortly before he was due to have a passport photograph taken, a laboratory experiment got out of hand and the blast singed his hair and eyebrows. The evidence of the explosion remained visible on the photo for the next decade.

Dalton also showed early entrepreneurial flair, buying an old-fashioned printing press at the age of 14 and developing a lucrative sideline, producing circulars and wedding and party invitations - particularly popular as he slightly undercut established printing firms in the area. His ambitious mother was the guiding influence of his childhood and she was enormously proud when he passed the 11-plus to gain a place at Raynes Park Grammar School. Despite his father's attempts to make him leave school at 14 to take up a trade like his brother, who became a skilled carpenter, Howard was eager to continue his academic studies. Thanks to his mother's support, he became the first member of his family to go to university when he won a place at Queen Elizabeth's College at London University.

After graduating in Microbiology, he began post-graduate research at the University of Sussex and gained his doctorate in 1968, then moved to Purdue University in Indiana for two years to continue his research into microbes and nitrogen fixation. A lively, outgoing man, he embraced American culture with gusto, frequently hosting convivial gatherings such as Super bowl parties for his colleagues.

He was also active in the anti-Vietnam War protest movement and it was through this that he met his future wife, Kira Rozdestvensky, a Russian-American management consultant.

She advised him that he risked being called up, and suggested an unusual way to avoid the draft - by becoming a priest, one of the categories exempt from military service. Dalton discovered a little-known religious group called the Universal Life Church of California which for $25 would "ordain" anyone.

He duly sent off a cheque and within days was delighted to learn that he was now a bona fide Minister of Religion. It became a running joke and his friends frequently addressed letters to the Reverend Howard Dalton; as a life-long atheist, he particularly relished the irony of his new title.

In 1970 he returned to Sussex; he married Kira the following year, then moved to Warwick University in 1973 to take up a lectureship in Microbiology. The couple lived at Radford Semele near Leamington Spa and Dalton enjoyed introducing his varied enthusiasms to his new wife.

He was a fanatical Spurs supporter and also loved village cricket, turning out for a variety of local sides as a wayward but explosive fast bowler. Once, representing the nearby village of Rowington against admittedly inferior opposition, he took eight for 15, the highlight of his cricket career.

Kira became increasingly involved in humanitarian work and after a holiday in The Gambia, the couple began to help set up new schools and health centres in remote villages, fund-raising among their friends in Warwickshire.

Apart from lending his scientific expertise on problems of water supply and infrastructure, Dalton also sponsored his own football team of village youngsters, whose side rejoiced in the title Barfut Hotspur, in tribute to his north London heroes.

His academic work flourished and within a decade he was appointed Professor of Microbiology at Warwick, thanks to his ground-breaking work on bio-fuels and on the potential for microbes to benefit the environment.

In his research, Dalton attempted to break down the various chemical pathways that appear in bacteria and then to regenerate them outside the organism so that they could be used for industrial processes.

He studied bacteria growing in extreme conditions -including those found in volcanic geysers and in the hot waters of the natural metallic springs at Bath - and this work led on to further research, exploring ways to convert the harmful gas methane into methanol, which is widely used as a bio-fuel.

A down-to-earth, self-effacing man who never lost touch with his working-class roots, Dalton was renowned for his wicked sense of humour, often at his own expense.

He was a quirky and engaging lecturer, much loved by his students and colleagues, although he could never resist teasing his fellow academics. He was once heard to say: "Anyone who thinks there is any correlation between high intelligence and common sense should listen to the dons at Warwick University discussing car parking allocations."

He was nevertheless deeply gratified by the string of awards and honours he achieved, particularly his election as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1993 and his appointment as President of the Society for General Microbiology four years later.

He was knighted in the 2007 New Year's Honours list, thanks partly to his work as a government scientific adviser for Defra between 2002 and 2007, particularly his expertise on the impact of climate change.

A great believer in popularizing science, he made a two-week visit to the British Antarctic Survey for Defra in 2006 and the resultant blog of his experiences attracted as many hits from lay people as from scientists.

After moving to Warwickshire, Dalton became fascinated by Real Tennis and joined the Leamington Real Tennis Club, the only one where women are still banned from membership. He won a string of tournaments and continued competing enthusiastically, despite several heart problems that required by-pass surgery.

He was taken ill on Saturday while taking part in a friendly doubles tournament with three of his closest friends and was chatting with a fellow enthusiast when he collapsed and died almost instantaneously. He had just had a house built in The Gambia, where he was setting up an observatory and viewing positions for his latest hobbies, astronomy and bird-watching, which he had taken up with characteristic thoroughness.

He is survived by his wife Kira, a son and daughter, and by two stepsons from his wife's previous marriage.

89- Reverend Pleasant Hunter Dalton:

First Presbyterian Church of High Point, Rockingham County, N.C.

The Rev, Mr. Dalton, son of Nicholas and Rachel (Hunter) Dalton of Rockingham County, N.C., was educated in the University of North Carolina, Princeton University, and Union Theological Seminary. Licensed by the Presbytery of Orange in North Carolina in 1847, Mr. Dalton was dismissed to the Presbytery of Concord where he was ordained at the close of 1848. He remained in the Presbytery of Concord, serving as supply pastor and missionary, from 1848-1857 when he was dismissed to the Presbytery of Orange. Mr. Dalton was a member of the Presbytery of Orange from 1857-1889 when he was dismissed back to the Presbytery of Concord where he remained until his death in 1896. Archie Carter Dalton, son of the clergyman, entered Davidson College in 1874 and died in 1876 while still a student.

The First Presbyterian Church of High Point, Rockingham County, N.C. was founded on September 3, 1859 with eleven charter members and the Reverend Pleasant Hunter Dalton as its first minister. A church building was constructed on English Street at a cost of $1,234.00 for the lot and building. Reverend Dalton served the church on two different occasions, and his ministry ran through Civil War days when the church building was used as a hospital for sick and wounded soldiers. Several of his descendants are still current members of this church.

90- Rev. James Grigsby Dalton:

Pastor of Missouri church.

Rev. James Grigsby Dalton, the esteemed pastor of the Little Blue and Pleasant Prairie Cumberland Presbyterian Churches, resides in Sniabar Township near the former place.He was born in Greenbriar County, Virginia 7 June 1824, and in his 15th year came to Missouri with his parents, William and Mary (Renick) Dalton. His father was a native of Albemarle County, Virginia, and the mother of Rockingham County. They made the journey to Missouri by wagon, being about two months on the road, but at length arrived in Lexington. They were in limited circumstances, but the father succeeded in purchasing two hundred acres of unimproved land in Jackson County, twelve miles northwest of Warrensburg. His death occurred in 1842, at the age of journey on foot from the Old Dominion. At his death he left a family of five sons and three daughters, of whom three are now living. His wife died in 1857.

Mr. Dalton, of this sketch, and his twin sister were next to the youngest of the family. James G. remained at home until he had attained his majority and then engaged in school teaching.

In 1847 he had become a member of the church, and in his twenty-fifth year began to preach, delivering his first sermon on the first Sunday in May 1848, in the little church in Johnson County. He united with the presbytery about October 1, 1847, was licensed in October 1849 and ordained on the 1st of April 1852 near Dover, La Fayette County, by the Lexington presbytery, with which he has always been connected.

He spent five years on the circuit work in Johnson, Henry, St. Clair and La Fayette Counties, with two appointments. The territory at that time was but sparsely settled and there were few church organizations and no houses of worship in the circuit. He preached almost entirely in private homes and occasionally in a school house or courthouse. During the summer from July to October he was engaged in camp-meeting, and at each had from twenty-five to one hundred conversions. At a meeting held in Johnson County, Missouri after an exhortation made by Uncle Jake Crow, over one hundred penitents came forward. Uncle Jake, who lived in the community, was undoubtedly one of the most powerful exhorters ever known.

A man of little education, he had no training for this work, “but out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh”, and he was a power in church work. He established the Little Blue church, assisted only by Mrs. Lobb, who would do the singing. He had a brother named Ben who was his exact counterpart in appearance and their own children could scarcely tell them apart.

In the year 1842 there occurred the greatest revival that had ever been held in this locality, resulting in the establishment of several flourishing churches. In the spring of 1854, Mr. Dalton came to his present home and took charge of the Little Blue Cumberland Presbyterian church, three miles north of Blue Springs. In the same year the congregation erected a frame house of worship, which was in use for forty years, with Mr. Dalton as pastor. It had a membership of fifty when he assumed charge, but it continued to grow, and in 1860 its membership had reached over two hundred. Again Mr. Dalton had successful revival services, receiving more than fifty converts into the church, at two meetings. He seemed specially fitted for this department of religious work, and the influence that he has exerted on the higher life of western Missouri has been immeasurable. Since the War he has also been the pastor of Pleasant Prairie church, formerly the Union Church, at Bone Hill. It now stands on Pleasant Prairie in La Fayette County, nine miles east of his home. He has been the regular pastor of the Little Blue church for forty one years, of Pleasant Prairie church for twenty eight years, and for about fifteen years was pastor of the Chapel Hill church, from which service he retired two years since. He organized the Cumberland Presbyterian church at Blue Springs, of which he remained in charge for two years.

Rev. Mr. Dalton was married on the 10th of November 1865 to Miss Lucy Jane Crump, daughter of Samuel Crump, of Sniabar, who had been one of his pupils in the public schools and whom he had baptized into the church at the age of fifteen years. Their family numbers three children: Samuel Grigsby, who was born 12 June 1867 and aids in the cultivating of the home farm; Mary Elizabeth, who is engaged in teaching; and Paulina Agnes, at home. In 1871 Mr. Dalton moved upon the farm which he has since made his home. He makes his ministerial work his chief duty in life but in his leisure hours engages in the cultivation of his farm and the improvement of his land. In politics he is Independent, supporting the man whom he thinks best qualified for the office. His career has been such as to command him the regard of all, of both his own and other denominations, and the most genuine respect is universally extended him.

91- Rev. Michael Joseph Dalton:

Windsor Ontario Canada.

Major Reverend Michael Joseph Dalton, padre of the Essex Scottish Regiment became the pastor of Most Precious Blood Parish Windsor, Ontario Canada in September 1946. This was a time of transition when men and women had to learn from the hardship of the Depression and the horror of World War II to build for the future, Father Dalton brought much experience, untiring energy and firm leadership to this mission at Most Precious Blood Parish. Immediately, he began construction of a new rectory and basement church on the site of the southwest corner of Meldrum and Tecumseh Roads. In August 1947, His Excellency Bishop Kidd offered the first Mass in the new basement church. The rapidly growing parish was adequately accommodated for the time being. During the first Mass, Father Dalton told his flock that he had Laboured and sweated to make sacrificial offerings Sunday after Sunday, day after day and that hundreds have given God reasonable service to make his dream come true.

Father Dalton stressed church attendance, family worship, the parish as a community, and devotion to Mary. Father Dalton aced on problems and expected his flock to work with him to find answers. He emphasized the need for unity to build the Church in Christ.

Father Dalton acted to strengthen the Christian community. He reinstated the Altar Society, the Usher's Club, and the Catholic Women's League, and formed the Boy Scouts and the Legion of Mary. He advocated the rosary prayer and was responsible in inviting Father Patrick Peyton, the famous rosary priest to come to Most Precious Blood Parish to conduct a rosary crusade. Visiting parish families occupied much of his time. Mission and retreats also took priority He considered missions to be important and used loudspeakers on the streets, to announce missions and volunteers mailed mission notes to parishioners. In 1951, he invited the people to pray for world peace as part of Bishop Cody's Holy Year Mission Crusade of Prayer and Sacrifice.

Devotion to Mary characterized Father Dalton's era. The Legion of Mary improved conditions for the prayer to the Virgin and for worship at Most Precious Blood Parish.

Because of expansion during the post-war years, Most Precious Blood Parish required full-time assistant pastors. Father Herman Reardon was the fist and greatly helped Father Dalton. For such a busy man as Father Reardon life was not easy. While assisting at Most Precious Blood, he also had the responsibility of organizing and administering to the mission parish of Our Lady of Lourdes in Comber from 1947 to 1951.

By 1951, the family at Most Precious Blood had grown so large that it became necessary to sever part of a large section in Sandwich East to create a new parish. St Christopher's was founded and Father V.C.Cote became its first pastor.

The parish was expanding and it needed the new church. Father Dalton was instrumental in raising funds and he encouraged bingo games and bazaars. Still, according to Father Dalton, the Sunday envelope is still the highest source of revenue on the average, with all due respect to the Usher's year-round bingos. When he initiated one collection., the honour system, instead of the dime collection at the door the whole diocese followed suit. Father Dalton offered $500, half the asking price, for the lots for the church, and his offer was accepted. Some donations came from beyond the parish, until the 20th Century Church Builders had collected $75,000.00 by 1953, the last year that Father Dalton was at Most Precious Blood Parish. This was another community effort that was worthy of the Father White and Father Donnellan years, an effort that is an example for all of us.

92- Brigadier-General Harry J. Dalton Jr.:

U. S. Army.

General Dalton is director of public affairs, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, Washington, D.C.

General Dalton was born in San Antonio, Texas, in 1927. He graduated from high school in San Antonio in 1945. He then attended the University of Texas in Austin, Texas, majoring in advertising and graduated with a bachelor of business administration degree in June 1949. He attended graduate school from 1949 to 1950. In January 1950 he completed the Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps program as a distinguished military graduate and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Air Force Reserve.

When the Korean War began he volunteered for active duty and was assigned in August 1950 as assistant public information officer at March Air Force Base, Calif. The following year he moved with the 44th Bombardment Wing to Lake Charles Air Force Base, La., as the wing public information officer. In June 1953 he was assigned as information services officer at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., headquarters of the Strategic Air Command.

In July 1955 General Dalton was assigned to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, where he served as director of information and special assistant to the commander of the 3rd Air Division. He returned to the United States in July 1957 for assignment to the SAC Directorate of Information where he held successive jobs in the Internal Information, Plans and Liaison, and Public Information Divisions.

In September 1960 he became a plans officer in the Office of Information, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. In January 1963 he was named special assistant to the Air Force director of information.

He attended the Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, Va., from January to June 1965. He was next assigned as executive assistant in the Office of the Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Wiesbaden, Germany. In September 1966 he become chief, Public Communications Division, Office of Information, at USAFE headquarters.

General Dalton transferred to Vietnam in July 1968 where he served as executive to the chief of information at the U.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam until July 1969. During this assignment he flew 32 combat missions in a variety of aircraft as a combat aerial photographer.

He was assigned as a plans officer in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs) from August 1969 to June 1972. As such he was the principal public affairs planner for matters pertaining to prisoners of war and those missing in action. In this capacity he served as chairman of the Department of Defense POW/MIA Public Affairs Panel and as a member of the DOD POW/MIA Task Group and the White House POW Group.

In June 1972 he was named director of information for Air Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

General Dalton was assigned as deputy director of information, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, March 17, 1975, and assumed the duties of director of information Dec. 17, 1975. The organization title and his position title were re designated in October 1979.

His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters, Bronze Star Medal, Air Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal with "V" device and oak leaf cluster, Air Force Commendation Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Republic of Vietnam Honor Medal 1st Class and Republic of Korea Order of National Security Merit (Cheonsu) Medal.

The general is an accredited member of the Public Relations Society of America and is listed in "Who's Who in the South and Southwest." He was chosen in 1974 by the Aviation/Space Writers Association as the outstanding public information officer in the military.

He was promoted to brigadier general Dec. 15, 1975, with date of rank Dec. 4, 1975.

93- Patrick Dalton:

Franciscan Brother.

Gorton Monastery in East Manchester, England, has stood since 1872. It easily is the most imposing building for miles around but when it was first completed it was even more imposing; then it was set in green fields and not surrounded by the urban sprawl of an industrial city. Nevertheless as part of this urban sprawl, Gorton Monastery still had great influence despite being in the middle of endless streets of terraced houses for it has served the people of Gorton with education song and faith for more than a hundred years. As part of a grand post war plan. Gorton life changed and the Monastery began to disintegrate at the same time. Lots of the terraced houses were knocked down but it was not until 1989 that the Monastery was finally closed.

The first Franciscan Brothers arrived on the site in 1861 – there were four of them, three from a Franciscan monastery in the 15th century Belgium University town of Louvrain and one from Ireland. They lived and worshiped in a stone cottage already on the site.

Of the original four Franciscan Brothers one was a friar called Brother Patrick Dalton who came from a small village near Limerick in Ireland. His role proved to be invaluable. It was he who took on the role of construction Clerk of Works. He did other jobs to do with the building of the Monastery but his title was that of ‘Clerk of Works’ under Edward Pugin the architect. It was he who carved the immense stone alter screen and undertook much of the building detail of the church. A tribute to Brother Patrick Dalton was made at the opening ceremony of the completed building by Edward Pugin himself – he spoke of Patrick Dalton as being not merely the clerk of works but the joint architect. His influence in the building of the Gorton church and other Franciscan churches built round about the same time was enormous. The American civil war overshadowed a part in the early history of Gorton Monastery – The Civil War of 1861 and its aftermath led to a shortage of raw cotton. Many Manchester cotton mills were closed because of it and many thousands were thrown out of work. Because of this and the destitution it caused, Gorton Monastery fed over 300 people a day until the situation became normal again. It was a huge task but somehow Gorton Monastery and the Franciscan Brothers were up to it.

This serving role to the parish continued to sustain the Monastery for over 100 years until 1989 when the last mass was said and the Monastery was closed. Patrick Dalton died in 1909 – during his time he had overseen the building of a Boys School – a Girls School and an Infants School. The Monastery and Church it’s buildings were always in use serving the community. Births, deaths and marriages were celebrated in the church throughout its life.

94- Walter M. Dalton:

Businessman.

Walter M. Dalton was born in Mechanicville, N. Y., February 22, 1862. His parents moved on a farm when he was a child; he was educated in the district schools and was a farmer until he attained the age of eighteen years. He came to Mechanicville in 1880 and was engaged in various occupations; he was vice-president and superintendent of the Crosby Shirt Co. eight years, and April 1, 1897, formed a co-partnership with William Tirney in the steam milling business, dealing in flour, grain, feed, hard and soft wood, under the firm name of Tirney & Dalton, which has proved an increasing success. January 6, 1886, he married Ella F. Sheehan, and they have two children: Arthur and Mabel. Mr. Dalton's father, Patrick Dalton, was born in Ireland about the year 1829 and came on his own responsibility to the United States at the age of fourteen years and was a farmer by occupation; he married twice, first to Kittie Dowd, and they had ten children, four of whom are living: Thomas, Jennie, Walter M. (as above), and William. Mrs. Dalton died in June, 1879, and for his second wife Mr. Dalton married Bridget Leonard.

95- General James E. Dalton:

U. S. Air Force.

General Dalton is chief of staff, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe, Mons, Belgium.

General Dalton was born in New York City in 1930. He is a graduate of Brooklyn Technical High School. In 1954 he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. He received master of science degrees in aeronautical and astronautical engineering, and instrumentation engineering from the University of Michigan in 1960. He is a distinguished graduate of Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala., and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.

After completing pilot training in 1955, General Dalton joined the 76th Air Transport Squadron at Charleston Air Force Base, S.C., serving as an aircraft commander until he entered the University of Michigan in 1958. After graduation in 1960, he served as a project officer in the Guidance and Control Directorate of the Ballistic Systems Division, Air Force Systems Command at Los Angeles Air Force Station, Calif. He was responsible for the development of the operational targeting programs for the inertially guided Atlas, Titan and Minuteman intercontinental ballistic missiles.

The general attended Air Command and Staff College during the 1964-1965 academic year and was then assigned to the 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, Naha Air Base, Okinawa, where he served as an aircraft commander, instructor pilot, flight commander and wing executive officer. During this assignment he served in Southeast Asia as a C-130 commander, operations officer and deputy commander of C-130 operating locations.

From May 1968 to May 1969, he was a project officer in the Missile Division, Office of the Deputy for Strategic Forces, Deputy Chief of Staff, Research and Development, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. While there he was the program element monitor for the Advanced Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Technology Program. He then attended the Industrial College of the Armed Forces graduating in June 1970.

He was assigned as chief, Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis Branch in the Office of the Assistant to the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff for Strategic Arms Negotiations from June 1970 to August 1972. In this capacity he served with the United States Strategic Arms Limitations Talks Delegation as an adviser to the principal military delegate.

General Dalton was vice commander of the 438th Military Airlift Wing, McGuire Air Force Base, N.J., until May 1973. He then took command of the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Wing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., where he was responsible for the rescue operations of seven squadrons and 14 detachments located in Europe, Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, Panama and the United States. As many as 100 aircraft of five different types were assigned to the wing. During General Dalton's tenure the wing received the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award and the Military Airlift Command's Distinguished Wing Flying Safety Award for 1973 and 1974.

In February 1975 he become commander of the Air Reserve Personnel Center in Denver where he was responsible for personnel support for the Air Force Reserve and members of the Air National Guard not on extended active duty, and personnel support for mobilization of the Air Reserve Forces.

From November 1976 to May 1977, he was deputy director of concepts in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Plans and Operations at Air Force headquarters. In June 1977 General Dalton was assigned to the Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and served as deputy director for force development and strategic plans, Plans and Policy Directorate. His responsibilities involved a broad range of national security issues.

In July 1978 he became vice director of the Joint Staff and in July 1980 General Dalton was named commandant of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He served as director of the Joint Staff from July 1981 until assuming his present duties in August 1983.

The general is a command pilot with more than 5,400 flying hours. His military decorations and awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, Air Medal with five oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal and Vietnam Service Medal with six stars. He was promoted to general Aug. 1, 1983.

96- James William Dalton:

Engineer.

The Dalton Highway in Alaska is named after James William Dalton, an Alaska-born engineer who supervised construction of the Distant Early Warning Line in Alaska and, as an expert in Arctic engineering, served as consultant in early oil exploration in northern Alaska.

The Dalton Highway begins about 80 miles north of Fairbanks and it stretches more than 400 miles, crossing the mountains of the Brooks Range and descending to the Prudhoe Bay community of Deadhorse, at the edge of North America.

It’s the only road in the United States that goes all the way to the Arctic Ocean. It has the longest stretch of highway in America without any services. It’s a gateway to some of the most vast and remote wilderness anywhere. The road can be so rough that many car rental companies won’t even allow you to take their cars on it.

The Dalton Highway begins about 80 miles north of Fairbanks and it stretches more than 400 miles, crossing the mountains of the Brooks Range and descending to the Prudhoe Bay community of Deadhorse, at the edge of North America.

The highway was built in the 1970’s to service the Trans Alaska Pipeline. It wasn’t completely opened to the public until 1994.

At the beginning of the Dalton Highway, where the pavement ends and the gravel starts, It is 425 miles long, mostly gravel, all the way to the Arctic. This truly is the ultimate back road.

The Dalton Highway, also known as the Haul Road, is still mainly used by truckers. Trucks can kick up a lot of dust, but this area is completely hazy due to wildfires caused by lightning – a pretty common occurrence in the summertime here. In some spots, fires are burning right beside the road.

About 30 miles into our trip on the Dalton Highway we get our first good look at the Trans Alaska Pipeline, carrying oil from Prudhoe Bay all the way down to the port city of Valdez in the south. The pipeline is about 800 miles long.

97- Dorthy Dalton:

Actress.

Dorthy Dalton was born in Scarsdale, New York) was a silent film actress and stage personality who worked her way from a stock company to a movie career. She had auburn hair and dimples. Beginning in 1910 Dorothy was a player in stock companies in Chicago and Holyoke, Massachusetts. She joined the Keith-Albee-Orpheum Corporation vaudeville circuits. By 1914 she was in Hollywood.

She made her movie debut in 1914 in Pierre of the Plains, co-starring Edgar Selwyn and starring in Across the Pacific in the same year. In 1915 Dalton appeared with William S. Hart in The Disciple. This production came before she left Triangle Film Corporation and was signed to Thomas Harper Ince Studios. Ince's company was operative from 1919 until his death in 1924. With Ince she played in The Price Mark and Love Letters, both co-starring William Conklin. Dorothy performed with Rudolph Valentino in Moran of the Lady Letty (1922), and with H.B. Warner in The Flame of the Yukon (1917) and The Vagabond Prince (1916).

The actress' stage career included performances as Chrysis in Aphrodite by Morris Gest in 1920 and on Broadway in The Country Wife.

Dalton was once married to actor Lew Cody, then later divorced. She married theatrical producer Arthur Hammerstein in 1924. He was the uncle of Oscar Hammerstein II, the lyricist and the son of Oscar Hammerstein, the impresario. After the second marriage Dorothy acted infrequently. Arthur Hammerstein died in 1955. Dorothy Dalton died in 1972, age 78, at her home in Scarsdale.

98- John C. Dalton:

Hack and stable proprietor.

John C. Dalton was born in Salem, Mass. in Salem, July of 1818. He was the son of Edward and Mary Collins Dalton. He married, (1) Nov. 28, 1843, Mary E. Guild, of Danvers, who died July 9,1844, and, (2) July 31, 1845, Phebe A. D. Winn, of Salem. His early life was spent in his native town, and he was a pupil in the East School under masters Bourne and South wick. In 1829 he entered the employ of the Salem and Boston Stage Company, first driving the post-chaise or calling for passengers and parcels for the stage-coach, and afterward, from 1833 to 1838, was a driver on the stage route. Steam-cars commenced running in 1838. In that year he established a line of coaches and hacks in Boston conveying passengers to and from depots and about the city. From 1847 to 1861 he was proprietor of a Sunday stage line between Boston and Salem, carrying the United States mail and Sunday papers.

In 1834 he joined the Corps of Independent Cadets of Salem, and was successively corporal, sergeant, and lieutenant in that corps. He resigned active membership in 1864, and became a member of the Veteran 'Corps of the Cadets, which membership he still retains. He has been a member of the National Lancers and Charlestown Cadets. He joined the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, May 13, 1850. In 1888 he accompanied the delegation of the Artillery Company which went to London, England, to attend the three hundred and f1ftieth anniversary of the Honourable Artillery Company of London. Lieut. Dalton removed from Salem to Somerville in 1871, where he now resides.

99- Dr. William Henry Dalton:

Medical Doctor in Upper Canada.

Dr. William Henry Dalton was the son of Thomas Dalton, who was a well-known person in Upper Canada, being the publisher of the 'Patriot' for a number of years. He was an Englishman from Birmingham, who had come to Newfoundland, where he lived during the war of 1812-14, and where William Henry was born. One effect of he war in Newfoundland is remembered. The young son was at that time very delicate, and it was necessary to have eggs for his diet, for which nine shillings a dozen was paid. Thomas Dalton came to Upper Canada in 1814, when William Henry was three years old. Kingston was selected as a home.

William Henry learned the printing business and in 1832 the family moved to York. When William Henry was twenty he forsook printing and began the study of medicine.

On a tombstone resting upon his grave in the old graveyard of St. James, on the east side of the cathedral, are these words to the memory of Thomas Dalton: 'Born in Birmingham, England, April, 1792. Died, October 26, 1840.' His widow died, June 14, 1859.

100- William de Dalton:

Keeper of the Great Wardrobe.

William de Dalton, second son of Sir Robert de Dalton was born after 1300 in Byspham, Lancashire, England. In William de Dalton was presented to the Rectory of Bulwell, in Nottinghamshire, on 25th November 1322 and to that of Croxton in Lincolnshire, on 30th March 1324. He was, granted the prebend of Bridgenorth and became Deputy Keeper of the Great Wardrobe. On 20th February 1335, he seized the King's goods, lately in the hands of Robert de Taunton, deceased. He was presented to a moiety in Skynton Church, Derbyshire on 20th July 1337 and became the Parson of South Dalton in Yorkshire.

While serving with the King's army in France, he was captured by men of the King of Bohemia and taken to Germany, where he was detained for some time. His benefice was kept open for him, however, until he returned to England, on 3rd December 1339. After he returned he became the King's Clerk in the diocese of York, and took up the Benefice in the gift of St. Mary's Abbey, York, which had been granted to him on the 29th, of July 1333. He was presented to the Rectory of Brigham in Cumberland on 10th January 1341 and to the prebend of Brightling in Hastings, an 28th April 1342. He was said to be a son of Sir Robert Dalton, Knight. He was given a grant in Wingham, and the prebend of Farendon in Lincoln on 25th July 1343. He was presented to the Rectory of Houghton le Spring, in Durham, on 30th April 1347. He was also granted the prebend of Ketton and became Controller of the King's Household, on 31st August 1349. He was given a grant for his long service to the King and his household and the right to have the same wages and wear the same robes in perpetuity, as when he was the Controller on 20th January 1350. He was given a prebend in Aukland, on 6th June 1350, and a further prebend in Lincoln which he obtained on the death of Henry de Edenston.'

On 8th May 1350, it is recorded that at that time he held Houghton, the Sacristy of Beverly and prebends in Aukland, Bridgenorth and Hastings, so he must have been a very rich and important man indeed, and he moved in the highest Court circles.

William de Dalton lent money to the Prince of Wales for play and was repaid E4. 13. 4d. on 15th May 1352. He was made Keeper of the Great Wardrobe on 25th June 1353, in 1355 various men owed him E160 and in 1358, E300. He was granted a further prebend in York on the death of Simon de Brise, and he was apparently an intimate friend of Baron Guy de Brien. on 24th January 1355, he was granted a further prebend in Hereford, on the death of Simon de Ledbury, and he became the Dean there. He exchanged the prebend of Carlton cum Dalby for the prebend of Ketton with William de Hilgate. He was charged by the King with the duty of delivering cloth for the Justices of the Bench and the Baron of Exeter in 1357. He was the King's Inspector of Shipping and he was given the task of enquiring into the wool trade in Norfolk and Suffolk. He went overseas again on these duties in 1358. When he returned, he exchanged his prebend in Aukland with William de Custantia for one in Ripon. He was collated to a prebend of Knaresborough in York on 2nd August 1363, and, in 1365, he sued in the Roman court to the damage of the King's Realm, and opposed the new taxation. He was confirmed in the prebends of Houghton, York and Ripon in 1367, and these together were valued at 170m. He died on 8th March 1372, voiding his prebend in York to Cardinal St. Eustace.

The Kings whom William served were Edward II and Edward III, and the war was the 100 years war between England and France, during which the Flemish wool weavers were on the English side. The wool trade was an extremely important one at this time, as the wool was grown in England, but woven in the Low Lands, so the Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, with the task of looking after all imports of cloth, was an important position. William must have been not only a very rich priest, with all his prebends, but also a very influential man.

101- Jared Dalton:

Alleged Murderer.

Jared Dalton was the son of John Dalton Jr. and Marianne Catherine Gardial. He was born in SLC, Utah on Jan 22 1858 and died Dec. 24 1928 in Ogden Utah. He is buried in the Ogden City Cemetery.

He was accused of cruelly murdering Mary Parker, an aged lady, near Rockville in Kane Co. Utah in April, 1880. Jared Dalton was subsequently arrested, suspected of the crime. After a long trial he was convicted and sent to the Utah Territory Penitentiary in Salt Lake City.

Jared Dalton served only seven months in prison and then was pardoned by the Gov. of Utah at the time who was Eli H. Murray. After his pardon he moved 45 miles north of SLC, to Ogden, Utah where he was married to Matilda Horrocks on 10 September of 1885.

Now the really interesting thing about this Jared Dalton is that Rodney Dalton, the author of this article is related by marriage to Dalton's, wife, Matilta Horrocks.

The following is a story told about this murder, copied from the autobiography of Clara Wilhelm.

"I was born in Rockville, Washington Co., Utah on March 27, 1870. My parents were Bateman Haight Wilhelm and Lydia Hannah Draper Wilhelm. I had six brothers and sisters, three brothers and three sisters, seven of us in all. I also had one half-brother and five half-sisters, as my father was a polygamist. My mother and father was married five years before he took his second wife, Grace Tibbits (Tippets) Jose. My father and Mother were very happy until this woman came into their lives. I was the first child born to mother after my father took the second wife. I had one brother and one sister older than myself. My mother's parents names were Zemira Draper and Amy Terry Draper. We lived in Rockville until I was 3 years old and then we moved to a little town called Mount Carmel. My father’s mother and his oldest sister moved there also. Aunt Susan. We lived there until I was 4 years old. Then the church started the United Order and they called father to help head the Order at Orderville, where we moved about two miles from Mount Carmel..........

"There was a terrible murder done while we lived in the little place. We were all out in the yard and one old lady named Mary Parker, was passing. She stopped to tell mother that it was her birthday and that she was 63 years old. She had been down to the store (owned by Bishop Charles N. Smith, father of Eliza Morris here in Mesa) and had a small parcel with her. She said she was invited to Uncle Jacob Terry’s place for her birthday dinner and seemed to be very happy. I will have to go into the old lady’s history a little to make my story more clear; she only had one son and he had had some trouble with a certain party, and this party told him to get out of town and if he came back, he would kill him. Little towns were built up and down the river (it was the Virgin River) and there were 3 or 4 of them and they were from 1 1/2 to 3 or 4 miles apart, but the old lady used to go from one to the other as she pleased without saying anything to anyone. So it went on about a week and then someone missed her and started to inquire for her but nobody knew anything about her. They came to find out that she was last seen at Uncle Jacob Terry’s place (he was Mother’s uncle). There was a young man by the name of Jared Dalton had called there while they were eating dinner and told her that her son wanted to see her and that he didn’t dare to come into town for fear of being killed. He said to meet him out about 3 1/2 miles, upon a mountain. They started a hunt for her and about noon, they found her murdered body, with her throat cut and sticks run down her mouth. She had been raped and still had the little parcel with her that she had bought at that fateful morning.

When they found her, Jared offered to go for the Justice of the Peace to hold the inquest. He came to our house, the most unlikely place that he could have looked for him. He got off from his horse and sat down with his back against a tree, on the sidewalk and seemed to be in no hurry whatever. He talked calmly about the old lady and her case. While he was talking, another old lady by the name of Mrs. Stalks, came out to where mother and Jared were talking, and after talking a little while, she came right out and said, "Jared, you killed that old lady!" He denied it of course, but mother was horrified and half out of patience with Mrs. Stalks and said "He is the last one I ever would suspect of having done such a thing." He was a boy of 18 or 19 years old and always been good and steady and mother felt like it was impossible for him to have done such a thing. But he was tried and convicted and sent to prison for 20 years, but he was there 12 of them and was turned out for good behavior. There was another party implicated, but he wouldn’t tell who it was, so he was never brought to justice."

More on the Mary Parker murder:

Raymond Johnson wrote; "While doing genealogy research in Salt Lake City, I found a book in the Church History Center written about Kane County, or maybe it was about Rockville or one of the other towns. It was written by an elderly man from that area. I do not recall his name or the name of the book. He was not a very good writer and was very opinionated. He wrote a long story about this case and it was obvious he had studied the court records. As I recall Jared Dalton never admitted to murder, he was the person who found the victims body, and that was the reason he became a suspect. I was an FBI agent for 24 years and felt the case against Jared was very weak and if he were tried in this period of time, would never have been convicted. I am not saying he was innocent but it would be interesting to find this book, which may still be in the Family History Library in Salt Lake , and do some research. The writer of the book was very vocal in that Jared should have been executed instead of sent to prison." Raymond Johnson, 2002.

Jared Dalton was pardoned in December of 1880 and since he could not go back home, he settled in Ogden Utah where he married Matilda Horrocks on 10 September of 1885.

The Pardon;

WHEREAS, he was confined from August 11, 1880, until the end of March, 1881 awaiting trial, and where as said Dalton was at the time of the severance of the crime, an ignorant young man filled with superstition; and believing in witch-craft, and it also appearing that while he did not commit the murder, he was led into inducing the supposed witch to go into a canyon, where she was murdered by a party who fled this country, and whereas during his confinement, he has educated himself, has developed into another and different life and looks back in horror upon the condition of mind that could tolerate the thought of such barbarous conduct. Now, therefore in view of these representations made to me by E. A. Briland, U. S. Marshall and others of the urgent request of the Marshall forth pardon of Dalton in recognition of special and gallant services rendered by him in the conduct of the penitentiary, his universally good conduct and because of his opinion that the need of justice are fully met in his sake and said Dalton will prove to be a good citizen as he appears to be a changed man.

So after reading the pardon of Jared Dalton, use your own judgment if he was guilty or was he made a scrape goat at the time.

102- Lawrence Dalton:

Juvenile delinquent.

Reported in the Ogden Standard Examiner Newspaper - Dated 10-15-1906.

“In District Court this morning before Judge Howell, the following civil and criminal matters were heard against Lawrence Dalton, who was charged with assault with intent to commit rape, the District Attorney filed the information against the defendant who was arraigned.

The case of Lawrence Dalton, an overgrown boy, accused of assault with intent to commit rape, was continued by Judge Howell, until Monday, October 22nd.

On October 22nd Lawrence Dalton pleaded guilty, but Judge Howell postpones the time for sentence.

In the case of the State vs. Lawrence Dalton, the defendant appeared this morning and changed his plea of not guilty. Judge Howell postponed the time for sentence until Jan. 16th, in order to permit time for a longer deliberation of the case. It is the desire of the court that the prisoner, who is hardly eighteen, be committed to the Industrial School, rather than the penitentiary, and if possible, arrangements toward this end will be made.

As reported in the Ogden Standard Examiner Newspaper - Dated 04-20-1907.

Lawrence Dalton, an inmate of the State Industrial School, escaped from that institution at about 2 o’clock this morning. He is 17 years of age, weight about 145 pounds, height 5 feet 9 inches, dark hair, brown eyes.

Dalton was caught in Idaho:

Young Fugitive fought for his Freedom. Brought back to the Industrial School from where he escaped a year ago.

As the result of a still hunt covering a period of several weeks, a chase of three blocks through the business section of Pocatello, and a struggle at the end of the race, Lawrence Dalton, a young boy, committed to the Industrial School by Judge Howell, was taken by Officer Griffin, of the institution, Saturday night.

On a charge of attempted rape, Dalton was sent to the reformatory, because his age prevented the county officials from sending him to the penitentiary. Judge Howell, in passing sentence, stated that he was not to be given the benefit of the credit system in vogue at the school, but was to be kept at labor until 21 years of age. The school officials were reluctant to receive the boy but there was no other place for him. A year ago, on the night of April 19, Dalton managed to escape. On account of the seriousness of the charge against him, his arrest was greatly desired and considerable time and expense were devoted to his apprehension. It was only by the merest rumor that the whereabouts of the fugitive was discovered, but when, during April last, it was learned that he was on a farm near Pocatello and that he visited the city regularly, every Sunday Officer Griffin was dispatched to bring him back to Ogden.

Griffin searched through Pocatello several hours before he found Dalton’s trail. While rapidly going up one of the main thoroughfares, he came face to face with Dalton and another boy. Recognizing the officer, Dalton darted into the block and commenced a wild run in the direction of the depot. Aided by his companion, he managed to elude Griffin and hide but before he could effect an escape he was again overtaken and caught. He fought hard against Griffin but was subdued.

With his prisoner, Griffin arrived last night. From the railroad depot Dalton was taken to the school handcuffed. A special watch will be maintained to prevent a second escape until it has been finally decided as the best disposal of the boy.

103- Eunice Dalton:

A strange suicide.

As reported in the Ogden Standard Examiner - Dated. 08-04-1891.

Eunice Dalton takes Laudanum with Deadly Effect. No Reason for her Deed is given.

She lives for over five hours and then succumbs to the deadly effect of the fearful drug.

Eunice Dalton, aged fifteen, daughter to Dell Dalton, took laudanum with suicidal intent last evening and died this morning at about 3 o’clock. At 9:30 p.m. she had been downtown and had bought a vial of laudanum, which she took home with her. On reaching the residence on Adams between Twenty-second and Twenty-third, she swallowed the contents as she entered the house and threw the bottle by the hydrant near the corner of the house. She immediately told her mother of what she had done but assigned no reason for the deed. In fact she declared she could not tell and did not know why she had done so. Her mother and another lady walked her around as long as possible while physicians were sent for. Dr. Jones and Dr. Armstrong responded within fifteen minutes of the occurrence. And did all in their power to save her. A poison of the poison was throw up, but it had taken too much effect in her blood, and about 3 a.m. she died. The coroner was sent for to prepare the body for burial, as it was not through necessary to hold an inquest owing to her own admission as to taking the poison. It was not learned this morning when she will be buried. The family is thrown into the greatest of grief and sorrow, as the deed is wholly unexpected and unexplainable to them.

As reported in the Ogden Standard Examiner - Dated. 8-5-1891.

Monday's Suicide:

The Reason given by the Family for the Girl’s Action.

The funeral services over the remains of Eunice Dalton, the young girl who took laudanum on Monday and killed herself, will take place to day at 2 p.m., at the residence, 2200 Monroe Avenue.

The family is grief-stricken. The only reason they can assign for the deed is this; She wanted to go downtown and her mother insisted on her getting through with a certain amount of work at the house before she left. This made her angry and she went away in that mood. They think that when she got the poison, having obtained it by saying that her mother wanted it for a sick baby, she took it for the purpose of making herself sick and scaring her folks, thereby insuring what she considered would be a little more of her own way. She took too much and was unable to give her reason before dying. This seems plausible, as she told the folks what she had done the moment she entered the house.

It is a case extremely sad. The mania for suicide seems to have fearfully developed both among young and old.

104- Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton: 1815 – 1880

Soldier – Anthropologist.

Edward Tuite Dalton was educated at Harrow. Entered the Army, 1835. Was in expeditions against frontier tribes of Assam in 1840s and rose to be a General in the Bengal Lancers. Commanded an expedition and captured the Mishmi chief who had murdered the French missionaries Kirk and Bourry on the Tibetan frontier.

Made Commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1878; Was with the Field Force against the Palamau rebels, and in 1858-9 against the Singbhum insurgents; C.S.I., Maj-General, 1877; Wrote and compiled a book on ethnicity of Bengal Tribes. Not married . Died "strolling". A railway station in India was named after him "Daltonganj".

Obituary: General E.T. Dalton, C.S.I.

General E.T. Dalton, C.S.I. – The death is announced of Major-General Edward Tuite Dalton, C.S.I., who entered the army in 1835, and took part in expeditions against the frontier tribes of Assam in 1839-40 and in 1842. When two French missionaries, M.M. Kirk and Bourry, had been murdered on the Tibetan frontier by a Mishmi chief, General Dalton received much praise for his skill in organizing the expedition which captured the murderer. Our associate died at Cannes, on December 30th, In the sixty-fifth year of his age.

105- Edward Dalton:

A Utah Pioneer.

Numbered among the hundreds of pioneers who left their loved ones in foreign lands to make their homes in Utah, was a little boy less than seven years old, Edward Dalton. Edward was born December 5, 1857 at Newton Heath, Lancashire, England, second child born to John and Hannah Hibbert Dalton, there being four in all, Helena, Edward Sarah and John. Mrs. Dalton had embraced the gospel of the Latter Day Saints Church in August, 1847 and had always had hope of emigrating to America. After her marriage, she was unable to convert her husband and decided to leave England with her mother and brother and come to Utah in the hope that her husband might follow. On April 18, 1864 the little family, consisting of Mrs. Dalton her four children, her mother, Hannah Brown Hibbert, and her brother, James Hibbert, booked passage on "The Monarch of the Sea".

The father accompanied them to Liverpool where he was to bid them a last farewell. In parting, he picked up little Sarah, then about three years old, and when they were all settled on the boat, Mrs Dalton discovered the child was missing. The father took her back to Newton Heath and raised her, while the other children came on to America with their mother. Their father remained in England until the time of his death in 1904.

"The Monarch of the Sea" carried 973 Saints under the direction of Patriarch John Smith. It arrived in New York on June 3, 1864, being 36 days on the journey.

The trip across the water was uneventful so far as the children were concerned, except for one occasion, when the Steward found Helena and Edward lying on their stomachs across their berth with the port hole open allowing the spray from the waves to play across their face. He gave them a sound spanking which they remembered all the rest of their lives.

The Saints reached Wyoming, Nebraska in safety where they were outfitted for the trip to Utah.

The Dalton-Hibbert family joined an emigrant company led by Captain William Hyde which arrived in Salt Lake late in October. This was a mixed wagon and handcart train. Mrs. Dalton had procured a handcart and a cow. She and her mother walked all the way across the plains while the children and Uncle Jim, who was an invalid, often rode in the Captain's wagon. Occasionally, the children rode in a rocking chair strapped to the back of the wagon.

Edward always remembered the nights when they made camp, when their feet were sore and swollen and when he and his sister Lena, would gather buffalo chips and bits of brush with which to build the fire. Many of the Saints became ill. Among other, was the baby brother, John. He died and was buried by the side of the trail somewhere in Wyoming. Upon arriving in Utah, the family was met at Salt Creek, near Echo by Benjamin Hibbert, who came to Utah in 1859 and had made his home at Enterprise, Morgan County, He took them to his home where they spent the first winter. Eward and his sisters were later sent to live with an aunt at Porterville, while their mother found employment in different families. After a time, she married again and moved to Sugar House near Salt Lake City.

Edward was an ambitious nature, learning how to work very early in life. When only nine years old, he would often walk from their home in Sugar House to ZCMI to do shopping for his mother. While still a small boy, he went to live with a Mr. James Solomon, who lived on Fourth North Street, to do chores about the place in exchange for his board and clothing.

The next family home was at Pleasant Grove, It was here that he was baptized in June 1866.

When he was about seventeen, he obtained work at Ophir, in Tooele County, and persuaded his mother to trade their home for a team of mules and a wagon and, with assumed responsibility of the family, for his mother was now widowed and his older sister married. Edward always believed in the saying "I am my brother's keeper, for their troubles were his troubles and all through his live he was helping them, finding employment for them, and even took them into his own home after he was married.

It was while working as a wood-chopper that he met Celestia Bates, daughter of Ormus E. and Sarah Ware Bates. They were married at Rush Lake, July 14, 1877 by Jacob J. Greenewald in the presence of his sister, Helene Wilcox, and his wife's cousin, R. R. Allred.

Their first home was one room with a dirt floor dug in to a hill. Their furniture consisted of a bed, stove, table and a three legged stool and a box for a cupboard. Twelve children were born of this marriage: Annie, Irene, Alemeda, Emeline, Eva, Clara, Edward Arthur, William Ray, Elva, Lawrence Ellis, Cloyd Enos and Melvin. Four of the children, Annie, Eva, Clara, And Ellis died in childhood, while they raised the other eight to see us all married.

From the time of his marriage until August 19, 1895, the family lived at Ophir where Edward engaged in burning charcoal which he sold at Slagtown, a busy smelter town near Stockton. He later engaged in farming and contracting in all kinds of team work and freighting. When the children were old enough to go to school, Edward moved to Tooele, still maintaining his camp in Ophir.

For twenty-five years he hauled concentrates from the Ophir Mining Company's mill to the railroad at Stockton and St. John. He also hauled from the Lion Hill mining district and the famous Buck Horn mine. Roads were bad in those days and it took plenty of good equipment and horses to carry on the work. Edward always took pride in owning some of the best horse in the country. Besides his own outfits, he employed many other men and as many as 124 horses and mules at one time. A man of genial, pleasant disposition he made friends easily and was well known throughout the state for his clean upright business methods. He was always known as a man whose word was as good as his bond.

At the time the International Smelting and Refining Company's plant was built in Tooele in 1909, Edward was transferred to that plant and served as Ore Shipper's representative for several mining companies in Utah and Nevada besides the Ophir Hill Company.

He always took an active part in civic affairs. He was an ardent Democrat, serving two years as county commissioner and also was elected as city commissioner in 1914.

Edward Dalton spent little time in Church affairs, he contributed liberally to the building of meeting houses and made donation the poor and other worthy causes. He provided well for his family and gave them every opportunity for an education that was in his power to give, a privilege which he had not himself enjoyed.

Edward Dalton died as he had lived, a kind father, a true friend and good citizen, on December 27, 1930, at the age of 73 and was buried three days later in the Tooele City Cemetery.

106- Sophia Simms Dalton:

Publisher.

Although not much has been written about her, and seemingly in her husband's shadow, Sophia Simms Dalton was a strong woman who became Toronto's first woman publisher after the death of her husband.

Born about 1785, Sophia Simms was one of 15 children of William and Mary Simms of Birmingham. She married Thomas Dalton in 1805, a widower, also from Birmingham, with one son named Henry. They later had two sons and four daughters: Thomas, Robert, Sophia, Emma, Harriett and Mary.

For about a decade the family lived in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador where Thomas had his own mercantile business. After facing bankruptcy twice in ten years, Thomas and Sophia moved the family to Kingston, Upper Canada in 1817. There he established a very successful brewery and became a director of the private Bank of Upper Canada. After many hardships, including a fire which seriously damaged the brewery, Dalton started a new career as a newspaper publisher. On November 12, 1829, The Patriot and Farmer's Monitor published its first newspaper. Although well-received by Kingston residents, the Dalton's decided to move the paper to York (later Toronto) in 1832. Here they could reach a larger market and be right in the thick of politics, a subject very close to Thomas' heart. In fact, he wrote such passionate editorials that Sophia was said to have edited them so the family could avoid any legal troubles that might have resulted from his fiery words.

With the name shortened to The Patriot, the newspaper began publishing in York on December 7, 1832. Within a year, it was published biweekly on Tuesdays and Fridays. Pro-British and conservative in nature, it became an influential paper.

When Thomas Dalton died on October 26, 1840 of a massive stroke, Sophia took control of the newspaper. However, the editorial duties were carried out by others. Sophia insisted on maintaining the same philosophy followed by her husband.

"For the benefit of his widow and family, 'The Patriot' will be conducted on as strictly conservative principles as those which heretofore marked its course..." and "...but the one great object has, and, during our existence, ever will, guide our political course - the maintenance of the British connexion - the upholding of British supremacy - and the rendering of this fair country as integral and flourishing a portion of that great Empire, as the richest and brightest shire in the broad bounds of 'merry England'."

After managing The Patriot for eight years, Sophia sold it to Lieutenant-Colonel Edward George O'Brien on October 9, 1848.

Sophia Dalton died on June 14, 1859 at the age of 74 years. Dalton Road in Toronto is named in the family's honour.

107- James Dalton:

New York City robber.

Headline - ROBBER DALTON S BAIL $5,000. Man Who Helped Him Attack Hildebrand Not Captured.

James Dalton, the man who, with another man, assaulted and robbed Henry Hildebrand, George Ringler Co.'s clerk, in the hallway of his house, 1,912 Third Avenue, at noon Wednesday, was taken to Police Headquarters yesterday. Former Detective Jacob Von Gerichten, representing George Ringler Co., and Henry Hochemeister, the cashier of the firm, went with a party in order to identify and secure the, checks which Dalton took from young Hildebrand. At Police Headquarters Dalton was paraded before the detective force and closely scrutinized, but none of the force could ever having seen him before. His picture was then taken for the Rogues' Gallery, a. minute description of him was entered- on the record, and he was taken, handcuffed, to the Harlem Court. Young- Hildebrand, who went to court with Lorenz Zellner, the counsel for Ringler Co., told the story of his struggle with Dalton very modestly. Mr. Zellner said that Hildebrand had violated a rule of the firm in going to his dinner before going to the bank, but that the members of the firm, despite the loss, had so much admiration for the young mans bravery that they retain him in their employ and would not punish him. Dalton was arraigned at the bar. He looked at Magistrate Simms defiantly, when the usual formal questions were asked him, and then pleaded not guilty, waived examination, and was held in $5,000 bail for trial. The police have made every effort to capture Dalton's confederate, but without success. They have but a meager description of him, and it would not be at all surprising- o if he were never caught. Hildebrand describes him as a middle-aged man of large stature, with a gray beard. Such a man was seen running through One Hundred and Sixth Street, down Lexington Avenue, and through One Hundred and Fourth Street to Second Avenue about the time of the robbery; but at Second Avenue all trace of him was lost.

108- Joseph Dalton & Jane Weightman:

Cotton spinner in England.

Joseph Dalton and Jane Weightman were born in 1805. Very little documented information is available on Joseph or Jane's upbringing or working conditions, however, some aspects of their early lives in England can be surmised from county records and histories concerning time periods relevant to our subjects at hand. They both appear in official records in the Dalston Parish in 1831. Research of marriage and baptism records, archived at the Carlisle Records Office in Cumbria England, revealed the following marriage:

Joseph Dalton of Wetheral parish married Jane Weightman of Dalston on 6 March 1831.

Either banns were not posted for this marriage or the record of such has not been discovered. Generally banns, or an announcement of the intention to marry, were posted three weeks prior to a marriage in both the Anglican and Catholic churches. If the couple were in a rush to be married they skipped the formalities and went over the line to Scotland where they could have a civil ceremony and no questions asked. If there was an impediment to a marriage, it generally surfaced during the three-week period. It is the "speak or forever hold your peace" clause. Sometimes a couple elected to acquire a marriage license that allowed them to be wed immediately. A license was generally expensive but some couples wanted to avoid the three-week waiting period required by banns. If a woman was pregnant, for example, the couple may wish to obtain a license and marry as quickly as possible.

In Joseph and Jane's case, one possible reason for not posting banns could be the imminent birth of their daughter. Ann Dalton arrived on 6 April 1831 and was baptized on 6 May 1831. Most family researchers find many firstborn children arrive extremely early. Now, would a woman in this era be accepted if she were very pregnant and unmarried? Probably not. A reasonable scenario as to Joseph and Jane's late wedding date is they simply crossed the Scottish border and married in Greta Green. There are many accountings of young couples marrying in Scotland and then having another wedding ceremony (months or years later) to accommodate the parents who were not previously included. Then again, they may have waited until Jane was eight months pregnant to be married, but I'll wager that isn't the case.

Baptismal records for Ann indicate the Dalton's were living in Dalston parish. Several villages comprise the makeup of Dalston parish. It is divided into six townships: Buckhowbank, Cumdevock , Dalston, Hawkesdale, Ivegill, Raughton & Gatesgill. Of the six villages, Buckhowbank seems the most likely place for Joseph and Jane to have lived. Buckhowbank, both East and West, was a suburb of Dalston village. It is situated on the eastside of the Caldew River where there were two corn mills, a large flax mill, an iron forge, a sawmill, and three cotton mills.

In 1831 Joseph's profession is listed as a cotton spinner. There were three possibilities of employment for Joseph Dalton. Most likely he worked at a mill in Buckhowbank (now called Buckabank) located on the River Caldew. This mill was founded in 1821 by J. Cowen and Sons . It has been closed for a very long time, however, the old mill wheels are still there, as well as the gates to stop and increase the flow of water. Another mill in Dalston was Stead McAlpine, which is still in business. The other cotton mill, the property of Col. Sowerby, is worked by Carrick, Blenkinsop & Co.

Joseph, Jane and Ann lived in Dalston parish possibly as late as 1833. The family moved to Burnrigg, in Wetheral parish, and lived at the "Cotton Works" sometime between the Winter of 1831 and September 1833. Joseph found employment as a cotton spinner. There were two cotton manufactories in Wetheral parish in this time period. The largest was at Warwick Bridge but there was a smaller one near Broadwath in the township of Great Corby. Again, it has not been ascertained in which mill Joseph worked, however, a reasonable deduction would be that his initial employment was at the larger mill at Warwick Bridge based on their residence information in baptismal records.

Since the marriage register stated Joseph was from Wetheral Parish, perhaps he decided to move his new family closer to his parents. Perhaps there was greater opportunity at the mills in his home parish. If the trend to follow in the father's line of work holds true then Joseph's father was also a mill worker and possibly assisted in gaining his son employment at one of the mills in Wetheral. How he ended up in Wetheral is speculation but it has been established the Dalton family did live and work in this parish.

Wetheral parish records confirm the baptism of their son Isaac on 15 September 1833 and state the family lived in Burnrigg. The closest cotton mill was Peter Dixon & Sons. This business no longer exists however, the old cotton mill at Warwick Bridge is still standing and now houses a number of small businesses. Utilizing the county archivist and baptismal records, you can follow the family's growth for the time they resided in northern England. The following are baptismal recordings housed at the Cumbria Archives in Carlisle:

1831 6 May - Anne d. of Joseph and Jane Dalton at Dalston.

1833 15 September - Isaac s. of Joseph Dalton and Jane Weightman at Wetheral.

1837 25 January - Elizabeth d. of Joseph Dalton and Jane Weightman at Wetheral.

1838 6 May - William s. of Joseph Dalton and Jane Weightman at Wetheral

1840 18 October - Joseph s. of Joseph Dalton and Jane Wheatman at Wetheral

In initial queries of county records, only the parish where the baptism occurred is noted. Further inquiries and correspondence revealed the village/town where the Dalton family lived. Sometime after the birth of Joseph Jr. the family moved to Great Corby. Joseph Jr's baptismal records disclose Joseph Sr. was employed as a cotton spinner and the family lived near Warwick Bridge, in Burnrigg. Joseph may have switched employment from Peter Dixon & Sons to the smaller mill in Broadwath as a change of residence is documented in the 1841 census. The reason for moving a short distance to a smaller mill may have been a better opportunity in regard to salary or perhaps better living quarters for the growing family. The following census record is the latest document (in regard to date) found for the Daltons in England.

From an Upland newspaper - December 1878.

Mr. And Mrs. Joseph Dalton - Just south of the Solway Firth and Cheviot Hills in the extreme northwest of England, is the county of Cumberland. The battles of the border were often fought on its fields, and the crumbling ruins remain of the wall which Hadrian built from the Frith to the German ocean to protect its people from Piet and Scot. Cumberland is the most picturesque region in all of England. Derwentwater, Ulleswater, Thirsmere, Crummock and Eunerdale are a few of its many romantic lakes. Salldaw, Saddleback and Llelvellyn are among its famous mountains, while intervales abound of whose wondrous beauty the whole world is said hardly to the equal.

Many years ago, a young man and his wife, bringing with them as the chief of their wealth five little boys and girls, came from this charming county of Cumberland to seek their fortune in America. After several removals in the year 1847 they settled in Upland. No. 1 mill was just then about completed and the young man found employment there. That was thirty odd years ago. During the years that have come and gone since then, Joseph Dalton - for that was the young man's name - has continued to live at Upland, and remained in the employ of the same family - fifteen years as a weaver and for sixteen years in the responsible position of night watchman. Any day during the last period he might be seen a little before six o'clock p.m. going to his post, and a little before six o'clock a.m. returning attended by a faithful dog which he kept as the sole companion of his vigils.

The young man is an old man now, warned by the infirmities of advancing years to relinquish the round of duties to which he has for so long been devoted. And beside, a great sorrow has overtaken him. As the readers of this paper will remember, among recent obituary notices was the following:

On Sunday morning , December 13, at her residence on Upland Avenue, in Upland, Jane Whitman Dalton, wife of Joseph Dalton, in her 73rd year. Mrs. Jane Whitman Dalton was the same woman who, as a young wife, came with her husband and those five children so many years ago to America. She passed away as a sheaf of grain fully ripe. Few women have spent a more peaceful and useful Christian life. She sweetly fell asleep, as far as the writer knows, without an enemy, honored and loved, and having lived to see her five sons and daughters all settled, themselves parents, and without exception occupying highly respectable social positions.

This little story of real life would not be complete were mention omitted of the fact that those sons and daughters, with a single exception - that of a widowed daughter who resides in Chester - all remain at Upland. They are all, the sons directly and the daughter indirectly, employed by the same family with which their father was connected for a term coeval with a whole generation of men. It is not often that in the purest of American life such a case as this occurs, and it is worthy of record as evidence of stirling virtues and their reward.

By 1847 Joseph and Jane had seven children. A daughter, Jane, was born in 1846 and the entire family had settled in Upland. Jane's older siblings worked at the cotton mill or attended daily classes in the newly built school, courtesy of Mr. John Crozier, who presented the school free of charge to the residents of the district. In 1850 John Dalton was born - the last of Joseph's children, according to records found. Jane would have been 45 years old when John was born. In that era any pregnancy would probably have been a bit of a hardship. Imagine poor Jane having to endure a pregnancy in her mid forties with seven other children to take care of. Her oldest children, Ann and Isaac, were 19 and 17 years old respectively, and in all probability were a help in running the household.

Chester and Upland were both thriving communities in the 1850s. Joseph and Jane almost certainly shopped at the local stores acquiring their provisions, newspapers and clothing. There were many choices for dry goods and groceries such as Ellis Smedley on Market Street, Lewis Larkin on Broad & Upland Streets, W.C. Gray on Edgemont & James Street and George Wunderlich located on Market Street. Edward Minshall was listed as a grocer and provision dealer, located on Market & Work Streets - he also sold musical instruments. Mr. Frederick Balduff operated a Confectionary and Bakery shop and George Baker & Company on Market Street advertised they "accepted country produce taken in exchange for goods." Other merchants and businesses included John Atkinson, a Draper and Tailor, Mrs. Jane Flavill's Millinery Stores which sold an extensive assortment of bonnets, ribbons and trimmings and Parker's Photographic Temple of Art. Hinkson and Baker sold lumber and coal on Edgemont Street, as did J & CD Pennell who was also located on Edgemont Street; Stephen Cloud Jr. sold boots and shoes on James Street and the principal pharmacist was Mr. Mortimer Bickley.

For correspondence items and news the choices were J. Greig on Market Street and J. Wade Price for books and stationary. Joseph Cummins had Bibles, prayer books, daily and weekly papers. The newspapers available in the mid and late 1800's were The Upland Union and The Delaware County Republican which was published on Friday morning. The Republican offered a subscription for $2 per annum.

If Joseph and Jane had the money and the luxury of dining out, they may have eaten at Robin Hood and Little John's restaurant on the wharf. Proprietor John Hawley Jr advertised in the Chester Directory with a claim to have oysters in every style as well as shad, clams and fish dishes. The restaurant was located on the Delaware River and adjoined the center market where fresh produce was sold by local vendors.

The Dalton family attended services at the Upland Baptist Church, which was established in May of 1852. Of the original members, only 12 were of the Baptist faith but it is reported 8 people converted. It is unknown if Joseph and Jane were among the original 20 members and their religious affiliation, prior to settling in the United States, has not been ascertained.

In 1853 their oldest daughter, Ann, married and moved west with her new husband. Evidently they stayed in touch by letters as a photo of Ann, taken when she was over 50 years of age, was mixed in with her brother Isaac's photographs. Since it is known that she made a life for her new family in Kansas and Missouri, and never came back to live in Pennsylvania, she must have corresponded with her family, mailing them at least one photograph.

1861 brought many changes for the Dalton family and well as their friends and neighbors in Upland. Three of Joseph's sons were involved in the war efforts. The younger son Joseph, at 21 years of age, joined the Army of the United States and served in Company I, 3rd Calvary of Pennsylvania. With the conflicts of the Civil War approaching closer to home, his older sons, Isaac and William, then 30 and 25 respectively, were united in the Upland Volunteers two years later. Joseph Senior was in his late 50's during the war and still working at the cotton mill. He was also the Postmaster of Upland, continuing to serve the community in this capacity until his health wavered. After Joseph's retirement in 1862, from the position of weaver at the mill, he remained in the employment of the Crozier family as a night watchman. By 1870 Joseph and Jane were both 64 years old. They lived in Upland, and had the pleasure of seeing most of their children married and settled, living nearby. Joseph continued to work as a watchman at the mill, leaving at 6:00 p.m. and returning at 6:00 in the morning accompanied by his dog. The value of their personal estate was estimated at $175 at this time.

On the 13th of December in 1878 at the age of 73, Jane Dalton died peacefully at her Upland home. Jane and Joseph had been married for 47 years. A newspaper article described her death as follows: "She passed away as a sheaf of grain fully ripe. Few women have spent a more peaceful and useful Christian life. She sweetly fell asleep, as far as the writer knows, without an enemy, honored and loved….."

The article goes on to reveal Joseph's retirement from his position as night watchman, due to the "the infirmities of advancing years……and a great sorrow has overtaken him" at the loss of his lifelong companion. Joseph, lived thirteen months longer than Jane. He died 18 January 1880 in Upland and is buried beside his wife in the old section of the Upland Baptist Church.

Source: Tina Marie Culbertson.

109- Joseph Dalton Jr.

Son of Joseph & Jane Dalton.

Joseph was the fifth child of Joseph and Jane Dalton, born September 10th and baptized at Wetheral parish church on October 18, 1840. He was their last child born and baptized in England. Sometime after June 6, 1841 and June of 1842, Joseph arrived in the United States with his parents and four older siblings.

In 1850 Joseph was 10 years old and attended school in Upland. He was employed at the cotton mill during his teenage years, later joining the United States Army during the civil war era. The reason for his enlistment is not certain - did he join to escape the laborious work at the mill? Was it for a cause he felt was right and honorable, or for allegiance to his adopted country? He arrived in the United States when he was a young child and was not a citizen of this country. However, he grew up in Pennsylvania and for all intents and purposes it was the only home he ever knew.

Joseph enlisted in the U.S. Army in Philadelphia on August 17, 1861. According to muster roll and pension records he was 5 feet 5 inches tall, had sandy colored hair and blue eyes. Joseph stated Scotland as his nationality on his enlistment papers. He selected or was assigned to a Calvary unit - whether this was by choice or whether he was assigned as a matter of his experience is unknown. Muster rolls indicate he was hospitalized from March 10th until July in 1862. Records also show him absent from July through September 1862 due to appointment on a special detachment with the Provost Marshall. His regiment assisted in transporting wagon trains of weapons to Fortress Monroe. Joseph was absent again from July 24, 1863 until January 1864 on detached service with the Provost Marshall. He was discharged August 26, 1864. Joseph served in Co. I, 3rd Regiment Penna. Calvary, Army of the U.S. under Captain Walsh. His name is inscribed on the Pennsylvania monument in Gettysburg, along with all other Pennsylvania soldiers who fought in the Civil War.

After Joseph's discharge from military service he resumed life in Upland and became a member of the Upland Lodge of Pythias, No. 428, Knights of Pythias and Post Wilde, No. 25, G. A. R. This affiliation continued until his death.

On May 2, 1866 Joseph Dalton Jr. married Miss Emma Caroline Cloud of Linwood. They were married in Chester, Pennsylvania by the Rev. H.E. Gilroy at Madison Street Methodist Church in Chester. Emma is the daughter of James Cloud and Jane Jones. She was born July 10, 1841 in Wilmington, Delaware.

Joseph and Emma's first child, Charles, was born April 10, 1867 and baptized in Upland by the Rev. H.E. Gilroy on August 18,1867.

After living in Pennsylvania for approximately 26 years, and serving honorably in the Pennsylvania military forces, Joseph petitioned the District Court of Philadelphia to become an American citizen. This petition was signed September 19, 1868 renouncing his allegiance to the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen Victoria.

1869 brought a second son to the Dalton household. Edward Whitman Dalton was born August 19, 1869. Joseph and Emma had two more children in the following three years. Jane was born October 14, 1870 and Joseph Henry was born November 15, 1872.

Approximately 1875, Joseph, in addition to his employment at the cotton mill as a mechanic, was the assistant postmaster in Upland. His father, Joseph Dalton Sr. was the postmaster for many years until his health started to fail. In 1876 Joseph was appointed as one of the Directors of the Public Schools for Upland. The Borough of Upland had grown in population over the years and, in 1869, it was incorporated and made an independent school district. The appointments for the position of director were changed each year. In 1876 the directors were Joseph Dalton Jr., Daniel Compton and Timothy Keely.

The Dalton family increased over the next several years. On April 30, 1876 Emma had baby boy - Walter, followed by Rufus who was born on May 11, 1878.

In January 1880 Joseph Dalton Sr. died and Joseph Jr. became the head postmaster of Upland. By this time Joseph and Emma had been married for fourteen years and had six children. According to census information Joseph still worked as a machinist at the cotton mill in Upland. Emma was "keeping house" and their two eldest sons, Charles and Edward (aged 13 and 10 respectively), were working at the cotton mill. Young Jane and Joseph (aged 9 and 7) were attending school. Their last child, George, was born May 11, 1883.

In November 1892 Joseph had a stroke and had to quit working. He applied for a pension relief on June 1, 1892 at the age of 51. Testimonials in a general affidavit were given by acquaintances to support his application:

April 24, 1893 - Robert J. Cluelow states they were in the same lodge and Joseph has "declared himself off the lodge" as he is unable to do full work. Mr. Cluelow visited once a week during Joseph's illness. Rev. C. L. Williams stated he also visited during Joseph's sickness and proclaimed him critically ill and unable to do any manual labor. "He has always been a man of most strictly temperate habits."

April 29, 1893 - Mr. John Cullingworth, of 414 East Eighth Street in Chester, averages a weekly visit and observed Joseph to be very sick and felt he would not recover. Although he could "be out and walk around he is physically unfitted to follow his trade that of a machinist."

February 16, 1895 - William Howard aged 50, John Taylor aged 49, and John Pedlow aged 55 are acquainted in years 29, 19 and 7 respectively "two years ago J. Dalton was taken sick with apoplexy and since that time has not been able to do a single days labor and to the best of their knowledge and belief he is not able to.

April 17, 1895 - Declaration for the original invalid pension gives full description of his service during the War of the Rebellion and states he is now suffering from vertigo, cramps in stomach, rheumatism and failing eyesite.

"That he is totally unable to earn support by manual labor by reasons of disability from giddiness at frequent times, staggering unless accompanied by another person and at times is affected with a feeling of fullness about the neck and head which causes an alarming condition of mind and a sense of dire results. At other times he suffers with intense pains and a cracking noise in the head making life almost unbearable. The physicians inform the applicant that the foregoing conditions are results of an attack of apoplexy. The said disabilities are not due to vicious habits and are to the best of his knowledge and belief permanent."

The last payment to Joseph was paid out on February 4, 1903 in the amount of $12. After Joseph's death Emma applied for a Widows pension. In an affidavit on July 1, 1903 she stated she was 61 years of age and a resident of Upland; owns no real or personal property of any description; has no income from any source since May 14, 1903 except what she earns by her own daily labor - except that a son George M Dalton who works in the city of Philadelphia. He pays her $3 per week for room and board; she has received no life insurance benefit of any description but did receive a funeral benefit of $75 from the Upland Knights of Phyhias.

Emma Dalton received $30 per month until her death on December 24, 1925.

Joseph died April 30th, 1903 in Upland and Emma Dalton died December 24th, 1925 in Upland. Both are buried in the Upland Baptist church cemetery.

Joseph and Emma Dalton had nine children. Seven of those children are:

Charles born April 10, 1867

Edward Whitman Dalton born August 19, 1869 and died February 11, 1950. Married Margaretta W. Van Riper.

Jane born October 14, 1870, married Robert Cowan

Joseph Henry born November 15, 1872, never married

Walter born April 30, 1876, married Sadie Jackson who died young; then married Emma Shopshire

Rufus born May 11, 1878, married Isabel Carrol

George born May 11, 1883, married Jennie Rae . All of their children were born in Pennsylvania.

OBITUARIES & NEWS - UPLAND BOROUGH'S NEXT POSTMASTER

Probable that Joseph Dalton, Jr., Will be Appointed as Successor to His Father.

It is very probable that Assistant Postmaster Joseph Dalton Jr., will succeed his father as postmaster of the borough. Mr. Dalton has been in charge of the office since the illness of his father began a year ago and has proved very efficient in the discharge of his duties. (page 10)

DALTON--At Philadelphia, on the 29th inst., Joseph Dalton, formerly of Upland, in his 64th year. The relatives and friends of the family also Upland Lodge, No. 428, Knights of Pythias and Post Wilde, No. 25, G. A. R., are invited to attend the funeral services, on Saturday at 2:30 o'clock, in the Upland Baptist church. Interment at Upland Baptist Cemetery.

Chester Times--Chester, Pa.

Friday, May 1, 1903 (page 5)

JOSEPH DALTON

Joseph Dalton, of Upland, whose death was reported in the Times yesterday is another of the citizens to whom this country owes Lasting gratitude. He was one of the boys who responded to the call of President Lincoln in the dark days of the Rebellion, when defenders were sorely needed that the Union might be preserved, and the country cannot honor these brave men too highly. To his record for bravery in time of danger, Mr. Dalton added that of probity and honesty of life. His word was never questioned and the people of his hometown, who best know his worth, will honor his memory as one of the citizens who made the world better by living in it. Late in life he received recognition of his services and his worth by appointment to the position of postmaster of Upland, a post he filled with fidelity.

Joseph Dalton Jr. was assigned to the 3rd Regiment Company I under Captain James W. Walsh and Lieutenant Edward M. Heyl. Source: Tina Marie Culbertson.

110- Eric Dalton:

South African cricket player.

Eric Dalton, who died in Durban on June 3, 1981, aged 74, was one of the finest all round sportsmen produced by South Africa between the wars. Considered fortunate to have been picked for the 1929 South African cricket tour to England, with only nine first-class matches behind him, in which he had limited success, Dalton, by late-summer, was giving every sign of developing into a very good, attacking, middle-order batsman. Against Kent at Canterbury, towards the end of August, he scored 157 and 116 not out, followed by 102 and 44 not out against Sussex at Hove and 59 against Sir Julien Cahn's XI at West Bridgford. On returning to South Africa, Dalton quickly established himself as an extremely fine cricketer. He was an automatic choice for the South African tour to Australasia in 1931-32, where he averaged 32.41 with the bat, his best score being 100 against Tasmania at Launceston. He played in two Tests in Australia and two in New Zealand, in the first of which, at Christchurch, he made 82. By the end of the 1934-35 season he had become one of South Africa's most reliable batsmen, having averaged 54.76 in first-class matches since returning from New Zealand. His bowling, too, came on tremendously during this period: in 1934-35 he captured 25 wickets at 19.08 each with his leg-breaks.

The value of having taken him to England in 1929, when only 22, was reflected in his performances on his return there in 1935. So well did he play that by the end of the tour he had scored 1,446 runs at an average of 37.07, including his First Test hundred at The Oval. With the wickets of Wyatt and Hammond in England's first innings he also contributed valuably to South Africa's famous victory at Lord's, their first over England in England. Despite a decline in form over the next couple of years, he was back to his best for the visit of W. R. Hammond's MCC side to South Africa in 1938-39, averaging 44 in the Test series, including 102 in the First Test at Johannesburg (the last Test hundred to be scored by a South African at the old Wanderers Ground), and, for good measure, hitting 110 for Natal against the Englishmen at Pietermaritzburg and three times taking the important wicket of Hammond, once in the First Test and twice ( stumped) in the timeless fifth. His ninth-wicket partnership of 137 with A. B. C. Langton, against England at The Oval in 1935, still stood as a record when South Africa last played Test cricket.

After two post-war seasons for Natal, Dalton concentrated on golf, a game which he also played with great distinction for many years, winning the South African Amateur Championship in 1950 and representing them in the first Commonwealth Tournament at St Andrew's in 1954. He had taken to golf in Australia in 1931-32 when, having had his jaw broken in the match after making his hundred against Tasmania, he was unable for some weeks to play cricket. His mentor at the time was Ivo Whitton, who, as an amateur, won a record number of Australian Open Championships. Dalton was also a fine bowls player, hard to beat at both tennis and table tennis, an accomplished pianist and the possessor of a fine baritone voice. He led many a sing-song on board the Kenilworth Castle, bound for England in 1929. A lovable character, he made the most of his many talents.

Wisden Cricketers' Almanack:

ONE of those South Africans who have excelled at several sports, as if born to them, Eric Londesbrough Dalton, who died in Durban on June 3, at the age of 74, toured England twice before the war, as well as Australasia once, playing in 15 Test matches. His first was during the 1929 England tour, when he gave a glimpse of things to come right at the end, following his maiden first-class century with another in the second innings against Kent, and stringing a third to them in the next match at Hove. His first major contribution to a Test match came 21/2 years later, at Christchurch, when he scored 82 in South Africa's first-ever Test against New Zealand; but it was the final Test of the 1935 series in England which proclaimed him as truly a Test cricketer. Going in at No. 8, he hit 117 in 140 minutes, and added a record 137 in 70 minutes for the ninth wicket with 'Chud' Langton after early discomfort against Walter Robins' leg-spin. The stand helped shut England out, and South Africa sailed away with their first victory against England secure, having won at Lord's (when Dalton, a change bowler, dismissed Hammond and Wyatt).

He made 1446 runs at 37 on that 1935 tour, with 117 against Essex before the Oval Test as his other century, and he finished next to Bruce Mitchell in the Test averages. When England returned a visit three years later, Dalton made 102 in the opening Test, the last Springbok century at the old Wanderers ground, Johannesburg. He achieved nothing else of note until the final Test at Durban, his birthplace, when the 10-day 'timeless Test' produced 1981 runs, 57 of them from Dalton's bat in the first innings. Curiously, he had Hammond stumped in both innings, taking his dismissals of the great Englishman to four out of his total of 12 Test wickets.

Eric Dalton had a modest tour of Australia in 1931-32, having cause to remember in particular the Queensland match, when he bagged a pair, and the lovely island of Tasmania, where he scored his only century of the tour in the first match and then, going in on a hat-trick, had his jaw broken in two places by an ugly delivery from Laurie Nash. He did, though, have a long stand with Herby Taylor at Sydney, where he scored 87 against NSW. The injury compelled him to have his jaw wired up for a month, a pair of pliers handy at all times in case of emergency.

Dalton, who played for Natal, was also an accomplished soccer player, golfer (South African amateur champion 1950), lawn tennis and table tennis player, and bowls exponent. His first-class cricket career extended from 1924 to 1947, in which time he made 5333 runs at 33.12, with 13 centuries, the highest 157. His Test record was not far behind: 698 runs at 31.72, with those two admirable centuries off.

111- Alan James Patrick Dalton:

Safety and environmental campaigner.

Obituary - Alan Dalton.

Born May 30 1946; died December 11 2003.

Fearless campaigner who took on deadly industries.

Alan Dalton, the veteran safety and environmental campaigner and under-their-skin irritant to dangerous industries and their friends, has died aged 57.

Trained as a chemist, Dalton initially worked in the pharmaceutical industry, but soon realised health was not something made, bottled and sold, but was something won by informed and organised struggle.

He paid a price for promoting this approach. Over the years Dalton was sued and bankrupted for attacking the asbestos industry, "greylisted" by the government's Health and Safety Executive (HSE) for exposing its shortcomings and secrecy and fired from the board of the Environment Agency for failing to embrace a cosy but unhealthy consensus. His transformation from chemist to campaigner began early. By the late 1960s Dalton was the workplace safety and environmental campaigner for the British Society for Social Responsibility in Science (BSSRS). While there, he was one of a small group behind a new grassroots safety magazine, Hazards Bulletin, created as unions for the first time were given legal rights to participate in workplace safety.

Dalton knew that the new generation of union safety reps with legal rights also needed union arguments and support to convert rights into influence. It was part of a grassroots political awakening that was cautious of the "information is power" mantra that spurred the emerging global environmental and workplace campaign movement's "right-to-know" campaigns. Instead, Dalton subscribed to a more political philosophy. As Canadian labour academic Bob Sass described it at the time: "Information isn't power. Information is information. Power is power."

If he wanted proof of this, it soon came. Leading the BSSRS asbestos campaign through the 1970s, Dalton knew the asbestos industry had money and influence and had resisted successfully attempts to impose stricter, more protective workplace exposure standards. The industry was also doing a pretty good job of putting a healthy gloss on what was already emerging as the most effective industrial killer of all times - responsible for more lost lives than the Black Death. From the mid-1970s the UK's national newspapers were carrying full page adverts telling us "We need asbestos," a claim criticized even then by the Advertising Standards Authority. The industry campaign was aided by the co-option of its scientific and medical critics. Many ended their careers hundreds of thousands of pounds richer as a result. Standing up to the asbestos industry could, by contrast, be costly.

Asbestos killer dust, Dalton's 1979 campaigning book on the industry's charm offensive, landed him in court when he was sued for libel by Dr Robert Murray OBE, a doctor, one-time Manchester University lecturer and government medical inspector criticized in the book for his pro-industry views and advocacy of asbestos "safe use." Dalton lost, although more as a result of England's generous libel laws than any errors of fact, and Murray was awarded £500. Murray's £30,000 legal bill, however, left Dalton and Hazards Bulletin bankrupt.

Murray, later to become a paid asbestos industry consultant, is now dead and discredited and Dalton's charges have been repeated as fact in leading, peer-reviewed medical journals. This moral victory was not much comfort to Dalton, who saw the asbestos industry secure more breathing space for its breath-taking product. It was two decades after the publication of Asbestos killer dust that asbestos was banned in the UK. The global asbestos trade remains, using the same PR techniques and arguments to push its products to the developing world.

Bankruptcy didn't silence Dalton. Hazards Bulletin was replaced, seamlessly, by Hazards magazine, and continued to provide a vehicle for Alan's worker-friendly arguments. Throughout the 1980s, as a journalist at the Labour Research Department, a trade union safety tutor and later as a lecturer in occupational health at South Bank University, he continued to champion grassroots workplace and environmental activism. His lecturing techniques caused some consternation among the more blueblood parents of university undergraduates - course work included placard-waving attendance at safety protests outside the Health and Safety Executive and dangerous workplaces.

By the mid-1990s, Dalton was health, safety and environment coordinator for the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU), where he nurtured a new network of union safety reps and forced environmental issues to the centre of the union agenda. While at TGWU, he had little time for the prevailing "consensus" and "partnership" approach to safety that asserts safety is in everybody's interest. A committed trade unionist, he believed people joined unions because they stood up for workers' health and safety, not because they compromised all the way from government committees to the shopfloor. In his January 2000 book, Consensus kills, he argued there was a straightforward issue of profit versus safety. He said unions and their members have to fight for safety - safety is a major reason people join unions, stay in unions and one of the top reasons they will take industrial action.

Dalton had many run-ins with government safety and environmental institutions. Sometimes he attempted to bludgeon them into submission - and he frequently succeeded. A three-year stint as a "community representative" on the board of the Environment Agency, ended in 2002 after he rocked the boat so effectively and unremittingly he was fired.

He had many, many successes. When he became frustrated at the Health and Safety Executive's (HSE) lack of openness about its enforcement record against Britain's workplace safety criminals, he demanded the information under its "open government" policy. Open government came at a cost - he was told the charge for the information would be £226,399.41.

HSE was stung by the extensive press coverage arising from this less-than-freedom of information policy, particularly when Dalton reinforced the message with a string of successful Ombudsman's complaints. HSE now publishes an annual online "naming and shaming" dossier of its enforcement record.

Long before Enron brought a general expectation of corporate accountability, Dalton was arguing for jail sentences for dangerously negligent employers. At an HSE press conference in the late 1980s he quizzed HSE top brass about why it was possible to get jail time for non-payment of a TV licence fine yet no employer had ever been jailed after the death of a worker - construction alone was killing 150 workers a year at that time. HSE officials laughed and said it was not possible under existing laws.

Over a decade of campaigning later, several directors have served jail time under those same laws, and the business-friendly Labour administration is promising a corporate manslaughter law.

Dalton could be tough on his friends as well as his foes - "keeping our feet to the fire" - making sure we remembered what we were doing and why. Most of his real work was away from the public gaze - supporting workers facing victimisation or work-related disease; as an inspirational trade union safety tutor; providing support to bereaved relatives with hard information and soft words.

In the age of mobile phones and wi-fi, where a journalist could conduct an entire career from a Starbucks, Dalton believed in face-to-face contact and backed it up with information and support, in many instances for years.

His influence crossed many borders. The Kentish Town house he shared for 30 years with his partner, Eve Barker and their girls, Liza, Claudia and Nicola, was a global stopping off point on the international labour movement circuit.

His three decades of campaigning were recognized last month when he become the first recipient of the Construction Safety Campaign's Robert Tressell Award and was elected as a Fellow of the Collegium Ramazzini, the world's most prestigious occupational medicine society.

Always forward looking, his latest project was DIRT, a grassroots tabloid campaigning on behalf of people affected by toxic waste - either in landfill or from incinerators. He was working on issue 2 until three weeks before his death.

112- Karen Dalton:

Folk Song Singer.

The Denver Post - Not forgotten: Karen Dalton in Boulder.

The list of stunning performances never caught on tape likely goes on for miles, spanning every genre and period of modern music.

Fortunately, one of the ones that didn't get away will soon see CD release, thanks to renewed interest in folk singer Karen Dalton, an elusive figure of the 1960s folk revival.

A cult has sprung up around Dalton in recent years, with praise flowing from hipster neo-folkies Devendra Banhart and Joanna Newsom, and modern rock/roots icons Nick Cave and Lucinda Williams. Each lauds Dalton's uniquely haunting, bluesy voice, which hews closer to Billie Holliday than Bob Dylan.

"I don't think it's her story, or the production on her records that gets to people, but just her voice," said Mark Linn, head of Delmore Recordings. "It's an instrument unto itself."

On Tuesday, Nashville-based Delmore will issue "Cotton Eyed Joe," a double CD recorded at a 1962 Dalton concert at The Attic in Boulder.

Joe Loop, who engineered the set and ran the small coffeehouse across the street from the University of Colorado, said Dalton magnetized anyone in her presence, despite never recording her own material and often performing with only a banjo or 12-string guitar.

"She was just a really innovative musician. She sang folk songs like nobody else," Loop, 68, said from his home in Bloomington, Ind. "Most of the stuff she made hers. It's not too surprising to me that even before younger musicians noticed her, other musicians always loved playing with her."

Those other musicians include folk-rock legends Bob Dylan and Fred Neil, friends of Dalton's in the Greenwich Village folk scene of the early '60s. Despite Dalton's obvious talent and the respect of fellow troubadours, she only issued two recordings in her life: The accidental full- length "It's So Hard to Tell Who's Going to Love You Best" (1969) and "In My Own Time" (1971), her only proper studio album.

That makes Loop's recording at the Attic even more special.

"It captures Karen in this raw, untouched state and makes you feel like you are in the room with her," said Linn. "It's like an archaeological find, unearthed, dusted off, with the bones still perfectly intact."

The early '60s were a fruitful time for folk music in Boulder. The town already had a reputation in New York and California as an ideal place to stop off while traveling. Performers like David Crosby, Michael Cooney, Judy Roderick and Michael Bloomfield played The Attic, many of them regularly. Harry Tuft of the Denver Folklore Center would supply them with guitars, strings and picks.

When Karen Dalton showed up hours before opening time one day, Joe Loop decided to humor her request for an audition. She pulled out her red Gibson 12-string and convinced him to give her a regular show, becoming a friend of Loop's while she lived in a cabin outside Boulder with her daughter.

"I always tried to book some of our better draws on the weekends, and when Karen came she was obviously as good as any of them, or better. But her name appeal wasn't all that great," Loop said. "I got her in on weekends when I could, and all the festivals I could. There were enough people around that understood where she was musically, for sure."

The people at Dalton's 1962 performance may not have realized how lucky they were. But the release of "Cotton Eyed Joe," spearheaded by French fan Stéphane Bismuth, could change that. A meticulous remastering at Abbey Road Studios has restored much of the reel-to-reel tape, and a DVD of rare footage helps communicate Dalton's live presence.

"It's something I knew for years that people ought to hear," Loop said.

For Dalton, who died in 1993 at age 55 after many years of struggling with drugs, it's both a fitting epitaph and an invitation to new life.

113- Sir Alan Dalton:

British corporate leader.

Sir Alan Dalton, who died on September 15 aged 82, was chairman of English China Clays and a much-loved figure in the business and public life of his adopted county of Cornwall.

Alan Nugent Goring Dalton was born in Surrey on November 26 1923 and educated at King Edward VI School in Southampton. He served in the RNVR during the Second World War, and afterwards worked for Cossor Marine, a manufacturer of radar equipment and ships' radios. He joined ECC in 1954 and became personal assistant to the chairman and managing director, Sir John Keay. Dalton became a director of the group and managing director of its clay division in 1961, and deputy chairman in 1968. He was also chairman of British Railways' western board from 1978 to 1992, and of the Devon and Cornwall Development Company. He was a director of Sun Alliance and of Westland, the helicopter company.

Based at St Austell, English China Clays (now under French ownership) is the world's largest producer of kaolin, a fine white clay used principally in paper-making but also in ceramics, paints and polymers.

As its long-serving managing director, and chairman from 1984 to 1989, Dalton oversaw a twenty fold increase in the group's exports of clay and the complete modernisation of its production processes. He expanded ECC's interests in the United States, Japan and Australia, and opened up links with mainland China. He was also one of the first British corporate leaders to face up to issues of environmental damage caused by industrial activity. In the late 1960s the damage created by ECC's traditional open-cast mining methods began to attract widespread criticism.

Dalton denied that the company had no feeling for the beauty of the Cornish landscape, but pointed out that "minerals occur where nature puts them", adding that "we can't put 200 years of mayhem right overnight". Nevertheless, under his leadership, the company took steps to rectify some of the problems.

Though he could be a steely negotiator, Dalton was widely admired for his amiability and lively sense of humour. Challenged in 1988 to explain whether ECC's 25 per cent share stake in the Bryant building group (housebuilding being an ECC subsidiary activity, making use of its land bank) was a preliminary move towards a takeover bid, he declared: "Our position is quite clear — we are keeping our intentions opaque."

He was appointed CBE in 1969, knighted in 1977 and became deputy lieutenant of Cornwall in 1982. He was a great supporter of the sporting and musical life of the county, and enjoyed sailing and painting.

Alan Dalton's wife, Peggy, whom he married late in life, died in 2004; he is survived by two stepsons.

114- James Dalton:

NSW land owner in Australia.

In 1836, a grant of 640 acres of land, known as "Campdale" was made to William Ealy Simpson for which he paid 160 pounds. In 1849, James Dalton moved to Orange having previously owned and operated a small store in the nearby village of Lucknow. He later went on to establish a number of flour mills in Orange in partnership with his brother Thomas, and later, his half-brother Michael. Over the years, the Dalton's acquired substantial land holdings in and around the Orange district.

James Dalton purchased the property and built the house where it stands today in 1876. The name Duntryleague was taken from his birthplace near Galbally in County Limerick and means "The Fort of the Three Pillar Stones". It refers to the burial of King Cormack, who was the King of Munster in the 11th century. The original spelling of Duntryleague was Doon-tri-liag.

The house was built over three levels from bricks made on the property and features a magnificent stairway, wrought iron lace embellishments and iron lace portico. The pride of the building is a stained glass window which features in the stairway and was a gift to James Dalton upon his investiture as a Papal Knight in recognition of his services to the Catholic Church. The window had been presented to Dalton by Pope Gregory and carries his papal crest and motto, "Inter Cruces Triumphans in Cures".

NSW State Records:

James Dalton died on 17th April 1919 aged 84 years and was buried in the family vault at Orange Cemetery. The property was left to his brother, Father Patrick Dalton a Jesuit Priest but in accordance with his faith, he was unable to hold the estate and it became community property. In 1935, the property was sold to the Orange Golf Club after negotiations with the Council.

115- James H. Dalton:

Manager to movie star, Marie Dressler.

DALTON SOUGHT TO WED MARIE DRESSLER; Death of Actress's Manager Reveals Story of Plea to First Wife for Divorce. Special to The New York Times. CHICAGO, Dec. 1, 1921.

James H. Dalton of Boston, manager of Marie Dressler, died in the Congress Hotel here on Nov. 29. Information from Boston tonight revealed that Mrs. L.A. Dalton of 60 Brighton Avenue, Allston, a suburb of that city, claimed Dalton as her husband, and said he left her twelve years ago.

Dressler, through a representative, said tonight: "I met Dir. Dalton in 1907. At that time he was in financial straits, and I took him with me to manage my affairs. We grew in a few years to care a great deal for each other, and decided we would like to be married. Then Dalton told me of his wife--confessed to me that he had a wife, for I did not know until then that he was married. "We went to this woman and with Mr. Dalton's brother begged her to divorce him. They had never been able to get along and there was every reason why she should divorce him. She laughed at us and refused. Since that time Mr. Dalton has always been my manager." Miss Dressler tonight accompanied the body of Dalton to Corning, N. Y. Her representative asserted his brother, Benjamin Dalton, had arranged for his burial in the family plot there. Mrs. Dalton in Boston admitted that her husband had sent her money each week and that neither she nor her husband had ever attempted to have the annulled.

116- Anthony Dalton:

Convicted felon.

At 3:30 p. m., June 27, Lieutenant of the Guards Frank Brairre was sitting in a chair near the quarry, when George Sontag approached him. As Sontag belonged in the stonecutters' shed nearly a quarter of a mile away, the Lieutenant said: "Well, what do you want here?" "Rock," replied Sontag * sententiously. At that moment convict Anthony Dalton approached from behind and seizing Brairre said: "We want you." Convicts Frank Williams, "Buckshot" Smith, Charles Abbott and Hy Wilson then rushed up, and using the Lieutenant as a shield, attempted to escape. Williams ordered Brairre to signal Guard Prigmore, who was in charge of a gatling gun, not to shoot, but the signal was not given in a satisfactory manner, and Williams shot over Brairre's head, but it is not probable that he intended to kill him for they would then lose their shield and would be riddled with bullets from the numerous guns already trained on them. All these convicts were armed with rifles and knives. They took the guard up the hill and when they came to the brink of a deep gulch, he jumped over, carrying Smith to the bottom with him. They bounded to their feet about the same time, and Smith seized a stone hammer and struck the guard on the head, but after a desperate struggle the guard overpowered him. When the guard jumped over the cliff the gatling guns went to work with deadly effect on Sontag, Williams, Abbott, Dalton and Wilson. The desperate men then sought refuge behind a big rock, but this did not afford protection from all the guns, and in a few moments Williams, Dalton and Wilson were virtually shot to pieces, and Sontag and Abbott, both dripping with blood from their own wounds, piled up the dead bodies of their fellow prisoners and used them as a shield. Finally they concluded that there was no possible chance for escape and they gave a signal of surrender by placing a hat on the end of a rifle barrel and waving it in the air. While this battle was raging rumors reached the main prison that the convicts had escaped, and the prisoners cheered and yelled like fiends until the wagons drove up, loaded with the dead and dying prisoners. Like magic a death-like silence came over them when they beheld the gory, remains of their associates and realized how completely and tragically the attempt to escape had been frustrated.

In a confession made by Fredericks to Detective Seymour on March 24, 1894, he stated that it was he who furnished all the weapons and ammunition used in the attempted jail break, and that he wrapped them in a blanket and left them in the prison quarry. He stated that he stole two rifles in a saloon in Visalia and bought other weapons and ammunition in Sacramento. Before being released from Folsom he promised to assist several of the convicts to escape, and on the day of their attempt he was stationed at a deserted stamp mill near the prison with clothing- to be exchanged by the convicts for their prison garb.

Source: Criminal Cases of America, by Thomas S. Dtjke, Captain of Police, San Francisco.

Published with approval of the Honorable Board of Police Commissioners of San Francisco, Cal.

117- Alexander Dalton:

Victim of a cannibal.

Alexander Pierce was transported to Van Diemen's Land in 1819 on a sentence of seven years for being a "pick pocket". He arrived on the ship "Castle Forbes" and between 18th May and 29th November 1821, received no less than 150 lashes for various misdemeanours. As this miscreant could not behave himself, the authorities sent him away to Macquarie Harbour, which had a notorious reputation of being one of the worst penal establishments in the colonies.

Some months later, on 20th September 1822, in the times of Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur, eight prisoners escaped from the penal settlement at Macquarie Harbour. They were: Thomas Bodenham, James Brown, Bill Cornelius, Alexander Dalton, Bob Greenhill, John Mathers, Alexander Pierce, and Matthew Travers. They hid in the mountains opposite the settlement during the day, and then walked all night and the next eight days over very rough country. Cold and wet, tired and weak from hunger, four men - Cornelius, Greenhill, Mathers and Travers agreed on committing a devilish atrocity: someone must be killed and eaten to save the others from dying of hunger! Greenhill said that they all had to be equally guilty, and offered an "encouragement" - he would do the first killing and eat the first bit. They decided to kill Dalton, because while in prison, he had voluntarily offered himself to act as a flogger. When Dalton slept, Greenhill killed him by striking him on the head with an axe. Then the men ate the heart and liver, Greenhill having the first bite before it had turned cold. "To my taste, it is like pork", he commented. The body of the dead man was divided so that everyone got his share.

During the next four days they crossed a river, and noticed that Cornelius and Brown, who went ahead, were missing. Still, the remaining group went on, got up a steep hill and found very barren ground in front of them, covered with scrub. Hunger and tiredness claimed another victim - this time it was Bodenham. Greenhill, who emerged in Bodenham's shoes, announced in cold blood: "Done!" Next day they rested and dried the meat, then they were on the move again. Mathers and Pierce secretly agreed to disappear, before Greenhill killed them, but it was too late - within two days, Mathers became Greenhill's third victim. Soon Matt Travers became the fourth one, but his murderer didn't live long either. While asleep, Pierce snatched Greenhill's own axe and killed him. He survived the next six days on a thigh and one arm he took, and later, travelling along a river, he came on a flock of sheep, belonging to Mr Tom Triffet. He survived on the meat from several of these animals for three weeks, then moved on, and finally met two rogues and joined them in stealing sheep and robbing the stations until the day when soldiers captured them. Pierce confessed to the theft of 250 sheep, while one gold and two silver watches were found on him.. As a "bolter", he was sent back to Macquarie Harbour, but on 16th November, 1823, he managed to escape again, this time with another prisoner, named Thomas Cox. When recaptured, Pierce, who wore Cox's clothes, confessed that he had not only killed Cox, but also ate part of his body. He told his captors where the remaining pieces of the body were to be found, and without remorse, he boasted about his cannibalism and atrocities in the bush.

As could be expected, Alexander Pierce was sentenced to death and hanged in early 1824, and as instructed by the court, his body was dissected before burial..

These shameful revelations about "bolters" remind us of the incredibly ugliest and lowest kind of bushranging in the early days of colonial Australia.

118- Sir Howard Dalton:

Professor.

Howard Dalton was a professor and chief scientific adviser to Defra who strove to bring rigour and credibility to the department. One of the foremost microbiologists of his generation, Sir Howard Dalton was appointed chief scientific adviser to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) in March 2002 in the hope that he would bring scientific rigour — and much needed credibility — to the department.

Defra had been created after the perceived failure of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, still tainted by the BSE crisis of a decade earlier, to deal effectively with the foot-and-mouth outbreak of 2001. Dalton found the BSE crisis particularly disappointing, a case where PR and science had broken down: “There was a real issue over public understanding of the way the science was being used. There was a lot of sensible advice . . . but how it was being picked up and used was another issue.” To some extent Dalton had the same problem: while he made sure to channel the best available advice, often complex and contradictory, to the Government, the policy it shaped was often rather more simplistic.

Dalton was born in New Malden, Surrey, the son of a lorry driver. Showing a precocious talent for science, he won a place at Raynes Park Grammar School and went on to Queen Elizabeth College at London University to read microbiology. He took his doctorate at the University of Sussex. He then worked as a post-doctoral fellow,at Purdue University, Indiana, 1968-70. There, to avoid any possible risk that he might be drafted for Vietnam, he paid the Universal Life Church of California $25 to ordain him. In 1970 he returned to the University of Sussex, where he worked on methane monooxygenase — an enzyme that converts methane gas into methanol.

In 1973 he became a lecturer at the University of Warwick, and continued work on the pathways used by the bacteria around plant roots to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. He studied the metabolism of bacteria growing in unusual positions, using organisms isolated from the hot spring waters of Bath, high in metallic elements and methane. From this developed his interest in biotransformation; in particular, ways of harnessing the power of biological and biochemical pathways and using them in industrial processes. He was appointed Professor of Microbiology in 1983.

At Defra, Dalton ensured that the department had access to a broad pool of virologists and oversaw a forward vaccination centre that could be ready to act three days after an animal health scare. He formulated a policy to cope with blue tongue outbreaks and directed work to find an effective preventive vaccine, although slaughter remained the department’s primary response.

Dalton’s advice was held dear by Tony Blair, who shared his feelings on genetically modified foods. Although Dalton initially felt that the country was being steamrollered into accepting large-scale trials of GM crops without a calm assessment of the impact, he came to see public hostility as a blow to British commercial science, which had been the world leader in this field. Always emphasising that GM crops were never going to be “wholly good nor wholly bad”, he insisted that Britain would one day grow GM crops in a properly controlled environment, and hoped that this could be as early as 2009. In the spring of 2005 Dalton joined Defra’s Committee on Radioactive Waste Management, which was suffering the fallout of wrangles and resignation over what to do with Britain’s nuclear waste. Again his remit was to apply proper science — and human reasoning — to a deeply divisive and politicised subject.

Dalton was idealistic and had a talent for making complex ideas seem straightforward, but the science he loved to see “presented in a forum in which it is open to challenge” was subject to a government department increasingly sensitive to such challenge. This paradox could never be fully resolved. Dalton’s work for Defra was rarely regarded as pure science by the media or by a public steeped in cynicism after a decade of “spin”. Each successive BSE scare was seized upon, quite unfairly, as evidence that Defra’s science was as flawed as ever, and the H5N1 strain of bird flu, which reached the Netherlands in 2003, required him to advise and reassure the public repeatedly.

This backfired in October 2005 during a technical briefing that concerned a parrot that had died in quarantine. It was assumed to have contracted the virus from some Taiwanese mynah birds, a “working hypothesis” that angered the Taiwan Government. When it transpired that there might be two dead parrots, and that Defra was unsure which had died of H5N1, the episode seemed even more Pythonesque. Neither Dalton nor the Chief Vet, Debby Reynolds, could tell their audience of Conservative front-benchers which clade, or sub-type, of the H5N1 virus family was responsible — an important point since the type deadly to humans had never been found in Taiwan. Such confusion reminded newspapers of the case of Georgina Downs, whose case against the Government for pesticide spraying near her home in Chichester was turned down by the Minister for Rural Affairs after taking advice from Dalton, although Dalton said in August 2004 that Downs’s evidence had never been passed on to him.

Climate change was a perennial theme during his five years at Defra. In January 2006 he went with the British Antarctic Survey to inspect first-hand the effects of climate change on the ice sheets. He concluded that: “There is no doubt on a global level we’re not doing enough to tackle climate change.” He insisted, however, that he was hopeful, and that “science and technology can help us to curb our greenhouse gas emissions and still allow us to live in a modern society”.

Dalton did not go along with all government ideas on the environment and green energy, some of which he regarded as faddist and impractical. When asked about plans for wind turbines, which he had always regarded as too expensive, he said: “Do we really want windmills all over the countryside and covering swaths of the ocean? I don’t think so. They are a hell of a bloody eyesore.” Dalton was unafraid of controversy and, a lifelong believer in the potential of biofuels, gave his backing to David Miliband’s plans, as Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, for turning over land to fuel crops. This angered other scientists, particularly Professor Roland Clift, the founding director of the Centre for Environmental Strategy, who told a seminar of the Royal Academy of Engineering that the whole idea was a “scam” that would create more greenhouse gases than it removed.

Dalton remained committed to Warwick university for more than 30 years, giving his name to a research group, and to the cause of proper funding for scientific research. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1993, and was president of the Society for General Microbiology, 1997-2000. He was awarded the Royal Society Leeuwenhoek medal lecture for 2000, and was knighted in the 2007 New Year’s Honours List.

With his wife, Kira, whom he married in 1971, he was in the process of building a medical centre in The Gambia, and innoculating its children against malaria. The couple had helped to construct six schools in the country.

His great passion was for real tennis, and he died during a game on the courts at Leamington Spa, Warwickshire. He had long-standing arterial problems, and had suffered a heart attack on the courts on his 48th birthday. His wife survives him, along with their son and daughter and two stepsons from his wife’s previous marriage.

Professor Sir Howard Dalton, FRS, chief scientific adviser, Defra, 2002-07, was born on February 8, 1944. He died on January 12, 2008, aged 63.

119- Sir Alan Dalton:

Chairman, 1984-89, of English China Clays.

Industrialist who did much to make the Cornish china clay industry a thriving global force during the 1970 and 1980s

In the heyday of the Cornish china clay industry in the 1970s and 1980s Alan Dalton was involved, first as managing director and then as chairman, in the expansion of English China Clays, and a twenty-fold increase in the value of its exports. At its peak in the 1970s the industry employed more than 5,000 people in Cornwall, and was the biggest employer in an economically fragile county. In the period of Dalton’s stewardship ECC went from being a small British company to becoming a significant force in its field on the world stage.

Along with the tin industry, the relics of whose mine engine houses are one of the most conspicuous and well-loved features of the Cornish landscape, china clay (kaolin), mined in Cornwall since the mid-18th century, has been one of the most visible of the county’s industries.

Until it became environmentally de rigueur to grass and relandscape them, the white pyramids of its spoil sky dumps formed a series of gleaming peaks like some man-made Alpine chain, visible for miles on clear mornings, in the hard-favoured uplands above St Austell.

Alan Nugent Goring Dalton was born in Surrey, and educated at King Edward VI School, Southampton. During the Second World War he served in the RNVR, and on demobilisation worked for Cossor Marine.

But from 1954, when he joined ECC as a management trainee, Dalton’s working life was to be bound up with the economy of Cornwall. After a period as personal assistant to ECC’s chairman, in 1960 Dalton was appointed general manager of the company’s clays division, and the following year managing director of ECC. He was appointed chairman in 1984.

In 1960 the value of ECC’s exports was £10 million a year; by the time he retired as chairman in 1989 that figure had risen to £200 million, with the company’s products being used all over the world in ceramics, glossy paper, plastics, white cement, toothpaste, cosmetics and medicines.

Dalton traveled the world seeking avenues of expansion for ECC and had overseen an increase in the company’s overseas clay and calcium carbonate plants from one to ten. He was admired by his workforce for the infectious cheerfulness of his style of leadership.

At the same time the company had become much more environmentally conscious. In addition to landscaping spoil dumps, the discharge of residues into rivers was tackled, and the famous “white mud” of the Par foreshore and the upper reaches of the River Fal became a thing of the past.

After his retirement Dalton, who was appointed CBE in 1969 and knighted in 1977, continued to play a part in the life of Cornwall. He had been appointed a deputy lieutenant in 1982 and became patron of the Cornwall Diabetic Education Centre Appeal, whose fund raising culminated in the opening of such a centre at Treliske Hospital, Truro, in 1993.

ECC was acquired by the French company Imerys in 1999. Cornish kaolin has latterly been seriously threatened by cheaper production in Brazil, and the number of jobs in the industry locally has been more than halved.

Dalton was a director of several companies, and was chairman of British Railways (Western) Board, 1978-92, and of the Devon and Cornwall Development Company from 1988 to 1991.

His wife, Peggy, died in 2004. He is survived by two stepsons.

Sir Alan Dalton, CBE, managing director, 1961-84, and chairman, 1984-89, of English China Clays, was born on November 26, 1923. He died on September 15, 2006, aged 82.

120- Richard Dalton:

Librarian to the Prince of Wales.

The foundation of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1768 was preceded by a period of some twenty years of dissension among the London artists of the time, during which several unsuccessful attempts were made to establish such a body.

As early as 1749 the Society of Dilettanti met at the King's Arms in Pall Mall and considered a proposal for the foundation of an academy for artists. Whether the proposal came from a member of the society or from someone outside is not known, but nothing resulted from the discussion. In 1755 a group of artists approached the society with a 'Plan of an Academy for the better Cultivation, Improvement, and Encouragement of Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, and the Arts of Design in General', which was enthusiastically received. Among the proposers of the plan were John Astley, Richard Dalton, James Paine, (Sir) Joshua Reynolds, Nicholas Revett, James Stuart and (Sir) Robert Taylor; Revett and Stuart were both members of the Society of Dilettanti. The plan foundered on the question of control of the proposed academy, the society wishing to have the right to elect the academy's presidents, and the artists being unwilling to forgo this power.

On 5 November 1759, a proposal was made at a meeting of artists at the Foundling Hospital that an annual exhibition should be held 'in order to encourage Artists whose Abilities and Attainments may justly raise them to Distinction and that their several Abilitys may be brought to Public View'. A general meeting was held soon afterwards at the Turk's Head Tavern, Gerrard Street, and a committee was appointed to make arrangements. The committee included Sir Joshua Reynolds, Francis Hayman, Richard Wilson, Richard Dalton, Sir William Chambers, George Michael Moser, Richard Yeo, Francis Milner Newton and Nathaniel Hone, who were all associated later with the Royal Academy. It was resolved that works by painters, sculptors, architects, engravers, seal-cutters, chasers, and medalists could be submitted to the exhibition and admission should cost a shilling. The charge for admission was intended to procure money for distribution amongst needy artists.

The first exhibition was held in 1760 at the rooms of the Society of Arts, then in the Strand, but the society refused to allow the artists to charge for admission so sixpence was charged for catalogues. In the following year some of the artists refused to exhibit at the same time as candidates for the premiums awarded by the Society of Arts, and as they also wished to impose a charge for admission they agreed with a Mr. Cock for the use of his room in Spring Gardens, where they held their exhibitions from 1761 to 1772. In 1765 they obtained a royal charter and became the Incorporated Society of Artists of Great Britain.

The other artists held a separate exhibition at the rooms of the Society of Arts in 1761 and in the following year they formed themselves into the Free Society of Artists. They subsequently exhibited at Mr. Christie's and the society came to an end in 1778 or 1783.

In November 1768 Chambers waited upon the King 'and informed him that many Artists of reputation together with himself, were very desirous of establishing a Society that should more effectually promote the Arts of Design than any yet established, but that they were sensible their Design could not be carried into Execution without his Majesty's Patronage'. The King answered 'that whatever tended effectually to promote the liberal Arts, might always rely upon his Patronage' and invited Chambers to prepare a memorial. On 28 November 1768 a memorial was submitted to the King by the 'Painters, Sculptors and Architects of this Metropolis' which stated that their two principal objects were 'the establishing a well regulated School or Academy of Design, for the use of Students in the Arts, and an Annual Exhibition open to all Artists of distinguished Merit, where they may offer their Performances to public Inspection, and acquire that degree of Reputation and Encouragement, which they shall be deemed to deserve'. The instrument founding the 'Royal Academy of Arts in London' was signed by George III on 10 December 1768, the King 'graciously declaring himself the patron, protector, and supporter thereof'.

The first home of the Royal Academy was in Pall Mall, on the south side facing Market Lane (now the Royal Opera Arcade); the site is now occupied by part of the United Service club-house.

In 1765 Richard Dalton had acquired a sublease of this house in Pall Mall, which had previously been occupied by an auctioneer. Richard Dalton (1715?–1791) was trained as an artist and studied in Rome. He visited the Near East and published engravings of monuments of ancient art seen on his travels. He became librarian to the Prince of Wales (later George III), a post he retained on the Prince's accession to the throne. At his death he was described as 'keeper of the pictures and antiquarian to his Majesty'. Dalton was among the proposers of the plan to found an academy in 1755, and was a member of the committee chosen to arrange the exhibition at the Society of Arts in 1760. He also became treasurer of the Incorporated Society of Artists. According to Sir Robert Strange, the engraver, Dalton acquired the house in Pall Mall with the idea of establishing a print warehouse there, 'but being conducted without judgment and without taste, it soon proved abortive'.

The print warehouse having failed, 'and anxious to relieve himself of the great expense into which it had involved him, Mr. Dalton, in conjunction with some of his friends, formed a scheme to engage the King to establish an academy in these rooms'. The King was interested, and in 1767 the subscribers to the private academy in St. Martin's Lane which had been founded by William Hogarth consented to the removal of their furniture, anatomical figures, busts and statues to the rooms in Pall Mall. 'The label over the door containing the Print Warehouse was erased, and another substituted in its place, viz. The Royal Academy.' Apart from the fact that students were admitted by subscription, nothing else is known of Dalton's short-lived academy.

In 1768 part of Dalton's premises were taken over by the Royal Academy, but no record of any agreement between the parties seems to have survived. From a later lease it is known that the Academy had the use of two exhibition rooms (a 'Great' or front one, and a back one), an office at the stair head, one other room at the back and two parlours all on the first floor, and two rooms on the second floor, one of which was used to house the library. The 'Great' exhibition room was equipped with a fireplace with a Portland stone chimney piece and a Bath stove; it was hung with green baize and lit by a skylight glazed with ground glass on the south and west sides and with Crown glass on the east and north. The back exhibition room also had a fireplace and skylight but was wainscoted.

The first meeting of the Royal Academy was held in Pall Mall on 14 December 1768. No reference to Dalton occurs in the minutes, and at a later meeting Chambers was thanked 'for his Active and able Conduct in planning and forming the Royal Academy'. Whatever Dalton had to do with its foundation was not, therefore, publicly acknowledged at the time, but his position in the King's service and the use of his premises lends some colour to Strange's implication that he was very much concerned in it.

Richard Dalton was appointed antiquary to the Academy in 1770; at the same time Dr. Samuel Johnson was appointed professor of ancient literature and Oliver Goldsmith professor of ancient history.

Students who had 'already paid their Subscription to the Old Dalton Academy in Pall Mall' in 1768 were admitted to the Royal Academy 'to draw this Season'. At the beginning of 1771 the schools and the library were moved from Pall Mall to Somerset House. The first annual exhibition of the Academy was held in Dalton's rooms between 26 April and 27 May 1769.

In 1771 Dalton assigned his lease to James Christie, the auctioneer, who had occupied premises further west in Pall Mall since 1767 or 1768. The two shops which formed part of Dalton's leasehold were assigned at the same time, one to Lewis Secard, picture dealer, and the other to William Randall, bookseller. (re

The Academy continued to hold its annual exhibition in Pall Mall until 1779; in 1780 the new rooms at Somerset House designed by Sir William Chambers were ready for occupation, and the annual exhibition was held there in that year. It is not known how long Christie continued to occupy the house in Pall Mall, but Dalton continued to pay the rates until his death in 1791.

121- Henry G. Dalton:

Industrialist, business and civic leader and philanthropist.

Henry G. Dalton was born Oct. 3rd 1862 in Cleveland to Frederick and Ellen (Gordon) Dalton. He attended Cleveland public schools until age 14 when he went to work on Whiskey Island for the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Railroad.

Dalton's industriousness caught the attention of Samuel Mather who hired Dalton as a clerk in the newly-formed Pickands, Mather & Company in 1883. Dalton quickly moved up to bookkeeper and in 1893 became the firm's fourth general partner. He became senior partner following Mather's death in 1931.

The construction of the Samuel Mather Science Hall was originally made possible by a generous donation from Henry G. Dalton. Dalton's gift was made in June of 1924, and covered the costs for the entire science building project. The final cost was $350,000, the single largest donation the school had ever received. Dalton requested that the building be named in honor of his close friend and business partner, Samuel Mather, who was also a Kenyon trustee.

In 1925 and 1930 Dalton was appointed by the President to analyze the United States Shipping Board's merchant marine policies. As a director of both Bethlehem Steel Corp. and Youngstown Sheet & Tube, Dalton clashed with Cyrus Eaton in a legal battle over a proposed merger of the two companies in 1930.

Dalton was a patron and supporter of the Cleveland Orchestra, and a vice-president, trustee and executive committee member of the Cleveland Museum of Art. In 1936 Dalton became the first recipient of Western Reserve University's doctor of humanities honorary degree and in 1938 he was presented with the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce's Public Service Medal.

A ship named after Henry G. Dalton was built in 1916 for the Interlake fleet, and was their first 600 foot ship. Interlake was formed only three years before, in 1913, although the parent company, Pickands Mather had been in the mining and shipping business since about 1883. During the 1920's Interlake would add more 600 footers, when some of their 400 footers would be replaced.

The Interlake steamer Henry G. Dalton suffered a serious fire in her after cabin while tied up at Buffalo in early March. No ship keeper was aboard and it was not until the fire had gained considerable headway in the galley and mess that it was discovered. Damage is estimated at about $70,000, The vessel was just concluding a three-year charter to the Wilson Marine Transit Co. at the time and has since reverted to Interlake. The Pickands Mather organization has no plans to operate the vessel due to extensive repairs required. The S.S. Henry G. Dalton was sold for scrap after the 1971 shipping season.

Dalton married Julia Kaufholz on 19 Jan.1886. Their two children died at an early age. Dalton, an Episcopalian, lived in Cleveland and is buried in Lake View Cemetery.

122- Edward M. Dalton:

Gold miner in Piute Co. Utah.

Edward Milton Dalton was born on 30 Sept. 1872 in Annabella, Sevier Co. Utah. He was the son of Henry (Harry) Dalton and Isabell Ferguson.

The following is copied from the local newspapers in Piute Co. Utah.

(The Free Lance, 28 August 1903)

Edward Dalton, 1903 Is horribly wounded by premature explosion.

Eleven o'clock, Monday night, Edward Dalton stood at the face of the Elephant tunnel, situated some 1,500 feet down the north side of the Bullion-Cottonwood divide. In the face of the tunnel were five holes charged with dynamite. The ends of the protruding sections of fuse had been split and each primed with a pinch of giant powder. It is the final act of the miner before applying the torch and which has sent so many unfortunate men over the Great Divide. A few feet behind Mr. Dalton stood John Deidrich. The holes are so drilled that in order to do the greatest execution it is necessary to fire a certain hole sequence. Each must follow in proper succession or the full strength of the blast will not be obtained. This is what kept Edward Dalton at the face until the first shot exploded and probably fatally mangled him.

Mr. Dalton had lighted three of the fuses, but the third split and went out. Mr. Dalton promptly cut off the imperfect end, split, reprimed and again lighted it. But precious time had been consumed. The fire in No. 1 was slowly but surely creeping deeper in towards the deadly dynamite.

The doomed man had split the fourth fuse and in a stooping position was in the act of lighting the last fuse down in the left corner when No. 1 exploded. A piece of rock nearly seven inches long, 2x3-1/2 inches at the larger end entered Dalton's right side just above the hip and passed backward completely burying itself. The exhibition of wonderful nerve and presence of mind on the part of the terribly wounded man was simply amazing.

Dalton was knocked down and must have been partially dazed by the deafening explosion and numbed by the blow. But, in total darkness, breathing the poisonous fumes of nitrogen gas, and with those other cruel shots exploding behind him, Edward Dalton turned his face towards the tunnel mouth and crawled 75 feet before he sank exhausted.

Mr. Deidrich notified the men in the tent some 600 feet below, and the wounded man was carried there and made as comfortable as possible.

Then began a midnight race down the mountain side for medical assistance. John Eklund, a recent arrival in camp and but slightly acquainted with the trails, left the tent at 11:20. In his eagerness Mr. Eklund lost the trail and there was no time to regain it. Down into the timber and tangled undergrowth the racing man plunged, leaped over rocks, repeatedly falling and rising he reached the road in Bullion canyon, and thence to Marysvale. Mr. Eklund covered the ten miles in a little less than two hours.

Dr. Lyon was absent in Salt Lake, but, fortunately, Dr. Loring in Monroe was aroused by the telephone, and arrived in Marysvale at 4 a.m. having driven over the 18 miles of mountain road in about two hours. At 7:20 the beside of the injured man was reached, and the rock extracted along with two smaller pieces. A wad of clothing nearly as large as a man's fist was also taken from the wound. Dr. Loring stated that the right kidney was crushed and the intestines severed. After the wound had been dressed, Mr. Dalton was placed on a spring cot and four men tenderly bore him down to the Dalton mill where a conveyance awaited him. Mr. Dalton was conscious a portion of the time, and talked lucidly of the accident, but no groan nor word of complaint escaped him.

A Free Lance representative visited his room at the Bullion at about 10 p.m. Tuesday evening and found him awake but partly under the influence of opiates.

A few teaspoonfuls of water was taken and the patient said, "that is sufficient." Asked if the gas light was not annoying, he answered "no" and wearily closed his eyes, awaiting the dawn when the train would carry him to the Keogh-Wright hospital in Salt Lake.

Early in the evening Dr. Loring had been summoned to Kimberly where the wife of Orson Keeler lay desperately ill.

Mr. Dalton has been working for R.B. Moon and Chas. Mathews, contractors on the Elephant tunnel, and they were indefatigable in their efforts to do everything in their power for their wounded employee.

Those who watched by the bedside of the injured man could discern a gradual diminishing of vitality.

From Eugene Parkinson, express agent on the D. &R.G., in whose car Edward Dalton was conveyed to Salt Lake, and who returned to the 'Vale last evening, it is learned that he endured the travel in a remarkable manner. A couple of tomatoes were eaten by Mr. Dalton and an occasional cigarette was smoked, but no word of complaint, pain or fear was spoken.

(The Free Lance, 11 September 1903)

Another Accident Near Marysvale - Ed Dalton Probably Fatally Injured by Explosion of Blast in a Mine.

The second horrible accident inside of a month within the neighborhood of Marysvale occurred last Monday at the Mathews & Moon property, a few miles southwest of the town. Ed Dalton and another man were working in a tunnel. They had charged four or five holes and Mr. Dalton stopped to touch them off. The fuse was of the "quick" kind. They were slow in starting and before he got the last one lighted the first shot went off. Mr. Dalton was right close and received the full force of the blast in his right side. Several pieces of rock were blown into his body and a later examination showed that the lower part of the intestines and right kidney had been torn and lacerated.

His fellow workmen, seeing that Mr. Dalton did not come out when the shot went off, hastened in and found him lying on the ground. A hasty examination showed that he had been terribly injured and after sending for medical assistance, all that could be was done to make the injured man's condition as comfortable as possible.

It was not until the following day that a physician could be had. The wounds were cleaned and several pieces of rock taken out, one of which was as large as a man's fist. Although the chances for his recovery were very small, it was thought best to give him the benefit of any possible chance, and yesterday he was taken to Salt Lake. C.H. Mathews accompanied him.

The accident was a severe shock to his wife, who was ill in bed at the time. For a time it was uncertain whether to inform her of the terrible affair, but it was at last thought advisable to do so. The news was a terrible blow. With the assistance of friends she was enabled to meet her husband at the depot here as the train pulled in, but was unable to accompany him to the city.

Mr. and Mrs. Dalton were married only a few months ago. He was an industrious, hard-working man and a respected citizen. He has relatives in Annabella, Ebenezer Dalton being his brother.

(Richfield Reaper, 10 September 1903)

Dies of Injuries - Ed. Dalton Does Not Survive Accident.

Death Came Yesterday Morning--In Addition to Injury of Intestines and Kidney, Liver Was Also Cut Away, Rendering Recovery Impossible.

A telephone message received yesterday morning announced the death of Ed. Dalton at the Keogh-Wright hospital in Salt Lake. An operation was performed upon Mr. Dalton last week which showed, in addition to the injuries of the intestines and kidney, already mentioned, that the lower part of his liver was also cut away. Although the wound of the intestines was successfully treated, with a chance for his recovery, his injuries were of such a nature that recovery was impossible. The wonder is that he survived so long. This is due to his excellent constitution and robust physique.

A fire occurred at the hospital the night previous, but this is not thought to have affected the wounded man in any way.

The termination of Mr. Dalton's life as a result of the terrible accident brings deep regret to hundreds of friends. He was a popular man and highly respected by the mining fraternity. A very sad feature of the affair is that he leaves a young widow, after only a few months of married life. He was wedded to Miss Matilda Olson during this past winter, and she is now in bed sick and will hardly be able to attend the funeral services of her husband.

The body will be shipped home, probably this evening, and will be interred at Annabella.

(Richfield Reaper, 17 September 1903)

Edward Dalton at Rest.

Last Tuesday night in the Keogh-Wright hospital, Salt Lake, Edward Dalton surrendered to the inevitable. Notwithstanding the terrible wound received a week ago last Monday night in the Elephant tunnel, Mr. Dalton fought it out with death for nine days. It was a brave but hopeless struggle. His remains will be buried in Annabella cemetery, Sevier county. Mr. Dalton was thirty years old, and was married six months ago.

123- Mayzie Dalton:

A contest winner.

This lovely lady was born in October, 1908 to Vilda and Cliff Bowers in South Portland, Maine. On her mother's side, her people were old Maine and Nova Scotia stock, ready and willing to do what was needed to get along. They were very resourceful and in the 19th century that was basic to survival. There was no welfare in those days to fall back on. May's grandfather, Horace Upton, was a Grand Banks fisherman until he was lost in a storm in 1893. That left Vilda's mother, Minerva Jane Upton, to raise three children. One child, Willis, died during the very trip in which Horace was lost. She accomplished this as a nurse's aid. She left this vail of tears in 1914 and was buried in the Methodist Church graveyard on Chebeague Island in Casco Bay. That grave is tended by family members to this day out of love and respect for the gumption she showed when she was alive. May remembered Minerva being waked in the parlor in South Portland. She was ordered not to go into the parlor but when no one was watching, she went in. Along with the many wonderful 19th century perspectives handed down to May were a wealth of "down east" superstitions to which she always silently subscribed. Birds or even feathers in a house were bad luck which she made known to me under no uncertain terms!

Minerva lay in her inexpensive coffin, as beautiful in death as she had been in life. May spoke as a young girl would of love to her grandma and never forgot the occasion. Even I, her great grandson, revere that woman and if in the hereafter we meet, it will be with many tears of love and respect for her.

My point in mentioning these people is to point out that the values of character handed down to Mayzie were entirely rock solid 19th century New England values. It amazes me to think of how those values exist even today among us. Either you had those strengths or you died! Many died anyway. The family owned and occupied a large house back in the 1800's which was on the point of land in South Portland directly opposite the eastern point in Portland itself. So many generations grew up in that house that when the United States Government needed it for the World War II war effort that clapboards from it were shipped around the world to relatives as a memento.

May grew up to be one of those beauties whose looks literally stopped traffic. As a young boy, May would dress me up in a neat suit with corduroy knickers and we'd go on the Boston and Maine Railroad into Boston. Sometimes we would go by bus to the Everett Station of the subway. The large pile of sulphur at the Monsanto'plant caused me to ask what it was and May would say, vanilla ice cream. I knew that was in fun as the pile didn't melt! Walking on the busy streets of Boston, we walked past men working in trenches. To a man, they would stop all activity and gawk at Mayzie. No whistling or comments; just plain awe. It made me very angry as I did not understand.

In 1927 Mayzie became, "MISS LYNN", having won that contest. Later she was sent with her Mom, Vilda, to the Atlantic City Beauty Pageant, which I presume was the "MISS AMERICA" CONTEST. Riding on a float, she was as incandescent as ever and at the finish of that pageant, she had won the bathing suit division hands down! Also, at that time she had met Douglas Dalton, a good looking athletic young fellow who came from a well-to-do family and who had played professional baseball. After the Atlantic City pageant, May had many offers to go to Broadway and for motion pictures. She refused them all and married Douglas. Her trophies and newspaper clippings were swept aside and she proceeded to establish a family.

Her first son, Douglas, was born in March, 1928. Douglas senior was quite talented as an industrial representative and even in the depths of the big depression of the thirties, he prospered. We always had new autos and each summer we drove to the southern end of Nova Scotia and Sebim Beach at Barrington. When Canada entered the conflict and food rationing became a reality there, my father made sure to take 50 lbs. of sugar and other commodities to his friends there. They were overjoyed.

On one occasion, the American Legion toured the province and in an inspiration, Douglas, with friends, applied to the the government to purchase beer and stronger items to give the Americans a big send off at the pier in Yarmouth. It was a big party and all had a good time with lots of good will for the Province of Nova Scotia. After the ship, the Yarmouth County, left, there were copious quantities of beer and liquor remaining. Nothing would do but to adjourn to the Point Baccaro Loran station of the Coast Guard. There, a party of historic proportions took place and Doug didn't materialize for three whole days! Mayzie took on the "boys will be boys" attitude.

During the time of World War II May showed me how to enter contests in the Walt Disney Comics. She was creative in the extreme and in no time I had won a number of the entries. My name and address appeared in the magazine several times and as a result I received pen pal letters from all over the world. I still correspond with one from South Africa. Over time, May entered many contests and won lots of trips and prizes, such as a full length mink coat presented by Arthur Feidler and Vaughn Munroe! She was never able to go on any of the trips, but in 1949 she won a new auto! That broadened her horizons. Over the years she was successful in selling real estate, sterling silver and eventually worked many years for Long's Jewelers at the Burlington Mall. She absolutely loved contact with the public and often went the extra mile to serve them.

During the fifties, Doug very gradually was victimized by Alzheimer's disease. It never manifested itself until he went to northern Maine on a business trip for an adhesives company. Eventually the owners of a motel where Doug stayed called May and suggested she come and bring Doug home as he was not acting his old self. That was the start. Eventually, in the early 60's, he had to go to the hospital and while there he suffered heart failure and died. That was 1966. He was buried with his ancestors at the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge. His mother's family were Marstons and were among the first interments at that cemetery in 1840.

The house on the Lynn Fells Parkway, Melrose, Massachusetts, was sold and May and her older son, Douglas, rented a nice apartment on Lebanon Street in that city. They remained there until 1998 when Douglas died from prostate cancer and then she came to spend her remaining days with number two son, Leonard and his wife, Joyce. There she had her own private apartment and during each day she spent in a great Lazy Boy chair and made quilts, afghans and blankets for the grand children and great-grand children. Her work was prized by them all. She wanted nothing to come to her but family affection, but to her the important thing was what went from her and she gave of herself with abandon.

She gave 20 afghans to the Shriner Burns Hospital in Boston, each one with her own label made for her by Widby Labels in Nashville, Tennessee. Mr. Widby was a Shriner. May was enthralled by his kindness to her.

In November, 2000, Mayzie took sick with an intestinal blockage. For the first time since she gave birth to her children, she went to the hospital. After the operation she failed to prosper and at the end of January, 2001, Mayzie expired. A life that I considered a monument to we survivors; a monument on giving and endurance; A monument to the 19th century relatives that brought her up with character, skill and love. It will be long before Mayzie Bowers Dalton will be forgotten. Hers was a good life full of substance as well as challenges. She offered us all a great set of standards.

Source: Leo Dalton.

124- Captain David Dalton:

Revolutionary War Soldier & magistrate.

Captain David Dalton, the founder of the Stokes County Dalton's, was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, about 1742, the son of Samuel and Anne Redd Dalton. Captain Dalton served under General Washington in the Revolutionary army, and was present at Yorktown. He married before 1770, in Albemarle County, Susan Davis, a daughter of the valiant and patriotic Revolutionary soldier, Issac Davis. Davis was born in Henrico County before 1715, and died in Albemarle County in 1805, "nigh on to a hundred years old". He was one of the early magistrates of Albemarle County, and was one of the Gentlemen Volunteers who marched to Williamsburg on July 11, 1775, under Lieutenant George Gilmer, who said in a letter to Thomas Jefferson: "Old Isaac Davis, marching at the head of his troops, is an indication of the determined and zealous spirit that animates the people." Isaac Davis was a signer of "A Declaration of Independence" signed by Citizens of Albemarle County, April 21, 1779. He was also a member of the Committee of Safety.

Susan Davis, who married Captain David Dalton, was born about 1745 and died about 1810. They were wealthy land owners in Albemarle County, and were prominently connected. They had as their friends James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Dr. Thomas Walker, the explorer. Some of their land deeds were signed by Thomas Jefferson, and by the Thorntons, who were own cousins to George Washington, a friend of David Dalton. David Dalton bought land in what is now Stokes County as early as 1779, and removed here about 1785.

125- Captain Forrest A. Dalton:

Killed in Bomber crash.

A B-57 bomber carrying the name of Captain Forrest A. Dalton occupies a place of honor in front of the Air Force Armament Museum in Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

Captain Dalton was a 33-year-old Eglin Air Force Base pilot when he died April 4, 1957. His B-57 crashed 15 miles north of Van Cleve, Mississippi. The accident was based on engine failure.

Dalton, a veteran of World War II and Korea, left a wife and eight children behind. His son, Michael, was quoted as saying, "I lost My Dad when I was 5. I never really knew him, but whenever I'd go out to Elgin I’d fell close to him. That's where he lived and worked, and whenever I'd go to the museum, I could visualize scene seeing my Dad its name there somewhere." After the dedication of the B-57, his dream came true.

Captain Dalton was a son of Forest Alford Dalton JR. and Foy Elizabeth Spencer and grandson of Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Dalton and Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Spencer, all of Pike County. His wife was the former Eleanor Reynolds; daughter of Dr. and Mrs. W. S. Reynolds. He attended both Troy High School and Troy State University. He is buried in Troy.

126- Captain Patrick Dalton:

Irish soldier in Mexico during the American/Mexico war, 1849.

These soldiers were Irish deserters from the American Army that served in the St. Patricio Battalion of the Mexican Army.

The Saint Patrick's Battalion was a unit of several hundred Irish, Germans, Swiss, Scots and other Roman Catholics of European descent, who deserted the U.S. Army and fought as part of the Mexican Army against the United States in the Mexican-American War of 1846 to 1848.

Following the US declaration of war against Mexico in 1846, an Irish-born deserter from the US army, John O'Reilly, organized a company of soldiers at Matamoros to fight on the side of Mexico against the invading US forces. One of these men was Captain Patrick Dalton, second-in-command. Patrick Dalton, who was from the parish of Tirawley, near Ballina, County Mayo.

These foreign volunteers became known as "Las CompaĖías de San Patricio," and were renowned for their skill as artillerists as well as their bravery in battle for the duration of the war (1846-1848). Not all the San Patricios were deserters from the US army. Their number also included Irish and other Europeans already settled in Mexico, and some historians use Mexican army records as a basis to state that the majority were not deserters.

The Battle of Churubusco was the last battle fought by these Irish deserters. The heroic defense of the "convento" (monastery) at Churubusco when it was attacked by the invading US forces on 20 August 1847. The monasery, surrounded by huge, thick stone walls, provided a natural fortress for the defending Mexican forces. The San Patricio Companies together with the Los Bravos Battalion occupied the parapets of the building which was to become the scene of one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Though hopelessly outnumbered, the defenders repelled the attacking US forces with heavy losses until their ammunition ran out, and a Mexican officer, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, raised the white flag of surrender. According to Hogan, Captain Patrick Dalton of the San Patricios tore the white flag down, and General Pedro Anaya ordered his men to fight on with their bare hands if necessary. They were eventually forced to surrender.

The court-martial of Capt. John O’Reilly was one of twenty-nine convened by the United States Army at the San Angel prison camp in Mexico on August 28, 1847: thirty-six other men of O’Reilly’s San Patricio Battalion faced courts-martial, while a similar court at Tacubaya ordered the death penalty for 30 more.

Eight mule-drawn wagons were brought up, and two prisoners were placed on each wagon. Sixteen nooses hanging from the crossbeam were placed around their necks, and the priests were brought forward to administer the last rites of the Catholic Church. Then, "the whips cracked, and the wagons drove off leaving the 16 victims dangling from their nooses. Some, like Captain Patrick Dalton, had asked to be buried in consecrated ground, and were interred in nearby Tla-copac.

On 12 September 1997, the Mexican government paid special tribute to the soldiers of the San Patricio Battalion who were tortured and hanged at the San Jacinto Plaza, San Ángel, in 1847.

127- Col. Elvin Jack Dalton:

WWW II & Koren Vet.

Obituary;

Col. Elvin “Jack” Dalton of West Des Moines, Iowa, passed away at Mercy Hospice-Johnston in Johnston, Iowa, on Nov. 4, 2003. He was 82 years old.

ARRANGEMENTS: Civilian Christian services will be held at 11 a.m. Saturday, Nov. 8, at North Heincke Road First Church of God in Miamisburg, Ohio. Interment with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery will take place at 1 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 18, 2003.

Visitation will be from 5 to 8 p.m. Friday, Nov. 7 at the Anderson Funeral Home, 40 N. Main St., Springboro, Ohio.

Col. Elvin “Jack” Dalton entered military service as an enlisted man in July 1942, and was commissioned a second lieutenant from Officer’s Candidate School in April 1949. Upon graduation from OCS, he was assigned to the 86th Mortar Battalion as a platoon leader. Following an intensive training program, the battalion was shipped to England to prepare for the Normandy invasion.

On June 28, 1944, Lt. Dalton led his platoon into Normandy, France, via Utah Beach. Shortly thereafter he became the company commander and during 315 days of uninterrupted combat, he led his company through the Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes, Rhineland, and Central Europe campaigns. In December 1945, Capt. Dalton transferred to military Intelligence and served almost continuously in intelligence and intelligence-related assignments until his retirement in June 1974.

During the occupation of Japan, he served as an area and regional commander in the 44th Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) Detachment. This assignment was followed by similar duties at Fort Meade and Fort Holsbird, Md. In June 1951, he became Executive Officer, G3 Section, Army Intelligence Center and school. Following this assignment he returned to the Far East Command for duty as a battalion commander and staff officer of intelligence units.

During the Korean War, Col. Dalton participated in Operation “Big Switch,” an operation charged with the responsibility for the receipt and processing of prisoners of war returning from captivity in North Korea. As president of the intelligence processing boards, Col. Dalton was responsible for the shipboard administrative and intelligence debriefing of approximately 450 prisoners of war while enroute from Inchon, Korea, to San Francisco, Calif.

In 1955, Col. Dalton assumed the duties of Chief Personnel Division, Army Intelligence Command and General Staff College. He then served as a battalion commander and staff officer with the U.S. Army Chemical Corps Training Command.

In January 1961, he attended the Armed Forces Staff College. Following graduation, he remained at the college as an instructor until returning to the Army Intelligence Center and School as chief of one of the academic departments. From 1965-67, he commanded the 502nd MI Battalion in Korea.

This was followed by a four-year assignment as Chief of the Military Intelligence Branch Officer Personnel Division, Washington, D.C. In August 1971, Col. Dalton assumed command of the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School at Fort Huachues, Ariz.

He retired from military service in June 1974, and for the next five years taught business courses at Cochise College, Sierra Vista, Ariz.

His awards and decorations include four awards of the Legion of Merit; the Bronze Star medal for valor; two awards of the Army Commendation Medal; the Purple Heart; the French Croix de Guerre with silver star; the Belgian Croix de Guerre with palm; as well as having the then-commanding general designate Sept. 30, 1981, as “Colonel Dalton Day” for his outstanding service to the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School. He and Mrs. Dalton were invited to the home of military intelligence for update briefings, parades and other special honors.

Col. Dalton holds a bachelor of science degree from the University of Maryland, a master of arts degree from George Washington University and a master of arts degree in public administration from the University of Northern Colorado. On July 1, 1988, Col. Dalton was inducted into the Military Intelligence Corps Hall of Fame, one of the original inductees.

Col. Elvin “Jack” Dalton was the son of the late William Dalton and Beulah Cockerham Dalton of Wolfe County, Ky. Seven brothers and two sisters also preceded him in death

He is survived by his beloved wife of 56 years, Mary Hammond Dalton; one daughter, Patricia Anderson, and husband, Craig ,of West Des Moines; four grandchildren; one great-grandson; and three siblings survive him, James Dalton of Springboro, Ohio, Bill Dalton of South Euclid, Ohio, and Viola Dalton Whitacre of Richland, Wash.; and numerous nieces and nephews.

128- James Forbes Dalton:

Publisher.

James Forbes Dalton, Esq. Died Oct. 26 at High Cross, Tottenham, near London, aged 77, James Forbes Dalton, Esq. He was born April 25, 1J85, the second son of William Edward Dalton, Esq, of Great Stanmore, Middlesex, and received his baptismal names from his godfather and relation, James Forbes, Esq., F.R.S., of Stanmore-hill, author of "Oriental Memoirs," &c. He was intended for the Church by his grandfather, the Rev. James Dalton, M.A., Rector of Great Stanmore, and educated for that purpose under the Rev. David Garrow and other clergymen ; bat before entering Oxford, his destination was altered, and he passed several years on the Continent, at Rome, Bordeaux, and other cities. Upon his return he settled near London, and was well known in several of the literary circles of that time. He published pamphlets on the politics of the day, several works of light reading, and was likewise a frequent contributor to the Annuals, Blackwood, and other leading periodicals,

but, as he never affixed his name to these compositions (although in several instances they attained the celebrity of two or three editions), they cannot now be enumerated correctly. Messrs. Black- wood printed for him in 1860, " Some of my Contributions in Rhyme to Periodicals in Bye-gone Days, by a Septuagenarian." Mr. Dalton was never married; bat bis mild manners, and large fund of useful information, made him a pleasing and instructive friend and companion during the whole of his peaceful life, for the last fifteen years of which, having full leisure, he employed himself in the administration of the princely charities of the Worshipful Company of Drapers, being an active member of their court, and serving the office of Master in 1858.

129- Christopher Dalton:

A leading postwar photographer of historic buildings.

Christopher John Neale Dalton, photographer, born June 14 1941; died February 3 2008.

Christopher Dalton, who has died aged 66 from multiple myeloma, was one of the greatest postwar photographers of historic buildings, a passionate supporter of churches and a writer. He was born at Leigh, Surrey, into a family where a passion for churches seemed predestined given the blood tie with the great ecclesiologist and hymn writer, John Mason Neale. After school at Bryanston, which gave him personal friendships as well as a profound love of Dorset, his initial professional training was as an architect, centred on three years at Leicester School of Architecture. There was an overlapping apprenticeship with Victor Heal and Partners in London and the Lincolnshire practice of Bond and Read from 1958 until 1964. The latter, a small-scale provincial studio specializing in churches, both new and old, was much more to his taste than the blander corporate setting of the commercial office.

But a second profession, that of photographer, soon emerged. After a short spell with another Lincolnshire practice, Parker and Roberts, Christopher came to London into the employment of that doyen of conservation architects, Donald Insall, then newly established (but now with few rivals). Donald realized that Christopher's forte lay in capturing architecture on celluloid and encouraged him to return to academe, this time for three years at Ealing school of photography (1964-67).

From such a platform he developed a photographic studio, where what was wanted was romantic bloom as well as a precise record. He became associated, above all, with black and white, and all the subtleties of mood, depth and sepia that can bring. It is no surprise that his most favourite exemplar was the photographer Edwin Smith.

A profound understanding of buildings reinforced a natural empathy for composition, and he was chosen by the National Trust to compile the definitive records of Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire; Belton House, Lincolnshire; Canon's Ashby, Northamptonshire; Calke Abbey, Derbyshire; Chastleton House, Oxfordshire; and Croft Castle, Herefordshire. His is the principal photographic survey in the National Monuments Record of Stonor House, Oxfordshire, and Packington Hall, Warwickshire, among scores of others, while the scholarly assessments in Country Life of Warwick castle, Bodrhyddan in north Wales, Thornton House in Cheshire and the churches of the Lleyn peninsula are brought to life by his photos.

Three seminal exhibitions at the Victoria and Albert museum, on churches, gardens and country houses, incorporating many examples of his work, further helped to establish his reputation, as did scattered but regular appearances in the Shell Guides and Pevsner's Buildings of Britain series. All the photos in Timpson's Country Churches (1998) are his. And an initial exclusiveness to Insall among architectural practices soon developed into a broadened demand elsewhere, particularly from Rodney Melville and Partners.

By now the passion for churches had brought him to the attention of Ivor Bulmer Thomas and the offer of a job at the Redundant Churches Fund, latterly the Churches Conservation Trust, where he worked from 1976 until 1994. It was he who developed the concept of the field officer, the eyes and ears of the organization, and went on to launch its programme of church guides, along with his wife, Susan. From there it was a natural move to become field officer for the Friends of Friendless Churches in Wales, a post he held from 1998 until his death, having been a member of that society for 45 years and a trustee for 20. His home diocese realized the talent in its midst too - he was a member of the Hereford diocesan advisory committee from 1987 and its chairman from 1996, and was also a lay canon at the cathedral.

One of the least appreciated byways of the English timber-framed tradition is the bellframe hidden up the church tower. For Christopher it became an interest as all enveloping as the building itself. His three-volume Bells and Belfries of Dorset won the 2007 award for an outstanding contribution to the county's archeology, and he was bells consultant to the National Trust and numerous churches. The bell fraternity is close-knit and occasionally riven, but the reaction on their various websites confirms the depth of the affection and respect in which Christopher was held.

He is survived by Susan and two sons, Richard and Thomas. The family lived first at Everdon in Northamptonshire and then Upper Court, Ullingswick, with its ancient tranquility. It was the bedrock in his life for some 35 years, especially through the last four of increasingly severe and distressing illness.

130- Brigadier General Harry J. Dalton Jr.:

Director of public affairs, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force.

General Dalton was born in San Antonio, Texas, in 1927. He graduated from high school in San Antonio in 1945. He then attended the University of Texas in Austin, Texas, majoring in advertising and graduated with a bachelor of business administration degree in June 1949. He attended graduate school from 1949 to 1950. In January 1950 he completed the Air Force Reserve Officers' Training Corps program as a distinguished military graduate and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Air Force Reserve.

When the Korean War began he volunteered for active duty and was assigned in August 1950 as assistant public information officer at March Air Force Base, Calif. The following year he moved with the 44th Bombardment Wing to Lake Charles Air Force Base, La., as the wing public information officer. In June 1953 he was assigned as information services officer at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., headquarters of the Strategic Air Command.

In July 1955 General Dalton was assigned to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, where he served as director of information and special assistant to the commander of the 3rd Air Division. He returned to the United States in July 1957 for assignment to the SAC Directorate of Information where he held successive jobs in the Internal Information, Plans and Liaison, and Public Information Divisions.

In September 1960 he became a plans officer in the Office of Information, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. In January 1963 he was named special assistant to the Air Force director of information.

He attended the Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, Va., from January to June 1965. He was next assigned as executive assistant in the Office of the Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Wiesbaden, Germany. In September 1966 he become chief, Public Communications Division, Office of Information, at USAFE headquarters.

General Dalton transferred to Vietnam in July 1968 where he served as executive to the chief of information at the U.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam until July 1969. During this assignment he flew 32 combat missions in a variety of aircraft as a combat aerial photographer.

He was assigned as a plans officer in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs) from August 1969 to June 1972. As such he was the principal public affairs planner for matters pertaining to prisoners of war and those missing in action. In this capacity he served as chairman of the Department of Defense POW/MIA Public Affairs Panel and as a member of the DOD POW/MIA Task Group and the White House POW Group.

In June 1972 he was named director of information for Air Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

General Dalton was assigned as deputy director of information, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, March 17, 1975, and assumed the duties of director of information Dec. 17, 1975. The organization title and his position title were redesignated in October 1979.

His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters, Bronze Star Medal, Air Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal with "V" device and oak leaf cluster, Air Force Commendation Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Republic of Vietnam Honor Medal 1st Class and Republic of Korea Order of National Security Merit (Cheonsu) Medal.

The general is an accredited member of the Public Relations Society of America and is listed in "Who's Who in the South and Southwest." He was chosen in 1974 by the Aviation/Space Writers Association as the outstanding public information officer in the military.

He was promoted to brigadier general Dec. 15, 1975, with date of rank Dec. 4, 1975.

131- Pfc. Dalton F. Williams:

The Replacement Soldier.

His Honorable Discharge states his military occupation as a Trooper (Expert: M-1 rifle). To Merrill’s Marauders in Burma during World War II, he was known as a replacement soldier, a member of the “Mars Task Force.” To me, he was just Daddy.

Dalton Franklin Williams was born in Dekalb County in Alabama on March 9, 1925 to Frank and Dorothy Williams. The family owned a small farm and struggled daily with nature to provide food and clothing for their twelve children.

In 1944, on Dalton’s 19th birthday, he made a decision that would affect him for the rest of his life: he joined thousands of other young men and became a soldier to do his part for his country in the ongoing conflict, World War II. After he joined, he passed his physical examination at Fort McPherson, Georgia and on March 30 was officially inducted into the United States Army. He soon boarded a train and headed for a Cavalry recruiting center in Fort Riley, Kansas where he underwent a vigorous basic training over the next several weeks.

The call came in early that summer from Burma that a group of men known as Merrill’s Marauders was in dire need of fresh recruits. The American Long Range Penetration Unit commanded by Brigadier General Frank Marauder had been formed the year before in August 1943 by three thousand volunteer soldiers. Their mission was to traverse behind enemy lines in Burma and destroy Japanese supply lines and communications while the attempt was made to re-open the Burma Road. After months of heavy combat, the surviving Marauders needed replacements due to the overwhelming number lost to combat wounds and disease.

Dalton, along with thousands of other dismounted cavalrymen, answered the call. His orders to “ship out” were the beginning of a combat career he could have never imagined in his wildest dreams. He traveled to California by train and there he boarded the SS George M. Randall and set sail for the Asiatic-Pacific. After brief stops in the Fiji Islands and Melbourne, Australia, the eager recruits arrived in Bombay in September, just over a month later.

An expert trooper, Dalton joined the other replacement soldiers who had recently formed the 475th Infantry Brigade. These naēve, brave young men underwent a hasty, intense jungle training in India before beginning their march through extremely dense jungles to reach Burma and join forces with the surviving Marauders to become known as the “Mars Task Force,” a Ranger-type unit. The dismounted cavalry unit still wore their high-top cavalry boots as they began their march into combat.

The men who fought in Burma were up against one of the world’s worst climates and forbidding terrains. They scaled jagged mountains, hacked their way through dense jungles, crossed swiftly-flowing rivers, and battled with exotic animals. It rained as much as fifteen inches a day, miring the soldiers up to their calves in thick mud. Swarms of black flies and bushes heavily laden with blood-sucking leeches drove the men to a frenzy. In the sweltering jungles, the temperature rose to 130 degrees and the humidity was overpowering. Breathing was difficult and sleeping was impossible.

The soldier’s diets consisted of rice taken from villages, animals slaughtered in the jungle, and old Army rations left over from WWI, which were air dropped at sporadic intervals. These problems were minor, however, to the ever present threat of being targeted by a sniper’s bullet or running into the Japanese Army. Despite all this, the swift moving, hard hitting young men repeatedly defeated the veteran soldiers of Japan, who vastly outnumbered the American soldiers.

On November 17, 1944, the soldiers began another killing hike. Dalton was in Company E of the 2nd Battalion. They marched ninety-eight miles only at night and dug fox holes to hide in during the sultry daylight hours. On December 8, at Tonkwa, in North Burma, they raided a Japanese out-post. On December 15, with their communications cut by raids and ambushes, the Japanese evacuated Burma. On that day, casualties were light, but at 1200 hours, Private Dalton F. Williams was struck by a .25 caliber Japanese bullet during the final hours of enemy action. The bullet entered his left hand at the index finger, traumatically amputating it, and then traversed through the 3rd and 4th fingers, where it exited, taking the tip of the pinkie with it.

His hand was hastily bandaged as he was carried on a make-shift stretcher, probably made by his comrades from bamboo and field jackets, to an evacuation point in a small nearby village. A small Piper Cub Evacuation Plane, with only enough room for the pilot and a stretcher, carried the injured soldier to the 48th Evacuation Hospital where he was stabilized. Five days later, he was flown to the 20th General Hospital in India where he underwent two surgeries over the next eight weeks to try and repair the damage to his hand. He was then transferred to the 181st General Hospital for about a month.

Dalton arrived back in the good old USA in March 1945 with a promotion to Private First Class. He spent a short time in the State Hospital in New York, and then a month at Finney General Hospital in Georgia before being transferred to Northington General Hospital in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He spent several months there where he underwent more painful, unsuccessful surgeries. In one attempt to graph skin onto the injured fingers, his left hand was surgically sewn to his stomach for a several weeks. One doctor that year even suggested in his report that the entire left hand should be amputated. It was noted the patient adamantly refused.

In those hospital rooms, I’m sure my father relieved the weary hours of moving through the Burmese jungles. His nightmares were probably filled with leeches, stinging insects, poisonous snakes, rain, mud, chattering baboons, the unbearable heat, hastily dug fox-holes and the stench of dead Japanese bodies. Finally on October 12, 1945, Pfc. Dalton F. Williams was given an Honorable Discharge from the United States Army and sent home to his waiting family.

The terrors of the jungle left permanent marks on the soldiers of Burma. After returning to civilian life, several found themselves ill at ease around bright lights and crowds and sometimes even around their own family. This was the father I knew.

Dalton was a quite man and never spoke a word to anyone about his military career. I have been amazed this past year as I began to discover the horrific trauma Dad suffered when he was just a young man. I’m sure my research only touched the surface of the shocking realities and horrors he witnessed during World War II. Even though he was only in combat a few short months, he most likely suffered a silent Hell plagued with those terrible memories until the day he died on May 28, 1999.

I was taken aback when I began my research of reconstructing his military career to discover that Dad’s discharge papers stated “no wounds received in action”. I have learned this was a common error in the post-war times of 1945 when overworked Army clerks filled out thousands of forms each day. By working with the Department of Veteran’s Affairs, I learned the truth when I received copies of Dad’s entire medical file. Hundreds of hours searching for information on the Internet and numerous telephone calls and several letters to surviving Veteran’s have also helped me greatly in my quest.

With the assistance of Congressman Robert Aderholt, I was recently issued the long overdue and much deserved medals my father earned so long ago, but never received. They include the Purple Heart, the Bronze Star, a Good Conduct Medal, an American Campaign Medal, an Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, a WWII Victory Medal, a Combat Infantryman Badge, an Honorable Service Lapel Button, and an Expert Badge with Rifle Bar.

I love my father deeply and still miss him so much. Now that his great accomplishments and sacrifices to our great country have been recognized at last, I have never been more proud to call Private First Class Dalton F. Williams, my daddy. By: Sandy Williams Driver.

132- Theodore Roosevelt Dalton:

American lawyer, judge and politician.

Ted Dalton, known as "Ted" and as Virginia's "Mr. Republican" was born in Carroll County, Virginia to parents Currell Dalton and Loduska Vernon Martin. His wife, Mary Turner, died September 1988. Dalton's grandmother Clarissa Goad Dalton was related to Dexter Goad, the Republican clerk of court in Carroll County at the time of the courthouse shootings following the conviction of Floyd Allen in March 1912.

Dalton's nephew, John Nichols Dalton, whom he had adopted as his son, was elected as a Republican as Governor of Virginia in 1977.

Dalton pursued both his undergraduate and law studies at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, receiving an A.B. in 1924 and an LL.B. 1926.

In 1968, Judge Dalton was selected as an honorary member of the Order of the Coif of the law school of Washington and Lee University. Judge Dalton also received an honorary doctorate of laws degree from the College of William & Mary in 1972.

A collection of Dalton's papers is housed at William & Mary's Earl Gregg Swem Library.

Dalton practiced law for over 33 years in Radford, Virginia, beginning in 1926. His law partners included Richard Poff, and in later years both Poff and Dalton were mentioned as potential nominees to the Supreme Court of the United States. Dalton also worked with James C. Turk, who like Dalton later became a federal judge.

In addition to his private practice, Dalton was elected as Commonwealth's Attorney, serving from from 1928 to 1936. Dalton won his first Senate election as a write-in candidate in 1944, and became the leading Republican in Virginia during his 15 years a member of the Senate of Virginia. Senator Dalton ran unsuccessfully as the Republican candidate for Governor of Virginia in 1953 and 1957, in opposition to the fading but still dominant Democratic organization led by Harry F. Byrd. Both times Dalton advocated abolishment of the poll tax.

Dalton's first campaign was the high point of what appeared to be a new era for the Republican Party in Virginia. In the federal elections of 1952, three Virginia Republicans including Dalton's old law partner Poff were elected to Congress, and Dwight D. Eisenhower carried Virginia in the presidential election. In 1953, against Democrat Thomas Bahnson Stanley and Independent Howard Carwile, Dalton garnered 45% of the vote. His running mates in that election were Staunton lawyer Stephen Timberlake as the candidate for lieutenant governor and Norfolk lawyer Walter E. Hoffman for Attorney General. The decisive issue in the campaign was public finance for transportation, as Senator Byrd took back his promise to his friend Dalton not to intervene, after Dalton proposed road bonds at odds with Byrd's doctrine of "pay as you go."

In 1957, when the singular issue was school desegregation, Dalton managed just 36.5% of the vote against Democrat J. Lindsay Almond, Jr.. The Supreme Court issued its Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954, to which the Byrd Democrats responded with their strategy of "Massive Resistance." In his public statements, Dalton was critical of the Brown decision, but proposed a pupil placement plan that would allow most schools to remain segregated "for maybe a hundred years. "The passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and efforts by the federal government to enforce desegregation in Little Rock Central High School were used against Republicans and led to the widened margin of defeat for Dalton in his second statewide campaign. Dalton wrote to President Eisenhower, urging the withdrawal of the troops from Little Rock.

When Senator Byrd announced his retirement plans in 1958, Senator Dalton cast the only vote in the General Assembly against a resolution urging Byrd to run again.

Along with Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Oliver Hill, former governors Albertis Harrison and Colgate Darden, Dalton was chosen by Governor Mills E. Godwin, Jr. to serve on the Virginia Commission for Constitutional Revision, the efforts of which led to the Virginia Constitution of 1971.

President Eisenhower nominated Dalton to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia, which he assumed on July 21, 1959, succeeding John Paul, Jr.. Along with his colleagues, Judge Dalton as federal judge presided over litigation that continued into the 1970s to implement the Brown decision in Virginia's public schools. Judge Dalton ordered the desegregation plan for the public schools in Roanoke, Virginia.

Judge Dalton served on the three-judge panel in a case rejecting a constitutional challenge to Virginia's method of distributing state money for education to the various school districts across the state.

Judge Dalton took senior status in 1976. President Gerald Ford nominated Glen M. Williams as Dalton's successor, after Senator William L. Scott derailed the nomination of the President's first choice. As a senior judge, Judge Dalton continued to be a force on the bench for many years, famously making use of his personality, knowledge, and vast sphere of acquaintances to push civil cases to agreed resolutions. Dalton's former law clerks include Glen E. Conrad, who was nominated to the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia by President George W. Bush in 2003.

Judge Dalton died at Radford Community Hospital of complications from pneumonia.

133- Thomas Dalton:

Businessman, author, politician, and newspaperman.

Thomas Dalton, b. April or May 1782, baptized 28 June in Birmingham, England, son of William Dalton and Rebecca Watson; m. first 30 May 1803 Sarah Pratt (d. 1804), and they had one son; m. secondly 9 Nov. 1805 Sophia Simms, and they had three sons and four daughters; d. 26 Oct. 1840 in Toronto.

Thomas Dalton, the son of a Birmingham factor, claimed to possess “a portion of natural talents improved by industry, exalted to usefulness by experience,” and by intensive reading, but never professed to having received much formal education. He gained some familiarity with international commerce and finance, presumably through involvement in his father’s business at home and abroad, which included supplying the Newfoundland fishing trade with hardware and domestic goods.

In 1803, just 21 and newly married, he took over the business when his father was “unjustly detained” in France by Napoleon’s interning all British civilians of militia age. In January 1808 Thomas was forced into bankruptcy, and about 1810 he engaged himself as Newfoundland agent to prominent merchant James Henry Attwood. With his second wife, he moved his growing family to St John’s where he quickly established himself in local society. By 1814 he was back on his feet, with his own mercantile business.

Dalton soon joined forces with John Ryan, a local Irish merchant. They were successful for a year or two, but the general economic collapse that followed the wars in Europe and America left them with debts of several thousand pounds which they were unable to pay. In November 1816 Dalton found himself bankrupt for the second time in less than ten years. The following February he left Newfoundland for England, but a few months later the family, accompanied by Thomas’s father and younger brother William, came out to Upper Canada prepared to try again.

In December 1817 Thomas obtained a few acres of land on Lake Ontario just west of Kingston and, after persuading a local businessman, Smith Bartlet, to come in as a partner, set up a brewery. The partnership was dissolved amicably in June 1819 and Dalton carried on the Kingston Brewery alone. The business expanded rapidly. Historian Maxwell Leroy Magill has described the brewery as “the largest and most prosperous establishment of its kind in the province” and Dalton himself boasted that it was “one of the best that was ever established in this Province.”

In 1818, while awaiting royal assent to a charter for the proposed Bank of Upper Canada at Kingston, some local merchants set up a private bank of the same name. Dalton, a lifelong believer in the efficacy of banks in stimulating industry, subscribed for a modest ten shares. After being elected a director in June 1819, without his prior approval, he increased his participation significantly until he was the second largest investor, and he borrowed heavily from the bank to expand his business. With his considerable experience and forceful manner, he was able to help the bank over some rough patches in its first years but, when a combination of sloppy business practice, internal dissension, and finally a fraudulent conspiracy involving the president, Benjamin Whitney, brought the institution tumbling down in September 1822, no effort of his could save the situation.

In December, to cover his debts to the bank, Dalton posted a £7,000 personal bond and took a £3,600 mortgage on his brewery property. With such undertakings from the major debtors, the bank’s reserves were sufficient to cover all its obligations. However, a banking group in York (Toronto), headed by William Allan, had appropriated the charter being prepared for the Kingston bank and had been incorporated in 1821 as the official Bank of Upper Canada. Thus, despite the adequate reserves, in March 1823 the provincial legislature stepped in with a hastily drafted bank act declaring Kingston’s “pretended” bank illegal and making its directors personally liable for its debts. Three Kingston tories, John Macaulay*, George Herchmer Markland, and John Kirby, were appointed to a commission – “one family-compacted junto” Dalton called them in July – to take over the bank’s affairs. Hardest hit among the directors were those who were in trade, for they were prohibited from selling anything until the bank’s business could be settled. This provision was repealed in a less severe bank act passed in January 1824. Although later that year Dalton and Bartlet were successfully defended by John Beverley Robinson in suits brought by the commissioners, the bank affair effectively ruined Dalton.

The failure of the bank and the legislature’s interference were heatedly debated in the newspapers of Kingston, York, and even Montreal, as well as in many privately published pamphlets. Using the pages of the Upper Canada Herald of Kingston and the Free Press and the Scribbler of Montreal, Dalton turned out many pieces, in a wide variety of styles. Some appeared over his own signature, and several anonymous articles clearly suggest his hand. In one of the best of the latter, published in the Upper Canada Herald of 11 Nov. 1823, he ridiculed the bank commissioners in a full front-page satire purporting to be their long-awaited first report. In 1824, believing that the author of the Draconian 1823 bank act had been Christopher Alexander Hagerman, a fellow director and the bank’s solicitor, and finding himself singled out by Hagerman for much of the blame for the failure, Dalton published a long pamphlet fiercely attacking Hagerman while stoutly defending his own position.

Dalton decided that the best place to fight his battle was in the House of Assembly. He was known to have radical sympathies and, when he stood for Kingston in 1824, there was much nervous closing of ranks by tories to block his election; he dropped out at the last minute to ensure Hagerman’s defeat. When he did manage to take one of the two Frontenac seats in the reform wave of 1828, he was seen by many tories as the worst of a bad lot. In March 1829 he managed to get a new bank act passed which provided for arbitration of all the old debts; but, in Dalton’s case, the new commissioners (including his erstwhile friend and fellow freemason Hugh Christopher Thomson) refused to accept the arbitration award (which had reduced Dalton’s obligation to a fraction of the original amount). At this point Dalton turned his back on the whole business, claiming that the commission owed him more, for expenses and lost business, than he had ever owed the bank. Dalton left politics in 1830 but the controversy surrounding the bank continued for nearly 20 years.

To keep his brewery going, Dalton had placed it in other hands in July 1823. The less severe 1824 bank act had permitted him to take it back that July, but the interim arrangement had been costly and the manager had absconded with the books, so that many of the outstanding accounts could never be recovered. Short of capital, Dalton struggled on desperately for a few more years but in November 1828 the brewery was badly damaged by fire and he closed it down permanently. In December 1830 the bank commissioners finally released his brewery land and four months later he sold it to Thomas Molson.

For some years Dalton had had an interest in publishing. It first appeared in 1824 when he approached Macaulay about buying the Kingston Chronicle, but, according to Dalton, his career as a “writer for the public” had begun around 1820 with some anonymous articles in the Upper Canada Herald. Nothing has been identified for this early date but within a few years, in addition to the numerous publications concerning the bank, he had produced two long Hudibrastic poems (An address, to the liege men of every British colony and province in the world appeared in 1822 and “Kingston” was offered for subscription in 1823). In 1824 he published A warning to the Canadian Land Company, a pamphlet in which he pointed out flaws, and the consequent risks for investors, in the prospectus of the Canada Company [see John Galt]. Sensing that his advice might be largely ignored if he used his own name, he signed the pamphlet “An Englishman resident in Upper Canada.”

On 12 Nov. 1829 Dalton launched his most important project, the Patriot and Farmer’s Monitor Although this weekly newspaper seems to have quickly gained a fair share of popularity, profits were slow in coming. In October 1830, in collaboration with Bishop Alexander McDonell, Dalton began printing the Catholic, an official Roman Catholic weekly edited by William Peter MacDonald, but it lasted for only one year. Dalton tried, unsuccessfully, to sell the Patriot in April 1832 (offering to stay on as editor until the end of the year) and that autumn he gave up on Kingston. He moved his paper and his family to York to reach a larger and, he hoped, more generous market and, of course, to be closer to the centre of political activity in the province. Publication at York began on 7 Dec. 1832 and within a year the Patriot was a semi-weekly.

Thomas Dalton, the editor of the Patriot, was not the man many thought they knew. Tom Dalton, the brewer, had supported Robert Gourlay, joined William Lyon Mackenzie’s circle, and counted the notorious Bidwells, Barnabas* and Marshall Spring*, among his friends. His literary assaults on the administration of Lieutenant Governor Sir Peregrine Maitland, on the tories generally, and on the bank commissioners particularly had certainly done little to ingratiate him with either the Kingston establishment or the government leaders at York. In fact, his independence, truculent manner, and plain speech, as well as his politics, had gained him enemies in high places. Several petitions sent by him to the legislature in the 1820s, seeking redress and compensation for injuries financial, legal, and physical, received little more than the formal recognition required by official etiquette. But with the beginning of the Patriot in 1829, a change seemed to take place. With Common Sense as its motto, the paper had a reform, but hardly radical, editorial tone. As implied by its name, allegiance to the crown and respect for British tradition were fundamental to its policy and, though strongly critical of perceived shortcomings of the administration, it cultivated the loyal element of the population.

By the time of his move to York in 1832, Dalton had pretty well given up his former radical associates and was courting, and to some extent being courted by, many of his old adversaries. In fact, this process seems to have begun during his stint in the assembly, where he had voted against many reform amendments and obstructive riders following the passage of the revised bank act in March 1829. Mackenzie, the most visible radical, was increasingly criticized by Dalton. Perhaps surprisingly, one of Dalton’s new supporters was an old enemy, John Strachan, and fellow editors, such as Egerton Ryerson, began to notice in print that the Patriot had been granted the right to speak for the Church of England. Even the breach with Hagerman was mended in 1833 when Dalton found out that it had been Henry John Boulton, then solicitor general and a stockholder in the bank, who had drawn up and promoted the 1823 bank act, seemingly to deflect liability from himself.

Dalton’s apparent political conversion has given rise to considerable speculation and comment. His detractors insisted then, as they do today, that it was a matter of self-serving opportunism rather than of principle; Mackenzie claimed that “the Editor of the Patriot had been hired and brought to York for the express purpose of putting down the Advocate.” On the other hand, Dalton’s friends and the contributors to his columns commended his loyalty to British traditions and his firm belief in British freedom as the “light of the world.” On balance, his conversion would seem to have been no more than a growing disenchantment with old radical associates. In fact, Dalton had no objection to being labelled a reformer for, as he said, that was surely the role of every concerned citizen. So, as editor, Dalton embraced conservative principles throughout his short career, while never abandoning his rather quixotic reforming zeal, and the Patriot became the most influential conservative newspaper in the province.

Something of a visionary, Dalton foresaw a great future for his adopted country and he did his utmost to make his fellow citizens see it too. For example, he is credited with being, in 1834, the first to dream of a British North America spanned from sea to sea by a transportation network driven by steam. Despite his experience in Kingston, Dalton continued to believe in the value of banks and he was active in encouraging their growth; his perpetual shortage of personal funds, however, ultimately prevented the publication of his much-advertised book “Money is power.”

Dalton was the sworn enemy of American Methodists and fought Ryerson’s Christian Guardian tooth and nail from its inception in 1829. Never an admirer of the American “democratic” way of life (considering it “rule by the mob”) and constantly worried about the influence it could have on the young colony, he complained that Methodist circuit riders from the United States were spreading political doctrine not far short of sedition. Perhaps more than any other subject, however, the continuing “intransigence” of the French Canadians kept Dalton’s blood boiling. He saw “the perpetuation of the French language” as the “bitterest curse to the Lower Canadians . . . , the great political error of the time.” By 1831 he was supporting a union of the two Canada’s, to allow Upper Canada to escape from the lower province’s stranglehold on customs revenue and to bury the troublesome French vote under a much larger British one. With time his vision grew wider. In October 1836 he wrote that consolidation of all five North American provinces was “the only union that ought to be considered for a single instant, and this should be effected with all possible speed.” He was optimistic about the mission of Lord Durham [Lambton], viewing it as recognition at last of the importance of the North American colonies to the empire, but he was disappointed with the final proposals. He launched salvo after salvo at the “Base, imbecile, treacherous, profligate Whig Govt” in London until, finally, late in 1839 the new governor-in-chief, Charles Edward Poulett Thomson, ordered the cancellation of the Patriot’s contract for publishing government advertisements, thus greatly exacerbating Dalton’s financial problems and adding to his frustrations.

A lifetime of struggling against all sorts of real and imagined adversaries finally proved more than even Dalton’s stubborn spirit could resist and in March 1840 he suffered a serious stroke. By August he was able to resume his place at the newspaper, but he was a broken man. On 26 October a second massive stroke brought his earthly troubles swiftly to an end. The Patriot was carried on by his wife for another eight years and then was sold to Edward George O’Brien.

Thomas Dalton was described in an obituary as “friendly, amiable and cheerful.” In his public life he was an enthusiastic, forceful writer who took a bold stand on all the issues of the day, often using such excessively strong language that even his family objected. John George Bourinot was to remark that “if his zeal frequently carried him into intemperate discussion of public questions, the ardour of the times must be for him . . . the best apology.” Yet he was sued for libel only once during his career, for an item inserted in the Patriot during his absence following his stroke. A political as well as an editorial adversary, Francis Hincks of the Toronto Examiner, spoke of him as “a vigorous political writer, tho’ inclined to express himself with too much bitterness towards his opponents,” but blamed others for that and added, “We are unconscious of having ever entertained towards him any feelings of animosity.” In reporting Dalton’s death, the Cobourg Star called him “assuredly one of the ablest and most strenuous supporters of conservative principles the provincial press has exhibited,” one “whose loss is truly to be deplored by every loyal British subject.” Toronto’s Commercial Herald called him “a man of strong and fervid mind . . . an Englishman in heart and mind as well as by birth.” A modern historian, Sydney Francis Wise, maintains that Dalton “had an importance in forming the conservative consciousness in Upper Canada that has never been appreciated.”

134- Charles Dalton:

Roman Catholic priest, Franciscan, and vicar general.

Rev. Charles Dalton, b. 1786 near Thurles (Republic of Ireland); d. 17 June 1859 in Harbour Grace, Nfld.

Charles Dalton is known to have been a student at St Kieran’s College, County Kilkenny (Republic of Ireland), in 1813–14. By 1819 he had become a Franciscan priest. Closely associated thereafter with the Clonmel friary, of which he was guardian from 1824 to 1831, Dalton was noted for his reacquisition of the medieval Clonmel abbey, which had been in Protestant hands since the Reformation. Recruited for the Newfoundland mission by the new bishop, Michael Anthony Fleming, Dalton arrived in St John’s on 2 June 1831. He was actually one of eleven priests, including Edward Troy and James W. Duffy, who were brought from Ireland between 1831 and 1833. Fresh from the victory of Catholic emancipation, this group markedly changed the character of the priesthood in Newfoundland. Dalton served in St John’s with Troy as a curate to Fleming until September 1833, when he succeeded Thomas Anthony Eweras parish priest of Harbour Grace.

Although lately reduced in size by the creation of the new parish of Brigus, Harbour Grace was still a populous parish, encompassing a large part of Conception Bay. With two assistant priests, it was next in importance only to St John’s, and Fleming’s choice of Dalton to be its pastor was a mark of his confidence. Indeed, Fleming and Dalton seem to have enjoyed an excellent relationship. Dalton was Fleming’s vicar general for a time in the 1830s and he was also the bishop’s companion on several lengthy voyages, including the Episcopal visitations of the north and south coasts in 1834 and 1835 respectively and a recuperative trip to Ireland in 1845. In 1843 Dalton was named an executor of Fleming’s will.

Active participation in Newfoundland politics was a trait of many of Fleming’s clergy, and Dalton was no exception. During the general election of 1836 he openly favoured the four Liberal candidates who were victorious in Conception Bay and led a procession supporting two of them, Robert Pack, a Protestant, and James Power. The success of Edmund Hanrahan in the 1840 by-election there was also attributed to his influence. Dalton was never accused of intimidation, however, and he had no part in the violence that ended both campaigns. Nor is there any evidence that he or his curates had even remotely encouraged the vicious attack in his parish on Henry David Winton in 1835, despite Governor Henry Prescott’s attaching blame to the Catholic priesthood. In 1852 Dalton unsuccessfully attempted to recruit Thomas Ridley and John Munn, both Protestants, as local candidates.

As a school board member appointed under Newfoundland’s first education act (1836), Dalton was a principal in the dispute which led to denominational schools. This act, which Roman Catholics supported, provided for public education in non-denominational schools. Nevertheless, at its first meeting, the Conception Bay board adopted the King James version of the Bible as a school text, to be read without comment outside regular hours to “children of the parents who desire it.” Catholic board members unanimously objected to the use of this Bible as discriminatory and threatened to resign unless the governor overturned the provision. Prescott thereupon requested that Conception Bay adopt instead the St John’s by-law, which provided for the withdrawal of children from school for religious instruction. This failed to carry, since to most Protestant members of the board it was equivalent to a vote for the removal of the Bible. Dalton and the other Catholics once again demanded that the original provision be overturned, making it clear that otherwise Catholic children would not attend the new schools. When the governor acquiesced, the non-Catholic majority maintained that they could not in conscience allocate funds where the Bible was excluded. This impasse was finally resolved only by the establishment of separate Protestant and Catholic boards in 1843.

Dalton was an ardent Irish nationalist and a devoted admirer of Daniel O’Connell. A staunch foe of union in Ireland, he publicly expressed the view that O’Connell would be instrumental “in raising our degraded country from a province to that place in the scale of nations which her natural position entitles her to.” Dalton assiduously promoted the collection in Newfoundland of “repeal rent,” contributions to the campaign for the dissolution of the union between Ireland and England, and was a generous personal donor to it. In 1844 he was prominent in the protest movement against O’Connell’s imprisonment.

Dalton was a strong supporter of Irish philanthropic causes. He made substantial personal donations to the restoration of the Clonmel abbey, to the Irish Franciscan monastery in Capranica di Sutri, Viterbo (Italy), and to the victims of the Irish potato famine even when his own parish was suffering from the same blight. This personal largesse may have been made possible by his ownership of a fishing schooner.

Dalton did much for the development of his own parish. In the tradition of the Irish priests of his day, he was especially active in church building. He had churches constructed in Carbonear by 1836 and in Spaniard’s Bay by 1844. His major undertaking, however, was the erection of a new stone church at Harbour Grace to companion the cathedral under way at St John’s. Dalton had appealed for funds as early as 1844 and went to Ireland the following year to procure stone for the work. Financial difficulties ensued, and construction did not start until 1852. The new church, accommodating 1,200, was officially opened the next year. Enlarged and embellished by his successors, it became the core of the first cathedral of Harbour Grace, which burned in 1889.

The first Newfoundland convents outside St John’s owed much to Dalton’s encouragement. As early as 1839, he had purchased a house and land at Harbour Grace for convent use. However, not until 1851 was a convent of the Order of the Presentation of Our Blessed Lady established there. A second foundation, at Carbonear, followed in 1852 [see Miss Kirwan, named Sister Mary Bernard]. The convent schools meant improved educational facilities for young women and complemented the 11 Catholic schools already in existence in the parish.

A new diocese of Harbour Grace was established in 1856. Dalton’s advanced age and poor health precluded his being considered for the office of bishop, but the appointment went to John Dalton, his nephew and charge from youth, who was curate in Carbonear. The senior Dalton became the diocese’s vicar general.

Charles Dalton ably served both his bishops and his parishioners during the 25 turbulent years of his ministry. At a time when religion and controversy were nearly synonymous, he had friends of every class and denomination. His benevolence, his simplicity, and his hospitality towards all were the characteristics that most impressed those who knew him.

135- Rev. Michael J. Dalton:

Oldest Catholic Priest Dies at 106

Rev. Michael J. Dalton, the oldest Catholic priest in the Diocese of London, in Ontario and possibly all of Canada, died today at the age of 106.

Michael Joseph Dalton was born on May 5, 1902 to Morgan Dalton and Mary Sullivan near Goderich, Ontario, the seventh of ten children. He attended elementary school at Ashfield Township, Huron County and secondary school at Assumption College, Windsor. Michael entered St. Peter’s Seminary in 1926 and graduated with a Bachelor of Philosophy and Theology in 1928. He was ordained to the priesthood on May 21, 1932 by Most Rev. Michael J.T. Kidd.

Father Dalton’s parish assignments included Holy Name of Mary, Windsor (associate pastor from 1932-1936), St. Alphonsus, Windsor (associate pastor from 1936-1939), Most Precious Blood, Windsor (pastor from 1946-1953), St. John the Evangelist,

Woodslee (pastor from 1953-1960) and St. John de Brebeuf and Companions, Kingsville (pastor from 1960-1970).

In 1939 Father Dalton entered World War II as chaplain of the Fourth Brigade.

The first time he offered the sacrament of last rites in military uniform was to his own father as he lay on his deathbed in December 1939. Father Dalton sailed to England in 1940 and remained with his regiment through England, France, Belgium, Holland and

Germany. Father Dalton’s brigade was involved in the Canadian raid on Dieppe, although he did not take part. Of the 558 officers and men of the brigade who attacked the beaches at Dieppe, only 44 soldiers returned. This brigade suffered the highest casualties of any group in any battle in this war. Father Dalton had the difficult task of writing numerous letters home to the families of the soldiers who died there. The Diocese of London archives has a photo of Father Dalton offering Mass on the hood of a jeep on June 2, 1944, just two days before D-Day.

Father Dalton received the Military Cross for his service and bravery as an army chaplain. King George VI presented him with the Member of the Order of the British Empire at Buckingham Palace in 1943. He was the first Catholic priest to be so recognized. In 1967, Father Dalton was named Veteran of the Year and Citizen of the Year by the City of Windsor. In 2001, the City of London created Father Dalton Drive in honor of his war service.

Father Dalton retired in 1970, although he continued to serve as chaplain to the Sacred Heart Sisters in Courtland as long as he could. He lived at a retirement home in Courland until his death.

135- Rev. Mike Dalton MBE MC RIP

Priest a wartime legend

Quote:

He was a soldier to the end. His threadbare army tunic hung on the wall, and his room was filled with religious icons, rosaries and holy pictures.

And when you spoke to him, his words were about the men he knew on the battlefields of France when he rigged up a makeshift altar on the hood of his jeep and said mass for them.

The photos from the Second World War show these anxious men kneeling, their heads bowed, silent in the muddy fields just hours before they were sent into battle.

And when age finally wore him down -- long after the war and years of serving parishes all over the London diocese including Windsor, Woodslee and Kingsville -- this old priest told me it wouldn't stop him from saying mass in his bed at the nursing home.

It would never stop him from being a priest. And there was no way he would ever lose his faith in his religion or people.

I'm speaking about an old friend, Rev. Mike Dalton, who passed away Monday afternoon at Sacred Heart Nursing Home in Courtland, Ont. He was 106, a month shy of his 107th birthday.

This son of a Goderich farmer is the most decorated padre who ever served in the Canadian Army. He marched at the front lines with his fellow soldiers, often carrying their weapons when they tired of battle.

Besides the Military Cross for bravery, Father Dalton was the first Catholic priest to receive the Member of the British Empire. The day King George VI pinned the decoration on his tunic at Buckingham Palace, he dug deep into his pockets and handed the monarch a Catholic religious medal.

When I met Father Dalton in the mid-1990s, this legendary padre with the Essex Scottish, who landed at Normandy in 1944, complained of sitting in a wheelchair. His legs had given out on him. He prayed for God to give him back his strength, so he could stand up again and say mass.

Deep down, he knew better. He told me so.

The day I met him, Father Dalton wore the Roman collar, and had a twinkle in those slate-grey eyes and a wit and a humour that bubbled out in the stories he spun for me. He loved to talk. He loved people. He loved life. He loved God. He loved being a soldier. He loved being a priest.

If there was anything he didn't like, it was losing those fathers and sons to war. He had sensed their inner fears. It didn't matter if the orders were to stay clear of the front lines -- he listened instead to his own heart, and drove his jeep to the brink of battle. And he would sit there in the open jeep -- its windshield festooned with flowers -- and hear the laboured, disturbed confessions of terrified soldiers.

Or sometimes he would join a soldier on a road to a battle and try to ease their woes and lift their spirits.

Somehow Father Dalton believed he was invincible. He said he feared nothing. He figured he had a purpose, a reason to be. He felt lucky. He felt destined and blessed for some higher purpose. How else, he asked, do you explain how twice his truck was hit with shrapnel, and men died all around him?

"I didn't have a scratch. I couldn't even get a cold," he said.

And sometimes he was so lost in the reverie of saying mass on the hood of his jeep that he would suddenly turn to give a blessing, "and there was no one there ... I was all alone. The soldiers had jumped for cover, and shrapnel was flying everywhere. I hadn't heard a thing."

Rev. Matthew George, a longtime friend of Father Dalton, in hearing of his death, said the biggest regret of this priest's life was discovering too late the botched Dieppe invasion. "He had been at a chaplain's meeting and when he found out, he wanted to be put ashore, but they wouldn't let him.

"He cared about those men -- and never forgot them," said George.

It reminded me of what Dalton told me years ago when I asked why he joined the army. He said that when he served at St. Alphonsus in downtown Windsor, he realized those same kids who had made their First Communion in that church were now running off to war.

"I had to go with them," he said.

Now with his passing, I'm speculating the old padre is catching up to them, once again.

136- Frank Dalton:

The ‘good brother of the Gang'

Frank Dalton (June 8, 1859 - November 27, 1887) was a Deputy US Marshal of the Old West under Judge Isaac Parker, for Oklahoma Territory, as well as the older brother to the members of the Dalton Gang, in addition to being the brother to William M. Dalton, once a member of California legislature, and later an outlaw and leader of the Doolin Dalton gang alongside Bill Doolin. Frank Dalton is not to be confused with J. Frank Dalton, who made many claims to be famous people, including his claim of being Frank Dalton, and later Jesse James.

Dalton became, without much effort, the success story of the Dalton family. He was commissioned as a Deputy US Marshal, serving under Judge Parker, and quickly developed a reputation as being a brave lawman. Based out of Fort Smith, Arkansas, Dalton was involved in a number of shootouts and high risk arrests over a three year period. However, on November 27, 1887, he and Deputy J.R. Cole were on the trail of outlaw Dave Smith, wanted for horse theft. As they approached Smith's camp, Smith fired a shot from a rifle, hitting Dalton in the chest. Deputy Cole returned fire, killing Smith, but was then shot and wounded by a Smith cohort. Cole was able to make his escape, however, believing Dalton was dead. Dalton, however, was still alive, and engaged the outlaws in a short gun battle. One of Smith's cohorts was wounded, and a woman who was in the camp was killed during the crossfire. Frank Dalton was dead by the time Deputy Cole returned with a posse, having been killed with two additional rifle shots by outlaw Will Towerly. The name of the outlaw wounded by Dalton never revealed his own name. He died shortly thereafter, but not before naming Towerly as Frank Dalton's murderer. A newspaper of the time indicated Dalton had begged Towerly not to kill him, saying he was already dying. However that was a rumour, and there were no witnesses to the crime who ever made that statement. Towerly was killed one month later by Deputy William Moody and Deputy US Marshal Ed Stokley.

Frank Dalton: Deputy US Marshal

"Everyone knows they were the Desperate Daltons … that they were a band of cold blooded murderers that roamed the Midwest without challenge, robbing and killing at will…." Or so the story goes. The legend of the Dalton gang has more myth than truth in its telling nowadays, but the real story can still stand on its own.

The Dalton Gang story really cannot be told without beginning with the brother who first lost his life to violence. Frank Dalton, born in 1859, was commissioned a U.S. Deputy Marshal at Fort Smith in 1884. He was involved in numerous dangerous episodes as a deputy and was described as "one of the most brave and efficient officers on the force."

But all of that was to change in a "bloody tragedy" on November 27, 1887. Frank, at that time 28 years old, and Deputy J.R. Cole had gone to the Cherokee Nation to arrest Dave Smith on horse stealing and whiskey charges. Not anticipating any trouble, Frank stepped up to the tent that Smith and his friends were camped in and was immediately shot in the chest by Smith. Deputy Cole reacted quickly and shot Smith in the back. Another man in the tent then rushed out and shot at Deputy Cole who retreated backward, but could not escape a bullet in the chest. The deputy sprang to his feet, though, and using his Winchester as best he could, took refuge behind a tree.

By this time, Cole, under the impression that Frank was dead, decided to try to make his way back to Fort Smith for assistance. Frank was still alive, however, and after Cole got out of range, Will Towerly came out of the tent and shot him in the head twice with a Winchester. Newspaper reports of the time indicated that Frank was conscious and begged Towerly not to shoot him as he was already mortally wounded.

Back at Fort Smith, Deputy Cole gathered up a posse of officers to take back to the scene. Smith, Dalton, and a woman hit in the crossfire were already dead. Another man was badly wounded and taken back to Fort Smith where he died in jail. Will Towerly, the murderer of Frank Dalton, escaped unhurt.

Over the next several years, some of the other Dalton boys would meet equally violent ends, but none in the heroic, law abiding way that Frank did.

The Family Hero - Frank Dalton

Frank Dalton (1859-1887) - The older brother of the infamous Daltons who would later form the Dalton Gang, Frank was always an upstanding citizen. Born in Missouri on June 8, 1859, he was commissioned as a U.S. Deputy Marshal at Fort Smith, Arkansas in 1882. During his short tenure as a Deputy Marshal, he was involved in a number of dangerous episodes and was described as "one of the most brave and efficient officers on the force." Frank even enlisted his brothers, Bob and Graton Dalton, who would later become the leading members of the Dalton Gang, to also become lawmen and work for him on several posses as he rounded up outlaws. His career and his life would end on November 27, 1887 when he and Deputy Marshal James R. Cole, went to the Cherokee Nation to arrest a man named Dave Smith on charges of horse theft and whiskey running.

Dalton made a fatal mistake when he expected no trouble from Smith and approached the camp where Dave Smith, his brother-in-law, Lee Dixon, Dixon's wife, and a man named William Towerly were camped near the Arkansas River. The outlaws were not to be taken easily and as the two deputies approached the camp, Smith immediately shot Dalton in the chest, driving the officer to the ground. Deputy Cole, reacting quickly, returned the fire, killing Dave Smith.

Though one of the outlaws then hit Cole in the side, the officer continued to fire, hitting both Dixon and his wife. Cole, believing that Frank was dead, escaped and made his way back to Fort Smith for assistance. However, Dalton was still alive and after Cole left the area, Will Towerly, a noted murderer and horse thief, approached Frank, who was conscious and begged Towerly not to shoot him as he was already mortally wounded. However, the outlaw blasted him in the head twice with his Winchester before he, too, made his escape.

By the time Deputy Cole returned with a posse, Smith, Dalton, and a Dixon's wife were already dead. Lee Dixon, though seriously wounded was alive and soon transported to Fort Smith, Arkansas where he died before he could stand trial.

Towerly’s escape was brief, as lawmen were quickly on his trail. Locating him near his home at Atoka, Choctaw Nation, he was shot and killed by a man named William Moody, who was assisting another deputy marshal in his arrest.

Frank Dalton was just 28 years-old at the time of his death. He was buried in the Elmwood Cemetery in Coffeyville, Kansas, and is remembered by the U.S. Marshal's service on their Roll Call of Honor.

137- Richard D'Alton:

COUNT D'ALTON

Richard D'Alton is described as Lieutenant-General in the Imperial Army, and the title is said to have been conferred by the Empress Maria Theresa.

He seems to have been a haul type of soldier of fortune, who earned a reputation for carrying out harsh orders in a brutal and unfeeling way. He distinguished himself in Transylvania by using a specially high gallows for hanging insurgents and when the Emperor suppressed the old constitution of the Austrian Netherlands in 1789, D'Alton was employed to put down opposition. But the Flemings cornered him and his regulars in Brussels and forced him to surrender. ( Count of The Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Michael D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Tomas Manning D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Jeffrey D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Tomas D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf James D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Denis D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Count / Graf Benjamin D'Alton, ( Count of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Countess / Graefin Jennifer Buckland D'Alton, ( Countess of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Countess / Graefin Jennifer D'Alton, ( Countess of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Countess / Graefin Nicola D'Alton, ( Countess of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Countess / Graefin Anne Hede D'Alton, ( Countess of the Holy Roman Empire ) H.E. Countess / Graefin Susan Belk D'Alton, ( Countess of the Holy Roman Empire )

Source: The Reichs College of Princes and Counts of The Holy Roman Empire 1489-2009

138- John D’Alton:

Irish Author.

John D'Alton came from the main line of D'Altons described in the above history. He was born in Bessville, County Westmeath in 1792, the son of William D'Alton, Esq. After graduating from Trinity College, Dublin, he passed the bar in 1813. Although he was a member of governmental and societal commissions, he spent his lifetime collecting historical material of Irish topographical data as well as data about clans and peoples. The "History of the County Dublin" (1838) won the highest prize given by the Royal Irish Academy and for it he also received the Cunningham Gold Medal. His "History of Drogheda" (1844) and "Annals of Boyle" (1845) are perhaps the two most widely known of his manuscripts. But these are only a few of his published works. His articles were printed in The Gentlemen's Magazine and other periodicals.

The "Illustrations, Historical and Genealogical of King James's Irish Army list, 1689, Second Edition" which he originated in 1855 was "numerously and influentially supported" by his own admission. The original "King James Army List, 1689" was long out of print and covered some 500 Irish families in 900 pages of text. He was advised to enlarge the coverage of the septs and families and to "glean all that could be embodied from the native annals as from the rolls and records of Public Offices, accredited repositories, and from public and private libraries".

He originally funded the work himself and eventually an Indemnity Fund was established to defray some of the expenses. The contributors included the Marquess of Abercorn, the Earl of Ellsmere, Roderic O'Connor, Esq., Barrister, Walter Shanly, Esq., Canada, the Earl of Carlisle, Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, William D'Alton Babington* and Mr. Richard D'Alton. All received multiple copies of "The Illustrations".

D'Alton who had been in ill health announced in 1860 that he would retire from the literary scene. By this time it is reported that he had accumulated information on some 2500 Irish septs and families. He died in Dublin in January 1867 at his home, Summer Hill, and was buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.

About the Author John D’Alton:

D’Alton was born in 1792 at Bessville, County Westmeath, Ireland. He would spend most of his adult life in Dublin, until his passing at the age of 75 on January 20, 1867. A noted author, his works include “Essay on the Ancient History etc...of Ireland”; “History of the County of Dublin”, “Memoirs of the Archbishops of Dublin”, “History of Drogheda”, “The Annals of Boyle” and more. He was also a regular contributor to Gentlemen’s Magazine. John attended Trinity College and was called to the Bar in 1813. He was Commissioner of the Loan Fund Board in Dublin in 1835.

In his work “Illustrations Historical and Genealogical of King James’s Irish Army List”, John stated that he had often been invited to publish family records from his extensive manuscript collection. His “King James’s Irish Army List” was eventually published as a result. He drew upon his vast library and existing materials on Irish family history to finish this one of a kind work. It stands as a valuable research tool for general Irish family research, as well as an introduction to these ‘wild geese’ of Ireland.

The Irish Genealogical Foundation published his “King James’s Irish Army List” in 1997.

D'Alton's Family

From Peter Sherlock, Historian of Corpus Christi College, Oxford came the following information relating to D'Alton's family. At this point it is incomplete but worth noting.

John D'Alton b. 29 June 1792, d. 20 January 1867, married c 1818 Catherine Phillips (b. c. 1795, d. 1815). The children were: William (c.1820-1892); Eliza (Sister Mary Margaret); Catherine (c. 1824 - 1897); Nanny D'Alton (Sister Mary Frances); Edward (c.1829-1908); Helena (1833-1852). If there were other children, they did not live to adulthood and marry.

Son William D'Alton b. c. 1820, d. 17 November 1892, married c. 1845 Clarinda Skerrett, widow of George Comyn (c.1818-1891). His children were: John (1848 -1919); Kate, d. 1925; Marion d. 1915; Edward Hyacinth (1852-1906); Phillip James, d. 1922

The three sons of William emigrated to Australia in early adulthood. They were all educated in the best RC Schools in Ireland and Belgium Their father,William, was a QC and Clerk of the King's Bench. John Jr. married Sarah Power in Melbourne in 1878. No issue. Edward Hyacinth born c. 1852 d. Dec. 1906. He married 12 Dec. 1885 Mary Ann Davis (c. 1857-1927). Their children were: William D'Alton 1887 - 1964; Kate D'Alton 1889-1925; Anne

D'Alton b. 1891 (Mrs. Munro); Clarinda D'Alton b. 1893 (Mrs.Smith).

The only son and direct heir William D'Alton (b. 1887) was married in 1914 and had eight children, including two sons, the youngest of whom is still living in Australia and who also has two sons. Sherlock states that the thousands of family letters preserved in Dublin are a wonderful source of the social history of this family.

Disposition of the Manuscripts

In 1924, a granddaughter entrusted the collection of manuscripts to an Irish priest and historian, Rev. Patrick S. Dineen and by this date several manuscripts had been sold. (From the above family data we might assume that the granddaughter was Kate who died in 1925). In 1927, the remainder of the collection was acquired by a Chicago businessman, John N. Smyth and the long sought after manuscripts of John D'Alton were deposited in the Archives of the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Although they have never been totally evaluated, they are likely to contain important genealogical data, perhaps even copies of records that were destroyed in the burning of the Records Office of Dublin in 1922.

In the Preface to "Illustrations" D'Alton mentions some of the types of records that he collected that would be of genealogical interest. Facts of importance were "derived from the records of wardships and heirships, the liveries of seisin to such heirs on attaining age, the findings on outlawries for high treason, which like the peculiar tenure of their lands, certified the succession of Irish families". These records apply to hundreds of Irish families, not just D'Altons and could well be a treasury resting in the archives waiting to be discovered and processed.

A letter to the University of Chicago will bring a listing of The D'Alton Collection, and a Catalogue of D'Alton's Manuscript Indexes. The collection now numbers about 178 although the catalog lists only 77. Some of these manuscripts were acquisitions from libraries of others and some of the manuscripts are incomplete, with many blank pages. Quite a few are histories of individual counties of Ireland, topographies of the country as well as of Scotland and Wales, and antiquities such as British Castles.

Worthy of note to genealogists is what might be contained in Catalog Nos. 54 and 55. One volume is a small folio, MS History of Ireland, ...Henry II, and the second is an enlarged volume of the former. They may contain clues to Walter de Aliton, founder of the Irish family. Autobiographical notes are contained in item No. 73 and in the Correspondence folder there are letters to 5 different D'Altons. One group of five letters is correspondence with Katherine D'Alton or Kitty, his wife. Sherlock states that there are 500 such letters to Kitty in the D'Alton Archives in Dublin. In the Miscellaneous file there is a genealogical chart, "House of Rathrone", a truly valuable document.

Three completed manuscripts have been deemed worthy of publication but to our knowledge no action has been taken. It is also unclear whether they were written by D'Alton. Irish scholars or historians, or descendents of D'Alton may want to examine this depository of Irish history as an adjunct to their own collections, family data, or as a subject for a scholarly dissertation or biography.

Our gratitude is extended to the U. of Chicago for their assistance and also to Mr. Richard. N. D. Hamilton, DGS Committee Member for his research at the Guildhall Library, London. We also thank Mr. Peter Sherlock, Historian, for his contribution of family data. The Department of Special Collections at the U. of Chicago may be reached at: SpecialCollections@lib.uchicago.edu

Editor's Notes. Bessville is in the Parish of Killare. Within the County of Westmeath at the time of Griffith's Evaluation of Ireland (1848-1864), there were 80 Daltons listed. Just one, John Dalton, of the Parish Killare was at the Bessville Townland. During the same period of time there was a John D'Alton listed in Dublin City Parish and located at Mountjoy Ward, Summer Hill. For those descendents researching this family, the parish records of these two may be worth a look. In the Parish of Killare, there are several other Daltons listed in different townlands.

In "Illustrations" D'Alton notes that "James, the fourth son of John D'Alton of Dundonnel, married Margaret or Mary Purdom, and was the great grandfather of the compiler of the present volume as shown by family deeds. The single entry, therefore suggests a retrospective pedigree of eleven generations for one who now is the only D'Alton inheriting a fee simple estate (inheriting the freehold". The eleven generations are enumerated in "A History of Irish Daltons" which appeared in "Daltons in History" from October 1998 to January 1999.

* William D'Alton Babington. Refer to "A History of Irish D'Altons, Part III, December 1998 "Daltons in History". Note that Christopher D'Alton's son Oliver, died without male issue. His daughter, Elizabeth-Johanna who married her cousin, Ignatius Dillon Begg, had a daughter, Maria-Josephina who married Thomas Babington, Esquire. She had an only son, William D'Alton Babington. In the mid 1800's there are several William Dalton Babingtons listed on the tax rolls of Ireland and one listed in England. Also of note is a compilation of Essays by William Dalton Babington, "The Fallacies of Race Theories" which were written in the 1880's and published in London after his death in 1893.

Richard D'Alton. Refer to "A History of Irish D'Altons, Part IV", January 1999 "Daltons in History". This may well be the Richard D'Alton of Mount Dalton or a descendent. Obviously, the author, John D'Alton, was in contact with members of other branches of this large D'Alton family who helped to support his work

139- Margaret Dalton:

Indian Casino Owner.

Indian casino pioneer Margaret Dalton of Jackson Rancheria dies at 69

The Jackson Rancheria Casino will close from 4 a.m. to 7 p.m. Saturday in honor of longtime chief Margaret Dalton.

Dalton, one of the pioneers of Indian gambling, died in her sleep Sunday night at age 69 after a long struggle with diabetes.

The crusty, colorful Dalton – who dropped out of school at 16 to get married – took her small tribe of Miwuks from poverty and kerosene lamps to sovereign nation status.

Their casino – one of California's first – makes about $200 million a year, even though it doesn't serve alcohol.

Jackson's alcohol-free casino was "purely an ethical decision on Margaret's part," said the tribe's CEO, Rich Hoffman. "Primarily because we are off the beaten path, we have to take windy roads to get here and we don't want to risk our customers' safety."

The casino is open to patrons 18 and older because Dalton believed that if they could be drafted to fight for their country they should be able to gamble.

"She undoubtedly left millions of dollars a year on the table by the decision not to serve alcohol in the casino, and she never wavered in that regard," said Howard Dickstein, who has served as the tribe's lawyer since the 1970s.

Despite her lack of formal education, Dalton – an avid poker player – had superb business instincts and could read people well, Dickstein said.

She had a funny, tender, caring side, but "it was clear who was in charge," said Dickstein, recalling one meeting of the entire tribe 15 years ago.

"I piped up and said, 'Margaret, I think the constitution calls for an election right about now,'" Dickstein said. "She looked at the membership, and she said, 'All who want an election, stand up.'

"Nobody stood up," said Dickstein. "She just glowered at me, and I never said anything about elections again. Everyone showed her deference – she demanded it."

Dalton, who grew up in Calaveras County of Irish and Miwuk ancestry, helped guide her struggling tribe through the federal government's attempts to disband it.

In the 1960s, the government terminated the federally recognized status of dozens of tribes, breaking the land into individual parcels.

"Margaret discovered that if you elected for termination, the government was obligated to bring in power and put in roads. So she told the government she'd go along with termination," Hoffman recalled. "They finally came and put power and paved roads in for the first time, and then Margaret told them, 'I've changed my mind.' She pulled a fast one on them."

By 1985, Jackson had opened a Bingo Parlor Casino, Dickstein said, and Dalton "was one of the first to put in electronic gaming devices at a time when their legality was pretty gray. … She pushed the envelope."

A lot of people doubted a casino in a remote area would work, said Dalton's brother, vice-chairman Bo Marks. "But by God she made it work."

Not only was Jackson one of the first three Indian casinos in California, it pioneered slot machine pay tickets – a technology now used internationally instead of coin slots, Hoffman said.

Dalton helped other tribes establish casinos.

Jessica Tavares, chairwoman of the United Auburn Indian Community that now runs Thunder Valley, remembers going to Jackson in late 1994. "Margaret gave us hope and inspiration because we had nothing at the time," Tavares said. "I stayed close around her because I wanted to learn whatever I could."

Dalton "was a beacon for tribal women in Indian country," said Paula Lorenzo, chairwoman of the Rumsey Band of Wintun Indians from 1993 to 2005.

Lorenzo testified before Congress with Dalton about the need for Indian gambling.

"She said, 'Stand your ground and speak your mind with your true heart,' " Lorenzo said. "She said, 'Make sure your people are taken care of before you give to charities.' "

In 1998, Dalton was named businesswoman of the year in Amador County, said tribal spokesman Doug Elmets. "She was responsible for directing tens of millions of dollars in charitable donations into everything from local drug treatment programs to food banks."

In 2002, the tribe built a 10,000-square foot health clinic that serves as many as 100 patients a day from Amador, Mariposa, Calaveras and Tuolumne counties.

The casino Dalton started as a bingo parlor now has 1,700 employees, making the rancheria Amador County's largest employer.

In Indian country, Dalton's 30 years as chairwoman might be a record, Marks said. "Her people knew who they needed to run this show and by God she did it."